Parliamentary Questions

BooksIndicative of increasing attention is the rise in number of questions asked by Parliamentarians. We track and analyse all drones-related Parliamentary Questions.

The table below is regularly updated.  Further information can be found at Hansard.

 

 

DATE
QUESTION
ASKED BY
RESPONSE
URL
Coding
Location
3 April 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civilians have been killed or injured by British airstrikes against Daesh in Iraq and Syria since 1 January 2017.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonWe have not seen any evidence that UK airstrikes have been responsible for causing civilian casualties in Iraq or Syria since 1 January 2017. After each strike, we perform a detailed battle damage assessment which includes video evidence which is used to assess the success of the mission.

None of the allegations we have received so far have been found to contain any evidence that RAF airstrikes have caused civilian casualties. While no military operations come without risk, we take all steps necessary to minimise the risk of causing civilian causalities and avoidable damage to civilian infrastructure. All weapons employed by RAF aircraft are delivered in strict accordance with the Law of Armed Conflict and within rigorous Rules of Engagement.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-03-28/69625/Civilian CasualtiesIraq and Syria
3 April 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has made any changes to the definition of civilian casualty in relation to British military action against Daesh in Iraq and Syria since 1 January 2017.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonNohttp://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-03-28/69517/Civilian CasualtiesIraq and Syria
17 March 2017
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions his Department has had with drone manufacturers on the use of mapping services for geo-fencing.
Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldGeo-fencing capabilities require accurate and up-to-date mapping information including details of restricted airspace. The Department for Transport is in discussion with manufacturers, other Government departments and subject matter experts to develop processes to ensure this information can be provided in an appropriate and assured way.

Many of the leading drone manufacturers already include forms of geo-fencing capability on their drones. However, as geo-fencing is not infallible, the Department for Transport is also in discussions with manufacturers to explore how it and other technical safety measures might be improved.

The Government has just closed a consultation on the future safe use of drones in the UK, which included a proposal to require geo-fencing to be installed on all commercially sold drones. The Department will produce its conclusions from the consultation in the summer of this year.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-03-10/67390/CivilUK
16 March 2017To ask the Attorney General, what the Government's policy is on which factors to take into account when deciding whether responding to an imminent threat is permitted under international law.Karl McCartney
Conservative, Lincoln
It is the long-standing position of successive UK Governments that a state may use force in self-defence not only in response to armed attacks but to prevent an armed attack that is imminent. In each exercise of the use of force in self-defence, the UK asks itself questions such as: how certain is it that an attack will come; how soon do we believe an attack could be; what could be the scale of the attack; could this be our last opportunity to take action; and is there anything else we could credibly do to prevent that attack?Jeremy Wright
The Attorney-General
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-03-13/909275/LawUK
16 March 2017
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to require geo-fencing to be installed on all drones for commercial sale.
Lord Blencathra
Conservative
The Government’s consultation on the future safe use of drones in the UK closed on 15 March 2017. It included a proposal to require geo-fencing to be installed on all commercially sold drones. The Department intends to publish its conclusions from the consultation in the summer of this year, when we have fully analysed the evidence presented.

Many of the leading drone manufacturers already include forms of geo-fencing capability on their drones. However, as geo-fencing is not infallible, the Department is in discussions with manufacturers to explore how it and other technical safety measures might be improved.

The Government is also considering a number of other measures to promote the safe use of drones, such as improving information provision and increasing the penalties for breaking the law.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2017-03-08/HL5925/CivilUK
15 March 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 24 February 2017 to Question 64012, how many UK personnel are assigned to US Africa Command; at what bases they are stationed; and what roles they undertake.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireThe UK currently has eight posts established within US Africa Command (Stuttgart) and its subordinate command Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) (Djibouti):

One Senior UK Liaison Officer (Stuttgart)
One Deputy UK Liaison Officer and Intelligence Liaison Officer (Stuttgart)
One Embed Planning Officer (Stuttgart)
Three Liaison Planning/Operations Officer (Stuttgart)
One Embed Planning Officer (Djibouti)
One Embed Intelligence Officer (Djibouti)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-03-09/67275/EmbedsGlobal
14 March 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to Answer of 3 July 2014 to Question 202477, whether all deployments of US military personnel from (a) RAF Menwith Hill, (b) RAF Croughton and (c) RAF Molesworth are carried out with the full knowledge and consent of the Government.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireThe deployment of US military personnel from the United States Visiting Forces bases at RAF Menwith Hill, RAF Croughton and RAF Molesworth is a matter for the US military authorities; there is no requirement for the Ministry of Defence to be notified of such deployments.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-03-09/67332/US basesUK
21 February 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what estimate he has made of the number of civilian casualties in Syria as a result of UK air strikes.Margaret Ritchie
Social Democratic and Labour Party, South Down
To date there have been no known cases of civilian casualties resulting from UK strikes in Syria. All strikes take place in accordance with UK Rules of Engagement.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-02-09/908817/Civilian CasualtiesSyria
20 February 2017To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what steps she is taking to assess the practicability of delivering aid to besieged areas of Syria by drone; and if she will make a statement.Stephen Timms
Labour, East Ham
Aid delivered by road, by trusted humanitarian partners who ensure it gets to those who need it most, is the most effective way to meet needs in Syria. We are pushing the Assad regime to allow this, while working tirelessly with our partners to examine all other options for getting aid into besieged areas.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-02-08/63719/
15 February 2017To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether the 54 Watchkeeper reconnaissance drones ordered by the Ministry of Defence in 2005 have yet entered service; and if not, why not. The Marquess of Lothian
Conservative
Watchkeeper is in service with the British Army, first deploying on operations to Afghanistan in 2014.

We do not routinely comment on the specific status of equipment as to do so would compromise operational security and would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2017-02-08/HL5372/MilitaryUK
6 February 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what recent discussions he has had with his US counterpart on policies to minimise the risk of civilian casualties when conducting operations against Daesh.Lucy Powell
Labour, Manchester Central
I have spoken to the new Secretary of Defense and look forward to further discussions with him later this month on the counter Daesh campaign in which the need to minimise civilian casualties is a key factor for the Iraqi government, and for the Coalition in supporting them.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-30/62362/Civilian CasualtiesGlobal
6 February 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions he has had with his US counterpart on maintaining the Executive Order on US Policy on Pre- and Post-Strike Measures to Address Civilian Casualties.Lucy Powell
Labour, Manchester Central
The maintenance of the Executive Order on US Policy on Pre and Post-Strike Measures to Address Civilian Casualties is a matter for the US Administration.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-30/62364/Civilian CasualtiesUS
3 February 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what progress his Department is making through the European Aviation Safety Agency to update common drone regulations; and in what ways he intends his Department's consultation on the safe use of drones in the UK to support that process.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldThe Department for Transport has been actively participating in negotiations on the revision of the European Aviation Safety Agency’s (EASA) Basic Regulation, which will include EU-wide safety rules for all unmanned aircraft.

EASA is currently in the process of drafting its proposed harmonised European rules for the ‘Open’ and ‘Specific’ categories of drones. This proposal is planned to go out to consultation at the end of March 2017. The Civil Aviation Authority participates in the EASA Expert Group of subject matter experts, and is assisting with the development of the proposal.

The Government’s consultation on the safe use of drones in the UK closes on 15 March 2017. There are several proposals contained within which may require updated regulation. We will continue to feed relevant UK experience into the EASA process; in particular, to ensure continued support for the development of a proportionate regulatory framework.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-31/62613/CivilUK
3 February 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with (a) the Civil Aviation Authority and (b) external groups, regarding the Civil Aviation Authority's definition of a safe distance used for regulating drone activity; and how that definition compares with those used by other countries.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldThe Department for Transport (DfT) works closely with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) and industry to adapt and strengthen regulations and implement mitigations as drone use and the related technology evolves.

The Air Navigation Order 2016 sets out several rules which drone users must abide by. In particular, users must not fly drones with cameras within 50m of any vehicle, structure or person which is not under the control of the person in charge of the aircraft. They must also not fly drones over or within 150m of any congested area or large crowds of people.

Permitted distances will vary dependent on factors such as the structure or area that the drone is in proximity to and may also vary depending on the category of drone (e.g. for drones of a particular weight, or those with or without cameras). As there is no internationally agreed definition of “safe distance” it is difficult to make comparisons with other countries. However, we are collaborating internationally to share learning and best practice.

The Government is currently consulting on the future safe use of drones in the UK, and the DfT and CAA will consider reviewing these regulatory requirements for drone activity on the basis of the consultation responses. The consultation can be found on gov.uk and closes on 15 March 2017.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-31/62466/CivilUK
3 February 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 16 January 2017 to Question 59205, whether he plans that JDP 0-30.2, The UK Approach to Unmanned Aircraft System, will make a distinction between the use of remotely piloted air systems (a) within and (b) outside areas of armed conflict.Lucy Powell
Labour, Manchester Central
The current draft of Joint Doctrine Publication 0-30.2, Unmanned Aircraft Systems, discusses current and potential future employment of Unmanned Aircraft Systems both within and outside areas of "armed conflict".http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-30/62363/PolicyUK
1 February 2017To ask Her Majesty’s Government what measures they are taking to improve the safety of drones and to reduce the likelihood of collisions with aircraft, pending the outcome of the current consultation on the safe use of drones.Baroness Randerson, Lib DemThe Department for Transport and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) work with a wide range of partners, including the British Airline Pilots' Association and the Police, to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up to date. Work is underway to better understand the risk posed by drones to commercial aircraft and ensure that the regulatory and industry responses remain fit for purpose. We continue to develop proposals which we will put forward in the near future, and in December 2016 the Government launched a consultation to determine if further measures are needed in this area.

We have also been working closely with the CAA and industry to adapt and strengthen regulations and implement mitigations as drones use and the related technology evolves. This has led to a new safety awareness campaign aimed at leisure drone users. So far, this has included the launch of a new http://www.dronesafe.uk website, a #400ftBritain drone photography competition that highlights safety rules, and a free new app ‘Drone Assist’ by NATS, which shows users where they should and should not fly in their locality.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2017-01-26/HL5042/CivilUK
30 January 2017To ask Her Majesty’s Government what rights exist for individuals and organisations to deal with drones which appear over their property.Baroness Byford
Conservative
The Air Navigation Order 2016 sets out several rules which drone users must abide by. In particular, users must not fly drones with cameras within 50m of any vehicle, structure or person which is not under the control of the person in charge of the aircraft, unless they have permission from the Civil Aviation Authority to do so.

Non-aviation specific legal rules are also relevant. For example, failure to fly a drone at a height over the property of another person which is ‘reasonable’ in all circumstances could amount to trespass if the flight interferes with another person’s ordinary use and enjoyment of land and the structures upon it. In the case of trespass, a civil claim may be brought against the drone user seeking compensation for any damage suffered as a result of the trespass. Alternatively, an injunction may be sought to prevent trespass in the future.

The Government is currently consulting on the future safe use of drones in the UK, including proposals such as registration and making drones electronically identifiable and strengthening penalties for breaking the law. The consultation can be found on gov.uk and closes on 15 March 2017.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2017-01-18/HL4751/CivilUK
17 January 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 10 March 2016 to Question 30085, on unmanned air vehicles: deployment, whether the UK-US Memorandum of Understanding remains valid; and whether the provisions of that Understanding have been enacted by either party since 10 March 2016.Lucy Powell, Labour, Manchester CentralThe UK-US Memorandum of Understanding that enables interoperability of UK and US Reaper aircraft by both nations remains valid but has not been enacted since 10 March 2016.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-11/59577/MilitaryUK-US
16 January 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the Joint Doctrine Publication 0-30, entitled UK Air Space Doctrine, will cover the use of unmanned aerial vehicles.Lucy Powell, Labour, Manchester CentralThe next edition of Joint Doctrine Publication 0-30 UK Air and Space Doctrine will refer to the employment of unmanned and remotely piloted aircraft systems but will not discuss specific systems. Greater detail will be contained in Joint Doctrine Publication 0-30.2 The UK Approach to Unmanned Aircraft Systems.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-09/59206/PolicyUK
16 January 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Written Answer of 26 September 2016, HL 1779, whether Joint Doctrine Publication 0-30.2, entitled The UK Approach to Unmanned Aircraft Systems, will address the conclusions and recommendations of the Joint Committee on Human Rights, Second Report of Session 2015-16, the Government's policy on the use of drones for targeted killing, HC 574, published on 10 May 2016.Lucy Powell, Labour, Manchester CentralIn the Government's response to the Joint Committee on Human Rights 4th Report The Government's policy on the use of drones for targeted killing, the Secretary of State for Defence made clear during his evidence session, the Government does not have a 'policy on targeted killing'. Rather it has a policy to defend the UK and its citizens against threats to their security.

The Government takes the view that the existing legal frameworks, including both applicable international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL) are adequate to govern the use of Remotely Piloted Air Systems and, therefore, that there is no need to develop a special regime for the use of these weapons.

All doctrine produced by the Ministry of Defence's Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre is subject to legal review. The current draft of JDP 0-30.2 is no exception and it is compliant with the UK's legal and policy framework that regulates the use of unmanned and remotely piloted aircraft systems.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-09/59205/PolicyUK
13 January 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 12 October 2016 to Question 46487, to which countries RAF Reaper drones have been deployed on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance sorties since 20 September 2016.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenPursuant to my previous answer, since 20 September 2016 UK Reapers continue to operate in support of Operation SHADER in Iraq and Syria on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance sorties.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-10/59496/MilitaryIraq and Syria
13 January 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, when the MQ-9 Reaper User Group next plans to meet.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenNo date has been set for the next MQ-9 Reaper User Group meeting.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-10/59421/MilitaryGlobal
13 January 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 25 February 2016 to Question 27212, if he will release a releasable version of the JSP 900 UK Targeting Policy.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenWhile we are working to produce an updated version of JSP900 which is releasable to 5-eyes and NATO allies, it is now not the case that we are producing a version which would be releasable to all. It is judged that the necessary removal of information that would prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces would result in a version with insufficient detail to warrant publication.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2017-01-10/59422/PolicyUK
12 January 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what amendments the Government proposed to drafts of the Joint Declaration for the Export and Subsequent Use of Armed or Strike-Enabled Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonThe drafting of the Joint Declaration for the Export and Subsequent Use of Armed or Strike-enabled Unmanned Aerial Vehicles was led by the US Government. British officials worked throughout the process with their US and other international colleagues to shape the content.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-12-20/58533/MilitaryGlobal
12 January 2017To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, on what dates the first multilateral discussions with other signatories of the Joint Declaration for the Export and Subsequent Use of Armed or Strike-Enabled Unmanned Aerial Vehicles are planned.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and Wallington​The UK will participate in multilateral discussions with other signatories. At the present time, no date has been set for these discussions.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-12-20/58534/MilitaryGlobal
21 December 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by the Minister of State for Transport on 10 September 2015 (HC7971), what action the cross-government working group has taken to reduce the risks posed by drones to civil aviation; and whether they plan to consult on the introduction of new criminal offences relating to (1) causing a nuisance, (2) endangering persons on the ground, and (3) endangering aircraft, through use of a drone.Lord Blencathra
Conservative
We have been working closely with the Civil Aviation Authority and industry to adapt and strengthen regulations and implement mitigations as drones use and the related technology evolves. This has led to a new safety awareness campaign aimed at leisure drone users. So far, this has included the launch of a new http://www.dronesafe.uk website, a #400ftBritain drone photography competition that highlights safety rules, and a free new app ‘Drone Assist’ by NATS, which shows users where they should and should not fly in their locality. There are already offences to deter and, if necessary, prosecute operators for malicious or negligent use, including a prison sentence of up to five years for endangering an aircraft.

The Government is today launching a consultation to determine if further measures are needed in this area.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-12-19/HL4203/CivilUK
21 December 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they intend to remove restrictions on the acquisition of equipment by members of the public which is capable of disabling or destroying drones flying over their property.Lord Blencathra
Conservative
The Government recognises that an increase in the popularity of small drones, including those with cameras, raises a number of questions about privacy, safety, security, and data protection. Safety, security and privacy must always be the overriding priority and both commercial and leisure operators must operate drones responsibly within the rules.

The Government is today launching a consultation to determine if further measures are needed in this area.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-12-19/HL4202/CivilUK
15 December 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many prisons in each category are (a) fitted and (b) not fitted with netting on outdoor areas to restrict drone access; and what other anti-drone techniques are being trialled in prisons.Richard Burden, LabourA range of methods to counter the threat posed by drones are being trialled and evaluated for their effectiveness across the prison estate. This includes the use of technology to detect and block drones, the enhancement of physical security and working with drone manufacturers.

Information on netting fitted by each prison and by purpose is not held centrally and could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-12-12/57249/CivilUK
13 December 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many incidents involving the use of drone technology have been recorded at each type of prison facility in each of the last three years.Richard Burden, LabourI refer the Hon Member to my answer to PQ 33806.

There were 2 reported incidents in 2014 and 33 reported incidents in 2015. The Ministry of Justice intends to routinely publish information on prison drone incidents in the future and 2016 data will be provided in due course.

We remain vigilant to all incidents involving drones and take the threat they pose to prison security very seriously. A range of methods to counter the threat posed by drones are being trialled and evaluated for their effectiveness across the prison estate. We have already introduced new legislation to further strengthen our powers, making it illegal to land a drone in prison or to use a drone to drop in contraband. Anyone found using a drone in an attempt to get contraband into prisons can be punished with a sentence of up to two years imprisonment. We take a zero tolerance approach to smuggling of contraband into prisons and work closely with the police and Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to ensure those caught are prosecuted.

Note: All figures have been drawn from live administrative data systems. Care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, but the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-12-08/56823/CivilUK
7 December 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Earl Howe on 26 September (HL1779), whether they are planning to provide a mechanism for external stakeholder input into the defence policy review on remotely piloted air and wider highly automated systems.Lord Kennedy of Southwark, LabourThere is no formal mechanism for external input into this aspect of Defence policy, however officials are informally consulting academia, think tanks and industry as well as international partners, to broaden Defence understanding.
Earl Howe
The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-11-28/HL3567/MilitaryUK
2 December 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his policy is on the issuing of compensation of ex gratia payments to civilians killed or injured by UK airstrikes.Lucy Powell
Labour/Co-operative, Manchester Central
The Ministry of Defence normally pays compensation only where it accepts that it is or might be held legally liable for the harm in question. These payments are distinguished from ex gratia payments, which require the consent of HM Treasury. In the special circumstances of operations in Iraq and Afghanistan HM Treasury authorised the Department to make ex gratia payments in theatre in appropriate circumstances to nationals of those countries who had suffered harm or damage as a result of UK military activities: information on such payments was published annually. No such authorisations are currently in force, and any proposal to make ex gratia compensation payments to civilians killed or injured by UK airstrikes would require HM Treasury approval on an exceptional basis. There are currently no such proposals.
Mike Penning
The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-24/54689/Civilian CasualtiesGlobal
1 December 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what discussions he has had with (a) the British Airline Pilots' Association, (b) the Civil Aviation Authority, (c) the Metropolitan Police and (d) other relevant stakeholders on the near-miss incident between a drone and a passenger plane on 18 July 2016.Lucy Powell
Labour/Co-operative, Manchester Central
The Department for Transport and the Civil Aviation Authority work with a wide range of partners, including the British Airline Pilots' Association and the Police, to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up to date. Work is underway to better understand the risk posed by drones to commercial aircraft and ensure that the regulatory and industry responses remain fit for purpose.
John Hayes
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-24/54775/CivilUK
1 December 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 27 April 2016 to Question 34680, what his Department's current involvement is with the European Aviation Safety Agency's development of EU-wide safety rules for drones.Lucy Powell
Labour/Co-operative, Manchester Central
The Department for Transport has been participating in negotiations on the revision of the European Aviation Safety Agency’s (EASA) Basic Regulation, which will include EU-wide safety rules for all unmanned aircraft.

The Civil Aviation Authority participates in the EASA Expert Group of subject matter experts, and will assist with the development of the Implementing Rules that sit beneath the Basic Regulation.
John Hayes
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-24/54690/CivilUK
24 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Joint Declaration for the Export and Subsequent Use of Armed or Strike-Enabled Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, whether the Government plans to engage in discussions on international standards for the export and use of armed drones with other signatory countries.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonYes, we expect the UK to participate in multi-lateral discussions with other Signatories.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-17/53491/MilitaryGlobal
23 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, pursuant to her oral contribution of 3 November 2016, Official Report, column 1071, what the (a) remit, (b) membership and (c) date of the last meeting is of the Government taskforce to address the issue of drone use and prisons.Lucy Powell
Labour/Co-operative, Manchester Central
We remain vigilant to all incidents involving drones and take the threat they pose to prison security very seriously. A range of methods to counter the threat posed by drones are being trialled and evaluated for their effectiveness across the prison estate. We have already introduced new legislation to further strengthen our powers, making it illegal to land a drone in prison or to use a drone to drop in contraband. We take a zero tolerance approach to smuggling of contraband into prisons and work closely with the police and Crown Prosecution Service to ensure those caught are prosecuted. Anyone found using a drone in an attempt to get contraband into prisons can be punished with a sentence of up to two years imprisonment.

However, I want to do more, specifically by setting up a government taskforce to challenge industry to help in this crucial area with Ministerial colleagues in the Department for Transport, Home Office, Department for Culture, Media and Sport and Ministry of Defence. We will work with drone manufacturers to challenge them to do more to stop the illegal use of drones in prisons.
Sam Gyimah
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-15/52984/CivilUK
23 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 15 June 2016 to Question 40015, if he will now place in the Library a redacted summary of the risk assessments commissioned by the Cross-Government Working Group on remotely piloted aircraft system on the use of drones for criminal purposes.Lucy Powell
Labour/Co-operative, Manchester Central
A redacted summary of the risk assessments report has been placed in the Library.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-15/52972/CivilUK
22 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 26 July 2016 to Question 43260, what information he holds on the timetable for the joint policy on investigating civilian casualties to become operational.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonThe Coalition continues to consider the need for a joint policy on investigating civilian casualties, but nations continue to ensure that investigations are carried out in accordance with their respective national methodology. There is currently no timetable for the implementation of a joint policy.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-16/53339/Civilian CasualtiesGlobal
22 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 26 July 2016 to Question 43260, what methodology the Government follows for investigating civilian casualties until the joint policy on investigating civilian casualties becomes operational.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonOperational commanders undertake a detailed assessment of every strike. If there were to be credible evidence from that assessment that a serious incident had taken place, a UK investigation would be initiated. Furthermore, we accept the submission by third parties of information about civilian casualties from any source and will assess that evidence in detail.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-16/53338/Civilian CasualtiesGlobal
21 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 26 July 2016 to Question 43260, what progress has been made on the development of Coalition policy on investigating civilian casualties.Lucy Powell
Labour/Co-operative, Manchester Central
While the Coalition continues to consider the need for a joint policy on investigating civilian casualties, the position remains as set out in my Answer of 26 July. The UK, as with other Coalition nations, will investigate allegations of civilian casualties according to its national methodology.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-15/52985/Civilian CasualtiesGlobal
21 November 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what legislation covers the use of drones in the UK by (1) security forces, (2) other public bodies, (3) commercial and voluntary organisations, and (4) individuals; and what assessment they have made of the need for new legislation to regulate the use of drones.Lord Greaves
Liberal Democrat
The Government is working closely with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) and industry to adapt and strengthen UK regulations as drone use and the related technology develops.

Small drones in the UK, those weighing 20kg or less, must be flown in accordance with Articles 94, 95 and 23 of the Air Navigation Order 2016 (ANO). Drones of more than 20kg are subject to all relevant provisions of the ANO. The ANO covers the use of drones by public bodies, commercial and voluntary organisations, and individuals, as well as the police and other security services. The use of drones in UK airspace by UK Armed Forces is regulated by the Military Aviation Authority.

Drones of more than 150kg are also subject to European safety legislation, in particular, the European Aviation Safety Agency Basic Regulation 216/2008. This Regulation is currently being revised and updated.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-11-07/HL3022/Civil UseUK
21 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many drones carrying contraband goods have been seized within prison grounds in each of the last three years.Luciana Berger
Labour/Co-operative, Liverpool, Wavertree
We remain vigilant to all incidents involving drones and take the threat they pose to prison security very seriously. A range of methods to counter the threat posed by drones are being trialled and evaluated for their effectiveness across the prison estate.

There were no reported incidents of drones carrying contraband being seized within prisons in 2013; in 2014 there were 2 reported incidents; and in 2015 there were 11 reported incidents. The Ministry of Justice intends to routinely publish information on prison drone incidents in the future. Data for 2016 onwards will be provided in due course as part of the normal publication schedule.

Note: All figures have been drawn from live administrative data systems. Care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, but the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.
Sam Gyimah
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-16/53443/Civil UseUK
21 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Answer of 27 May 2016 to Question 38311, what the outcome was of the Government's consultation on measures to regulate the use of drones.Lucy Powell
Labour/Co-operative, Manchester Central
Government believes we currently have a robust framework that balances penalties with commercial permissions. However, we recognise that this framework needs to keep pace with the emerging market. We continue to develop proposals which we will put forward in the near future.
John Hayes
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-15/52973/Civil UseUK
14 November 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what discussions have they had with the government of Israel regarding Israel's regulations for operating drones in the Gaza Strip and West Bank.Baroness Tonge
Independent Liberal Democrat
We have not had any discussions with the Israeli authorities over the use of drones over the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
Baroness Anelay of St Johns
Minister of State
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-10-31/HL2847/MilitaryIsrael
9 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Government's Response to the Joint Committee on Human Rights Second Report of Session 2015-16, what recent assessment his Department has made of the legal principles of (a) international and (b) domestic law that apply to the use of lethal force outside the scope of armed conflict.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenThe Government's assessment of the relevant legal principles remain as set out in its response to the Joint Committee on Human Rights Second Report of Session 2015-16 which was provided to the Committee on 7 September 2016.
Michael Fallon
Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-01/51425/LawGlobal
9 November 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Government's Response to the Joint Committee on Human Rights Second Report of Session 2015-16, what recent discussions his Department has had with their (a) US and (b) European counterparts on international law on the use of force and the law of armed conflict.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenWe have frequent discussions with US and European counterparts on international law on the use of force and the law of armed conflict.
Michael Fallon
Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-01/51426/LawGlobal
3 November 2016
To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether he plans to include provisions on the regulation of drones in the Modern Transport Bill; and if he will make a statement.
Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldWe have a robust regulatory framework for drones to ensure the safety and security of our citizens. We continue to work closely with the CAA and industry to adapt and strengthen these regulations as drone use and the technology evolves. The detailed content for the Modern Transport Bill is currently being considered.
John Hayes
Minister of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-31/51177/Civil UseUK
31 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether pilots who are in control of armed Reaper drones conducting operations overseas are (a) engaged in armed conflict and (b) regulated by the laws of war.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireWhether UK pilots in control of Reaper unmanned aerial system conducting operations overseas are engaged in an armed conflict depends on the type of operation the pilots are undertaking. UK military personnel who are using force on overseas operations will do so in accordance with the laws of war (also known as the Law of Armed Conflict/International Humanitarian Law).
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-24/49991/War Powers ConventionUK
31 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether armed Reaper drones engaged in operations overseas are part of the armed forces for the purposes of the Armed Forces Act 2006.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireReapers (whether armed or not) are remotely piloted aircraft and, as such, they cannot themselves be "armed forces" for the purposes of the Armed Forces Act 2006 but those who pilot them on operations overseas will be.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-24/49990/War Powers ConventionUK
31 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what advice he has received on whether armed Reaper drones on missions outside Syria and Iraq are covered by the convention that Parliament has an opportunity to debate the circumstances in which armed forces are committed to military operations.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireWhether the Convention applies would depend on the circumstances in which Reaper was to be used. Unmanned aerial systems are subject to the same operational accountability and oversight to that of manned aircraft, including the application of the War Powers Convention.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-24/49992/War Powers ConventionUK
28 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many meetings (a) Ministers of her Department and (b) officials of HM Prison Service have had with drone manufacturers in each quarter of each of the last five years; and if she will make a statement.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldDetails of all ministerial meetings with external companies are published on gov.uk. Information on officials’ meetings is not held centrally.

We remain vigilant to all incidents involving drones and take the threat they pose to prison security very seriously. We have already introduced new legislation to further strengthen our powers, so that anyone found using a drone in an attempt to get contraband into prisons can be punished with a sentence of up to two years imprisonment. We take a zero tolerance approach to smuggling of contraband into prisons and work closely with the police and Crown Prosecution Service to ensure those caught are prosecuted.

A range of methods to counter the threat posed by drones are continuously being trialled and evaluated for their effectiveness across the prison estate.
Sam Gyimah
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-20/49618/Civil UseUK
26 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the oral contribution by the Secretary of State for Defence, of 18 January 2016, Official Report, column 1118 on how many occasions the Government has considered evidence from (a) non-governmental organisations, (b) Airwars, (c) White Helmets and (d) other organisations working in Syria on the collection of data on civilian (i) casualties and (ii) injuries in Syria from 2016 to date; and on how many occasions the Government has considered such evidence as credible.Brendan O'Hara, SNP, Argyll and ButeThe Ministry of Defence (MOD) has reviewed four batches of information collated by Airwars in relation to possible civilian casualties in Syria and Iraq, where they wished to establish whether RAF aircraft might have been involved. There was no credible evidence that RAF aircraft were responsible in any of these incidents. MOD officials have also met Airwars to outline the process used by the UK to assess the outcome of RAF airstrikes.

All RAF airstrikes are subject to an assessment of their outcome. Whilst there can be no guarantees in a complex air campaign like this one, our airstrikes are planned meticulously with the objective of minimising the risk of causing civilian casualties.The MOD continues to be prepared to consider credible evidence on this issue from any source.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-19/49513/Civilian CasualtiesSyria
17 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 4 August 2016 to Question 43327, whether his Department has classified the international armed conflict with Daesh to be with or without territorial restriction.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireArmed conflict with Daesh is non-international in character and is territorially restricted.
Tobias Ellwood
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-07/46801/LawGlobal
17 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps his Department is taking to ensure future interoperability of the Boeing Poseidon P-8 platform with the General Atomics MQ9 Reaper platforms.Douglas Chapman, SNP, Dunfermline and West FifeThe P-8A Poseidon aircraft will form a vital part of the UK's maritime patrol capability, and interoperability with other platforms and systems is a key user requirement. Work to enable this is under way, however, I am withholding further detail as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
Harriett Baldwin
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-10/47717/ProcurementUK
17 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any personnel from the UK Reaper squadrons have been deployed to (a) Sigonella air base and (b) Libya; and if he will make a statement.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireNo personnel from UK RAF Reaper Squadrons (Nos. 13 and 39) have been deployed to Sigonella Air Force Base (Sicily), or Libya.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-07/46789/MilitaryLibya
17 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what discussions he has had with (a) the Prime Minister, (b) the Attorney General and (c) the Secretary of State for Defence on the implications for Government policies of the Joint Declaration for the Export and Subsequent Use of Armed or Strike-Enabled unmanned Aerial Vehicles issued on 5 October 2016.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenThe Foreign Secretary has had no direct discussions with the Prime Minister, or Defence Secretary on this US-led initiative. It is longstanding government policy not to comment on consultations with the Attorney General. Both the Foreign Secretary, and the Rt Hon Earl Howe (as Defence Minister with responsibility for this area) agreed that the Joint Declaration by 45 nations on the export and subsequent use of armed or strike-enabled unmanned aerial vehicles was consistent with, a reiteration of, existing UK Government policy.
Alan Duncan
Minister of State
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-11/48069/PolicyGlobal
17 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what discussions he has had with his US counterpart on the Proposed Joint Declaration of Principles for the Export and Subsequent Use of Armed or Strike-Enabled Unmanned Aerial Systems.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireThe Foreign Secretary, my Rt Hon. Friend the Member for Uxbridge and South Ruislip (Mr Johnson) has had no direct discussions with his US counterpart on this US-led initiative. He was consulted by Foreign and Commonwealth Office officials, who agreed with their US counterparts the 5 October Joint Declaration for the Export and Subsequent Use of Armed or Strike –Enabled Unmanned Aerial Systems.
Alan Duncan
Minister of State
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-07/46790/PolicyGlobal
13 October 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what discussions they have had, or agreements they have made, with Amazon and other retailers about the use of drones for deliveries.Baroness Randerson, Lib DemThe Civil Aviation Authority have assessed an operational safety case submitted by Amazon and granted permission for the current trials to be undertaken. Discussions have taken place between Government and Amazon around their current trials and future plans for the UK. A non-disclosure agreement has been put in place with Amazon that sets out how confidential information relating to their UK drone delivery trials should be handled. No discussions have been had or agreements put in place with any other retailers about the use of drones for deliveries.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-10-03/HL2046/Civil UseUK
13 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 13 June 2016 to Question 39787, if he will place a copy in the Library of the Joint Doctrine Publication 030.2, Unmanned Aircraft Systems; and if he will make a statement.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireTo ensure defence doctrine reflects UK Government policy, the drafting of Joint Doctrine Publication 0-30.2 "Unmanned Aircraft Systems" is being developed in parallel with the Defence policy review concerning both remotely piloted air and highly automated systems. Officials are currently consulting stakeholders and expect to conclude the review early in 2017 at which point we expect to publish the updated doctrine.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-07/46805/PolicyUK
12 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the UK is a party to the Syrian Counter Terror Agreement made by the US and Russia on 9 September 2016; whether the UK plans to provide any assistance or reconnaissance intelligence for actions taken under that agreement; and whether British forces' operations in Iraq and Syria will be affected by that agreement.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonThe UK supported US efforts to reach agreement with Russia to reinstate a cessation of hostilities in Syria and will continue to work for the restoration of a credible cessation of Hostilities. The UK was not, however, a party to the US-Russia arrangement which was a purely bilateral one. While the UK would have considered seriously any requests received, we were not asked for either assistance or reconnaissance intelligence for its implementation.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-09-14/46450/MilitarySyria
12 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civilian casualties have resulted from the 26 brimstone missiles dropped by UK aircraft in Syria in 2016 to date.Brendan O'Hara, SNP, Argyll and ButeThe Ministry of Defence is not aware of any credible evidence to date of civilian casualties as a result of UK airstrikes over Syria and Iraq.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-09-14/46434/Civilian CasualtiesSyria
12 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what progress his Department has made with the government of France on developing the scale and scope of the unmanned combat aerial vehicle programme agreed in January 2014.Nicholas Soames
Conservative, Mid Sussex
The two year £120 million UK/France Unmanned Combat Air System (UCAS) Feasibility Phase commenced in October 2014 and is due to be completed in January 2017. In Amiens in March 2016, we agreed with the French Government to extend the Feasibility Phase through 2017. As well as developing jointly our understanding of the required technologies for future combat air systems, this will further define the scope of the next phase of the UCAS programme which is due to begin in late 2017 and will develop two full-scale UCAS demonstrators by 2025.
Harriett Baldwin
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-09-15/46550/ProcurementUK
12 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 8 September 2016, to Question 44003, whether the battle damage assessment regarding airstrikes in Libya carried out by US forces operating from RAF Lakenheath on 19 February 2016 was shared with the UK.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireThe US has, in confidence, shared the results of that strike with the UK. Clearly it would be inappropriate for us to release that detail or to comment on another State's operations.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-07/46804/MilitaryLibya
12 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many drones have been intercepted operating over prisons in England and Wales (a) in 2015 and (b) from January 2016 to date.Jo Stevens, Labour, Cardiff CentralThere were 33 incidents relating to drones reported by prisons in 2015. This includes finds, interceptions and sightings of drones in and around prisons in England and Wales. The Ministry of Justice intends to routinely publish information on prison drone incidents in the future and 2016 data will be provided in due course as part of the publication schedule.

We remain vigilant to all incidents involving drones and take the threat they pose to prison security very seriously. A range of methods to counter the threat posed by drones are being trialled and evaluated for their effectiveness across the prison estate. We have already introduced new legislation to further strengthen our powers, making it illegal to land a drone in prison or to use a drone to drop in contraband. Anyone found using a drone in an attempt to get contraband into prisons can be punished with a sentence of up to two years imprisonment. We take a zero tolerance approach to smuggling of contraband into prisons and work closely with the police and Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to ensure those caught are prosecuted.

Note: All figures have been drawn from live administrative data systems. Care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, but the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.
Sam Gyimah
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-10-07/46968/Civil UseUK
12 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 11 April 2016 to Question 32492, to which countries RAF Reaper or Watchkeeper drones have been deployed on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance sorties since 4 April 2016.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonFrom 4 April until 20 September 2016, UK Reapers have continued to be deployed on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance sorties in Iraq and Syria. Watchkeeper has not been deployed during the period in question.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-09-14/46487/MilitaryGlobal
10 October 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what progress has been made on the Future Combat Air System.Nicholas Soames
Conservative, Mid Sussex
As set out in the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR), we are working in partnership with the UK defence industry and our closest allies to understand and develop the technologies that will be required for future combat air systems (FCAS). No decisions have yet been made as to what this system will consist of, nor the platforms and capabilities that it will include. We are focussing now on developing the core technologies that any such system will require. To do this we have developed and are implementing the FCAS technology initiative. This programme includes the development of an advanced unmanned combat air system (UCAS) demonstrator in partnership with France, bilateral projects with the United States (US) to mature other key technologies and a national programme to maintain the UK's position as a global leader in the combat air sector.

In Amiens in March 2016 we agreed to transition to the next phase of the UK/France UCAS programme in 2017 and to develop the full-scale demonstrators by 2025. In addition to the current projects we are in discussions with the US and other allies to understand areas of mutual interest for further collaborative work.
Harriett Baldwin
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-09-14/46409/ProcurementUK
5 September 2016To ask the Prime Minister, in what circumstances she will restrict the dissemination of written legal advice of the Attorney General to (a) the Cabinet and (b) the Government.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireThe provision of advice from the Attorney General will continue to be handled in accordance with the requirements of the Ministerial Code.
Theresa May
Prime Minister
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-20/43531/LawUK
5 September 2016To ask the Prime Minister, with reference to the Oral Answer by the Prime Minister of 6 July 2016, Official Report, Column 881, what assessment she has made of the level of military action or the deployment of military equipment that would fall within the parameters referred to in that statement.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireI have nothing further to add.
Theresa May
Prime Minister
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-20/43530/MilitaryGlobal
5 September 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how he plans to ensure that the Royal Navy maintains its maritime unmanned air system capability from late 2017.Kevan Jones
Labour, North Durham
The Royal Navy recognises the potential benefits from the use of unmanned vehicles in both air and sea environments and continues to explore how such systems can further augment its capabilities, although no decisions on future systems have yet been taken.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-20/43696/NavyUK
4 August 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether his Department has classified the armed conflict with Daesh as international or non-international.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireThe United Kingdom is engaged in armed conflict against Daesh in Syria and Iraq which we have classified legally as non-international armed conflict, since Daesh is a non-State actor. We are however quite clear, as is the UN Security Council, that Daesh represent a threat to international peace and security.
Tobias Ellwood
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-19/43327/LawIraq and Syria
25 July 2016To ask the Prime Minister, with reference to the 2015-16 Annual Report of the Intelligence and Security Committee, for what reasons it was decided not to provide the Intelligence and Security Committee with evidence on the UK's role in US air strikes against (a) Junaid Hussain and (b) Mohammed Emwazi.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireI refer the hon. Member to paragraph 15 of the 2015-16 Annual Report of the Intelligence and Security Committee.
Theresa May
Prime Minister
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-19/43349/MilitarySyria
21 July 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many RAF flights over Libya have taken place each month between January and June 2016; what the purpose was of such flights; and what the type of aircraft used was for those flights.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonPart of our support to the political process in Libya has included the provision of military advisers and RAF flights to transport them. I am withholding information on the details of these flights as disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
Mike Penning
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-18/43265/MilitaryLibya
19 July 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to paragraphs 5.36 to 5.38 of the Cabinet Manual, whether the convention that a debate in Parliament should be held before troops are committed in military action applies to (a) the lethal use of armed drones, (b) military training and advisory missions (i) related to force-protection and (ii) where there is a risk of UK personnel engaging in combat in self-defence, (c) the use of special forces in long-term combat missions and (d) the embedding of UK military personnel in foreign militaries; and if he will make a statement.Caroline Lucas
Green, Brighton, Pavilion
This Government is committed to the convention that before troops are committed to combat the House of Commons should have an opportunity to debate the matter, except where there was an emergency and such action would not be appropriate. The convention does not apply to British military personnel embedded in the armed forces of other nations.
Michael Fallon
Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-13/42596/MilitaryGlobal
13 July 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what recent discussions he has had with his (a) Ministerial colleagues and (b) US counterparts on cooperation and assistance on counter-drone technology.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldI have regular discussions with both Ministerial Colleagues and US counterparts on a range of issues, including counter-drone technologies.
Philip Dunne
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-08/42274/Civil UseUK
13 July 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of existing regulations on drones; and if he will make a statement.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThe Government’s primary responsibility is the safety and security of our citizens. That is why we apply one of the highest regulatory safety standards for commercial aviation in the world.

There are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK.

The Department and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) work with a wide range of industry partners across the aviation sector, (including manufacturers, airports, and airlines), to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up-to-date and mitigations effective. Further work is underway to better understand the risk posed by flying drones close to commercial planes to ensure that regulations remain fit for purpose.

Awareness and education on current restrictions are vitally important. The Civil Aviation Authority is undertaking activities to raise awareness of the basic safety requirements, including an ongoing ‘Dronecode’ safety awareness campaign, issuing safety leaflets at the point of sale, publishing an animated video on their website, and running ‘small UAS’ Risk and Hazard workshops with industry as part of the Mid Air Collision Programme.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-07-08/42271/Civil UseUK
28 June 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government when they expect the Watchkeeper Programme to achieve Initial Operating Capability 2, previously expected to be achieved by April, and when they now expect Equipment Support Systems to be released to service.Lord Moonie
Labour
It is expected that the Watchkeeper programme will declare Initial Operating Capability 2 standard by July 2016. An initial set of release to service recommendations for the Watchkeeper system at Equipment Standard 2 should be provided by March 2017. This will provide sufficient clearance for the Army to fly the Watchkeeper system in that configuration and support delivery of Full Operating Capability by the target date of April 2017.
Earl Howe
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-06-15/HL728/Military Global
27 June 2016With respect, it is evident that the Government intend to use lethal force outside armed conflict for counter-terrorism purposes, despite the legal basis for that being unclear. Will the Government clarify the legal basis on the use of drones for targeted killing outside of armed conflict?Andrew Slaughter, Labour, Hammersmith We have been very clear that this is guided by international law. Where there is an identified, direct and immediate threat to the United Kingdom, and where we have no other means of dealing with it, we reserve the right to use force.
Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
https://www.theyworkforyou.com/debates/?id=2016-06-27b.15.6&s=%22international+law%22#g15.10PolicyGlobal
27 June 2016Whether the Government plan to publish a policy on the use of drones for targeted killingAndrew Slaughter, Labour, Hammersmith With regard to targeting or other rules of engagement, the use of remotely piloted air systems is no different to that of any other aircraft. Therefore, there is no separate policy for their use in this respect.
Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
https://www.theyworkforyou.com/debates/?id=2016-06-27b.15.6&s=%22international+law%22#g15.10PolicyGlobal
16 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has met representatives of AeroVironment to discuss the Blackwing miniature tube-launched drone.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireRepresentatives of the Department meet AeroVironment representatives on a regular basis to discuss current and potential future capabilities, and the Department is aware of the capabilities of the Blackwing Reconnaissance System. However, the Department has no capability requirement to procure an underwater launched Unmanned Aerial System at this stage, and, as such, there have not been any formal discussions with AeroVironment on a possible procurement of Blackwing.
Philip Dunne
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-08/39912/ProcurementUK
15 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Answer of 12 April 2016 to Question 32352, whether the memorandum of understanding between the Home Office, the Civil Aviation Authority and the police has been agreed.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldI can confirm that the memorandum of understanding between the Department for Transport, the Home Office, the Civil Aviation Authority and the police has been signed and is operational.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-08/40016/Civil UseUK
15 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps his Department is taking to engage with the European Aviation Safety Authority task force assessing the risk of collision between drones and aircraft.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThe Department for Transport and the Civil Aviation Authority have regular interaction with the European Aviation Safety Authority (EASA) on the development of drone safety regulations. This includes engagement on the EASA task force studying the risk of collision between drones and aircrafts, which we expect will be consulting more formally across Member States this summer.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-08/39997/Civil UseUK
15 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the Answer of 26 April 2016 to Question 34503, if he will release a summary or redacted version of risk assessments carried out by the Cross-Government Working Group on RPAS.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThe Cross-Government Working Group on RPAS commissioned a piece of work, led by the Ministry of Defence, to analyse the potential use of drones for criminal purposes including the potential use of drones for terrorist purposes. This work is ongoing and being kept under review. I will place a redacted summary of the work to date in the Libraries of both Houses before the Summer Recess.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-08/40015/Civil UseUK
13 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what timeline has been proposed for publication of the revised Joint Doctrinal Note on UK Unmanned Systems.David Davis
Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
Joint Doctrine Publication (JDP) 0-30.2, Unmanned Aircraft Systems, (which will replace Joint Doctrine Note 2/11, The UK Approach to Unmanned Aircraft Systems) was endorsed by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) Joint Doctrine and Concepts Board in November 2015 with an agreed timeline for the MOD Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre to produce it in mid-2016. On current plans JDP 0-30.2 is expected to be published in July 2016.
Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-07/39787/PolicyUK
13 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the oral contribution of the Minister of State, House of Lords Official Report, 27 April 2016, Column 1229, how many independent service police investigations have been carried out on allegations of civilian casualties during operations against Daesh in Iraq and Syria in the last five years.David Davis
Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
None
Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-08/39927/Civilian CasualtiesIraq and Syria
13 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, with reference to the evidence given by the Minister of State for Transport to the EU Internal Market Sub-Committee on 18 April 2016, what the (a) purpose, (b) membership and (c) date of the last meeting of the new forum the Government has established is.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThe purpose of the forum is to provide a means to consult, and gather external stakeholder input, in order to inform and influence the development of future unmanned aircraft systems aviation policy, regulation and legislation at a national and international level. The aim is to develop a richer and deeper interaction with external stakeholders which commences early in the regulatory development process.

The forum met on the 11th May 2016, and was attended by the Civil Aviation Authority, Frazer-Nash Consultancy, the British Model Flying Association, ADS Group, the Military Aviation Authority, the Department for Transport, Sussex Police, the Association of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems, the Airport Operators Association, First Person View, the British Airline Pilots Association, BSI Group, with apologies from NATS.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-08/39940/Civil UseUK
13 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any RAF personnel have carried out airstrikes outside the coalition mission in the Iraq and Syria conflict zone since 2 December 2015.David Davis
Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
RAF personnel have not carried out airstrikes outside the coalition mission in the Iraq and Syria conflict zone since 2 December 2015.
Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-07/39785/MilitaryIraq and Syria
13 June 2016
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has demonstrated the capability of Certified Predator B for the duration of the Protector programme.
David Davis
Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
Following an extensive Assessment Phase, the Department has concluded that the GA-ASI Certified Predator B is the only platform capable of meeting the Protector Programme's Key User Requirements. Certified Predator B is a modification of the highly successful Predator B platform which incorporates a number of safety and capability enhancements.

The Demonstration Phase of the Programme, which will follow approval of the Programme's Main Gate Business Case, will subject Certified Predator B to a comprehensive Test and Evaluation Plan to demonstrate the system's ability to meet the Department's requirements for the capability through its expected in-service life.
Philip Dunne
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-06-07/39786/ProcurementUK
9 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps his Department is taking to assess the potential merits of its proposals on drones to be included in the planned Modern Transport Bill; and what assessment he has made of the need for temporary measures to ensure public safety related to drones until such proposals have been enacted.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThere are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. There are severe penalties in place for misuse of drones, such as up to five years imprisonment for endangering an aircraft.

The Department for Transport (DfT) and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) work with a wide range of industry partners across the aviation sector, (including manufacturers, airports, and airlines), to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up-to-date. Further work is underway to better understand the risk posed by flying drones close to commercial planes to ensure that regulations remain fit for purpose.

Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK. The Secretary of State has recently written to Police to request their assistance in raising awareness of drone risks and restrictions.

Communication and education of users on current safety restrictions will be key. Officials from my Department are actively considering with the CAA the development of an expanded and diversified communication and education campaign, to include more mediums and supporting products.

The Government is planning to consult on a range of measures on drones over the summer, and will then seek any further appropriate legislative measures through the Modern Transport Bill.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-05-26/38744/Civil UseUK
6 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what assessment her Department has made of the potential use and effectiveness of unmanned aerial vehicle technology in supporting the UK's international development agenda.Matthew Offord
Conservative, Hendon
It is in the interest of the UK taxpayer, as well as beneficiaries on the ground, ‎that the Department for International Development scrutinises the most cost-effective means of delivering aid, especially when responding to crises. In some cases technology can provide valuable advantages in terms of efficiency and cost effectiveness, as well as enabling the ability to respond rapidly to crises and assist those in the hardest to reach places.

The Department has recently commissioned a review of the potential of a number of Frontier Technologies including Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology, which will help us identify potential applications as well as risks.

There are a small number of examples of UAV technologies currently being trialled in DFID programmes. This includes a small-scale trial of UAV mapping to inform disaster preparedness, mitigation and response efforts in Nepal. There is also research being conducted in the natural and physical sciences arena, including on climate extremes which have an impact on vulnerable populations in developing countries.
Nick Hurd
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for International Development
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-05-26/38662/Overseas aidGlobal
1 June 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 23 May 2016 to Question 37106, whether the potential use of RAF aircraft to deliver airstrikes on Daesh targets in Libya has been discussed with the UK's international partners.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonWe are working closely with the new Government of National Accord and international partners to develop a comprehensive approach to defeat Daesh in Libya. Planning so far has focused on training Libyan forces to provide their own security.
Tobias Ellwood
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-05-24/38343/MilitaryLibya
31 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the proposed redevelopment of USAF Croughton by the US has been confirmed to him.Fabian Hamilton, Labour, Leeds North EastI refer the hon. Member to the Written Statement made by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State (Michael Fallon) on 8 January 2015.
Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-05-24/38280/UK basesUK
31 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civilian deaths have been recorded from UK airstrikes in Syria since the UK military campaign started.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenThere has been no credible evidence or report of civilian casualties as a result of UK airstrikes in Syria since the UK military campaign started.
Michael Fallon
Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-05-24/38178/Civilian CasualtiesIraq and Syria
27 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what his policy is on the regulation of drones to protect the public from their misuse.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldI refer the Honourable Member to my answer given on 9 May 2016 UIN 36085 regarding the regulations addressing the criminal use of drones, and to my answer given on 9 May 2016 UIN 36086 regarding privacy.

The Government is planning to consult on a range of measures on drones over the summer, and will then seek any further appropriate legislative measures through the Modern Transport Bill.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-05-24/38311/Civil UseUK
24 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many British military personnel have been embedded with US military personnel flying drones or planes over Libya in the last six months.Tim Farron, Lib DemNone
Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-05-19/37708/Embedded PersonnelLibya
10 May 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what steps they will take to protect the identity of RAF unmanned aerial vehicle operators.Lord Blencathra ConservativeReaper Force personnel are briefed in line with their specific situation and, as with all RAF personnel, they receive periodic training on personal security. This includes, for example, briefing on social media profiles. Mechanisms exist to ensure that specific threats, and the necessary responses to them, are communicated in a timely fashion.
Earl Howe
Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-05-05/HL8224/Military PersonnelUK
9 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what regulations are (a) in place and (b) under consideration to ensure appropriate management and use of data collected from drones.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldPersonal data collected from drones is covered under the Data Protection Act 1998. The Information Commissioners Office has published guidance for drone operators on their website this can be found at https://ico.org.uk/for-the-public/drones/.

Issues concerning data protection are under consideration for our forthcoming consultation.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-28/36086/Civil UseUK
9 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what regulations address the criminal use of drones; and what plans the Government has to bring forward further regulations related to such activity.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThere are a range of laws in place to regulate the use of drones, prevent criminal use, and enable enforcement action to be taken when needed.

The Air Navigation Order 2009 (ANO) regulates the use of all aircraft, including drones, and provides for a range of offences to guard against criminal use. For example the offences of endangering the safety of an aircraft, and endangering the safety of any person or property, apply to the users of all drones. There are also offences specific to users of small drones, and those using drones for aerial works. Please see at the end of the answer below for a list of these provisions.

The Civil Aviation (Insurance) Regulations 2005 deal with insurance requirements for drones, and contain offences to enforce these.

Offences relating to personal data are provided for in the Data Protection Act 1998.

Other legislation which is not aviation or transport specific may also be relevant to addressing criminal use of drones.

On future regulation, a proposed new EU Regulation on aviation safety is currently being negotiated with the European Aviation Safety Agency and other EU Member States. This will apply to all drones.

While the Government considers that there are comprehensive rules in place to guard against criminal use of drones, we continue to keep under careful review whether there is any need for further legislation in this area.

Provisions in ANO which are enforced by offences listed in Schedule 13 ANO

a) Relevant to all drones:

Article 137 - endangering safety of an aircraft
Article 138 - endangering safety of any person or property
b) Relevant to drones above 20kg (those over 150kg have additional requirements to meet):

Article 3 - registration (unless comply with B Conditions - see Schedule 2 ANO)
Article 16 - certificate of airworthiness (unless comply with B Conditions)
Article 21 - issue of national permits to fly
Article 31 - dropping articles for purposes of agriculture etc
Article 129 - dropping of articles and animals
c) Relevant to drones up to 20kg:

Article 166 - requirements for small unmanned aircraft
Applying to person in charge of a small unmanned aircraft of 20kg or less (without fuel but including equipment):

article 166(1) - Causing or permitting an article or animal to be dropped from a small unmanned aircraft so as to endanger persons or property.
article 166(2) - Flying without being reasonably satisfied that the flight can be safely made.
article 166(3) - Failing to maintain direct, unaided visual contact sufficient to monitor flight path.
article 166(5) - Flying for the purposes of aerial work without permission.
Applying to person in charge of a small unmanned aircraft 7kg – 20kg (without fuel but including equipment):

article 166(4)(a) - Flying in Class A, C, D or E airspace without the permission of the appropriate Air Traffic Control unit,
article 166(4)(b) - Flying within an Air Traffic Zone during the notified hours of watch without permission,
article 166(4)(c) - Flying at a height of more than 400ft above the surface unless within 166(4)(a) or (b).
Article 167 - requirements for small unmanned surveillance aircraft.
Applying to person in charge of a small unmanned surveillance aircraft of 20kg or less (without fuel but including equipment):

article 167(1) - Flight over or within 150m of a congested area,
article 167(1) & (2)(b) - Flight over or within 150m of an organised open-air assembly or more than 1,000 persons without permission,
article 167(1) & (2)(c) - Flight within 50m of any vessel, vehicle or structure or person (not under the control of the person in charge of the aircraft) without permission,
article 167(3) - Taking off within 30m of a person (not under the control of the person in charge of the aircraft).
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-28/36085/Civil UseUK
9 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what the remit of the Cross-Government Working Group on drones is; when it has met; and who has attended each meeting of that group.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldI refer the Honourable Member to my answer give on 25 January UIN 23389

(http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-questions-answers/?page=1&max=20&questiontype=AllQuestions&house=commons%2clords&uin=23389).

Noting that the first meeting in 2016 took place in March not February and the below additions to the membership of the group:

Department for International Development
Surveillance Commissioner
UK Fire Service
Police
Border Force
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)`
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-28/36083/Civil UseUK
6 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, at which military bases unauthorised entries were reported in each year from 2014.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyThe figures for unauthorised entries to military bases include drones and air balloon flying at low altitude over military sites but do not include failed attempts at authorised access. None of these incidents resulted in any significant ramifications for Defence security.

The Ministry of Defence (MOD) treats all unauthorised entries very seriously. They are investigated to a level commensurate with their complexity and impact by Military Police, MOD Police or local constabulary.

The locations of security incidents of this category recorded within the Ministry of Defence for 2014 are set out below.

Her Majesty's Naval Base (HMNB) Portsmouth
HMNB Clyde
Royal Marine (RM) Stonehouse
Army Reserve Centre, Bristol
Army Reserve Centre, Blackburn
Army Careers Centre, Glasgow
RAF Halton
RAF Kirton on Lindsay
RAF Wyton
RAF Linton on Ouse
RAF Brize Norton
RAF Scampton
RAF Benson
RAF Honington
RAF Mona
RAF Leeming
DSTL Porton Down Range Area

With regard to the locations of security incidents of this category within the MOD for 2015 I refer the hon. Member to the answer that I gave on 9 February 2016 to question number 25082.
Mark Lancaster
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-13/33821/Military BasesUK
4 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the effect of active service on the mental health of (a) drone operators and (b) conventional pilots.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireThe Government is committed to improving the mental health of our Armed Forces and has long recognised that Service life can cause stress. Support to all personnel (including pilots of Remotely Piloted Air Systems) is continually improving. We provide pre- and post-operational stress management training; a wide range of psychiatric and psychological treatments; and initiatives such as Decompression, Trauma Risk Management (TRiM), and post operational stress management. Measures are in place to increase awareness at all levels of the risk of mental health disorders and indicators to help identify these.
Penny Mordaunt
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-25/35223/MilitaryUK
4 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many hours UK drones have flown over which countries in each year since 2010.Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireSince 2010, the UK's Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) have operated in Afghanistan until 2014 and in Iraq and Syria from 2014.

The number of hours flown by RPAS in Afghanistan can be found at the following link:

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/operation-herrick-afghanistan-aircraft-statistics

Since 2014, Reaper has been flying in support of Op SHADER in Iraq and Syria. It is not possible to breakdown Reaper flying hours by country for Op SHADER. The table below provides the total number of hours flown:

Year
Total Reaper flying hours flown in support of Op Shader
2014
1,653
2015
12,698
2016 (up to and including 31 March 2016)
2,509
Total
16,860
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-25/35222/MilitaryGlobal
4 May 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what plans he has to further restrict the use of drones to ensure (a) the safety of aircraft and (b) privacy of members of the public.Greg Knight, Conservative, East YorkshireThere are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit their craft to endanger any person or property. There are also tough existing penalties, including up to five years imprisonment for endangering an aircraft. Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK. The Secretary of State has written to the Police to request their assistance in raising awareness of drone risks and restrictions.

The Department continues to work with the CAA and industry partners to assess the safety risk of drones. It is also currently working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones. A public consultation is planned for the summer. This will look at a range of options including registration and licensing options, and the potential for restrictions on purchase and use.

Operators of drones that might collect personal data must comply with the Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA) unless a relevant exemption applies. The requirements of the DPA are regulated by the independent Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) and their website provides clear guidance to operators.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-26/35553/Civil UseUK
27 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what steps she has taken to ensure that all police officers are aware of restrictions around the use of drones in public areas and where permits are necessary.
To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, if she will ensure that the results of the police investigation into the drone collision at Heathrow airport on 17 April 2016 are published.
Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThe Aircraft Accident investigation Bureau investigation into the collision will be made public. However, the separate, ongoing criminal investigation, and any decision to release the results of the investigation, is an operational matter for the Metropolitan Police, as the investigatory authority.

Guidance has been circulated to Police Forces to assist them when dealing with incidents involving misuse. A decision on whether to investigate and prosecute is made on an assessment of threat, risk and harm.

John Hayes, Minister of State, Home Office
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-18/34359/Civil UseUK
27 April 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have for the control of drones flying in UK air space.Lord LairdThere are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. Work is underway to better understand the risk posed by flying drones close to commercial planes. Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK.

The Department for Transport (DfT) is currently working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones. We have also completed a series of public dialogues ahead of a public consultation which will help to inform a government strategy to be published this year. The consultation will look at a range of options including regulation, registration and licensing options, and the potential for restrictions on purchase and use.

Education of drone users is vital. The DfT is working with the CAA on raising awareness of responsible drone use. This includes the CAA’s ‘Drone Code’ safety awareness campaign, the issuing of safety leaflets at the point of sale, publishing an animated video on their website, and running ‘small UAS’ (Unmanned Aerial Systems) Risk and Hazard workshops with industry as part of the Mid Air Collision Programme.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-04-18/HL7745/Civil UseUK
27 April 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the need to regulate or license the private drone market in the UK.The Bishop of BristolCommercial drone operations already require permissions from the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). Operators must satisfy the CAA that they can operate safely and are aware of all relevant legislation. Last year the CAA granted approximately 1100 permissions for light-weight, low risk operations. There are charges for new permissions and processing renewals.

There are also existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK.

The Department for Transport (DfT) is currently working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones. We have also completed a series of public dialogues ahead of a public consultation which will help to inform a government strategy to be published this year. The consultation will look at a range of options including regulation, registration and licensing options, and the potential for restrictions on purchase and use.

Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-04-18/HL7729/Civil UseUK
27 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the contribution of the Minister of State of 10 March 2016, Official Report, column 419, what assessment he has made of the potential merits of implementing temporary measures to ensure public safety when drones are used while his Department considers the best action to take.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThere are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. There are severe penalties in place for misuse of drones, such as up to five years imprisonment for endangering an aircraft.

The Department for Transport (DfT) and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) work with a wide range of industry partners across the aviation sector, (including manufacturers, airports, and airlines), to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up-to-date and mitigations effective. Further work is underway to better understand the risk posed by flying drones close to commercial planes to ensure that regulations remain fit for purpose.

The DfT is also currently working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones, including potential technical solutions, such as geo-fencing and frequency jammers around airports.

Communication and education of users on current safety restrictions will be key. Officials from my Department are actively considering with the CAA the development of an expanded and diversified communication and education campaign, to include more mediums and supporting products, such as smart phone applications. The CAA is running ‘small UAS’ (Unmanned Aerial Systems) Risk and Hazard workshops with industry as part of the Mid Air Collision Programme.

Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK. The Secretary of State has written to Police to request their assistance in raising awareness of drone risks and restrictions.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-19/34680/Civil UseUK
26 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many people have been convicted for an offence relating to a use of a drone; and what the average sentence is for such an offence.Andrew Slaughter, Labour, Hammersmith The number of offenders found guilty of offences relating to flying a drone, under S 160 of the Air Navigation Order 2009, in England and Wales, in 2014, is two. Each offender was sentenced to a fine.

Please note that this figure relates to persons for whom these offences were the principal offences for which they were dealt with. When a defendant has been found guilty of two or more offences it is the offence for which the heaviest penalty is imposed. Where the same disposal is imposed for two or more offences, the offence selected is the offence for which the statutory maximum penalty is the most severe.

Incidents involving drones are rare, but we remain constantly vigilant to all new threats to prison security. This Government has made it a criminal offence to throw, or otherwise project, any article of substance into prison without authorisation. Anyone using drones in an attempt to get contraband into prisons can be punished with a sentence of up to two years. We take a zero tolerance approach to illicit material in prisons and work closely with the police and CPS to ensure those responsible for a drone incident are caught and, if appropriate, prosecuted.
Dominic Raab
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-18/34438/Civil UseUK
26 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment his Department has made of the effectiveness of regulations relating to drones and public safety.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThe Government’s primary responsibility is the safety and security of our citizens. That is why we apply one of the highest regulatory safety standards for commercial aviation in the world.

There are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK.

The Department and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) work with a wide range of industry partners across the aviation sector, (including manufacturers, airports, and airlines), to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up-to-date and mitigations effective. Further work is underway to better understand the risk posed by flying drones close to commercial planes to ensure that regulations remain fit for purpose.

The Cross Government Working Group on RPAS has undertaken analysis of the use of drones for criminal purposes, including the potential use of drones for terrorist purposes, and the impacts of their negligent use near sensitive locations, such as airports. This work is kept under review and is being used to inform research and testing to improve mitigation techniques and strategies.

Awareness and education on current restrictions are vitally important. The Civil Aviation Authority is undertaking activities to raise awareness of the basic safety requirements, including an ongoing ‘Dronecode’ safety awareness campaign, issuing safety leaflets at the point of sale, publishing an animated video on their website, and running ‘small UAS’ Risk and Hazard workshops with industry as part of the Mid Air Collision Programme.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-18/34503/Civil UseUK
26 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, whether his consultation on drones expected to be published before summer will include options on the classification of drones generally; and whether he has assessed existing weight categories as appropriate.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThe Department for Transport (DfT) is currently working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones.

The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is developing new rules for all drones that are proportionate to the risk of their specific operation rather than based on weight categories.

The Government will seek to ensure that UK regulation is consistent with this approach. EASA has conducted a consultation and impact assessment on the approach and therefore we do not currently intend to consult further on these measures.
Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-18/34351/Civil UseUK
25 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether her Department plans to allocate additional resources to police forces to combat the risks posed by drones to aircraft.Ruth Cadbury, Labour, Brentford and IsleworthOverall police spending will be protected in real terms over the Spending Review period, when the locally funded police precept element of council tax is taken into account. This is an increase of up to £900 million in cash terms by 2019/20. Overall, the public should be in no doubt that the police will have the resources they need to respond to new threats rapidly and effectively to keep people safe.
Mike Penning, Minister of State, Home Department
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-19/34549/Civil UseUK
21 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, when the Government plans to publish its consultation on drone regulation.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham Northfieldhttps://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2016-04-18.34480.h&s=unmannedCivil UseUK
21 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps the Government is taking to ensure that all drone owners are aware of restrictions on their use and the risks they pose.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldDecisions on the how the funding is allocated to priorities within forces are for individual Chief Officers and Police and Crime Commissioners.https://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2016-04-18.34360.h&s=unmannedCivil UseUK
21 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps his Department is taking to protect aircraft operating out of UK airports from the safety risks posed by drones.
Ruth Cadbury, Labour, Brentford and IsleworthThe Government’s primary responsibility is the safety and security of our citizens. That is why we apply one of the highest regulatory safety standards for commercial aviation in the world.

The Department for Transport (DfT) is currently working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones.

There are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. The Department and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) work with a wide range of industry partners across the aviation sector (including manufacturers, airports, and airlines) to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up-to-date and mitigations effective. We are talking to both the Civil Aviation Authority and airports to develop potential technical solutions to the problems around airports, these include mandated geo-fencing and frequency jammers.

The Cross Government Working Group on RPAS has undertaken analysis of the use of drones for criminal purposes, including the potential use of drones for terrorist purposes, and the impacts of their negligent use near sensitive locations, such as airports. This work is kept under review and is being used to inform research and testing to improve mitigation techniques and strategies.

Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK. The Secretary of State will be writing to the police to request their assistance in raising awareness of drone risks and restrictions. Robert Goodwill
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
https://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2016-04-18.34296.h&s=unmannedCivil UseUK
18 April 2016My Lords, the future of the new runway is of course important, but what, in the mean time, will my noble friend do about the drones which are so much in the news recently?Lord Trefgarne, ConservativeMy noble friend is quite right to raise the issue of drones. Indeed, there was an incident only yesterday at Heathrow, which has been fully investigated. The pilots have given their full reports, and the details have been reported by the media. Let me assure my noble friend that there already are stringent procedures regarding the use of drones, but the Government are also working very closely with international and domestic partners, including the CAA and BALPA. We are also working closely with our European partners—including leading on EASA’s work in this regard—as to what more can be done in what clearly is an area of expansion.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon,
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.theyworkforyou.com/lords/?id=2016-04-18b.435.0#g436.1Civil UseUK
18 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many incidents involving the use of drone technology have been recorded at each type of prison facility in each of the last three years.Andrew Slaughter, Labour HammersmithI refer the Hon Member to my answer to PQ 20357.

Incidents involving drones are rare, but we remain constantly vigilant to all new threats to prison security. This Government has made it a criminal offence to throw, or otherwise project, any article of substance into prison without authorisation. Anyone using drones in an attempt to get contraband into prisons can be punished with a sentence of up to two years. We take a zero tolerance approach to illicit material in prisons and work closely with the police and CPS to ensure those responsible for a drone incident are caught and, if appropriate, prosecuted.

There were no reported drone incidents in 2013; 2 reported incidents in 2014; and 33 reported incidents in 2015.

These figures include drone finds and sightings of drones by prison staff in and around all types of public and private prisons in England and Wales.

These figures have been drawn from live administrative data systems. Care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, but the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.
Andrew Selous, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-13/33806/Civil UseUK
18 April 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they will establish a compulsory register for drone ownership following similar action by the Federal Aviation Administration in the US; and if not, why not.Lord Sharkey, Lib DemWe are exploring a range of options for monitoring and enforcing regulations on drone use in the UK. This includes the potential for types of registration schemes, such as are implemented in the US and Ireland. The Department for Transport is in contact with both these authorities, as part of our work into understanding the benefits of such schemes, in terms of transparency of ownership and enforcement, as against their costs to business and other users. HM Government intends to consult on options this year.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon,
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-04-11/HL7467/Civil UseUK
13 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether the Government has (a) sought and (b) received permission for the use of (i) Italian or (ii) US facilities at Sigonella by RAF aircraft for operations in Libyan airspace.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyWe have had a long-standing presence at Naval Air Station Sigonella, and have made frequent use of it. However, it is not normal practice to comment on the details of arrangements with host nations.
Tobias Ellwood, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-04-08/32965/MilitaryLibya
12 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 9 February 2016 to Question 25277, when he expects the memorandum of understanding to be agreed.Virendra Sharma,
Labour, Ealing, Southall
The outcome of this risk assessment will be used to inform further research into and development of appropriate risk mitigation measures.

As stated in my previous answer this work is ongoing and is kept under constant review.
Robert Goodwill,
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-23/32352/Civil UseUK
12 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, pursuant to the Answer of 9 February 2016 to Question 25276, on unmanned air vehicles: safety, when he expects his Department to complete the detailed analysis of risks posed by drones.Virendra Sharma,
Labour, Ealing, Southall
The outcome of this risk assessment will be used to inform further research into and development of appropriate risk mitigation measures.

As stated in my previous answer this work is ongoing and is kept under constant review.
Robert Goodwill,
Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-23/32353/Civil UseUK
11 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 5 February 2016 to Question 25292, to which countries RAF Reaper or Watchkeeper drones have been deployed on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance sorties since 5 February 2016.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and Finsbury
From 5 February until 4 April 2016, UK Reapers have been deployed on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations in Iraq and Syria.
Penny Mordaunt,
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-24/32492/MilitaryIraq and Syria
11 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if he will place a copy of his Department's (a) civilian casualty review procedure and (b) standard operating procedure in the Library.David Davis,
Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
I am withholding publication of the UK Armed Forces' Incident Reporting Standing Operating Procedure, which contains the civilian casualty review process, as disclosure would or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness, or security of our Armed Forces.

The UK takes all allegations of civilian casualties very seriously. Robust processes are in place to review reports of civilian casualties and to launch investigations where required.
Penny Mordaunt,
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-22/32193/Civilian CasualtiesUK
11 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 29 January 2016 to Question 23886, whether asset-sharing in Syria, Iraq or Libya was considered at the meeting of the Reaper User Group that took place on 14 to 18 March.David Davis,
Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
The MQ-9 Users Group primarily discussed generic, future interoperability between US, UK, French and Italian Reaper operators, particularly in terms of software standards, logistics and training. The sharing of assets in Syria, Iraq and Libya was therefore not discussed explicitly.
Penny Mordaunt,
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-22/32178/MilitaryIraq, Syria, Libya
11 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 10 March 2016 to Question 30084, if he will make the Attorney General's advice available for inspection by the (a) Chief of the Air Staff (b) Deputy Commander of Operations and (c) Staff Branch Air Command responsible for authorisation of the drone strike which killed Reyaad Khan on 21 August 2015.David Davis,
Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
No. Military action is authorised in accordance with the Rules of Engagement which I approve in accordance with the legal position.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-22/32179/LegalitySyria
11 April 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 29 January 2016 to Question 23886, whether asset-sharing in Syria, Iraq or Libya was considered at the meeting of the Reaper User Group that took place on 14 to 18 March.David Davis,
Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
The MQ-9 Users Group primarily discussed generic, future interoperability between US, UK, French and Italian Reaper operators, particularly in terms of software standards, logistics and training. The sharing of assets in Syria, Iraq and Libya was therefore not discussed explicitly.
Penny Mordaunt,
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-22/32178/International Co-OperationGlobal
31 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, if she will make an assessment of the potential merits of deploying ocean-going drones to help catch illegal trawlers in Marine Conservation Zones in place of staffed patrol vessels.Alex Cunningham, Labour, Stockton North
The Marine Management Organisation (MMO) and the ten Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authorities are responsible for enforcing fisheries legislation in UK waters off England. The MMO is considering carefully the potential for new technology to aid enforcement operations, and will continue to keep such technology under review.
George Eustice,
The Minister of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-22/32113/Law enforcementGlobal
29 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to Answer of 22 February 2016 to Question 26843, if he will publish the terms of reference for the Reaper User Group.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenThe MQ-9 Users Group is a multilateral forum for France, Italy, the UK and US. As such, the release of the Group's Terms of Reference can only be approved if all four participating nations agree. To that end, the request for their release was highlighted at the MQ-9 User Group and individual nations will report back as soon as is practicable.
Penny Mordaunt,
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-22/32105/International Co-OperationGlobal
29 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to Answer of 29 January 2016 to Question 23886, which UK representatives attended the meeting of the Reaper User Group between 14 and 18 March 2016.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenUK attendance at the MQ-9 User Group was limited to representatives from the Royal Air Force, led by the Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance Force Commander.
Penny Mordaunt,
Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-22/32106/International Co-OperationGlobal
22 March 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government, in the light of the risk of civilian drones being used to carry out terrorist attacks and of accidental collisions, whether they are considering (1) introducing a mandatory registration system for civilian drones, and (2) introducing mandatory geo-fencing technology to prevent drones from flying over high-risk areas.Baroness Randerson, Lib DemI refer my Noble Baroness to my answer of the 16 March, UIN HL6659.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon,
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport) (Jointly with the Home Office
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-03-16/HL7104/Civil UseUK
22 March 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government when they expect the report of the Cross Government Working Group on Drones to be completed, and whether they intend to publish that report.Baroness Randerson, Lib DemThe Cross Government Working Group on Drones is an ongoing policy group that meets quarterly to discuss a range of cross-cutting departmental issues relating to drones. It does not routinely produce reports.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon,
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport) (Jointly with the Home Office)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-03-15/HL7049/Civil UseUK
21 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment of the merits of the Protector drone and other current and projected UK capability requirements was made to underpin the recent £1.5 billion UK-France collaboration on a joint unmanned combat air vehicle.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenAs part of last year's Strategic Defence and Security Review, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of our future capability requirements including for combat air. Within this, we looked at what could be provided by current and planned capabilities including Protector. The next phase of our collaboration on Unmanned Combat Air Systems with France will mature advanced technologies to inform future acquisition choices.

As part of last year's Strategic Defence and Security Review, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of our future capability requirements including for combat air. Within this, we looked at what could be provided by current and planned capabilities including Protector. The next phase of our collaboration on Unmanned Combat Air Systems with France is looking at capability need beyond Protector and so will mature advanced technologies to develop operational demonstrators.
Philip Dunne, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-15/31168/ProcurementUK
21 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many drone strikes have taken place against Daesh targets in (a) Iraq and (b) Syria since September 2014.Julie Cooper, Labour, BurnleyBetween 1 September 2014 and 15 March 2016 there have been 200 Remotely Piloted Air System (RPAS) strikes in Iraq and 13 in Syria against Daesh targets.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-14/30887/StrikesIraq and Syria
21 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has established a civilian casualties tracking cell to investigate reports of alleged incidents involving RAF aeroplanes in Syria and Iraq.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonAs you know, I am committed to review all claims of civilian casualties, which we take very seriously. The Ministry of Defence has robust processes in place to review reports of alleged incidents. An assessment is carried out after every British strike; we determine the scale of the damage that has been caused and review very carefully whether there are likely to have been civilian casualties. Investigations are launched where appropriate.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-15/31187/Civilian CasualtiesIraq and Syria
16 March 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government, in the light of the risks posed to the UK by terrorists using drones, and the recent comments by the British Airline Pilots Association and others regarding the risks posed by drones, what consideration they have given to (1) the introduction of a system of mandatory drone registration in the UK, (2) the introduction of mandatory geo-fencing by all drone manufacturers, and (3) the possible banning of private ownership of drones exceeding a certain payload capacity.
To ask Her Majesty’s Government what measures they will take to reduce the risk posed by civilian drones to aircraft.
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether the Cross Government Working Group on Drones has conducted an assessment of the risks posed (1) by terrorists using drones, and (2) by drones to aircraft.
Lord West of Spithead, LabourThe Department for Transport (DfT) is currently working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones.

The Department and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) work with a wide range of industry partners across the aviation sector, (including manufacturers, airports, and airlines), to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up-to-date and mitigations effective.

This collaboration is also considering the need for other potential drone policies, such as geo-fencing. There are a number of drone models already sold in the UK with types of this technology installed and we are assessing the potential for solutions that could restrict drone operations around airports and other key infrastructure.

We are also in contact with other governments about the potential costs and benefits of registration systems, and, in particular, whether this improves the transparency of ownership.

The Cross Government Working Group has undertaken analysis of the use of drones for criminal purposes, including the potential use of drones for terrorist purposes, and the impacts of their negligent use near sensitive locations, such as airports. This work is kept under review and is being used to inform research and testing to improve mitigation techniques and strategies.

Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK.

Education of drone users is vital. The DfT is working with the CAA on raising awareness of responsible drone use. This includes the CAA’s ‘Drone Code’ safety awareness campaign and the issuing of safety leaflets at the point of sale.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport) (Jointly with the Home Office)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-03-02/HL6659/Civil UseUK
15 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if the Cross Government Working Group on Drones will examine the feasibility of introducing a system of registration for drones, including an element of mandatory training and evaluation for the larger classes.Jim Shannon, DUP, StrangfordI refer the Honourable member to my answer give on 4 March, UIN 29244, http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-questions-answers/?page=1&max=20&questiontype=AllQuestions&house=commons%2clords&uin=29244.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-10/30774/Civil UseUK
15 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, when he expects the Cross Government Working Group on Drones to finish its work; and when he plans to bring forward legislative proposals.Jim Shannon, DUP, StrangfordThe Cross Government Working Group on Drones is an ongoing policy group that meets quarterly to discuss a range of cross-cutting departmental issues relating to drones.

My department is working with the European Aviation Safety Agency on the development of new European rules for drones. The Civil Aviation Authority are planning to consult on these proposals in the summer, with a view to making amendments to the Air Navigation Order in 2017.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-10/30772/Civil UseUK
15 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if the Cross Government Working Group on Drones will conduct a detailed examination of the security threats posed by drones as part of its work.Jim Shannon, DUP, StrangfordThe Cross Government Working Group is undertaking analysis of the potential use of drones for criminal and terrorist purposes, and the impacts of their negligent use near sensitive locations, such as airports.

Guidance on tackling the risks of criminal drone use has been provided to constabularies across the UK.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-10/30773/Civil UseUK
14 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civilian casualties have resulted from direct UK military action in each theatre of operation in each of the last 12 months.Stephen Doughty, Labour/Co-operative, Cardiff South and PenarthDefence records show there have been no civilian casualities as a result of UK military action in any operational theatre in the last 12 months.

We take very seriously our responsibility to protect innocent civilian life when planning UK military operations. Our targeting procedures are rigorous, and we take every possible precaution to ensure that no civilian lives are lost when conducting strike missions.

If we had any reason to believe - either from our own analysis or from other reports - that there might have been civilian casualties, a full investigation would be conducted.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-09/30452/Civilian CasualtiesGlobal
11 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the UK was party to the US collateral damage assessment relating to airstrikes in Libya carried out by US forces operating from RAF Lakenheath; and whether that collateral damage assessment conformed to UK Rules of Engagement and the Targeting Directive.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonI only grant permission to use UK bases to launch an airstrike after the Ministry of Defence has verified the legality of the operation and where we have assurances that collateral damage would be minimised.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-08/30188/Air BasesUK/US
11 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any temporal or other limitations have been placed on his authorisation of the use by the US of RAF Lakenheath as a base for carrying out airstrikes in Libya.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonMy authorisation for the US to use UK bases to launch the airstrike against a Daesh training camp in Libya on 19 February 2016 was granted for that specific operation and for a limited period of time.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-08/30189/Air BasesUK/US
11 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether he consulted (a) the National Security Council, (b) the Attorney General, (c) the Foreign Secretary and (d) other Cabinet colleagues on the decision to authorise the US to use RAF Lakenheath to launch airstrikes in Libya; and whether any of those bodies or people were required to give approval for that authorisation.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonI am responsible for authorising the use of UK bases for operations of this nature. There is a long standing convention that whether the Attorney General has or has not advised on a matter it is not disclosed.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-08/30190/Air BasesUK/US
10 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Prime Minister's statement of 7 September 2015, Official Report, column 23, what rank of officer within the RAF chain of command had access to the Attorney General's advice on the legal basis for the Reyaad Khan drone strike.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenThe Attorney General's advice informed my decision to target Reyaad Khan. The strike was conducted by the RAF using rules of engagement informed by the Attorney General's advice.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-07/30084/LegalitySyria
10 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, in how many operations the UK Reaper force has transferred operational control of UK Reapers to (a) the US Air Force and (b) embedded RAF personnel in the US Air Force in Syria and Iraq since 2 December 2015.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenI refer the right hon. Member to the answer I gave on 23 November 2015 to Question 16741. It remains the case that provisions set out in the UK-US Memorandum of Understanding have not yet been enacted by either party.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-07/30085/InteroperabilityUK/US
10 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will expedite the work of the cross-governmental working group on drones; and if he will bring forward legislative proposals to mitigate the safety risks posed by civilian drones.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldGovernment’s primary responsibility is the safety and security of our citizens. That is why we apply the highest regulatory safety standards for commercial aviation in the world.

There is legislation in place that requires users of small drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle, and that requires users to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit their vehicle to endanger any person or property.

It is already illegal to operate a drone recklessly or negligently, and the Crown Prosecution Service has successfully prosecuted where there has been persistent reckless behaviour.

Education of drone users is vital. The DfT is working with the CAA on raising awareness of responsible drone use. This includes the CAA’s ‘Drone Code’ safety awareness campaign and the issuing of safety leaflets at the point of sale.

We will continue to keep our policies and regulation under review to ensure public safety remains paramount. This currently includes working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-02/29436/CivilUK
10 March 2016The UK Airprox Board investigated 23 near misses between aircraft and drones in six months last year. Of those, 12 were deemed to involve a serious risk of collision. The British Airline Pilots Association wants the Government to run tests on what would happen if a drone were sucked into an engine or hit a windscreen, and the Government have had a working group on the matter since 2013. So why is it only this summer that Ministers will say anything? Should we not know by now what tests have already been done, what regulatory and other options are being considered and when Ministers expect any agreed option to be put into practice?Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldI assure the House that we take that matter very seriously indeed, and we are aware of the risk of a collision with a drone. Yesterday, I met representatives of the British Airline Pilots Association, and that was one of the topics that came up. As the Secretary of State said in answer to an earlier question, severe penalties are in place for people who get involved with such activities. There are a number of technologies, such as geo-fencing, which would prevent those aircraft from entering sensitive airspace. We take the matter very seriously, and we are considering the best action to take.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm160310/debtext/160310-0001.htm#160310-0001.htm_spnew95CivilUK
10 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the contract for the new Predator ER is predicated on aviation authorities giving clearance for that aircraft to fly in UK and European air space; and if he will make a statement.Madeleine Moon, Labour, BridgendThe Department is currently working towards a main investment decision on the PROTECTOR remotely-piloted aircraft announced in the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review, rather than contracting for a new Predator Extended Range (ER) programme. As part of this work, the Department is considering the issues and options relating to clearance to fly in UK and European airspace.
Philip Dunne. Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-02/29385/MilitaryUK
9 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will introduce mandatory geo-fencing technology for civilian drones.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldThe UK Government and the Civil Aviation Authority are talking to manufacturers about implementing geo-fencing technology on their drone systems. There are a number of drones already sold in the UK with this technology installed. My department is talking to a range stakeholders, including airports, about potential solutions for restricting drone operations around airports and other key infrastructure. We expect to have some results from this work by the end of the summer.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-01/29284/CivilUK
9 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions he has had with his Jordanian counterpart on the launch, recovery or other control of Reaper drones from that country or any other element of Reaper control.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonWe routinely discuss counter-Daesh air operations with Coalition partners but it would not be appropriate to give details about these discussions as to do so could affect the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-01/29192/MilitaryJordan
9 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 29 February 2016 to Question 27211, whether the remit of permission granted to use the Sigonella air station extends to UK (a) Reaper launch and recovery operations and (b) combat missions.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonWe have had a long-standing presence at Naval Air Station Sigonella, and have made frequent use of it. However, it is not normal practice to comment on the details of arrangements with host nations.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-01/29291/Air BasesItaly
9 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 25 February 2016 to Question 27212, on what data work commenced on Joint Services Policy (JSP) 900 UK Targeting Policy - Edition 2.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonWork to create JSP 900 UK Targeting Policy Edition 2 began in January 2014 and the document was in the process of being finalised in September 2014. However, further work was required to ensure the Ministry of Defence's Full Spectrum Targeting (FSpecT) policy was coherent with the evolving National Full Spectrum Effects (FSE) approach.

In September 2015 Defence Instructions and Notices (DIN) 2015DIN03-024 "Full Spectrum Effects For Defence Operations" was released. The DIN set the framework for FSpecT policy within FSE; JSP 900 Edition 2 was released shortly afterwards. A review of JSP 900 Edition 2 is under way and it is expected that a new edition will be required to incorporate lessons identified from operations in Iraq and Syria.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-01/29193/PolicyUK
9 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 16 February 2016 to Question 26409, what the role and location is of each of the six Reaper Force personnel embedded with the US Armed Forces; and with which units they are embedded.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonThe six embedded personnel are undertaking various training, test and evaluation duties at Holloman Air Force Base and Creech Air Force Base.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-01/29194/PersonnelUS
9 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will make an assessment of the potential effect of a drone collision with an emergency helicopter attending a scene in a built-up area.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldThe Department for Transport is currently working with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to develop consistent, EU-wide safety rules for drones.

The Department and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) work with a wide range of industry partners across the aviation sector, (including manufacturers, airports, and operators), to ensure our understanding of potential hazards to aircraft remains up-to-date and mitigations effective.

This collaboration is also considering the need for other potential drone policies, such as geo-fencing. There are a number of drone models already sold in the UK with types of this technology installed and we are assessing the potential for solutions that could restrict drone operations around sensitive locations and key infrastructure.

The Government has undertaken analysis of the use of drones for criminal purposes, including the potential use of drones for terrorist purposes, and the impacts of their negligent use near sensitive locations, such as airports. This work is kept under review and is being used to inform research and testing to improve mitigation techniques and strategies.

Education of drone users is vital. The DfT is working with the CAA on raising awareness of responsible drone use. This includes the CAA’s ‘Drone Code’ safety awareness campaign and the issuing of safety leaflets at the point of sale.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-04/29800/CivilUK
8 March 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Earl Howe on 22 February (HL5864), whether the term UK troops includes members of 13 Squadron, based at RAF Waddington, and of 39 Squadron, based at Creech Air Force Base in the US.Lord West of Spithead, Labour This Government has demonstrated its commitment to the war powers convention by its willingness to hold Parliamentary debates in relation to air strikes in Iraq and Syria in 2013, 2014 and 2015. However, we have no intention of defining the precise circumstances, including the identity of specific military units, capabilities or types of operation, under which we might be obliged to act first and to notify Parliament afterwards, in order to avoid presenting our adversaries with opportunities to exploit that definition against the UK or our interests.
Earl Howe. Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-02-25/HL6479/MilitaryGlobal
7 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the level of risk of developing mental health conditions among remote combat pilots; and what safeguards his Department has in place to protect such pilots from any such risk.Amanda Solloway, Conservative, Derby North The Government is committed to improving the mental health of our Armed Forces and has long recognised that Service life can cause stress. Support to personnel has improved in a number of ways, including providing pre and post-operational stress management training, a wide range of psychiatric and psychological treatments and initiatives such as Decompression, Trauma Risk Management (TRiM) and Post Operational Stress Management.

Trained TRiM providers are embedded in both - 13 Squadron and 39 Squadron, the Royal Air Forces's (RAF) frontline Reaper units based at RAF Waddington and Creech AFB.

For Financial Year 2014-15, out of a total of approximately 180 personnel, there were fewer than five RAF personnel from 13 Squadron or 39 Squadron who were seen for an initial assessment at Ministry of Defence Specialist Mental Health Services. This is a lower rate than the military population as a whole.
Mark Lancaster, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-29/28940/PersonnelUK
7 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what research his Department has commissioned on the effect of a drone strike on a commercial aircraft.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldI refer the Honourable Member to my answer given on 4 March UIN 29156 (http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-questions-answers/?page=1&max=20&questiontype=QuestionsWithAnswersOnly&house=commons%2clords&uin=29156).
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-02/29554/CivilUK
4 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will bring forward legislative proposals to introduce a system of civilian drone registration similar to that used in the USA.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldOfficials from my department are talking to both the US and Irish authorities about the potential benefits of a registration scheme and impacts that such a scheme would have on the industry and how effective a registration scheme would be in improving transparency of ownership. However registration schemes are only as good as the enforcement mechanisms behind them. Government will be consulting on a range of options over the summer.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-01/29244/CivilUK
2 March 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what priority they attach to acquiring and deploying unmanned carrier-launched surveillance and strike aircraft.Lord Campbell, Lib DemThe Queen Elizabeth Class carriers will have an extensive flight deck with hangar and engineering support facilities, which can be utilised to operate and sustain autonomous systems. The Royal Navy recognises that such systems offer a unique opportunity to maintain its operational advantage and it continues to explore how they could augment its capabilities in the future.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-02-25/HL6440/PolicyUK
1 March 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they intend to acquire Zephyr high-altitude unmanned aerial vehicles, and if so, for what purpose.Lord Campbell, Lib DemAs part of our commitment to providing next-generation battlefield intelligence capabilities to the UK Armed Forces, the Ministry of Defence has contracted for the demonstration of two Zephyr Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. This contract will allow the UK to understand whether Zephyr can fulfil the requirement for high-altitude persistent surveillance capability as announced in the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-02-24/HL6389/MilitaryUK
1 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the (a) date and (b) remit was of his authorisation to use RAF Lakenheath as a base to carry out airstrikes in Libya.
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether further authorisation from him will be necessary for any future airstrikes in Libya carried out by US forces from UK bases.
Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireAuthorisation for the United States to use UK bases to launch the airstrike against a Daesh training camp in Libya was given on 18 February 2016. Authorisation would be required for any operations of this nature involving the use of UK bases.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-23/28098/Air BasesUK/US
1 March 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps his Department has taken to carry out practical tests on the effect of a drone flying into a jet engine.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham, NorthfieldCommercial aircraft are already rigorously tested to withstand collisions with small objects, such as birds, but my Department and the Civil Aviation Authority are working with the aviation sector, including manufacturers, airports and airlines, to ensure our understanding of the potential hazards to aircraft remains up-to-date. This activity is also helping to provide real life evidence of drone risks and the options for preventing collisions.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-03-01/29156/CivilUK
29 February 2016In what level of military involvement do the Government believe the British military must engage in Libya before the Prime Minister will bring any decision regarding military intervention in that country to the House?Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonAs I have said, we do not intend to deploy ground forces in any combat role. Before engaging in any military operation in Libya, we would of course have to seek an invitation from the Libyan Government, and would also have to involve this Parliament. As part of the international community, we have been party to the liberal international assistance mission, and we are ready to provide advice and training in support of the new Libyan Government. A training team of some 20 troops from the 4th Infantry Brigade is now moving to Tunisia to help to counter illegal cross-border movement from Libya in support of the Tunisian authorities.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm160229/debtext/160229-0001.htm#160229-0001.htm_spnew88MilitaryUK
29 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 10 February 2016 to Question 25312, whether he has been consulted about proposals for a US drone operation centre at RAF Lakenheath; and whether he has received a Host Nation Notification from the US in respect of RAF Lakenheath in the last year.Andrew Smith, Labour, Oxford East No. The Ministry of Defence received a Host Nation Notification from the US in respect of RAF Lakenheath on 7 January 2015, relating to US F-35 basing.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-19/27237/Air BasesUK/US
29 February 2016I was disappointed to read in the media the Secretary of State’s recent statement that he had personally authorised the use of United Kingdom bases for United States airstrikes in Libya. The matter was not brought to the Chamber in advance. Furthermore, yesterday’s papers reported that the Government had now deployed British advisers to Libya. Will the Secretary of State commit himself to stopping this mission creep, and to ensuring that no further such action is taken without the leave of the House? Will he also explain his assessment of whether the action to date was lawful according to UK standards relating to the use of force, international humanitarian law, and human rights law?Kirsten Oswald, SNP, East RenfrewshireThe United States followed standard procedures, and made a formal request to use our bases. Once we had verified the legality of the operation, I granted permission for the United States to use our bases to support it, because they are trying to prevent Daesh from using Libya as a base from which to plan and carry out attacks that threaten the stability of Libya and the region, and indeed, potentially, the United Kingdom and our people as well. I was fully satisfied that the operation, which was a United States operation, would be conducted in accordance with international law.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm160229/debtext/160229-0001.htm#160229-0001.htm_spnew85Air BasesUK/US
29 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the Government has sought from or been given permission by the Italian government for use of the Sigonella air station in Sicily.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonThe UK Government has permission to operate from Naval Air Station (NAS) Sigonella. We make frequent use of it, for example in 2015, three Merlin helicopters were based there as a part of Operation WEALD, which provided search and rescue capability in the Mediterranean.

We are currently operating from NAS Sigonella as part of a NATO anti-submarine warfare exercise, Exercise DYNAMIC MANTA.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-19/27211/Air BasesItaly
25 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if he will place a copy of the UK Joint Targeting and Battle Damage Assessment Policy paper, dated 2005, in the Library.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonThe UK Joint Targeting and Battle Damage Assessment Policy paper, dated 2005 established the baseline principles primarily for coordinating the delivery of lethal effects. This paper has been superseded by Joint Services Policy (JSP) 900 UK Targeting Policy - Edition 2 dated September 2015 which contains the policy and direction on targeting, and guidance on the processes involved and best practice to apply. UK Targeting policy has evolved to incorporate operational lessons identified through Full Spectrum Targeting, apportioning action (lethal and non-lethal) in accordance with desired policy outcomes, and to bring greater interoperability between the UK, NATO and the 5 Eyes Nations (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK, and the US ). JSP 900 cannot yet be placed in the public domain as it would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces and forces cooperating with them. However, we are working to produce a releasable version which is to be published later in 2016.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-19/27212/PolicyUK
25 February 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government which organisations are responsible for enforcing security of aircraft against incidents with drones, and what means they have to disable such drones and identify the owners.Lord Berkeley, Labour Working alongside other agencies in the intelligence and law enforcement communities, the Department for Transport and the Civil Aviation Authority are responsible for assessing and managing the risks to and from civil aviation, including remotely piloted aircraft systems. There are regulations in place that require users to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their drone and to not recklessly or negligently allow a drone to endanger any person or property; these regulations have recently led to successful prosecutions for misuse. Work is ongoing to identify appropriate and effective mitigations from point of sale to incident resolution.
Lord Ahmad, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport) (Jointly with the Home Office)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-02-11/HL6155/CivilUK
25 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what procedure was followed before the authorisation of the use of RAF Lakenheath for airstrikes in Libya on 19 February 2016.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenI confirmed in a statement on 19 February 2016 that I had authorised the request. Permission was granted once I was satisfied with the legality of the operation.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-22/27841/Air BasesUK/US
23 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 2 February 2016 to Question 25293, whether his Department distinguishes between the proposed use of deployed platforms with capabilities for (a) high value targeting and (b) intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenWith reference to the answer given by my predecessor to the hon. Member for West Bromwich East (Tom Watson) on 23 June 2014 (Official Report, column 99W) we do not distinguish between platforms with different capabilities.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-10/26842/MilitaryGlobal
22 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the proposal from the Italian government (a) to deploy 1,000 British troops to Libya and (b) for Italian Reaper drones to conduct target acquisition in Libya for the purpose of joint strike operations with the US and UK.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden The UK is considering, with partner nations, how we can best support the new Libyan government, including in terms of capacity building and security sector reform. No decisions have been made about the future deployment of any British military forces to Libya as part of an international coalition force.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-09/26592/MilitaryLibya
22 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether personnel from Reaper Squadrons 39 and 13 attended military meetings in Tobruk between 18 January and 31 January 2016.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden The Government has a long-standing policy not to comment on intelligence matters.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-09/26593/MilitaryLibya
22 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the evidence given by the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State to the Foreign Affairs Committee on 10 February 2016, how many operations UK Reaper drones have undertaken in Libyan airspace this year.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenThe Government has a long-standing policy not to comment on intelligence matters.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-10/26773/MilitaryLibya
22 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 29 January 2016 to Question 24110, whether he plans to publish the terms of reference for the Reaper User Group before the Group meeting on 14 to 18 March 2016.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenThe release of the Terms of Reference for the Reaper User Group will be discussed at the next meeting from 14 to 18 March 2016.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-10/26843/PolicyUK
17 February 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they are bound to consult or seek the approval of Parliament before undertaking aircraft or drone air strikes in Libya.Lord West, LabourThe Government is committed to the convention that, before UK troops are committed to conflict, Parliament should have an opportunity to debate the matter except when there is an emergency and such action would not be appropriate.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-02-03/HL5864/MilitaryLibya
16 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, within what timeframe his Department is able to deploy Reaper drones to Libya.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonI am withholding the information on the deployment timelines of Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems as its disclosure would or would be likely to, prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-09/26528/MilitaryLibya
16 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any personnel from Reaper Squadrons 39 or 13 are currently embedded with US forces.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonNo personnel directly from 39 Squadron or 13 Squadron are currently embedded with the US armed forces. However, from the Reaper force as a whole, there are currently six Royal Air Force personnel embedded with the United States Air Force.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-09/26409/Embedded PersonnelUS
16 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many Reaper drones have been used in operations in Syria.Jim Shannon, DUP, StrangfordI am withholding operational information on the number of RAF Reaper aircraft deployed as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-09/26388/MilitarySyria
16 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether there are Reaper Ground Control Stations available for use by UK Reaper Squadrons 13 and 39 in North Africa.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonThe Government has a long standing policy not to comment on intelligence matters.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-08/26356/MilitaryNorth Africa
11 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many Zephyr 8 UAVs his Department plans to buy; what the estimated cost per unit is of that equipment; what the programme through life cost is of that equipment; and where he plans units of that equipment will be based.Douglas Chapman, Scottish National Party, Dunfermline and West FifeAs part of our commitment to providing next-generation battlefield intelligence capabilities to the UK Armed Forces, the Ministry of Defence is planning to contract for the demonstration of two Zephyr Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. This contract will allow the UK to understand whether Zephyr can fulfil the requirement for a high-altitude persistent surveillance capability, as announced in the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review.

The £10.6 million contract, due to be signed imminently with Airbus Defence and Space, is for an operational concept demonstration rather than individual platforms, so unit costs are not held. Furthermore, as the Zephyr demonstrators will not be in-service, they will not be based at a particular location and there will be no related support or through-life costs.

Tests are due to take place in 2017 to assess Zephyr's capabilities and explore its potential.
Philip Dunne, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-03/25681/MilitaryGlobal
10 February 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what steps they are taking to minimise the risk to aircraft from the use of drones, and whether those steps include a system of registration of ownership.Lord Beecham, LabourDrones are becoming increasingly popular and have the potential to bring significant economic benefits, but it is vital that they are operated safely, in a way that does not put members of the public and other aircraft at risk. There are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. Work is underway to better understand the level of risk posed by flying drones close to commercial planes. We are talking to both the Civil Aviation Authority and airports to find technical solutions to the problems around airport, these include mandated geo-fencing or frequency jammers.

The department is leading efforts with international bodies to develop a stringent regulatory framework focusing on safety. We are currently undertaking public dialogues ahead of a public consultation which will help to inform a government strategy to be published this year. The consultation will look at a range of options including regulation, registration and licensing options and a database to increase transparency on the use of drones for the general public.

The Civil Aviation Authority is undertaking activities to raise awareness of the basic safety requirements, including an ongoing ‘Dronecode’ safety awareness campaign, issuing safety leaflets at the point of sale, publishing an animated video on their website, and running ‘small UAS’ Risk and Hazard workshops with industry as part of the Mid Air Collision Programme.
Lord Ahmad, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport) (Jointly with the Home Office)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-02-01/HL5650/CivilUK
10 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 27 January 2016 to Question 23290, what his Department's policy is on (a) the application of the convention on giving Parliament the opportunity to debate military intervention abroad to armed drones and (b) informing the House of any exceptional operation on the grounds of self-defence of the UK.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonThe Government is committed to the convention that, before UK troops are committed to conflict, Parliament should have an opportunity to debate the matter except when there is an emergency. It is fitting to keep Parliament informed of major new developments and to answer questions on them.

The Government will inform the House of any exceptional operation where there has not been prior debate in Parliament as the Prime Minister did on 7 September 2015 in relation to the precision airstrike that took place on 21 August 2015.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-02/25543/MilitaryGlobal
10 February 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what action they plan to take for the protection of air passengers following the recent report of the UK Airprox Board of four near-miss incidents involving drones at UK airports.The Marquess of Lothian, ConservativeThe safety of the public is of the uttermost importance to the Government and whilst I recognise the potential significant economic benefits that drones can have to the UK, it is vital that they are operated safely and in a way that does not put members of the public and other aircraft at risk.

There are existing regulations for users of small unmanned aerial vehicles. Article 166 of the UK Air Navigation order 2009 (ANO) requires operators of small unmanned aircraft to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with the aircraft sufficient to monitor its flight path in relation to other aircraft, persons, vehicles, vessels and structures for the purposes of avoiding collisions. It also states that an operator may only fly the aircraft if they are reasonably satisfied that the flight can safely be made.

In addition, Article 138 of the ANO 2009, which also applies to small unmanned aircraft, states that “a person must not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. This includes persons within another aircraft, and of course the aircraft that those persons are within.

We are talking to both the Civil Aviation Authority and airports to find technical solutions to the problems around airport, these include mandated geo-fencing or frequency jammers.

The Civil Aviation Authority is undertaking activities to raise awareness of the basic safety requirements, including an ongoing ‘Dronecode’ safety awareness campaign, issuing safety leaflets at the point of sale, publishing an animated video on their website, and running ‘small UAS’ Risk and Hazard workshops with industry as part of the Mid Air Collision Programme.

The department is leading efforts with international bodies to develop a stringent regulatory framework focusing on safety. We are currently undertaking public dialogues ahead of a public consultation which will help to inform a government strategy to be published this year. The consultation will look at a range of options including regulation, registration and licensing options and a database to increase transparency on the use of drones for the general public.
Lord Ahmad, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport) (Jointly with the Home Office)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-02-01/HL5744/CivilUK
10 February 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what steps they are taking to minimise the risk to aircraft from the use of drones, and whether those steps include a system of registration of ownership.Lord Beecham, LabourDrones are becoming increasingly popular and have the potential to bring significant economic benefits, but it is vital that they are operated safely, in a way that does not put members of the public and other aircraft at risk. There are existing regulations in place that require users of drones to maintain direct, unaided visual contact with their vehicle and to not recklessly or negligently cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property. Work is underway to better understand the level of risk posed by flying drones close to commercial planes. We are talking to both the Civil Aviation Authority and airports to find technical solutions to the problems around airport, these include mandated geo-fencing or frequency jammers.

The department is leading efforts with international bodies to develop a stringent regulatory framework focusing on safety. We are currently undertaking public dialogues ahead of a public consultation which will help to inform a government strategy to be published this year. The consultation will look at a range of options including regulation, registration and licensing options and a database to increase transparency on the use of drones for the general public.

The Civil Aviation Authority is undertaking activities to raise awareness of the basic safety requirements, including an ongoing ‘Dronecode’ safety awareness campaign, issuing safety leaflets at the point of sale, publishing an animated video on their website, and running ‘small UAS’ Risk and Hazard workshops with industry as part of the Mid Air Collision Programme.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport) (Jointly with the Home Office)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-02-01/HL5650/Civil UseUK
10 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions his Department has had with the US administration on the siting of a US drone operation centre at (a) RAF Lakenheath, Suffolk and (b) other UK locations.Andrew Smith, Labour, Oxford EastThe UK and US have routine discussions on all aspects of US visiting forces in the UK.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-02/25312/UK basesUK
9 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the potential effect on public safety of placing the regulation of (a) drones and (b) unmanned aerial vehicles within the purview of the Civil Aviation Authority.Virendra Sharma, Labour, Ealing, SouthallThe Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is the independent statutory authority responsible for regulating civil aircraft, including RPAS and small drones. However, the Department recognises that there are types of offenses relating to drones that are not aviation specific or pose an aviation risk and are more social, so the degree to which the CAA should be involved is currently under review.

We are currently developing a Memorandum of Understanding between the DfT, the CAA, the Home Office and Police to better establish where responsibility lies for enforcing breaches of drone related regulations
Robert Goodwill Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-02/25277/Civil UseUK
9 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 29 January 2016 to Question 24141, at which military bases unauthorised entries were reported in 2015.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyThe figures for unauthorised entries to military bases include drones and air balloon flying at low altitude over military sites but do not include failed attempts at unauthorised access. None of these incidents resulted in any significant ramifications for Defence Security.

The Ministry of Defence (MOD) treats all unauthorised entries very seriously. They are investigated to a level commensurate with their complexity and impact by Military Police, MOD Police or local constabulary.

The locations of security incidents of this category recorded within the MOD for 2015 are set out below.

Her Majesty’s Naval Base (HMNB) Portsmouth (three incidents)

HMNB Devonport

HMS TEMERAIRE, Portsmouth

Royal Marine Reserves Unit, Bristol

Priorswood Army Cadet Force Detachment, Taunton

Imjin Barracks, Gloucester

Denison Barracks, Hermitage

Caen Barracks, Hohne

Mansergh Barracks, Gutersloh

Invicta Park Barracks, Maidstone

Imjin Barracks, Gloucester

Allenby Barracks Army Reserve Centre, Bovington

Gibraltar Barracks, Minley

Cherrytree Camp, Colchester

Cwmbran Army Reserve Centre, Cwmbran

Westward House Army Reserve Centre, Grimsby

Westdown Camp, Tilshead

Kinloss Barracks, Kinloss

Kendrew Barracks Cottesmore

Redford Cavalry Barracks, Edinburgh

Fox Barracks Army Reserve Centre, Chester

Gorleston Army Cadet Force Detachment, Gorleston-on-Sea

Livingstone Army Reserve Centre, Livingston

Stanley Barracks, Wareham

Normanby Army Cadet Force Detachment, Middlesbrough

Aliwal Barracks, Tidworth

Tamworth Army Cadet Force Detachment, Tamworth

Merville Barracks, Colchester

Canal Street Army Reserve Centre, Wigan

Batley Army Cadet Force Detachment, Batley

RAF Waddington

RAF Marham

RAF Uxbridge

RAF St Mawgan

RAF Brampton

RAF Lossiemouth

RAF Cosford

RAF Leeming (two incidents)

RAF Akrotiri

MOD Lyneham

DSTL Porton Down Range Area
Mark Lancaster, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-01/25082/CivilUK
9 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 27 January 2016 to Question 23290, whether it is his policy for the House to be given an opportunity to debate in advance any decision to (a) launch airstrikes against ISIL/Daesh targets outside Syria and Iraq and (b) deploy UK military personnel, embedded within other nations' armed forces, on military operations against ISIL/Daesh targets outside Syria and IraqEmily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyThe Government is committed to the convention that, before UK troops are committed to conflict, Parliament should have an opportunity to debate the matter, except when such action is necessary in an emergency. The Government will inform the House of any exceptional operation where there has not been prior debate in Parliament, as the Prime Minister did on 7 September 2015 in relation to the precision airstrike that took place on 21 August 2015.

The embedding of UK forces in the armed forces of allies is a valuable and commonplace activity governed through long standing and frequently reciprocal international arrangements. Although it is not policy for the House to be given the opportunity to debate their deployment we are committed to continued transparency about UK Service personnel embedded in other nations' armed forces on operations and I refer the hon. Member to the Written Ministerial Statement I made on 17 December 2015 (Official Report, column 97-98WS) which updated the House on this.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-04/25918/PolicyUK
9 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what recent steps his Department has taken to protect people living in the vicinity of (a) Heathrow and (b) RAF Northolt from (i) drones and (ii) unmanned aerial vehicles.Virendra Sharma, Labour, Ealing, SouthallA cross government working group led by the Department for Transport is undertaking a detailed analysis of the range of risks posed by drones. This work is ongoing and kept under constant review. Further work is now proceeding to capture and evaluate potential mitigation measures and strategies. Initial guidance on tackling the risks has been provided to constabularies across the UK.

Work is also underway to qualify the specific level of risk posed by small drones to commercial air transport. We are talking to both the Civil Aviation Authority and airports to find technical solutions to the problems around airports, these include mandated geo-fencing or frequency jammers. The CAA has also worked with major drone manufacturers on the geo-fencing capabilities of their products, which has included providing a list of locations such as airport control zones.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-02/25276/Civil useUK
5 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 27 January 2016 to Question 23290, for what reasons he will not make it his policy that the House be given the opportunity to debate any decision to deploy UK Reaper aircraft outside of Syria and Iraq.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyI refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my right hon. Friend, the then Minister for the Armed Forces (Mark Francois), on 23 June 2014 (Official Report, column 99W), to the hon. Member for West Bromwich East (Tom Watson).
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-02/25293/MilitaryUK
5 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps UK forces take to avoid civilian casualties when targeting (a) oil facilities and (b) other infrastructure in Syria.Cat Smith, Labour, Lancaster and FleetwoodRegardless of the type of target being considered, the UK performs an assessment prior to every UK strike to assess the likelihood of any civilian casualties. This examines the impact of the strike on the surrounding area and whether there are likely to be any civilians present.

The UK military takes every possible step to avoid civilian casualties.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-29/24876/MilitarySyria
5 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 25 January 2016 to Question 23435, whether it is his Department's position that the UK was a party to the armed conflict occurring in Syria at the time of the air strike on 21 August 2015.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonAn armed conflict was occurring in Syria at the time of the air strike on 21 August 2015. The UK's military strike was governed by international humanitarian law.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-02/25545/MilitarySyria
5 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the operational capacity of the (a) Royal Navy and (b) RAF to extend military operations against ISIL/Daesh beyond Syria and Iraq.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyThe future operational capacities of the UK Armed Forces are set out in the Strategic Defence and Security Review. Should there be a requirement for new military operations against Daesh beyond Syria and Iraq, these would need to be balanced against the commitments at the time and the capabilities available.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-02/25291/MilitaryGlobal
5 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 26 January 2016 to Question 23171, to which countries RAF Reaper drones have been deployed on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance sorties since 26 January 2016.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburySince 26 January UK Reapers have been deployed on intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations in Iraq and Syria.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-02-02/25292/MilitaryGlobal
3 February 2016Yes, I think that the kill so far has been two trucks and five mobile cranes. Does it really matter what type of bomb or which of the coalition partners drop it? It has been reported that some 40 civilians or more were killed in January and in the first two days of this week. Surely we are involved in a joint enterprise and, by long-standing principles of English law, we are all of us legally and morally responsible for the lives of those who are killed—innocent civilians, innocent men, women and children—by these bombs. What comment would the Minister have?Lord Thomas of Gresford, Liberal DemocratSo far as we are concerned, as a member of the coalition, we take the possibility and risk of civilian casualties extremely seriously. As I said in my initial Answer, to date there is no evidence that UK strikes have resulted in civilian casualties. Three factors underpin that: our use of precision guided weapons; our adherence to very strict targeting and planning protocols; and, above all, the skill of our pilots and air crew. I think that it does make a difference whether it is the RAF or another air force taking part.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldhansrd/text/160203-0001.htm#st_2MilitarySyria
3 February 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what is their assessment of the effectiveness to date of the RAF’s Brimstone missiles in bombing Syria, and in particular in protecting the civilian population.Lord Thomas of Gresford, Liberal DemocratMy Lords, the Brimstone missile offers the coalition a capability to strike moving targets accurately, with minimal risk of collateral damage. Between 2 December 2015 and 31 January 2016, RAF Brimstone missiles were used successfully on nine occasions in Syria to strike enemy vehicles. There have been no associated reports of civilian casualties and it is assessed that all targets were successfully destroyed or damaged.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldhansrd/text/160203-0001.htm#st_0MilitarySyria
3 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how much has been spent on (a) maintenance of and (b) upgrade works for (i) Tornado, (ii) Typhoon and (iii) Reaper drones in each of the last six years.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyThe costs of maintenance and capability upgrades for Tornado, Typhoon and the Reaper Unmanned Air System, in each of the last six financial years, are shown in the table below.


Financial year (£ million)


2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15


Tornado: capability upgrade work

87.2

69.3

33.3

28.9

58.2

45.6


Tornado: maintenance

311.0

303.8

369.7

344.2

247.7

184.9


Typhoon: capability upgrade work

0

0

0

0

66.8

178.4


Typhoon: maintenance

392.7

475.3

499.6

294.8

313.1

460.2


Reaper: maintenance

4.8

4.8

4.8

9.8

27.1

23.5


Reaper: capability upgrade work

0.2

0.4

0.4

0.6

1.3

1.3


Note: Costs for all platforms are extracted from the equipment support programme budget.
Philip Dunne, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-26/24360/MilitaryUK
2 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to his letter of 16 January 2016 to Chris Woods, leader of Airwars, whether British aircraft participated in any of the eight incidents cited by Mr Woods in his letter of 8 January 2016.Graham Allen, Labour, Nottingham North RAF aircraft were not involved in strikes in seven of the incidents cited by Mr Woods. The eighth incident was impossible to locate from the detail given in the letter: all information from the RAF air strike conducted on that particular day has been reviewed and there was no indication of any civilian casualties resulting from the strike.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-25/23953/MilitaryIraq and Syria
2 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether any person or body has sought disclosure of documents relevant to the decision to target Reyaad Khan by drone strike in Syria on 21 August 2015 for purposes related to the inquiry by the Intelligence and Security Committee into that matter.
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether any person or body has sought disclosure of his Department's legal advice on the drone strike that killed Reyaad Khan for purposes related to the inquiry by the Intelligence and Security Committee on that matter.
Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenI refer the hon. Member to the answer the Prime Minister, my right hon. Friend the Member for Witney (Mr Cameron) gave to the hon. Member for Blaydon (Mr. Anderson) on Monday 25 January 2016, UIN23433.
Tobias Ellwood, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-25/24031/LegalitySyria
2 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what information his Department holds on the number of casualties that have resulted from the UK's use of (a) Brimstone missiles, (b) Hellfire missiles and (c) Paveway IV guided bombs on the most recent occasions on which those weapons were deployed against targets in (i) Iraq and (ii) Syria.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyThe Ministry of Defence takes any allegations of civilian casualties very seriously. We do an assessment after every British strike of the damage that has been caused, and check very carefully whether there are likely to have been civilian casualties. As has always been the case, we consider all available credible evidence to support such assessments.

There is no such evidence to date that RAF airstrikes have caused any civilian casualties.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-28/24666/MilitaryIraq and Syria
1 February 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many times personnel from UK Reaper Squadrons 39 and 13 have used the red card system in 2015 in joint operations.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenI am withholding the information as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-25/23887/PersonnelUK
1 February 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Earl Howe on the 20 January (HL4935), (1) what is the timeline for the development of the written policy for future capability requirements, development, integration and use of unmanned systems, (2) what form of consultation is proposed, and (3) whether the written policy proposed will include a position statement on the use of drones by the Her Majesty's Government (a) in domestic airspace, and (b) for collective and individual self-defence abroad.Lord Kenny of Southwark, LabourDefence policy on use of remotely piloted air systems (RPAS) is currently being drafted. This work is still in an early stage and is currently scoping the policy with the aim of producing a substantive document towards the end of the year. It is our intention to consult widely during its production, both across Government and with our international allies.

This work will be supported and underpinned by the Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre's (DCDC) revision and update of Joint Doctrine Note 2/11 "The UK Approach to Unmanned Aircraft Systems" and through its work on the Future Air and Space Operating Concept; both of which are currently being written and will be available before the end of 2016. The DCDC will then commence work on the next edition of Joint Doctrine Publication 0-30 "UK Air and Space Doctrine" which it expects to publish in first quarter 2017.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-01-21/HL5353/PolicyUK
29 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the written statement of 20 July 2015, HCWS 149, whether his Department has completed its collation of information on UK personnel embedded on operations; and whether he plans for that collation to include information on intelligence analysts and RPAS operators working remotely.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenI refer my right hon. Friend to my Written Ministerial Statement of 17 December 2015 (HCWS431) which details UK Service personnel embedded in another nations' armed forces, who are deployed on operations together with those who work on operations in deployed coalition or single nation headquarters roles. Intelligence analysts or remotely piloted air systems operators meeting this criteria would be included in the data but for personal and operational security reasons these numbers will not be separately identified.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-25/24045/PersonnelGlobal
29 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to his Statement of 20 July 2015, HCWS 149, whether UK personnel embedded with the US military are subject to US military and domestic criminal law, or UK law, or both.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenUnder the Armed Forces Act 2006, UK personnel embedded with other nations' armed forces remain subject to Service law (including the criminal law of England and Wales) at all times. Whether UK personnel embedded with US armed forces are also subject to US law will depend on the exact nature of their deployment.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-26/24325/PersonnelUK
29 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many times (a) Brimstone missiles, (b) Hellfire missiles and (c) Paveway IV guided bombs have been deployed against targets in (i) Iraq since September 2014 and (ii) Syria since December 2015.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyThe number of weapons fired by each weapon type in each country during the period requested up to 24 January 2016 is shown below:



RAF Weapon Usage on Op SHADER in Iraq and Syria




Weapon Type

Number of weapons fired at targets in Iraq From September 2014

Number of weapons fired at targets in Syria From 2 December 2015


Hellfire

311

7


Dual Mode Seeker Brimstone

117

9


Paveway IV

540

34




The Ministry of Defence provides a regular update on airstrikes at http//www.gov.uk/government/news/update-air-strikes-in-Iraq
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-26/24285/MilitaryIraq and Syria
29 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 23 November 2015 to the hon. Member for Bolton South East to Question 16740, to what extent his Department uses US contractors for the training of UK Reaper operators and support personnel.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden The United States Air Force makes use of contractors in order to deliver Reaper training to both UK and their own Reaper crews (pilots and sensor operators). Contractors deliver the majority of Ground School and Simulator training, with a smaller proportion involved in Flying training. I can confirm that no support personnel are trained by US contractors.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-26/24127/Personnel TrainingUK/US
29 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether he plans for the Reaper User Group to (a) meet and (b) consider training, interoperability or asset-sharing.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenThe Reaper User Group will meet on 14-18 March 2016 and is likely to consider training, interoperability and asset sharing.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-25/23886/MilitaryMulti-state
29 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 2 February 2015 to the hon. Member for West Bromwich East to Question 222431, if he will place in the Library a copy of the Reaper User Group terms of reference.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden Discussions with partner nations are continuing about the release of the Terms of Reference of the Reaper User Group.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-26/24110/PersonnelInter-State
29 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to his Statement of 20 July 2015, Official Report, columns 1233-4, on Counter-ISIL Coalition Strategy, if he will publish the location of UK personnel, other than special forces, embedded in other nations' armed forces on a monthly basis.
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to his Written Statement of 20 July 2015, HCWS 149, if he will make it his policy to publish the (a) numbers, (b) units and (c) dates of embedded service of UK personnel embedded in other nations' armed forces on a monthly basis.
David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenI refer my right hon. Friend to my Written Ministerial Statement of 17 December 2015 (Official Report, column WS431).



For operational security reasons we will not routinely identify units, location or dates.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-26/24323/PersonnelGlobal
28 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the written statement of 20 July 2015, HCWS 149, whether his Department has completed its collation of information on UK personnel embedded on operations; and whether he plans for that collation to include information on intelligence analysts and RPAS operators working remotely.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden I refer my right hon. Friend to my Written Ministerial Statement of 17 December 2015 (HCWS431) which details UK Service personnel embedded in another nations' armed forces, who are deployed on operations together with those who work on operations in deployed coalition or single nation headquarters roles. Intelligence analysts or remotely piloted air systems operators meeting this criteria would be included in the data but for personal and operational security reasons these numbers will not be separately identified.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-25/24045/PersonnelUK
28 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what working definition of imminence his Department uses in the application of article 51 of the UN Charter.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonIt has long been the position of successive UK Governments that "the inherent right of self-defence", as recognised in Article 51 of the UN Charter, does not require a State to wait until an armed attack is actually under way before it can lawfully use force to alleviate the threat. A State may use force in anticipation of an armed attack where such an attack is imminent, provided that such force is both necessary and proportionate to averting the threat. The assessments would depend on the facts of each case, with consideration likely to include issues such as the nature and immediacy of the threat, the probability of an attack, its scale and effects and whether it can be prevented without force.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23242/LegalityGlobal
28 January 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government when they expect the Thales Watchkeeper unmanned aerial vehicle to come into full service.Lord Campbell of Pittenweem, Lib DemThe Watchkeeper Tactical Remotely Piloted Aircraft System was brought into service with the Army in 2014 and subsequently deployed to support operations in Afghanistan. Full operating capability is forecast to be achieved in the second quarter of 2017.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-01-19/HL5171/MilitaryUK
28 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will disclose a summary of his Department's legal advice to the (a) Joint Committee on Human Rights and (b) Intelligence and Security Committee relevant to the drone strike that killed Reyaad Khan on 21 August 2015.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonI refer the hon. Member to the answer on this subject given to him by the Prime Minister on 25 January 2016, UIN 23433.
Tobias Ellwood, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23431/LegalitySyria
28 January 2016To ask the Prime Minister, whether he plans to commission any review of the drone strike against Reyaad Khan on 21 August 2015 aside from the review being undertaken by the Intelligence and Security Committee.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave to the hon. Member for Hornsey and Wood Green (Ms West) on 21 January 2016, UIN 22720.
David Cameron, Prime Minister
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-25/24001/MilitarySyria
28 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will disclose a summary of his Department's legal advice to the (a) Joint Committee on Human Rights and (b) Intelligence and Security Committee relevant to the drone strike that killed Reyaad Khan on 21 August 2015.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonI refer the hon. Member to the answer on this subject given to him by the Prime Minister on 25 January 2016, UIN 23433.
Tobias Ellwood, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23431/LegalitySyria
28 January 2016To ask the Prime Minister, whether any person or body has sought disclosure of documents relevant to the decision to target Reyaad Khan by drone strike in Syria on 21 August 2015 for purposes related to the inquiry by the Intelligence and Security Committee into that matter.
To ask the Prime Minister, whether any person or body has sought disclosure of legal advice given to him on the drone strike that killed Reyaad Khan for purposes related to the inquiry by the Intelligence and Security Committee on that matter.
Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood Green
I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave to the hon. Member for Blaydon (Mr Anderson) on 25 January 2016, UIN 23433, 23438 and 23447.
David Cameron, Prime Minister
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-25/24033/MilitarySyria
27 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any person or body has sought disclosure of documents relevant to the decision to target Reyaad Khan by drone strike in Syria on 21 August 2015 for purposes related to the Inquiry by the Intelligence and Security Committee into that matter.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonThe Prime Minister discussed the scope of the Intelligence and Security Committee's (ISC) Inquiry with its Chairman. They reached agreement on the disclosure of material to the ISC that will enable the Committee to conduct a review of the threat posed by Reyaad Khan. The ISC have received contemporaneous intelligence assessments of Khan and will take further evidence in the coming weeks.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23432/MilitarySyria
27 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what discussions he has had with the Libyan government on tackling the spread of DaeshJim Shannon, DUP, StrangfordWe are extremely concerned about the growing threat from extremist groups in Libya, including Daesh. The recent attacks in the Oil Crescent and Zliten in western Libya show the threat that these groups pose to the stability of Libya and the region, and potentially to the UK and our interests. The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, my right hon. Friend the Member for Runnymede and Weybridge (Mr Hammond) spoke to Prime Minister Designate, Fayez al-Serraj, on 10 January to stress the importance of the Government of National Accord forming quickly, and to emphasise the UK Government’s commitment to supporting the new government to tackle the threats from Daesh and people smuggling.
Tobias Ellwood, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-19/23053/MilitaryLibya
27 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if he will make it his policy that the House be given an opportunity to debate in advance any decision to deploy UK Reaper aircraft outside Syria and Iraq.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonNo.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23290/PolicyGlobal
26 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if he will place in the Library a copy of the UK red card policy for personnel embedded in other nations' armed forces.David Davis, Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenThere is no single red card policy for UK personnel embedded in other nations' armed forces as their permissions will be specific to the operation in which they will be deployed. It is long-standing Government policy that we do not release details of our Rules of Engagement; to do so would give our enemies detail that would put our Armed Forces at greater risk.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-26/24324/MilitaryUK
26 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, in how many countries UK Reapers are currently operational.
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether UK Reapers have been deployed to Libya.
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any personnel from UK Reaper Squadrons have been deployed to (a) Libya, (b) Kenya and (c) Somalia in the last three years.
David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonUK Reapers are currently operational in Iraq and Syria. No UK Reapers have been deployed to Libya, and no personnel from UK Reaper Squadrons have been deployed to Libya, Kenya or Somalia in the last three years.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-19/23171/MilitaryGlobal
26 January 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many police forces in the UK are operating drones for intelligence purposes, or for the prevention or detection of crime; and whether such use is being monitored by the Inspectorate of Constabulary, or any other independent body.Lord Condon, CrossbenchThe use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles is an operational matter for individual police forces, and the Home Office does not hold information on which forces use them. A number of forces are conducting trials to assess whether the use of drones can bring benefits to the provision of the police service. Any use would need to comply with existing Civil Aviation Authority Regulations. Monitoring the police use of drones is not within Her Majesty’s Inspectorate Constabulary's (HMIC) general remit. HMIC have confirmed that they have no plans to consider police use of drones at this stage.
Lord Bates, Minister of State, Home Department
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-01-19/HL5196/Civil UseUK
26 January 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many Hellfire missiles were fired (1) in training, and (2) on operations, in each year from 2008 to 2015, and what platforms they were mounted on.Lord Moonie, LabourHellfire missiles are used by RAF Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems and Army Air Corps Apache helicopters.

For the Reaper Force, the Air Vehicles have been continuously deployed on Operations over the requested timescale. Consequently, there have been no missile rounds fired in Training from RAF Reaper. The following table details Hellfire missile firings from RAF Reaper on Operations in Afghanistan

(2008-14) Iraq (2014-15) and Syria (2015).




Year (Jan-Dec)

UK Reaper Hellfire rounds fired on Operations


2008

16


2009

32


2010

58


2011

100


2012

104


2013

94


2014

93


2015

258
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-01-18/HL5151/MilitaryIraq and Syria
25 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference his oral evidence to the Joint Committee on Human Rights of 16 December 2015, Question 20, HC 574, whether his Department's position was that the UK was in an armed conflict (a) before, (b) on the date of or (c) as a result of the drone strike that killed Reyaad Khan of 21 August 2015.David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonAn armed conflict was occuring in Syria at the time of the air strike on 21 August 2015.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23435/LegalitySyria
25 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, if he will assess the implications for his policies of the Oxford Research Group's recent report entitled, The Hostile use of Drones by Non-State Actors against British Targets; and if he will make a statement.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldA cross government working group is maintaining a detailed analysis of the security threats posed by drones. This work includes an assessment of the risks of the use of drones for terrorism and criminal purposes. Further work is now proceeding to capture and evaluate potential mitigation measures and strategies. Initial guidance on tackling the risks has been provided to constabularies across the UK.



The findings of the report align well with the ongoing work of this group. While the government recognises that this emerging technology creates exciting opportunities for the UK economy, the risks for security and safety and its response to them will be kept under constant review.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23388/Civil UseUK
25 January 2016To ask the Prime Minister, whether any person or body has sought disclosure of his Department's legal advice on the drone strike that killed Reyaad Khan for purposes related to the Inquiry by the Intelligence and Security Committee into that matter.
To ask the Prime Minister, whether he plans to issue a new Memorandum of Understanding under section 2(2) of the Justice and Security Act on the remit of the Intelligence and Security Committee in the current Parliament.
To ask the Prime Minister, if he will disclose a summary of the government advice on the legality of the drone strike that killed Reyaad Khan in the manner set out in Part 6 of the Cabinet Manual.
David Anderson, Labour, BlaydonI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave to the hon. Member for Hornsey and Wood Green (Ms West) on 21 January 2016, UIN 22720.

By long-standing convention under successive Governments the Law Officers’ advice is not published. The legal basis for the airstrike against Reyaad Khan is set out in the Government’s Memorandum to the Joint Committee on Human Rights.

The Government’s legal position in relation to UK airstrikes against Daesh in Syria is reflected in my response to the Foreign Affairs Committee Report on the extension of offensive British military operations to Syria.

The current Memorandum of Understanding together with the Justice and Security Act 2013 provides the necessary scope for the ISC to conduct robust oversight of those matters that are within its statutory remit.
David Cameron, Prime Minister
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23438/Military/LegalitySyria
25 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the comments made by a spokesperson of his Department in an article published in The Herald newspaper on 10 January 2016, and pursuant to his oral contribution of 18 January 2016, Official Report, column 1118, if he will issue guidance to independent monitoring groups on how to contact his Department on, and how to submit evidence relating to, possible civilian casualties from air strikes in Syria and Iraq; and if he will make a statement.Graham Allen, Labour, Nottingham North Independent monitoring groups are free to contact the Ministry of Defence through the normal means of correspondence and any credible reports of civilian casualties will be investigated.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23253/MilitaryIraq and Syria
25 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, which (a) ministers attended and (b) departments are represented on the Government's working group on drones; when that group was formed; and what its schedule of meetings is.Richard Burden, Labour, Birmingham NorthfieldThe Cross Government Working Group on Drones is a group of officials tasked with developing policy on drones. Ministers do not attend. Participation is from the following Departments and agencies:

Department for Transport

Home Office

Ministry of Defence

Department of Energy and Climate Change

Cabinet Office

Department for Food, Environment and Rural Affairs

Business Innovation and Skills

Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure

Civil Aviation Authority

Information Commissioner’s Office

Maritime and Coastguard Agency

Department for Communities and Local Government



The group was formed in March 2013 and it meets quarterly. The schedule of meetings for 2016 is February; May; September and December.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-20/23389/Civil UseUK
22 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps he is taking to ensure that the Caroline principles are applied to any further targeted killing carried out in self-defence of the UK.Yasmin Qureshi, Labour, Bolton South East In taking any action in self-defence of the UK, we will take account of well-established principles of self-defence. As the Attorney General pointed out to the Justice Select Committee on 15 September 2015, the Caroline case goes back to the 19th century and was concerned with very different circumstances to those facing us now. However as the Attorney General also made clear, the principles still apply and action in self-defence may be lawful in relation to an attack which has not yet materialised but is imminent. In addition any such action must, like all other action in self-defence, comply with the requirements of necessity and proportionality.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-19/23236/LegalityGlobal
21 January 2016To ask the Prime Minister, if he will amend the Memorandum of Understanding of 25 November 2014 under section 2(2) of the Justice and Security Act 2013 to enable the Intelligence and Security Committee to review documents related to the military action against Reyaad Khan in Syria.Catherine West, Shadow Minister (Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs)I discussed the scope of the Intelligence and Security Committee’s (ISC) Inquiry with the Chairman, my Right Honourable Friend the Member for Beaconsfield (Mr Grieve) and we have reached agreement on the disclosure of material to the ISC that will enable them to conduct a robust review of the threat posed by Reyaad Khan. The ISC have received contemporaneous intelligence assessments of Khan and will take further evidence in the coming weeks.

The Chairman of the ISC has written to the Chair of the Joint Committee on Human Rights, the right hon. Member for Camberwell and Peckham (Ms Harman), to set out the Committee’s views and this has been published on the ISC’s website. I understand that the letter makes it clear that the ISC’s remit is intelligence not military action.
David Cameron, Prime Minister
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-15/22720/MilitarySyria
20 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many sorties of the Watchkeeper UAV have been flown from RAF Ascension in each month since January 2015.Douglas Chapman, Scottish National Party, Dunfermline and West Fife None.
Philip Dunne, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-18/22959/MilitaryUK
20 January 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to devise a written policy for the development, integration and use of military unmanned systems.Lord Kennedy of Southwark, LabourThe Ministry of Defence is currently seeking to articulate in one policy document the considerations for future UK capability requirements, development, integration and use of unmanned systems.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2016-01-12/HL4935/PolicyUK
19 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civilian casualties have been recorded in Syria as a result of RAF military intervention since 2 December 2015.Tom Brake, Lib Dem, Carshalton and WallingtonThere have been no recorded civilian casualties in Iraq or Syria as a result of RAF military intervention since 2 December 2015.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-12/22197/MilitarySyria
18 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what plans he has to publish written guidlines for British drone strikes.Alison McGovern, Labour, Wirral SouthUnmanned drones are no different from any other weapon system and subject to the same legal and other frameworks. We have no plans to publish any guidelines. I refer the hon. Member to the evidence provided by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Defence (Michael Fallon) on 16 December 2015 to the Joint Committee on Human Rights.
Tobias Ellwood, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-13/22419/MilitaryUK
18 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, pursuant to the Answer of 15 September 2015 to Question 9021 and with reference to the Oxford Research Group, Remote Control project report: Hostile drones, published 11 January 2015, if the Office for Nuclear Regulation will review security at nuclear power stations.Paul Flynn, Labour, Newport WestLicensees of UK nuclear sites are required by ONR to demonstrate that they have resilience against a range of external threat scenarios. These scenarios are updated regularly considering developments in technology and other areas. The airspace over UK nuclear licensed sites is restricted by the Air Navigation (Restriction of Flying) (Nuclear Installations) Regulations 2007. These impose restricted airspace of a radius between 0.5 and 2 nautical miles and to a height of between 1000 and 2400 feet above mean sea level around the centre of those nuclear licensed sites listed in Schedule 2 of the Regulations. Airspace usage in the UK is regulated by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA).
Andrea Leadsom, Minister of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-13/22365/Civil useUK
18 January 2016I thank the Secretary of State for that answer, but can he therefore confirm that the Ministry of Defence will accept evidence of civilian deaths from other sources outwith UK military personnel and local friendly forces? Will he assure the House that the evidence from highly credible organisations such as the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, Airwars and the White Helmets—groups that work on the ground and that are very often the first people on the scene—will be considered when calculating civilian deaths in future?Brendan O'Hara, Scottish National Party, Argyll and ButeLet me assure the hon. Gentleman that we will look at any evidence brought forward in open source reporting by other organisations in the assessment we make of each of the strikes in which our aircraft are involved. I have replied directly to one of the organisations he mentions—Airwars—pointing out that there is no particular evidence to back up the assessment it made in that particular case.http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm160118/debtext/160118-0001.htm#160118-0001.htm_spnew34MilitaryUK
18 January 2016Does the Secretary of State agree with the Prime Minister, who told the Liaison Committee last week that in the case of civilian casualties,

“if people make allegations we must look at them”?
Brendan O'Hara, Scottish National Party, Argyll and ButeWe do an assessment after every British strike of the damage that has been caused, and check very carefully whether there are likely to have been casualties. Of course, that is taken into account in planning and approving the strike in the first place. It so happens that, in the first year and a bit of operations, we are not aware of any civilian casualties so far in our strikes in Iraq or more recently in Syria, but they are military operations—we do everything possible to reduce the risk of civilian casualties, but it is not possible to eliminate it entirely.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm160118/debtext/160118-0001.htm#160118-0001.htm_spnew34MilitaryUK
18 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 12 January 2016 to Question 21502, on Syria: military intervention, what the evidential basis is for the statement that there have been no reports of civilian casualties as a result of RAF airstrikes in Iraq or Syria.Alan Brown, Scottish National Party, Kilmarnock and Loudoun All UK airstrikes in Iraq and Syria are assessed post-strike using the best available imagery, intelligence and other sources of information to assess the impact of the strike on the target and affected area. This assessment, coupled with pre-strike checks provides the evidence base to support the statement that in the hundreds of airstrikes conducted by the RAF to date in Iraq and, more recently Syria, we have found no evidence of civilian casualties arising from UK airstrikes.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-13/22321/MilitarySyria
14 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, in which countries British military personnel are embedded.Mary Creagh, Labour, WakefieldI refer the hon. Member to my written ministerial statement of 17 December 2015, (Official Report, column 98WS) which sets out that we only centrally collate data on embedded forces with those nations with whom UK forces are embedded on operations, and to my letter of 6 January 2016 explaining that I am unable to specify the exact locations of UK personnel because this risks their personal security and the security of Allies' operations.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-08/21610/PersonnelUK
14 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 21 July 2015 to Question 8367, how many UK troops are embedded in (a) Syria, (b) Lebanon, (c) Libya, (d) Yemen, (e) Turkey and (g) USA.
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, in which countries British military personnel are embedded.
Mary Creagh, Labour, Wakefield I refer the hon. Member to my written ministerial statement of 17 December 2015, (Official Report, column 98WS) which sets out that we only centrally collate data on embedded forces with those nations with whom UK forces are embedded on operations, and to my letter of 6 January 2016 explaining that I am unable to specify the exact locations of UK personnel because this risks their personal security and the security of Allies' operations.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-01-06/21238/Embedded PersonnelUK
6 January 2016To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to integrate the use in military operations of unmanned vehicles in the air, at sea, and on land.Lord Kennedy of Southwark, LabourUnmanned vehicles already play an important role in UK Armed Forces' operations across all environments. On the basis of the Government's National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review of November 2015, the Department is continuing to examine where unmanned systems may offer advantages over manned alternatives and to invest in new unmanned capabilities. For example, the Department is more than doubling the number of armed remotely piloted aircraft available to the UK Armed Forces under the Protector programme to replace the existing Reaper aircraft, and is also developing high-end technologies - including in collaboration with France and the US - under a future Unmanned Combat Air System programme.

Throughout the Department's development and integration of unmanned systems, the policy is that a human must always be responsible for any decisions on targeting.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-12-21/HL4751/MilitaryUK
5 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many incidents his Department has recorded of drones operating over prison estates in the last year for which figures are available; what steps his Department took following each such incident; and if he will make a statement.Tim Loughton, Conservative, East Worthing and ShorehamIf an incident involving a drone occurs, prisons will invoke appropriate contingency plans and will work alongside the police and CPS to ensure those responsible are caught. NOMS are exploring research options with the Home Office Centre for Applied Science and Technology (CAST) on detection and mitigation technology for drones.

There were 30 reported drone related incidents between 1 December 2014 and 30 November 2015. This includes drone finds and drone sightings by prison staff in and around public and private prisons in England and Wales.

Individual prisons will invoke the appropriate contingency plan relevant to the circumstances of the incident involving a drone. This includes, for example, working with the police and CPS to ensure those responsible for an incident involving a drone are caught and, if appropriate, prosecuted.

These figures have been drawn from live administrative data systems. Care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, but the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.
Andrew Selous, Assistant Whip (HM Treasury), Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-16/20357/Civil UseUK
5 January 2016To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the oral contribution of the Foreign Secretary of 16 December 2015, on Daesh: Syria/Iraq, if he will take steps to assess whether there have been civilian casualties as a result of UK airstrikes in Iraq and Syria through means other than receipt of reports.Andrew Slaughter, Labour, Hammersmith We analyse the risks involved in any potential strikes in advance in order to minimise risks to civilians. Once a mission is launched, our aircrew assess and minimise risks prior to weapons being released. Every strike is subjected to careful post-mission scrutiny to confirm the aircrew's assessment, allowing us to examine in detail any claim of civilian casualties. We would publish any report which concluded that civilian casualties had resulted from UK military action.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-17/20596/MilitaryIraq and Syria
23 December 2015Shadow Spokesperson (Housing), Opposition Whip (Lords), Shadow Spokesperson (Communities and Local Government), Shadow Spokesperson (Home Affairs)


To ask Her Majesty’s Government what use the Royal Navy is making of unmanned vehicles.
Lord Kennedy of Southwark, LabourThe Royal Navy (RN) recognises that autonomous systems offer a unique opportunity to maintain our operational advantage, and benefits significantly from the use of unmanned vehicles in both air and sea environments.



The Scan Eagle Unmanned Aircraft System offers enhanced maritime surveillance and improved situational awareness in support of the RN in a number of operational theatres.



The Hunt Class Mine Countermeasure Vessels employ an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) for remote mine-disposal known as the Seafox mine-disposal system. In addition, the Fleet Diving Squadron employs a small UUV for seabed searches.



The RN continues to explore how autonomous systems can further augment its capabilities into the future.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-12-17/HL4736/MilitaryUK
21 December 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government which intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance air vehicles from the RAF’s inventory have been deployed over Iraq and Syria in the last three months.Lord Moonie, LabourIn the last three months the RAF has deployed Sentinel and Airseeker aircraft and the REAPER MQ-9 Remotely Piloted Air System over both Iraq and Syria. In addition, Tornado GR4s have deployed over Iraq and Syria fitted with the Raptor tactical reconnaissance pod.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-12-16/HL4658/MilitaryIraq and Syria
21 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, on how many occasions (a) RAF Reapers, (b) RAF Tornados and (c) other RAF aircraft have come into radar contact with Russian military aircraft inside Syria since 30 September 2015.Andrew Smith, Labour, Oxford EastWe do not routinely collect information on radar contacts. It is inevitable when operating in the same airspace as other nations that RAF aircraft will come into radar contact with those nations. This is one of the ways in which the RAF, as part of the US-led coalition, ensures safe-separation of aircraft in Syrian airspace and enables the UK to continue to fly missions to help degrade and destroy Daesh.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-14/19866/MilitarySyria
21 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment he has made of the fitness-for-purpose of the Air Navigation (Restriction of Flying) (Nuclear Installations) Regulations 2007 and their applicability to technical developments for unmanned aerial vehicles since their coming into force in 2007.Paul Flynn, Labour, Newport WestThe airspace over UK nuclear licensed sites is restricted by the Air Navigation (Restriction of Flying) (Nuclear Installations) regulations 2007. These impose restricted airspace of a radius between 0.5 and 2 miles to a height of between 1000 and 2400 feet around the centre of all nuclear sites. Airspace usage in the UK is regulated by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). Therefore it is a criminal offence to fly in the vicinity of nuclear sites without the permission of the CAA. The CAA and nuclear sites work closely together on this.



All of Britain’s nuclear power stations are robust and designed with safety in mind and are stress-tested to withstand a vast range of potential incidents. The independent regulator continuously monitors and evaluates the safety of each plant alongside the operator to protect it from outside threats.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-15/20272/MilitaryUK
18 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many Reaper drones are currently deployed in (a) Iraq and (b) Syria.Brendan O'Hara, Scottish National Party, Argyll and Bute To safeguard operational security I am withholding operational information on the number of RAF Reaper aircraft deployed.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-10/19519MilitaryIraq and Syria
17 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many of the Watchkeeper unmanned aerial vehicles purchased from Thales have been handed over to the British Army.Andrew Smith, Labour, Oxford EastAs at 15 December 2015, 37 Watchkeeper Unmanned Air Vehicles have been delivered by Thales and accepted by the Ministry of Defence. Of these, 10 are currently held by the Army to meet its current flying training programme and readiness requirements. The remainder are either being used for flight trials at West Wales Airport, or being stored and maintained until required by the Army.
Philip Dunne, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2015-12-14.19865.h&s=unmannedMilitaryUK
17 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many UK combat aircraft are flying combat missions against ISIS in (a) Syria and (b) Iraq.Angus MacNeil, Scottish National Party, Na h-Eileanan an IarThe UK has 16 manned combat aircraft flying combat missions against Daesh in both Syria and Iraq. This number includes RAF Tornado and Typhoon aircraft. There are also a number of RAF Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) deployed to the Middle East that are flying combat missions in both Iraqi and Syrian airspace.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-14/19892/MilitaryIraq and Syria
15 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many remotely piloted aircraft system pilots are employed in the RAF; and if he will make a statement.Jim Cunningham, Labour, Coventry SouthThere are currently 40 Remotely Piloted Aircraft System pilots in the Royal Air Force.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-09/19382/MilitaryUK
15 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the UK Reaper supporting the US drone strike on Mohammad Emwazi in Syria on 12 November 2015 (a) used its laser designator capability to identify the target and (b) was armed.Yasmin Qureshi, Labour, Bolton South EastI am withholding the information as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-07/18886/MilitarySyria
15 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what level of UK support has been negotiated for the Rivetjoint platforms; and if he will make a statement.Madeleine Moon, Labour, BridgendA Memorandum of Understanding with the US Government provides for the in-service support and upgrade activity of the UK Rivet Joint fleet. All maintenance support is conducted in the UK by RAF personnel, with assistance from field service representatives provided under the US/UK cooperative agreement. Some minor support activity is also provided by UK contractors based at RAF Waddington and there are contracts with a number of UK companies that support the Ministry of Defence in managing compliance with UK safety, airworthiness and security regulations.
Philip Dunne, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-12-09/19428/PolicyUK
8 December 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many manned and unmanned sorties have been flown by the RAF this year in support of operations in the Middle East.Lord Moonie, LabourThe RAF has flown 1,490 manned and 828 unmanned sorties in support of operations in the Middle East from 1 January 2015 to 30 November 2015. These sorties were carried out by ISR aircraft, C-130 transport aircraft, Tornado GR4s and Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems.

These numbers do not include the routine air-bridge that operates twice weekly from the UK to the Middle East to support deployment of personnel and equipment.
Earl Howe, Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-12-01/HL4135/MilitaryMiddle East
3 December 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the UK sought permission from the government of Syria to deploy manned and unmanned surveillance aircraft over Syria before he made his Statement to the House on 21 October 2014. Paul Flynn, Labour, Newport WestNo. This activity is conducted as part of the international counter-ISIL/Da'esh Coalition in the self-defence of the UK and the collective self-defence of Iraq, under article 51 of the UN Charter, against the direct threat from ISIL's heartland in Syria.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-11-26/18002/MilitarySyria
23 November 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether he plans for UK personnel to train at or otherwise attend the new General Atomics unmanned aircraft business park being built in North Dakota.Yasmin Qureshi, Labour, Bolton South EastA number of options are being developed to meet the training demand for UK Reaper aircrew in the coming years. It is anticipated that initial training for some UK student aircrew will be conducted under contract by General Atomics at their North Dakota facility.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-11-17/16740/MilitaryUK
20 November 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, when the NATO Members User Group for MQ-9 Reaper drones last met; and whether he attended that meeting.Martin Docherty, Scottish National Party, West DunbartonshireThe last meeting of members of the MQ-9 Users Group took place 2 - 4 June 2015 at US Air Force Base Wright Paterson, Ohio. The UK party was led by the Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) Force Commander and consisted of representatives from the Royal Air Force.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-11-16/16342MilitaryNATO
19 November 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to manage the risks posed to passenger aircraft by drones flown by private individuals.Lord Glentoran, ConservativeMy Lords, the Government are working with the CAA to develop a comprehensive education campaign on drone safety, and are talking to airports and the manufacturers and retailers of drones about the steps that can be taken to minimise the likelihood of negligent airspace incursions.
Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Department for Transport) (Jointly with the Home Office)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldhansrd/text/151119-0001.htmCivil UseUK
18 November 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many referrals to the RAF mental health care system from members of 13 and 39 squadrons there have been each month over the last year.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchDuring Financial Year 2014-15, there were fewer than five Regular Royal Air Force personnel from 13 Squadron or 39 Squadron who were seen for an initial assessment at Ministry of Defence Specialist Mental Health Services.
Earl Howe, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-11-09/HL3463MilitarySyria
18 November 2015To ask Her Majesty's Government what domestic legislation they consider to be relevant to the lethal operation of Reaper drones in Syria from RAF Waddington.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThe UK conducts all its military operations in accordance with international law (including International Humanitarian Law) and members of HM Armed Forces are subject to the criminal law of England and Wales at all times.
Earl Howe, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-11-09/HL3463MilitarySyria
18 November 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether the 20 new "Protector" drones to be procured under the Scavenger Programme will be the General Atomics certifiable Predator B or any other model or variant.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchNo decision has yet been made on the choice of platform to meet the Protector (formerly Scavenger) requirement. This will be determined as part of the main investment decision, which is scheduled for 2016.
Earl Howe, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-11-09/HL3462MilitaryUK
16 November 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many drones carrying contraband goods have been seized within prison grounds in each of the last three years.Luciana Berger, Labour, Liverpool Wavertree There were no reported incidents of drones carrying contraband being seized within prisons in 2013; in 2014 there were two reported incidents; and between 1 January 2015 and 31 October 2015 there were eight reported incidents.
This Government has made it a criminal offence under the Prison Act 1952 to throw, or otherwise project, any article of substance into prison without authorisation. This includes the use of a drone.
These figures have been drawn from live administrative data systems. Care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, but the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.
Andrew Selous, Assistant Whip (HM Treasury), The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-11-09/15648Civil UseUK
5 November 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the costs of infrastructure improvements at RAF Waddington were in each year from 2010-11 to 2014-15.Douglas Chapman, Scottish National Party, Dunfermline and West Fife The costs of infrastructure improvements at RAF Waddington in each financial year from 2010-11 to 2014-15 are shown in the following table:




Financial Year

Grand Total


2010-11

£1,494,929.99


2011-12

£2,794,486.46


2012-13

£2,503,485.61


2013-14

£1,044,565.26


2014-15

£18,857,704.44


Grand Total

£26,695,171.76




The significant increase in Financial Year 2014-15 is due to the Waddington boiler replacement work, the upgrade of Single Living Accommodation, and the start of the construction phases of the reconstruction and resurfacing of the runway and hangar refurbishments.

Mark Lancaster, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-10-28/13889/PolicyUK
29 October 2015To ask the Prime Minister, pursuant to the Answer of 21 October 2015 to Question 12154, for what reasons he did not refer to any legal basis in domestic law during (a) his oral statement of 4 September 2015, Official Report, column 23 and (b) the Answer of 14 September 2015 to Question 9571; and if he will describe the legal basis in domestic law used for the targeted killing of British citizens outside declared war zones; and if he will make a statement.Caroline Lucas, Green, Brighton PavilionI have nothing further to add.
David Cameron, Prime Minister
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-10-22/13070/MilitarySyria
23 October 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he is taking to monitor the use of drones in UK airspace.Jim Shannon, DUP, StrangfordThe Civil Aviation Authority keeps a record of all the permissions they have issued to fly commercial drones in UK airspace. However this does not extend to leisure users of drones. To address this issue The Department for Transport is currently looking at a range of options including regulation, registration and licensing options and a database to increase transparency on the use of drones for the general public. We intend to consult on all of these issues and other possible solutions in 2016.
Robert Goodwill, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-10-19/12485/Civil UseUK
19 October 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any individuals other than those expressly intended to be the target of the RAF drone attack carried out in Syria on 21 August 2015 were killed or injured; and if he will make a statement.Catherine West, Hornsey and Wood GreenI refer the hon. Member to the Statement my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister (David Cameron) made in the House on 7September 2015 (Official Report, columns 23 to 27).
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-10-09/10722/MilitarySyria
19 October 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the legal basis was for the RAF drone attack carried out in Syria on 21 August 2015; and if he will publish the original legal guidance on which the decision to carry out the attack was made.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenThe Prime Minister made clear that the Attorney General had advised that the action we took would be lawful in self-defence of the UK. By long-standing convention, reflected in the Cabinet Manual, the content of the Law Officers' advice is not disclosed outside government without the consent of the Law Officers. As the Attorney General explained in his oral evidence to the Justice Select Committee on 15 September 2015, the convention should be adhered to in this case.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-10-09/10721/MilitarySyria
19 October 2015Some recent reports suggest a higher incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder in pilots of remotely piloted aircraft compared with that of conventional air crew. Will the Minister advise what steps are being taken to assess relative levels of PTSD and to address the reasons for any differences that are established?Kirsten Oswald, Scottish National Party, East Renfrewshire I thank the hon. Lady for raising that important question. Just because someone is not deployed to a desert and is not in front of the people whom they are confronting directly, it does not mean that they are invulnerable to the things they see or to what we ask them to do. Our support for those people is very similar to that of conventional deployments. They have decompression and a pre-deployment build-up. Embedded in those teams are mental health specialists who can advise, support and assess the individuals.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151019/debtext/151019-0001.htm#151019-0001.htm_spnew46PolicyUK
19 October 2015Does the Minister agree that there is concern about the rules of engagement that terrorists might use? There is no doubt that, increasingly, drones will be used by terrorists. Once the technology exists it will not only be in the hands of people of whom we approve, and what will we do about that?
Barry Sheerman, Labour/Co-op, HuddersfieldI am pleased to reassure the hon. Gentleman that we recognise that emerging threat and that there is a clear strand of work in the SDSR that is looking at counter measures for the situations he describes.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151019/debtext/151019-0001.htm#151019-0001.htm_spnew46PolicyUK
19 October 2015 I voted against air strikes on the Syrian Government and would appreciate clarification from the Minister on whether drone strikes will be authorised on any other country where she believes that there is a similar threat to our security?
Stephen McPartland, Conservative, StevenageAgain, I draw my hon. Friend’s attention to the Prime Minister’s statement that, if there is a clear threat to Britain, to our people and to our streets and we are able to stop it by taking immediate action against that threat, we will always try to take that action. The action we took in Syria was legal, necessary, proportionate and in response to a clear, credible and specific threat to the UK. I reassure him that that course of action is taken only in the last resort.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151019/debtext/151019-0001.htm#151019-0001.htm_spnew46MilitaryGlobal
19 October 2015What the rules of engagement are for the use of remotely piloted aircraft by the armed forces.Craig Williams, Conservative, Cardiff NorthThe rules of engagement for remotely piloted aircraft systems are the same as those for manned aircraft, and take into account UK and international law, following the principles of military necessity, humanity, distinction and proportionality. A rules of engagement profile is developed for each operation, including counter-terrorist operations, and these rules are classified to ensure that they cannot be exploited to an opponent’s advantage.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151019/debtext/151019-0001.htm#151019-0001.htm_spnew46MilitaryGlobal
19 October 2015The Defence Committee’s report in March last year on the use of remotely piloted aircraft systems stressed that we follow international humanitarian law and the international law of armed conflict. However, we did not use our RPAS to conduct strikes in Pakistan against those who implied threats to our armed forces. What has changed in the rules of engagement that we now feel that we can use our RPAS in Syria to target British nationals?Madeleine Moon, Labour, BridgendAs the Prime Minister has clearly stated—he came to the House at the earliest occasion after that event—we reserve the right to use force if it is necessary to protect the UK from a clear and imminent threat. In that very clear statement, the Prime Minister said that if British lives are in danger and we can act to prevent that, then we will.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151019/debtext/151019-0001.htm#151019-0001.htm_spnew46MilitaryGlobal
19 October 2015Following the drone strike that killed Reyaad Khan, will the Minister tell us whether there is in existence a list of individuals who are considered such a great risk to Britain that they can be targeted for killing by UK drones?
Kevin Brennan, Labour, Cardiff WestAgain, I refer the hon. Gentleman to the Prime Minister’s statement. If that set of circumstances exist and we can act to save British lives, then we will do so.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151019/debtext/151019-0001.htm#151019-0001.htm_spnew46MilitaryGlobal
19 October 2015 I wish to build on the point that my hon. Friend the Member for Lichfield (Michael Fabricant) just made. Will the Minister confirm that, unlike what we have seen from Russian military intervention in Syria, our rules of engagement are very strict and seek to avoid civilian casualties where they can?Craig Williams, Conservative, Cardiff NorthAbsolutely; the UK undertakes all possible measures to protect civilians and ensures that UK targeting policy and rules of engagement provide clear direction for commanders. I will leave it to my hon. Friend to consider whether Russia follows similar practices, given the reports from Syrian search and rescue volunteer teams stating that 707 civilians have been injured and 274 killed by Russian strikes and regime bombing since 30 September.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151019/debtext/151019-0001.htm#151019-0001.htm_spnew46MilitaryGlobal
19 October 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civilian casualties were recorded as a result of drone strikes in 2014.Catherine West, Hornsey and Wood GreenThere were no known incidents of civilian casualties from UK Remotely Piloted Air System strikes in 2014.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-10-13/901611/MilitaryIraq
19 October 2015I thank my hon. Friend for her answer. In response to an earlier question, the Secretary of State rightly explained the advantages of using remotely piloted aircraft, particularly in protecting our own forces. Members on both sides of the House will, however, have some concern about the use of these aircraft by our allies where collateral damage has occurred and innocent people have been hurt. What assurance can she give the House that there will be great protection for those not involved in the conflict?
Michael Fabricant, Conservative, LichfieldI agree entirely that we have a moral duty to protect the lives of our servicemen and women in very unpredictable and difficult operational environments, and the use of these systems means we can do that without placing them in harm’s way. I wish to take this opportunity to pay tribute to the crews of these systems, who do a tremendous job in many places around the world. I assure my hon. Friend that although these aircraft are remotely piloted, at every stage of the targeting process and its initiation a human being is making those decisions. We have a record to be very proud of in terms of civilian casualties.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm151019/debtext/151019-0001.htm#151019-0001.htm_spnew46MilitaryUK
16 October 2015: To ask the Attorney General, pursuant to the Oral Statement by the Prime Minister on 7 September 2015, Official Report, column 26, on what dates he was consulted on the legal basis for drone strikes in Syria.Brendan O'Hara, Scottish National Party, Argyll and ButeI refer the Hon. Member to the answer I gave to the questions from the Hon. Member for Brighton Pavilion on the 12th of October 2015: (http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-16/10466/)
Jeremy Wright, Attorney General
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-10-13/11558/MilitarySyria
15 October 2015To ask the Attorney General, what the full legal basis was for the RAF drone attack carried out in Syria on 21 August 2015; if he will arrange publication of the original legal guidance on which the decision to carry out the attack was made; and if he will make a statement.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood GreenI refer the Hon. Member to the answer I gave to the questions from the Hon. Member for Brighton Pavilion on the 12th of October 2015: (http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-16/10466/
Jeremy Wright, Attorney General
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-10-09/10720/MilitarySyria
12 October 2015To ask the Attorney General, with reference to the Prime Minister's oral statement of 7 September 2015, Official Report, column 30, on counter-terrorism, whether he held discussions or received representations from other government lawyers on the legal basis for the military action against Reyaad Khan in Syria.
To ask the Attorney General, with reference to the Prime Minister's oral statement of 7 September 2015, Official Report, column 30, on counter-terrorism, whether the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's legal adviser was consulted on the legal basis for the military action against Reyaad Khan in Syria.
To ask the Attorney General, with reference to the Statement by the Prime Minister of 7 September 2015, on Syria: Refugees and Counter-terrorism, Official Report, column 30, what the legal basis was for the targeted killing of British citizens by remote control drone in Syria.
To ask the Attorney General, with reference to the Statement by the Prime Minister of 7 September 2015, on Syria: Refugees and Counter-terrorism, Official Report, column 30, what the legal basis was for the targeted killing of British citizens by remote control drone in Syria.
To ask the Attorney General, with reference to the Prime Minister's Oral Statement of 7 September 2015, Official Report, column 30, whether the legal advice provided on the targeted killing of British citizens by remote control drone in Syria covers future targeted killings of UK citizens or if new and separate advice will have to be sought for any future such killings.
Caroline Lucas, Green, Brighton PavilionThe Prime Minister gave a detailed statement on 7 September 2015 in which he informed the House that I was consulted on the action and was clear that there would be a legal basis for action in international law. By long-standing convention, reflected in the Cabinet Manual, the content of the Law Officers’ advice is not disclosed outside government without the consent of the Law Officers. As I explained in my oral evidence to the Justice Select Committee on the 15th September (HC 409), the convention should be adhered to in this case.
Jeremy Wright, Attorney General
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-16/10451/MilitarySyria
23 September 2015Mark Pritchard Conservative, The Wrekin To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of the level of collaboration between his Department and UK defence companies in developing an independent UK unmanned aerial vehicles' capacity; and if he will make a statement.Our policy remains to provide our Armed Forces with the equipment and support they need, at the right time, and at a cost that represents value for the taxpayer. For the majority of our requirements, this is best achieved through open competition on the global market. As such, the Ministry of Defence collaborates with both UK and overseas defence companies on the development, production and support of current and future Unmanned Air Systems capabilities, based on individual user requirements.
Philip Dunne Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-15/10325
MilitaryUK
21 September 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many people were killed during the drone strike on Raqqa on 21 August.Lord Ahmed, Non-affiliatedAs my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister announced to the House on 7 September, Reyaad Khan was killed in a precision air strike carried out in Raqqa on 21 August by an RAF remotely piloted air system. In addition to Reyaad Khan, two ISIL fighters were also killed.
Earl Howe, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-09-08/HL2082/MilitarySyria
18 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether legal advice on the use of an unmanned aerial vehicle against Reyaad Khan included consideration of the legal basis of the killing of people travelling with or in the vicinity of that person in the course of that military action.Paul Flynn Labour, Newport West The Attorney General's advice remains confidential but he advised that the action we took would be lawful. The UK's Armed Forces operate in accordance with domestic and international law.
Michael Fallon The Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-10/9835
PolicySyria
18 September 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether any civilians were killed in the drone strike on Raqqa on 21 August.Lord Ahmed, Non-affiliatedMy right hon. Friend The Prime Minister confirmed in his statement to the House on 7 September that there were no civilian casualties resulting from the precision air strike in Raqqa on 21 August 2015.
Earl Howe, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-09-08/HL2083/MilitarySyria
18 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether legal advice on the use of an unmanned aerial vehicle against Reyaad Khan included consideration of the legal basis of the killing of people travelling with or in the vicinity of that person in the course of that military action.Paul Flynn, Labour, Newport WestThe Attorney General's advice remains confidential but he advised that the action we took would be lawful. The UK's Armed Forces operate in accordance with domestic and international law.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-10/9835/MilitarySyria
18 September 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government what legal authority they obtained before conducting the drone attack in Syria that was announced on 7 September.Baroness Tonge, Independent Liberal DemocratMy right hon. friend the Defence Secretary authorised this operation. The Attorney General was consulted in advance and advised that there would be a clear legal basis for action in international law.
Earl Howe, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-09-08/HL2081/MilitarySyria
17 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what rules of engagement his Department has developed for strikes using unmanned aerial vehicle systems against terrorist targets in states against which the UK is not at war other than Syria; and if he will make a statement.Vernon Coaker Shadow Secretary of State for Northern IrelandThe UK's Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems operate under the same Rules of Engagement (ROE) as manned aircraft. UK ROE comply with UK and International Law.
Michael Fallon The Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-10/9887
StrategySyria
17 September 2015May I again urge the Leader of the House to ask the Attorney General to come to the House to explain the legal advice that led to a fundamental departure in UK policy, when two British nationals were targeted and killed by an RAF drone attack in Raqqa? This is particularly important now, given that in the past few days the explanation of the legal grounds for that move have become ever more murky.Caroline Lucas, Green, Brighton PavilionThe Prime Minister has explained in detail to the House the reasons for his decisions, and he will provide more information in confidence, as is normal, to the new Chairman and members of the Intelligence and Security Committee. It has always been customary practice when either party has been in power, and in the legal world, that legal advice is not published but a matter of privilege between a lawyer and a client. That is how Governments have always operated and how they will continue to operate. The difference in this place is that both the Prime Minister and the Attorney General are regularly before the House for scrutiny, and the hon. Lady will have opportunities to put questions to them.
Chris Grayling, Leader of the House
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmhansrd/cm150917/debtext/150917-0001.htm#150917-0001.htm_spnew155MilitarySyria
17 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assistance his Department gave to the Pakistani Armed Forces during recent unmanned aerial vehicle operations in that country.Douglas Chapman Scottish National Party, Dunfermline and West Fife The Ministry of Defence has had no involvement in Pakistan's development of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-09/9705
StrategyPakistan
16 September 2015To ask the Attorney General, with reference to the Statement by the Prime Minister of 7 September 2015, on Syria: Refugees and Counter-terrorism, Official Report, column 30, what the legal basis was for the targeted killing of British citizens by remote control drone in Syria.Caroline Lucas, Green, Brighton PavilionThe Prime Minister gave a detailed statement on 7 September 2015 in which he informed the House that I was consulted on the action and was clear that there would be a legal basis for action in international law. By long-standing convention, reflected in the Cabinet Manual, the content of the Law Officers’ advice is not disclosed outside government without the consent of the Law Officers. As I explained in my oral evidence to the Justice Select Committee on the 15th September (HC 409), the convention should be adhered to in this case.
Jeremy Wright, Attorney General
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-16/10466/MilitarySyria
15 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps his Department is taking to (a) monitor the usage of and (b) prevent accidents involving unmanned drones in airspace over the UK.Jim Shannon DUP, Strangford The Government recognises that this emerging technology has great opportunities for the UK. However the Government is aware that there are safety and security issues that need to be addressed.

The Civil Aviation Authority has recently launched a publicity campaign called "You have control. Be safe! Be legal!’’  which is aimed at raising awareness of the general public, at the point of purchase, about their responsibilities as the unmanned aircraft operator.

The Government is currently talking to industry partners about the development of an online application to track and manage small drones. The Government has received several proposals for such an application, but the development of this technology is still at an embryonic stage.

The Government is also in early discussions with international partners about a drone traffic management system, and it is hoped that those discussions will lead to UK involvement in the development of that system and the participation of UK industry in future trials to test the robustness of the technology. Some drones are already equipped with ‘geo-fencing’ to prevent operation in controlled airspace.

There will be a public consultation on drones in spring 2016. This will give the public a chance to engage on these, and other, important issues concerning drones.
Robert Goodwill Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-08/9437
PolicyUK
15 September 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they plan to authorise the sale in the United Kingdom of anti-drone ammunition for use in 12-gauge shotguns.Lord Blencathra ConservativeThere are currently no plans to authorise the sale of such ammunition in the United Kingdom. However, any ammunition which is armour-piercing is prohibited under section 5 of the Firearms Act 1968.
Lord Bates The Minister of State, Home Department
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-09-08/HL2097
PolicyUK
15 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what public funding has been allocated to support the Astrea programme; what applications for funds for that programme his Department has received and under which Government programmes; and what plans he has for future funding of that programme.Chuka Umunna Labour, Streatham The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills has provided grant support of £32M to support three programmes; ASTRAEA 1 and 2 and 3A since 2006.

In 2015, the ASTRAEA consortium applied for additional support for a £55M collaborative programme via the Aerospace Technology Institute (ATI), requesting a £26M grant. The application was not approved.

We continue to work with the ASTRAEA consortium and the wider Unmanned Air Vehicle community on how best to support the development of this market and will consider requests for funding support that deliver value for money for the UK.
Jo Johnson Minister of State (Universities and Science)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-07/9234
PolicyUK
14 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the Government has compiled a list of people for targeted killing outside Iraq.Tom Watson, Labour, West Bromwich East The Prime Minister and I are ready to take military action as a last resort to prevent an imminent terrorist attack on the UK.
Michael Fallon, Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-08/9654/MilitaryGlobal
14 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what assessment he has made of the risks posed by unmanned drones to prison security; and what steps he is taking to protect against drones dropping contraband material into prisons.Paul Flynn Labour, Newport West The National Offender Management Service continues to assess the developing risk posed by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or ‘drones’. All prisons have local contingency plans to respond to incidents including drones.

The previous Government introduced legislation which prohibits the “projection” of any item into prison by any means, including by a drone. Prisons work with law enforcement to investigate and prosecute perpetrators, where appropriate.
Andrew Selous Assistant Whip (HM Treasury), The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-04/8567
PolicyUK
11 September 2015To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office, if the Government will devise and disclose a distinct UK drones and targeted killing policy as part of the Strategic Defence and Security Review.Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich East The 2015 National Security Strategy and the Strategic Defence and Security Review, informed by the National Security Risk Assessment, are considering a wide range of risks and threats including terrorism, and responses. We cannot speculate on the outcome of the Strategic Defence and Security Review. Oliver Letwin Minister for Government Policy http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-08/9637
PolicyUK
11 September 2015To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office, if the Government will devise and disclose a distinct UK drones and targeted killing policy as part of the Strategic Defence and Security Review.Tom Watson, Labour, West Bromwich East The 2015 National Security Strategy and the Strategic Defence and Security Review, informed by the National Security Risk Assessment, are considering a wide range of risks and threats including terrorism, and responses. We cannot speculate on the outcome of the Strategic Defence and Security Review.
Oliver Letwin, Minister for Government Policy and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-09-08/9637/MilitaryGlobal
10 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what assessment has been made of the implications for his Department's policies of the increase in the number of privately owned drones and its effects on safety for civil aviation.Jim Fitzpatrick Labour, Poplar and Limehouse The Government recognises that this emerging technology has great opportunities for the UK. However the Government is aware that there have been a few incidents that have caused some concerns to other commercial air traffic.

The Civil Aviation Authority has recently launched a publicity campaign called "You have control. Be safe! Be legal!’’ which is aimed at raising awareness of the general public, at the point of purchase, about their responsibilities as the unmanned aircraft operator.

In addition to this a cross-government working group is currently engaged in a piece of work that is looking at the risks posed by drones to commercial civil aviation. The results of this work will inform our understanding of the scale of the problem and what steps need to be taken to mitigate these risks
Robert Goodwill Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-20/7971Civil UseUK
8 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, pursuant to the Answer of February 2015 to Question 222681, what licences have been issued since 1 January 2010 to UAV Engines Ltd for equipment other than UAV engines or components for exports for the use of the Israeli Defence Force or other elements of Israel's security forces; and on what date each such licence was issued.Jeremy Corbyn Labour, Islington North No licences have been granted to UAV Engines for equipment other than UAV engines or components for exports for the use of the Israeli Defence Force or other elements of Israel’s security forces since 1 January 2010.

All export licences are issued in strict accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria.
Anna Soubry The Minister of State, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
PolicyIsrael
7 September 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the contribution of the hon. Member for Sutton Coldfield of 15 July 2015, Official Report, column 887, what his policy is on deployment of armed drones outside of designated war zones; and if he will make a statement.Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich East The decision to deploy aircraft is taken by Ministers after an assessment has been made on the effect that is required, together with the nature and location of the operation. The policy for the deployment of armed remotely piloted aircraft systems is the same as that for manned aircraft. Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces) http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-17/7838
PolicyUK
27 July 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government what capabilities the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers will have for launching and retrieving drones and other remotely piloted aircraft systems when they enter service with the Royal Navy; and what they are currently intended to be fitted with at that time.Lord Moonie, Labour The Queen Elizabeth-class carriers have an extensive flight deck and hangar and engineering support facilities, which could be utilised to operate and sustain drones and other remotely piloted aircraft systems in the future.

The Royal Navy and Joint Forces Command continue to investigate maritime autonomous systems through the evaluation of Capability Concept Demonstrators.
Earl Howe The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-07-20/HL1670
MilitaryUK
20 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has established an Unmanned Aircraft Systems and Communications team.David Anderson Labour, BlaydonThe Directorate of Defence Communications (DDC) is responsible for the Ministry of Defence's corporate communications; including on the subject of Unmanned Aircraft Systems. The DDC is supported by policy leads and subject matter experts from across the Department.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-14/7064PolicyUK
20 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment his Department has made of the use of unmanned remotely piloted aircraft systems as part of future UK defence capability; and if he will make a statement.Jim Cunningham Labour, Coventry South Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) are proving their value to Defence in a range of operations around the world. As part of the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review, the MOD is considering the case for further investment in RPAS capability. It is currently too early to determine the outcome of this work.http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-14/7105MilitaryUK
20 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the locations are of the seven ground control stations used for control of his Department's 10 Reapers.Richard Burgon Labour, Leeds East The Reaper ground control stations are located at RAF Waddington, Creech Air Force Base, Nevada and the Middle East in support of the international coalition's ongoing operation to counter the threat of ISIL.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-08/6287MilitaryUK
16 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has employed unmanned aircraft (a) in and (b) around the UK to support counter-terrorism efforts.Richard Burgon Labour, Leeds East No unmanned aircraft systems belonging to the Ministry of Defence have been used to support counter terrorism operations in or around the UK. Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-08/6286MilitaryUK
16 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what proportion of his Department's budget has been allocated to the use, development or procurement of unmanned systems.Richard Burgon Labour, Leeds East In the last financial year, some £310 million was spent by the Ministry of Defence on the development, procurement and use of unmanned systems. This represents approximately 0.9% of the defence budget for the year.
Philip Dunne Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-08/6236MilitaryUK
14 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has established an Unmanned Aircraft Systems and Communications team.David Anderson, BlaydonThe Directorate of Defence Communications (DDC) is responsible for the Ministry of Defence's corporate communications; including on the subject of Unmanned Aircraft Systems. The DDC is supported by policy leads and subject matter experts from across the Department.
Penny Mordaunt, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-14/7064/MilitaryUK
14 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has undertaken or commissioned any assessment of the psychological effect of using unmanned air vehicles.David Anderson Labour, BlaydonThe Ministry of Defence (MOD) takes seriously the mental health of all members of the Armed Forces. The RAF Stress Management and Resilience Training Team has delivered stress awareness briefs to units operating unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), to give personnel awareness of the subject and make them aware of the wide range of assistance and treatment that is available.

While the particular stressors of their work are recognised, an assessment of the referral figures for MOD Departments of Community Mental Health from 2009-13 indicated that UAV pilots were no more likely to present with any form of mental health condition than the general Armed Forces population.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-09/6481MilitaryUK
14 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what psychological (a) assessment and (b) support his Department offers to the operators of UK Reaper Squadrons 39 and 13.David Anderson Labour, BlaydonThe Ministry of Defence takes seriously the psychological and physical health of all Armed Forces personnel. The RAF Reaper remotely piloted air systems force, alongside other frontline forces, has robust trauma risk management strategies in place to ensure this is continually monitored. Should psychological or physical care be required, the RAF medical services are fully engaged to provide the required level of support to the individual. Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces) http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-09/6451MilitaryUK
13 July 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many jobs have been created in the UK by the French-Israeli Thales/Elbit Joint Venture for Watchkeeper.Richard Burgon Labour, Leeds East The Watchkeeper air vehicle is manufactured by UAV Tactical Systems Ltd, a joint venture between Elbit Systems UK and Thales UK, under a sub-contract from Thales UK, the Watchkeeper prime contractor. The Ministry of Defence has no direct commercial relationship with UAV Tactical Systems Ltd and no estimate has therefore been made of the number of persons employed by the company. The wider Watchkeeper supply-chain sustains high-quality jobs at a number of locations across the United Kingdom.
Philip Dunne Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-07-08/6259EconomicUK
25 June 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many British-controlled military unmanned aerial vehicles are currently operating within the Arabian Peninsula.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative The Scan Eagle Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) offers enhanced maritime surveillance and is used to provide situational awareness to Royal Navy ships deployed to the Arabian Peninsula. In addition, a number of Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) are currently operating in the Middle East in support of the Iraqi Government and International Coalition's ongoing operation to counter the threat of ISIL.

Regardless of asset type or location, it is departmental policy not to confirm specific numbers of equipment platforms deployed on operations. Therefore, I am withholding the exact number of UAS/RPAS deployed on operations to safeguard operational security.
Earl Howe The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence, Deputy Leader of the House of Lords
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-06-18/HL628MilitaryArabian Peninsular
17 June 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the communications system supporting UK Reapers utilises the US Predator Primary Satellite Link and relay station at Ramstein airbase, Germany.Tom Watson, LabourI am withholding the information, as disclosure would or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces and relations between the United Kingdom and other states.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-06-09/1522MilitaryGermany
16 June 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department will lead the joint French-UK Reaper training; and where that training will take place.Tom Watson, LabourWe routinely discuss with France our respective ISTAR capability requirements, including with regards to Reaper. However, no decision has been made on leading joint Reaper training, nor on where any training might take place.
Philip Dunne Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Defence Procurement)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-06-09/1521MilitaryFrance
15 June 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether France has requested the deployment in Africa of any UK Reapers or other unmanned aerial systems.Tom Watson, LabourWe routinely discuss with France our respective operational deployments, including those of Intelligence Surveillance Target Acquisition Reconnaissance (ISTAR) assets, in those parts of the world where both UK and French Forces are engaged. But we have received no formal French request for deployment of Reaper or other UK unmanned aerial systems in Africa.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-06-09/1516MilitaryFrance
3 June 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his policy is on establishing a Joint Command for Unmanned Aerial Systems.Tom Watson, LabourOwing to the particular capabilities that each Unmanned Aerial System delivers and the different environments in which they work, operational Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) are controlled by Air, Army, and Navy Commands and there is no plan to establish a Joint Command for UAS.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-05-27/132PolicyUK
2 June 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what support the UK is providing to the Iraqi government to counter Islamic State.Vernon Coaker, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence The UK is operating as part of a global coalition of over 60 countries - including Iraq, Arab nations, European partners and the US, to defeat ISIL. The UK is playing a leading role in the coalition, with around 800 personnel in the region helping to counter ISIL.

The UK have conducted the second highest number of strikes in Iraq, behind the US and is providing significant critical enablers in the form of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and air to air refuelling capabilities that few other nations possess. We are also providing eight Tornado GR4 Aircraft and a number of Reaper Unmanned Aerial Vehicles contributing to precision strike and ISR.

Within the coalition's training programme to build the capacity of Iraqi security forces, the UK is co-ordinating Coalition counter-IED (C-IED) training with a small planning team in Baghdad and some 30 military trainers based in Erbil. The UK has trained over 1,100 Iraqi forces in infantry skills and in the use of the UK-gifted heavy machine guns. As well as providing niche C-IED and Infantry Skills trainers, we have also trained 108 Peshmerga in our Protection of Civilians training course.
Penny Mordaunt Minister of State (Ministry of Defence) (Minister for the Armed Forces)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-05-27/86MilitaryIraq
1 June 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 23 February 2015 to Question 224466, whether the Strategic Defence and Security Review will address the issues identified in Joint Doctrinal Note 2/11, the UK Approach to Unmanned Aircraft Systems.Tom Watson, LabourWork has begun on the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review. The Review will consider the changing international and domestic security environment and assess what defence capabilities will address the threats we face.
Michael Fallon The Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-05-27/279StrategyUK
26 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether (a) Watchkeeper and (b) other unmanned aerial vehicles belonging to his Department were operated outside designated airspace in connection with the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.Tom Watson, LabourNo. Julian Brazier The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defencehttp://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-03-24/228911PolicyUK
26 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 2 February 2015 to Question 222433, on Syria, whether UK Reapers in Syria are conducting (a) pattern of life analyses, (b) collateral damage estimates and (c) battle damage assessments.
Tom Watson, LabourWhile operating over Syria, UK Reapers conduct a range of surveillance tasks. No UK Reaper missions have been conducted in Syria other than for surveillance purposes. Julian Brazier The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of Stte for Defencehttp://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-03-24/228913StrategySyria
26 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 10 March 2015 to Question 226256, on RAF Croughton, what the dates were of the (a) Host Nation Notification and (b) Host Nation Response made in connection with the European Infrastructure Consolidated Review.
Tom Watson, LabourFollowing a period of consultation, Host Nation Notification in connection with the European Infrastructure Consolidated Review was received on 7 January 2015 and responded to on the same day.
Anna Soubry The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-03-24/228912PolicyUK
18 March 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many armed sorties have been carried out by United Kingdom forces, and what ordnance has been released, over Syria in each of the last three months.Lord Moonie, LabourThe only armed UK aircraft operating in Syria is the Reaper, Remotely Piloted Air System. The UK Reaper has not released any weapons over Syria as no authority has been granted for the discharge of weapons from UK Reaper aircraft operating in Syrian airspace.

Reaper Operations in Syria
Month
Missions Flown
December 2014
9
January 2015
8
February 2015
8
Lord Astor of Hever Conservative
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-03-10/HL5582MilitarySyria
18 March 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many armed sorties have been carried out by United Kingdom forces, and what ordnance has been released, over Iraq in each of the last three months.Lord Moonie, LabourThe UK has deployed two types of armed aircraft in the operation against ISIL; the Tornado GR4 and the Reaper, Remotely Piloted Air System. The GR4 is armed with Paveway IV Mark 2 and Dual Mode Seeker Brimstone. The Reaper MQ9 is armed with the Hellfire Missile.

GR4 and Reaper Operations in Iraq
Month
Missions Flown
Weapons Released
December 2014
91
55
January 2015
109
64
February 2015
101
31
Lord Astor of Hever Conservative
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-03-10/HL5581MilitaryIraq
16 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if his Department will introduce a compensation scheme for civilian casualties in Iraq.
Tom Watson, LabourHolding answer received on 04 February 2015
When targeting ISIL terrorists we do all we can to minimise the risk of causing casualties among the civilian population. Overall, the air campaign in Iraq is being conducted with precision and we do not believe that there have been any civilian casualties arising from UK actions. We are currently in discussion with our coalition partners with a view to agreeing a mechanism for tracking, reporting, investigating and responding to allegations of civilian casualties. Responses to individual allegations will vary according to circumstances.
Mark Francois The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222465PolicyIraq
16 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 15 January 2015 to Question 219723 and to his oral contribution of 23 February 2015, Official Report, column 11, on ISIL, if he will ensure that his Department's online record is updated to include data on each strike referred to in that contribution; and if he will provide information on the (a) date, (b) location and (c) aircraft deployed to carry out each strike.Tom Watson, LabourAs I stated in my written answer of 2 March 2015 in response to question 219723, our policy on the disclosure of information regarding air strikes by Royal Air Force aircraft engaged on Operation Shader is that the overriding principle is to seek to place information on each strike in the public domain in a prompt and timely manner. To this end, the Ministry of Defence regularly updates appropriate details of strikes against ISIL-related targets, including the specific aircraft type, on the 'gov.uk' website. The site also contains monthly summaries since the start of the operation.
Mark Francois The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-03-10/227077MilitaryIraq
11 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 2 February 2015 to Question 222433, whether data obtained from (a) UK Reaper missions and (b) coalition partner missions in Syria is analysed at RAF Marsham as part of Project Crossbow.Tom Watson LabourData from UK Reaper missions is not currently analysed at RAF Marham by CROSSBOW. Data from coalition partner missions in Syria and Iraq is analysed when tasked to do so. Mark Francois The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-03-04/226252MilitarySyria
11 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 23 February 2015 to Question 224123, on unmanned air vehicles, which person or team in his Department has lead responsibility for the application and deployment of UK remotely piloted aircraft systems in (a) Afghanistan, (b) Iraq, (c) Syria and (d) the MQ-9 User Group.Tom Watson, LabourThe deployment of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems is the responsibility of the Ministry of Defence, as is UK attendance at the MQ-9 Users Group.

Tobias Ellwood The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-03-04/226251PolicyMiddle East
10 March 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether and where they have deployed military unmanned aerial vehicles in the last six months.
The Marquess of Lothian ConservativeUK Armed Forces used a variety of Unmanned and Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (UAS/RPAS) on Operation HERRICK in Afghanistan. All of these systems were redeployed from Afghanistan by 31 December 2014. In October 2014, UK Reaper RPAS were deployed to the Middle East to support the Iraqi Government and coalition allies' ongoing operation to counter the threat of ISIL.

Over the last six months Scan Eagle UAS has also been used to improve the situational awareness of Royal Navy ships at sea.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-02-24/HL5185PolicyGlobal
10 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 4 February 2015 to Question 222466, what requests for (a) authorities and (b) consultations have been made to his Department in connection with (i) the European Infrastructure Consolidated Review and (ii) RAF Croughton in the last year.Tom Watson LabourThe US European Infrastructure Consolidation Review, which also considered the future of RAF Croughton, was primarily a US national analysis of options for their basing footprint in Europe. However, consultation was conducted with Ministry of Defence stakeholders throughout this process.
Anna Soubry The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-03-04/226250PolicyUK
2 March 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if he will place in the Library a copy of his Department's policy on the disclosure of information concerning lethal strikes in Iraq.Tom Watson LabourHolding answer received on 15 January 2015
Our policy on the disclosure of information regarding air strikes by Royal Air Force aircraft engaged on Operation Shader in Iraq is that the detail of each individual strike is carefully considered against the necessary constraint of maintaining operational security, but our over-riding principle is to seek to place information on each strike in the public domain in a prompt and timely manner.

This is consistent with, and a continuation of, Ministry of Defence practice for any operational information. It reflects the necessity for the Armed Forces of a democracy such as the UK not just to conduct military operations in a highly disciplined, careful and proportionate manner within the rule of law, but to demonstrate transparency and accountability for such activity. The need for this is all the more important when the military operations are being conducted against a terrorist organisation such as ISIL which wholly disregards the rule of law and relies on a perverted ideology and deceitful propaganda. This policy has been followed ever since the start of air strike operations in support of the Iraqi authorities, following the Parliamentary vote on 26 September. The primary channel for publishing this information is the Government website http://www.gov.uk, and the information thus disclosed has been regularly reported in the British and international media.

Mark Francois The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-05/219723MilitayIraq
27 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 2 February 2015 to Question 222434, what consideration his Department has given to deployment of the UK Reapers in storage for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance in Iraq.
Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich EastAs with all platforms and capabilities not deployed on operations, the deployment of additional Reaper aircraft currently in storage in the UK is kept under constant review.
Mark Francois The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-10/224117MilitaryIraq
26 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 2 February 2015 to Question 222435, what the name and date was of the agreement pursuant to which five personnel from Squadron 329 are on loan service to US Forces.
Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich EastUK loan service (LS) personnel assisting the United States Air Force are covered by the terms of the NATO Status of Forces Agreement (1949), the US-UK Chapeau agreement (1993), the US-UK Provision of medical support agreement (2014), and US-UK discussions to determine working-level arrangements. LS personnel are subject to UK Service regulations; they are administered and receive pay and allowances from the UK.
Mark Francois The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2015-02-10.224116.h&s=speaker%3A11309#g224116.q0a>International Co-OperationUSA
26 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, what research her Department has undertaken on access of civilian victims of drone strikes in Afghanistan to civilian compensation schemes administered by troop contributing nations.
Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich EastAccess to civilian compensation schemes is a Ministry of Defence lead. There is a system in place for handling all claims for compensation brought against the Ministry of Defence by Afghan civilians.
Justine Greening The Secretary of State for International Development
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-11/224259StrategyAfghanistan
26 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for International Development, whether her Department will assess (a) the effect of drone strikes on civilian populations and (b) access to civilian compensation schemes as part of its humanitarian mission in Iraq and Syria.
Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich EastWe are monitoring the impact of military operations on civilian populations in both Iraq and Syria and ensuring our humanitarian response is targeted to those most in need. To date, the UK has pledged £800 million in response to the humanitarian crisis in Syria and the region, and a further £39.5 million to the humanitarian crisis in Iraq. Access to civilian compensation schemes is an MoD lead and therefore does not form part of our humanitarian mission.
Justine Greening The Secretary of State for International Development
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-11/224261PolicyIraq
25 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 2 February 2015 to Question 222435, what the (a) rank, (b) function and (c) location is of the five personnel from the UK Reaper Force on loan service to US Forces.
Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich EastThere are four Flight Lieutenant Instructors at 49th Operations Group, Holloman Air Force Base. There is also one Flight Lieutenant at 53rd Test and Evaluation Group, Creech Air Force Base in a test and evaluation role. None of the five personnel on loan are conducting operational mission flying.
Mark Francois The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-10/224115MilitaryUSA
24 February 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many United Kingdom military air sorties were carried out in Iraq over the last two years in January; and how many of those resulted in the firing of weapons or dropping of bombs.
The Marquess of Lothian ConservativeThe UK has deployed two types of armed aircraft in the operation against ISIL; the Tornado GR4 and the Reaper, Remotely Piloted Air System. As at 31 January 2015, these aircraft have flown 374 missions and released 206 weapons against ISIL targets in Iraq.
Lord Astor of Hever Conservative
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-02-09/HL4814MilitaryIraq
24 February 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether in the last month there have been any United Kingdom military air sorties against targets in Syria or any which have involved incursions into or overflying of Syrian airspace.
The Marquess of Lothian ConservativeThe only UK air asset operating in Syria is the Reaper, Remotely Piloted Air System. In the month of January 2015 this aircraft conducted eight surveillance missions in Syria. No UK Reaper have discharged weapons in Syrian airspace.
Lord Astor of Hever Conservative
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-02-09/HL4815MilitarySyria
23 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether a research analyst is advising his Department on the deployment of remotely piloted aircraft systemsTom Watson Labour, West Bromwich EastNo. Tobias Ellwood The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairshttp://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-10/224123PolicyUK
23 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, which post or team in his Department is responsible for the application of remotely piloted aircraft systems.
Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich EastThere is no one person or team responsible for the application or deployment of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). The decision to deploy RPAS is taken by Ministers following advice provided by senior personnel, both military and civilian, across the Department.
Mark Francois The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-10/224127PolicyUK
23 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the Strategic Defence and Security Review will address the issues identified in Joint Doctrinal Note 2/11, the UK Approach to Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
Tom Watson Labour, West Bromwich EastThe next Strategic Defence and Security Review will be a matter for after the General Election.
Michael Fallon The Secretary of State for Defence
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-12/224466PolicyUK
12 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will place in the Library a copy of the Consolidated Guidance to Intelligence Officers and Service Personnel applicable to the passing of intelligence relating to individuals who are at risk of targeted lethal strikes. David Davis Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
The Consolidated Guidance to Intelligence Officers and Service Personnel on the Detention and Interviewing of Detainees Overseas, and on the Passing and Receipt of Intelligence Relating to Detainees has been published online: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/62632/Consolidated_Guidance_November_2011.pdf
Tobias Ellwood The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-09/223784PolicyUK
12 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, if he will give a direction under section 59A of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 that the Intelligence Services Commissioner review the Consolidated Guidance to Intelligence Officers and Service Personnel applicable to the passing of intelligence relating to individuals who are at risk of targeted lethal strikes.
David Davis Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenI refer my right hon. Friend to my answer of 16 Oct 2014 to (PQ 209539).
Tobias Ellwood The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-09/223785MilitaryUK
12 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what steps his Department takes to monitor compliance with the Consolidated Guidance to Intelligence Officers and Service Personnel applicable to the passing of intelligence relating to individuals who are at risk of targeted lethal strikes.
David Davis Conservative, Haltemprice and HowdenThe independent Intelligence Services Commissioner oversees compliance with the Consolidated Guidance to Intelligence Officers and Service Personnel on the Detention and Interviewing of Detainees Overseas, and on the Passing and Receipt of Intelligence Relating to Detainees and reports annually on those aspects for which he has responsibility. His role in this regard was put on a statutory footing in November 2014. Tobias Ellwood The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-09/223782PolicyUK
12 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, what training his Department has provided to service and other personnel on the Consolidated Guidance to Intelligence Officers and Service Personnel applicable to the passing of intelligence relating to individuals who are at risk of targeted lethal strikes.
David Davis Conservative, Haltemprice and Howden
It is the longstanding policy of successive governments not to comment on intelligence matters. This includes matters relating to the training of Intelligence Service personnel.
Tobias Ellwood The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-09/223783PolicyUK
9 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the (a) scale and (b) result is of recent air operations against ISIL.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)Holding answer received on 05 February 2015


There are some 60 nations involved in the coalition and over a dozen in ongoing air activity over Iraq and Syria. The UK has deployed two types of armed aircraft in the operation against ISIL; the Tornado GR4 and the Reaper, Remotely Piloted Air System. As at 31 January 2015, these aircraft have flown 392 missions and released 206 weapons against ISIL targets. The UK have also provided other aircraft to perform surveillance, air refuelling and air transport roles. In concert with Iraqi and Kurdish ground units, coalition air activities have helped to check ISIL's advance and in some places begun to reverse that advance.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-02/222901MilitaryIraq
9 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many members of the Armed Forces will participate in training at the Air Battlespace Training Centre at RAF Waddington each year.Kevan Jones (Shadow Minister (Defence); North Durham, Labour)This information is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. The daily maximum capacity of the Air Battlespace Training Centre (ABTC) is dependent on the type of exercise taking place. Records on the exact numbers of personnel attending training are held by individual units and not by the ABTC.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-03/223057MilitaryUK
9 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, whether any licences have been granted to UAV Engines Ltd since 1 January 2010 for the export of UAV engines or components to (a) the Israeli Defence Force or (b) other elements of Israel’s security forces; and if he will make a statement.Jeremy Corbyn (Islington North, Labour)I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave to the hon. Member for North Ayrshire and Arran (Katy Clark) on 10 October 2014, UIN 207373.

No licences have been granted for unmanned aerial vehicle engines for use by the Israeli Defence Force or other elements of Israel’s security forces since 2010.
Matthew Hancock (Minister of State for Portsmouth, The Minister of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change, Minister of State (Department for Business, Innovation and Skills); West Suffolk, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-29/222681International Co-OperationIsrael
9 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what proportion of the Armed Forces' annual personnel training requirements will be provided at the Air Battlespace Training Centre at RAF Waddington.Kevan Jones (Shadow Minister (Defence); North Durham, Labour)The information requested could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-03/223058MilitaryUK
5 February 2015To ask the Prime Minister, what discussions have taken place in the National Security Council of measures to protect (a) nuclear facilities and (b) other strategic national infrastructure from unmanned aerial vehicle attacks in (i) 2014 and (ii) 2015.Paul Flynn (Newport West, Labour)Information relating to the proceedings of Cabinet Committees is generally not disclosed as to do so could harm the frankness and candour of internal discussion.
David Cameron (The Prime Minister; Witney, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-02-03/223039StrategyUK
4 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 12 January 2015 to Question 220012, how many RAF personnel are deployed in Afghanistan; and what the (a) rank, (b) squadron and (c) function is of each RAF officer stationed in that country.Tom Watson, LabourAs at 2 February 2015 there were 19 RAF personnel in Afghanistan. The rank and function of each are shown below. Only those supporting the Op TORAL Aviation Detachment are deployed as part of a formed unit, which in this case is 27 Squadron from RAF Odiham.

Number and Rank Function
Five x Flight Lieutenant Pilots Op TORAL Aviation Detachment
Two x Flight Lieutenant
Engineer Officers Op TORAL Aviation Detachment

Three x Flight Lieutenant/Squadron Leader Command Elements of Op TORAL Aviation Detachment
One x Flight Lieutenant Aeromedical Evacuation Liaison Officer
Two x Squadron Leader Staff Appointments Headquarters Resolute Support
One x Wing Commander Staff Appointment Headquarters Resolute Support
Three x Squadron Leader Staff Appointments Headquarters Commander British Forces Afghanistan
One x Wing Commander Advisor Afghan Ministry of Defence
One x Air Commodore Staff Appointment Headquarters Resolute Support
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222429MilitaryAfghanistan
4 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions he has had with his French counterpart concerning the deployment of UK Reapers in support of Operation Barkhane.Tom Watson, LabourAs a close ally, discussions regularly take place with France, both bilaterally and through NATO, on Defence matters, these can include capability issues such as Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems. However, to date there have been no specific discussions regarding the deployment of UK Reapers in support of Operation Barkhane.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222428MilitarySahel
4 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what recent discussions she has had with her EU counterparts on sharing intelligence information to counter terrorism in Europe.Jeffrey M Donaldson (Shadow DUP Spokesperson (Equality), Shadow DUP Spokesperson (Energy and Climate Change); Lagan Valley, DUP)Holding answer received on 29 January 2015
We do not comment on intelligence matters.
Michael Penning (The Minister of State, Home Department, The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice; Hemel Hempstead, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-26/222021International Co-OperationGlobal
4 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the US sought permission from his Department for consolidation at RAF Croughton following that country's European Infrastructure Consolidated Review.Tom Watson, LabourThe European Infrastructure Consolidation review recommendations were subject to a period of consultation with the Host Nations. Anna Soubry (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Broxtowe, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222466International Co-OperationUS
4 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 9 December 2013, Official Report, column 70W, and with reference to Regulatory Article 1600, published by the Military Aviation Authority on 19 January 2015, whether his Department will fly remotely piloted aircraft systems in the UK outside danger areas or segregated airspace.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence is working with other Government Departments and authorities, including the Civil Aviation Authority, as part of a wider cross-Government initiative to determine the feasibility of operating both civilian and military remotely piloted aircraft systems beyond line-of-sight and in un-segregated airspace.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222430PolicyUK
4 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if his Department will introduce a compensation scheme for civilian casualties in Iraq.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence has indicated that it will not be possible to answer this question within the usual time period. An answer is being prepared and will be provided as soon as it is available.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222465PolicyIraq
3 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 16 July 2015, Official Report, column 687W, whether his Department is carrying out a strategic review of the use and effects of remotely piloted air systems in Afghanistan following the end of combat operations in that country.Tom Watson, LabourHolding answer received on 02 February 2015


We have learnt a variety of lessons on the operation of the UK's Air assets (including Unmanned Aircraft Systems and Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems) through their use in Afghanistan. We will want to look at lessons that can be learned from the campaign more broadly, but our recent focus has been on a successful drawdown from the ISAF Combat mission and transition to the NATO Resolute Support Mission. No decision has yet been taken on a wider review of combat operations in Afghanistan.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222432StrategyAfghanistan
2 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 19 January 2015 to Question 220792, whether any personnel from Squadron 39 are currently embedded with US forces.Tom Watson, LabourThere are currently five personnel from the UK Reaper Force on loan service to US Forces in an instructional and test and evaluation role. They are based in the US but are still under UK administration.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222435MilitaryUS
2 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 19 January 2015 to Question 220793, for how long his Department intends to store Reapers in the UK.Tom Watson, LabourNo decision has been taken on how long the Reapers will be stored in the UK. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222434PolicyUK
2 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 12 January 2015, to Question 220027, if he will place in the Library a copy of the terms of reference agreed at the meeting of the NATO Reaper MQ-9 Users Group.Tom Watson, LabourOnce all four MQ-9 Users Group participant nations have formally signed off the group's Terms of Reference and agreed to their public release, a copy will be placed in the Library of the House.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222431MilitaryGlobal
2 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Written Statement of 21 October 2014, Official Report, column 63WS, on the Middle East, how many UK Reaper aircraft are conducting missions in Syria; and whether authorisations have been sought for any missions by those aircraft other than for surveillance.Tom Watson, LabourNo UK Reaper missions have been conducted in Syria other than for surveillance purposes. No authority has been granted for the discharge of weapons from UK Reaper aircraft operating in Syrian airspace. I am withholding information on the number of UK Reaper aircraft conducting missions in Syria as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222433StrategySyria
2 February 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 19 January 2015 to Question 220792, whether his Department has identified any defect in the Reapers returned to the UK.Tom Watson, LabourNo. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-28/222427MilitaryUK
29 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what recent discussions she has had with her EU counterparts on sharing intelligence information to counter terrorism in Europe. Jeffrey M Donaldson (Shadow DUP Spokesperson (Equality), Shadow DUP Spokesperson (Energy and Climate Change); Lagan Valley, DUP)The Home Office has indicated that it will not be possible to answer this question within the usual time period. An answer is being prepared and will be provided as soon as it is available. James Brokenshire (Minister of State (Home Office) (Security and Immigration); Old Bexley and Sidcup, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-26/222021/PolicyEurope
28 January 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government what progress has been made on efforts to degrade and defeat ISIL, in the light of recent reports that one third of Syrian territory is now under ISIL's control.The Marquess of Lothian, ConservativeIn the last six months, the global coalition has conducted over two thousand air strikes against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in Iraq, with Royal Air Force pilots flying over 6700 hours of surveillance, reconnaissance, refueling and strike missions. Our efforts, and those of the coalition as a whole, have helped check ISIL’s advance and assisted the Iraqis in liberating a number of important towns. Coalition airstrikes are also having an effect in Syria, including at Kobane. The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, my right hon. Friend the Member for Runnymede and Weybridge (Mr Hammond), co-hosted, with US Secretary of State John Kerry, a conference on 22 January to push forward other streams of work including disrupting ISIL’s funding streams, tackling foreign fighters, and countering ISIL’s twisted ideology. In Syria, Assad must continue to bear responsibility for the savage civil war and the harrowing impact it is having on his own people. He is a catalyst of terrorism, not its cure. So it is vital that we keep supporting moderate voices and keep pushing for a political settlement that ends the civil war. We have been clear that defeating ISIL will take considerable time, but we have a comprehensive, long-term and well-coordinated strategy in place. Baroness Anelay of St Johns (Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2015-01-21/HL4337/StrategyIraq
26 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the Joint Prioritised Effects List includes targets in Pakistan.Tom Watson, LabourHolding answer received on 15 January 2015


The UK's Armed Forces do not conduct combat operations in Pakistan.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-07/220013/MilitaryPakistan
21 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Written Answer of 12 January 2015 to Question 219725, which UK officials will attend the MQ-9 Users Group meeting.Tom Watson, LabourFive members of the Royal Air Force (RAF) will attend the MQ-9 Users Group meeting in Paris in January 2015. The party will be made up of representatives from the RAF's ISTAR HQ, which is located at RAF Waddington, HQ Air Command and the Air Staff. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-14/220764/PolicyUK
21 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 7 November 2014 to Question 213733, if he will seek the agreement of the US administration to release a copy of the current revised Reaper Agreement.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 17 November 2014 to Question 213733. We will discuss possible release with the US once the Memorandum Of Understanding has been agreed and finalised. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-14/220761/StrategyUK
19 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 12 January 2015 to Question 219724, whether those Reapers have been relocated to the UK for maintenance, strategic or other reasons.Tom Watson, LabourReaper relocated to the UK have been placed in storage for routine fleet management purposes. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-14/220793/MilitaryUK
19 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department plans to offer or provide personnel from Reaper Squadron 39 to the US Air Force as a gift of services in response to current operational requirements.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK Reaper force has no current plans to offer or provide personnel to the US Air Force as a gift of services. (Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-14/220792/International CooperationUS
15 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if he will place in the Library a copy of his Department's policy on the disclosure of information concerning lethal strikes in Iraq.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence has indicated that it will not be possible to answer this question within the usual time period. An answer is being prepared and will be provided as soon as it is available. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservativehttp://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-05/219723/MilitaryIraq
15 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether the Joint Prioritised Effects List includes targets in Pakistan.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence has indicated that it will not be possible to answer this question within the usual time period. An answer is being prepared and will be provided as soon as it is available. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-07/220013/MilitaryPakistan
12 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many UK Reapers have been relocated to the UK to date.Tom Watson, LabourI am withholding the exact number of UK Reapers that have relocated to the UK for reasons of safeguarding operational security. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-05/219724/MilitaryUK
12 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any personnel from the UK Reaper Squadron 39 will be deployed in Afghanistan in 2015.Tom Watson, LabourThere are currently no plans to deploy any 39 Squadron personnel to Afghanistan in 2015. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-07/220012/MilitaryAfghanistan
12 January 2015To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 5 December 2014 to Question 216827, whether it is planned that options for asset-sharing between members of the NATO MQ-9 Users Group will be discussed at the Paris meeting scheduled to take place in January 2015.Tom Watson, LabourThis first formal meeting of the MQ-9 Users Group will focus on setting the Terms of Reference of the group and scoping potential areas of collaborative working. It is not expected to discuss in any detail, asset-sharing between its members. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2015-01-07/220027/StrategyGlobal
6 January 2015To ask Her Majesty’s Government how long it will take to procure an armed long-range anti-submarine warfare system and maritime surveillance capability, based on an unmanned aircraft, following the completion of the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review.Lord Chidgey (Liberal Democrat)Analysis conducted to date suggests that unmanned systems will not be able to provide an armed, long-range, anti-submarine warfare capability in the near to medium term. Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/150106w0004.htm#wa_st_509MilitaryUK
18 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 June 2013, Official Report, column 327W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what recent discussions he has had with his international counterparts on the legality of the armed drones programme.Annette Brooke, Liberal Democrat, Mid Dorset and North PooleThere have been no discussions with international counterparts on the legality of the armed remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) programme as the framework for their use is clear.
Philip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State and Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology (including Defence Exports)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131218/text/131218w0001.htm#131218w0001.htm_wqn38MilitaryUK
17 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many attacks by unmanned aerial vehicles were carried out by British armed forces in (a) Afghanistan and (b) Pakistan in the last three years.Lindsay Roy, LabourReaper is the UK's only armed remotely piloted aircraft system and is operated under the legal authority of a UN Security Council Resolution and in accordance with International Humanitarian Law. A total of 332 weapons were released by UK Reaper between 1 December 2010 and 30 November 2013 (inclusive) in Afghanistan. The UK Rules of Engagement (RoE) and policy governing the use of Reaper is the same as that which is used for conventionally piloted combat aircraft.

UK Reapers only operate in support of coalition ground forces in Afghanistan.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131217/text/131217w0001.htm#131217w0001.htm_wqn46Research & DevelopmentUK
15 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what plans he has to bring forward proposals to amend the law relating to the unauthorised use of unmanned drones in the airspace over the UK; and if he will make a statement.Lady Hermon (North Down, Independent)There are no current plans to amend the law relating to the use of small unmanned aircraft in the airspace over the UK. The Air Navigation Order 2009 prevents a person causing or permitting an aircraft to endanger the safety of a person or property, and prohibits the flying of these small unmanned aircraft over or within 150 meters of built up areas – including airports – unless approved by the Civil Aviation Authority. The Civil Aviation Authority is launching an awareness campaign “You have control. Be Safe! Be Legal!” Robert Goodwill (Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport); Scarborough and Whitby, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-12-08/217764/Civil UseUK
9 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, on how many occasions the United States Air Force has used a Royal Air Force Reaper Remotely Piloted Air System in Afghanistan in each year; how many times it released weapons; and what weapons were released.Angus Robertson, SNP Westminster LeaderOutside of the Launch and Recovery phase only UK personnel operated UK Reaper aircraft in Afghanistan.

UK and US personnel operated both nation's Reaper aircraft as part of the Launch and Recovery phase. Information on the number of occasions that USAF personnel did so is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-12-02/216916/International Co-OperationAfghanistan
8 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 15 October 2014 to Question 209575, whether the Government has had any discussions with the administration of the US on future basing of UK Reapers in Afghanistan in connection with Operation Resolute Support 2015.Tom Watson, LabourHolding answer received on 05 December 2014

Further to my answer of 15 October 2014 to Question 209575, the UK has withdrawn all of its remotely piloted air systems from Afghanistan and has no plans to return them.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-12-02/216885International Co-OperationUS
8 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many sorties were flown by RAF Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems, in Afghanistan in each year since 2008.Angus Robertson, SNP Westminster LeaderHolding answer received on 03 December 2014


The number of sorties flown by RAF Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems in Afghanistan each year since 2008 can be found in the following table:


Year

Total Reaper Sorties[1]


2008

296


2009

434


2010

759


2011

916


2012

904


2013

907


2014 up to 15 November 2014

1046


Total

5262


The figures for 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 show marginal differences from those reported by my hon. Friend the former Minister for the Armed Forces (Mr Robathan) on 5 September 2013 (Official Report, columns 480-481W) following a routine revision to the Air Warfare Centre's operational activity database.

[1] A sortie is defined as a single flight by a single aircraft irrespective of flight duration.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-26/216079/MilitaryAfghanistan
5 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the written Answer of 17 November 2014 to Question 213740, whether the NATO MQ9 Users Group will be available for use as part of the NATO rapid reaction force.Tom Watson, LabourThe NATO MQ-9 Users Group will promote cooperation, commonality, cost efficiency, and interoperability between members but will not generate operational capability. The first meetings are due to be held in Paris during January 2015.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-12-02/216827MilitaryMiddle East
5 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Written Statement of 21 October 2014, Official Report, column 63WS, whether laser designators on UK Reapers carrying out surveillance missions in Syria are marking targets.Tom Watson, LabourLaser designators on UK Reapers have not been used to mark targets in Syria.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-12-02/216785StrategySyria
5 December 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any personnel from Reaper Squadron 39 have been deployed to (a) Al Udeid air base, Qatar, (b) Al Minhad airbase, United Arab Emirates and (c) Al Musannah airbase, Oman.Tom Watson, LabourI am withholding this information as its disclosure would or would be likely to prejudice operational capability, effectiveness or security; also relations between the United Kingdom and other states.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-12-02/216796MilitaryMiddle East
3 December 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government what is their assessment of the Birmingham Policy Commission’s reportThe Security Impact of Drones; and whether they will make a statement on a national policy on the use of lethal drones.Lord West of Spithead (Labour)We have studied the Report, which is a useful contribution to discussion of issues around the use of armed drones.
The UK has repeatedly set out its policy position on the use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), including at the UN General Assembly and the UN Human Rights Council. The UK’s fleet of armed RPAS are operated by highly trained Royal Air Force personnel in accordance with International Humanitarian Law and UK Rules of Engagement. The same strict Rules of Engagement that govern the use of conventional manned military aircraft also apply to RPAS, this includes robust criteria on establishing positive identification and requires commanders to do everything feasible to verify that the target is a military objective. The UK believes that existing international law sufficiently covers the use of RPAS, which are subject to the same legal considerations as other weapons systems.
Baroness Anelay of St Johns (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141203w0001.htm#wa_st_100a>PolicyUK
2 December 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they have incorporated a policy regarding use of lethal drones in British Defence Doctrine.Lord West of Spithead (Labour)Armed Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) are operated by the UK's Armed Forces in accordance with the same domestic and international legal framework and Departmental policy that regulates conventional manned aircraft. The Doctrine and Rules of Engagement that govern and underpin the use of armed RPAS are aligned to both current UK policy and International Humanitarian Law (IHL).
The UK constantly reviews and updates both its policy and doctrine to ensure it remains both operationally effective and fully compliant with IHL.
Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141202w0001.htm#wa_st_68a>StrategyGlobal
1 December 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government when they expect to give a response to the questions asked of them in the United Nations Special Rapporteur’s Report on Human Rights and Terrorism, published and received by them in March.Baroness Tonge (Liberal Democrat)The UK has set out its position on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) on multiple occasions, including at the UN General Assembly and the UN Human Rights Council, in response to the report by the UN Special Rapporteur. The UK uses RPAS legally and expects others to do so too.

The UK believes that existing international law sufficiently covers the use of RPAS, which are subject to the same legal considerations as other weapons systems such as manned combat aircraft. In an armed conflict, international humanitarian law governs military activity. Outside armed conflict, any action must be in accordance with applicable international human rights law.
Baroness Anelay of St Johns (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141201w0001.htm#wa_st_34PolicyUK
25 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, on how many occasions UK forces have used a US Air Force Reaper Remotely Piloted Air System in Afghanistan in each year; and whether each such use was due to serviceability issues with RAF Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems.Angus Robertson, SNP Westminster LeaderThe number of sorties in which RAF crews have utilised a USAF Reaper to undertake a UK Sortie in Afghanistan for each year between 2008 and 2014 is given in the following table.




Year

Number of United Kingdom Sorties utilising a USAF Air Vehicle


2008

2


2009

21


2010

4


2011

64


2012

180


2013

56


2014-January to August Inclusive

192






For the majority of occasions this was due to short term unserviceability or routine scheduled servicing of a UK Reaper. The increased usage in 2012 was due to an increase in ISAF tasking, coinciding with a period of reduced UK airframe availability. This resulted in reduced resilience to cover short-term unserviceabilities from within the UK Reaper force. The increased usage in 2014 was due to further increased ISAF tasking utilising the crews from the UK Additional Reaper Capability. The additional UK aircrews and ISAF requirement to start the new task lines were in place prior to the additional UK airframes being prepared for operations in theatre. Consequently, while the new UK airframes were temporarily unavailable for tasking, the additional ISAF task lines with UK crews were flown utilising USAF aircraft.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-01/207734/MilitaryAfghanistan
24 November 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government what measures presently exist to control unmanned aerial vehicles.Lord Fearn (Liberal Democrat)Civilian Remotely Piloted Aircraft operations are closely regulated by the Civil Aviation Authority and are treated in the same manner as that of equivalent manned aircraft. However, until such time that remotely piloted aircraft systems can demonstrate that they are both airworthy and capable of avoiding other airspace users, all operations must be contained within segregated airspace, to which access for manned aircraft is prevented or closely controlled.

The use of unmanned aircraft is specifically covered by the Air Navigation Order, which legislates for the ‘general’ flying aspects and the flight of those equipped for surveillance. As well as these specific articles, a more general article which prevents a person ‘causing or permitting an aircraft to endanger the safety of any person or property’ also remains applicable.
Baroness Kramer (Liberal Democrat)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141124w0001.htm#wa_st_54Civil UseUK
24 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many targets the Royal Air Force has hit in Iraq since 26 September 2014; how many casualties have occurred as a result; and if he will make a statement. Paul Flynn (Newport West, Labour)Holding answer received on 22 October 2014


As of 12 November, the UK has conducted 16 strikes in Iraq from Tornado and Reaper aircraft using Paveway IV bombs and Hellfire and Brimstone missiles against a range of targets including vehicles, troop positions, heavy weapons and facilities. Assessments of these strikes have shown that they hit and destroyed their targets successfully. An accurate count of ISIL casualties cannot always be made in this type of environment. All air strikes are conducted in accordance with the Rules of Engagement and international humanitarian law. Careful selection, approval and close observation of targets prior to a strike and the use of precision guided munitions minimises collateral damage and the potential for civilian casualties. To date we have not received any reports of civilian casualties, which is supported by our own analysis of each attack.
Holding answer received on 22 October 2014


As of 12 November, the UK has conducted 16 strikes in Iraq from Tornado and Reaper aircraft using Paveway IV bombs and Hellfire and Brimstone missiles against a range of targets including vehicles, troop positions, heavy weapons and facilities. Assessments of these strikes have shown that they hit and destroyed their targets successfully. An accurate count of ISIL casualties cannot always be made in this type of environment. All air strikes are conducted in accordance with the Rules of Engagement and international humanitarian law. Careful selection, approval and close observation of targets prior to a strike and the use of precision guided munitions minimises collateral damage and the potential for civilian casualties. To date we have not received any reports of civilian casualties, which is supported by our own analysis of each attack.
Holding answer received on 22 October 2014


As of 12 November, the UK has conducted 16 strikes in Iraq from Tornado and Reaper aircraft using Paveway IV bombs and Hellfire and Brimstone missiles against a range of targets including vehicles, troop positions, heavy weapons and facilities. Assessments of these strikes have shown that they hit and destroyed their targets successfully. An accurate count of ISIL casualties cannot always be made in this type of environment. All air strikes are conducted in accordance with the Rules of Engagement and international humanitarian law. Careful selection, approval and close observation of targets prior to a strike and the use of precision guided munitions minimises collateral damage and the potential for civilian casualties. To date we have not received any reports of civilian casualties, which is supported by our own analysis of each attack.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-10-15/210712/MilitaryIraq
20 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if his Department will undertake reviews under Article 36 of Additional Protocol 1 to the 1949 Geneva Conventions before developing weapons systems capable of generating attack profiles.Tom Watson, LabourYes, the Ministry of Defence does undertake reviews under Article 36 of Additional Protocol 1 to the 1949 Geneva Conventions. All new weapon systems, and any significant upgrades to existing system, are subject to a robust legal review. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-10/214078LegalityGlobal
19 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, for which periods officers in the armed forces have been trained on the operation and use of drone technology in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories in the last two years.Tom Watson, LabourIn the last two years training on the unarmed HERMES 450 Unmanned Aircraft System has been conducted by Army personnel in Israel on a regular basis. The last training took place in July 2014. This training was a mixture of individual and pre-deployment training for HERMES operators, and technical training for support personnel. Over this period, more than 270 personnel received training by the civilian contractor in Israel. No training has been conducted within the Occupied Palestinian territories.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2014-11-07.213867.h&s=%28tom+watson%29+2014-10-15..2014-12-09+speaker%3A11309#g213867.q0a>International Co-OperationIsrael
19 November 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether there is any United Kingdom legislation that applies to the use of drones of less than 20 kilograms.Lord West of Spithead (Labour)Yes. The use of small unmanned aircraft of less than 20 kilograms is specifically covered by two articles within the Air Navigation Order, which legislate for the ‘general’ flying aspects and the flight of those equipped for surveillance. As well as these specific articles, a more general article which prevents a person ‘causing or permitting an aircraft to endanger the safety of any person or property’ also remains applicable. Baroness Kramer (Liberal Democrat)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141119w0001.htm#wa_st_35Civil UseUK
18 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department is continuing to implement a zero casualty policy in support of the airstrikes against the Islamic State of Iraq and ISIL.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK seeks to avoid civilian casualties while undertaking airstrikes against ISIL targets. All airstrikes are conducted in accordance with International Humanitarian Law, following the principles of distinction, humanity, proportionality and military necessity. The UK's clearly defined Rules of Engagement are formulated on this basis. The same strict Rules of Engagement that govern the use of manned military aircraft also apply to remotely piloted aircraft systems. Careful selection and approval of targets before a strike, together with the use of precision guided weapons, minimises collateral damage and the potential for civilian casualties. This contrasts sharply with ISIL's brutal disregard for human life.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-06/213743/StrategyMiddle East
18 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his Department's policy is on basing (a) UK Reapers and (b) other remotely piloted aircraft on the Queen Elizabeth-class carriers.Tom Watson, LabourThe Royal Navy has made no decision regarding the future deployment of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) from the Queen Elizabeth Class carriers at this stage. The Royal Navy is, however, developing a Maritime UAS Strategy paper describing the requirement to 2050, and is working with industry on this issue.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-10/214079PolicyGlobal
18 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many of the remaining UK Reapers in Afghanistan will be redeployed to support the coalition mission against the Islamic State of Iraq and ISIL.Tom Watson, LabourFor reasons of safeguarding operational security, the Ministry of Defence will not be providing details on the final number of RAF Reaper aircraft deployed to the Middle East from Afghanistan. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative) http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-06/213744/MilitaryIraq
17 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many sorties of armed UK Reapers have been operated over Iraq to date; and how many weapons have been released in such sorties.Tom Watson, LabourFrom 22 October up to and including 9 November 2014 there had been 22 RAF Reaper remotely piloted air system missions over Iraq in support of coalition operations against ISIL. In two cases the aircraft was armed and there has been one weapon release.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-06/213741MilitaryIraq
17 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 12 June 2014 to Question 199415, whether the (a) Joint User Group for Reaper and (b) NATO User Group for Reaper is functional; and if he will make a statement.Tom Watson, LabourThe Joint Reaper Group has been subsumed by the NATO User Group, in which the UK will be a participant. The working title for this group is the 'MQ9 Users Group'. On current plans the MQ9 Users Group is expected to start formally functioning in early 2015.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-06/213740StrategyGlobal
17 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 20 March 2014 to Question 191671, and the recommendations of the Birmingham Policy Commission entitled The Security Impact of Drones, published on 22 October 2014, if his Department will request that ISAF publish, with any necessary redactions, the investigations report into the incident on 25 March 2011 in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourThe Department has no plans to make a request to ISAF to publish, redacted or otherwise, the report of the investigation into the incident of 25 March 2011. As we have previously stated, an ISAF investigation was conducted and concluded that the actions of the Reaper crew had been in accordance with extant procedures and Rules of Engagement. Any request to seek the publication of this document should be made directly to the NATO Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-10/214077/>Link<PolicyAfghanistan
17 November 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they have a policy on the use of lethal autonomous weapons systems and a definition of meaningful human involvement in drone operations.Lord West of Spithead (Labour)Yes, the Government does have a clear policy on this and I refer the noble Lord to the statement made in the House of Commons by my hon. Friend the then Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Alistair Burt) on 17 June 2013 (Official Report, column 734) on the subject of autonomous weapons.

The phrase meaningful human control is an emergent concept which the UK is mindful of and working to define with interested parties in step with technological and doctrinal developments. However, in practical terms, in UK operations every target is assessed by a human, and every release of weapons is authorised by a human; other than in a very small number of instances, all targets are also acquired by a human. The exception is in a small number of defensive anti-materiel systems e.g. Phalanx. However, in those instances a human is required to authorise weapons release.
Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141117w0002.htm#wa_st_225PolicyGlobal
17 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 23 June 2014 to Question 200600, if he will place in the Library a copy of the current revised Reaper Agreement.Tom Watson, LabourThe Memorandum of Understanding between the UK and US remains under review. Any release to the Library will require the agreement of both signatory nations.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-11-06/213733PolicyUK
10 November 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government how they are monitoring the growth in use of unmanned aerial vehicles ("drones"); and whether they consider the current legal framework is adequate for the purpose of regulating the use of drones.Lord Condon (Crossbench)Operators undertaking commercial aerial work using Remotely Piloted Aircraft need the permission of the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). The CAA keeps a record of permissions given to those operators.

The regulation of small unmanned aircraft is specifically covered by two articles within the Air Navigation Order, which legislate for the ‘general’ flying aspects and the flight of those equipped for surveillance. However, as well as these specific articles, a more general article, which prevents a person ‘causing or permitting an aircraft to endanger the safety of any person or property’, also remains applicable.

We do not believe that any additional regulatory changes are needed to ensure adequate privacy and data protection.
Baroness Kramer (Liberal Democrat)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141110w0001.htm#wa_st_62LegalityUK
5 November 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Transport, what steps he has taken to tackle wrongful use of unmanned aircraft operating within the airspace over Northern Ireland; and if he will make a statement.Lady Hermon (North Down, Independent)The operation of unmanned aircraft within the United Kingdom is governed by the Air Navigation Order 2009. Additional guidance on operating unmanned aircraft legally is provided in Civil Aviation Publication 722 published by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). The CAA will investigate any breaches of the Air Navigation Order and will prosecute offenders where appropriate. Robert Goodwill (Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport); Scarborough and Whitby, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-10-29/212517/Civil UseUK
4 November 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government what strategic policy on the use of armed drones was put in place before withdrawing troops from Afghanistan.Lord Judd (Labour)Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) have played a vital role in supporting UK and coalition forces in Afghanistan. On current plans, in line with the withdrawal of UK combat troops, all of the UK Reaper RPAS will be withdrawn from Afghanistan by the end of the year. Her Majesty's Government has been clear it plans to retain the Reaper RPAS, principally for its intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities. Reaper can be utilised in a variety of environments and roles and has recently been deployed to support operations the Middle East.
Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141104w0001.htm#wa_st_0a>StrategyAfghanistan
3 November 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government, in the light of the growth of the use of military, commercial, and privatedrones, what plans, if any, they have to license or control their use, especially in relation to the potential aural and visual impact of non-military drones on urban, rural and coastal airspaces.Lord Stone of Blackheath (Labour)Civilian Remotely Piloted Aircraft operations are closely regulated by the Civil Aviation Authority and are treated in the same manner as that of an equivalent manned aircraft. However, until such time that remotely piloted aircraft systems can demonstrate that they are both airworthy and capable of avoiding other airspace users, all operations must be contained within segregated airspace, to which access for manned aircraft is prevented or closely controlled.
The Department for Transport is currently developing its policy in respect of civil Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems, and in 2015 intends to engage in a public dialogue on issues such as environmental impact, safety and privacy.
Baroness Kramer (Liberal Democrat)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141103w0001.htm#wa_st_94a>Civil UseUK
28 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the unit cost is of the (a) Hermes 450 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and (b) Watchkeeper Unmanned Aerial Vehicle.Angus Robertson, SNP Westminster LeaderThe Hermes 450 Unmanned Air System was procured by the Ministry of Defence from Thales UK as a service provision in response to an Urgent Operational Requirement. The Department has therefore never owned the equipment and does not have access to the unit cost.


Watchkeeper is a system delivering an Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance capability and comprising a number of elements including air vehicles, ground control stations, data terminals, ground equipment and sensors, as well as infrastructure and training facilities. Delivery of the complete Watchkeeper system is enabled by the Demonstration, Manufacture and In-Service Support contract with the prime contractor, Thales UK. As a contract for delivering the entire system, it does not lend itself to the individual identification of the unit cost of a Watchkeeper aircraft.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-10-21/211342/MilitaryUK
28 October 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government what steps they are taking to support the formulation of United Nations guidance on the application of human rights law to drone use.Lord Judd (Labour)The Government believes that international law on the use of military force is absolutely clear. There must be a lawful basis for such force to be used and activities must be conducted in accordance with the law of war or international humanitarian law. This is as true when considering the possible use of remotely piloted aircraft systems as it is with any other military asset or weapon. Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems are a relatively new military asset, and their use, whether armed or unarmed, will continue to evolve. However, the existing international legal framework is clear and robust; and, as with any other weapons system, it is fully capable of governing their use. We do not need to rewrite the laws of war in order to be confident that, when used in such lawful circumstances, remotely piloted aircraft systems operate in the same legal environment as other military means. We have set this position out previously including at the UN Human Rights Council in response to the report of the Special Rapporteur.
Baroness Anelay of St Johns (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141028w0001.htm#wa_st_70a>LegalityGlobal
27 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the rules of engagement are in the current Iraq conflict for (a) unmanned aerial vehicles and (b) manned aircraft involved in air strikes which include British nationals as targets.Angus Robertson, SNP Westminster LeaderRemotely Piloted Air Systems operate under the same rules of engagement as manned aircraft. However, I am withholding specific information on the Rules of Engagement which UK Armed Forces are applying in current operations against ISIL forces in Iraq as their disclosure would or would be likely to prejudice operational capability and the effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-10-20/211182/MilitaryIraq
27 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether any UK Reapers or personnel from the UK Reaper Force Squadron have moved from Afghanistan to Qatar or another location in the Gulf in the last year.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the written statement made in the House on 16 October 2014 (Official Report, column 35WS) by my right hon. Friend the Secretary of State for Defence (Michael Fallon).
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209545StrategyMiddle East
23 October 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they will help to set up systems, for example using satellites or drones, in order to prevent migrants attempting to cross the Sahara from dying from heat and thirst.Lord Hylton (Crossbench)
DFID is working in Africa to improve the conditions for the poorest people and to address overall stability and security. DFID monitors the numbers of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Sahel region as part of routine humanitarian surveillance but does not specifically monitor routes followed by irregular migrants. There are no plans to set up such monitoring systems. Similarly DFID provides humanitarian support across the Sahel region to refugees and IDPs, with £12m to UNHCR for refugee support and £17.5m through ICRC in support of conflict affected people provided across the region since January 2013. DFID Ethiopia also is providing £0.5m support to Eritrean refugees. This includes sensitisation messages on the difficulties of legal and illegal migration, and support for unaccompanied children who need special protection.
Baroness Northover (Liberal Democrat)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141023w0001.htm#wa_st_32a>PolicyNorth Africa
17 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 8 July 2014, Official Report, column 245W, on Afghanistan, whether UK personnel embedded at Creech airbase have flown US aircraft outside Afghan airspace in support of NATO International Security Assistance Force missions in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my predecessor (Andrew Robathan) on 24 April 2013 (Official Report, columns 905W-906W) to the hon. Member for Rainham and Gillingham (Rehman Chishti).
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209504MilitaryAfghanistan
16 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, whether the principles published in the Consolidated Guidance to Intelligence Officers and Service Personnel 2011 are applied to assessment of the risk that shared data may be used for targeted killing by foreign states.Tom Watson, LabourIt is a long standing policy not to comment on intelligence matters. I would reiterate to the Hon. Member that all of the UK's intelligence sharing with Foreign States is undertaken within a robust legal framework, and is subject to rigorous ministerial, parliamentary and judicial oversight, including through the Consolidated Guidance.
Tobias Ellwood (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs; Bournemouth East, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209539International Co-OperationGlobal
16 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 14 July 2014, Official Report, column 525W, on intelligence services, whether the principles published in the Consolidated Guidance to Intelligence Officers and Service Personnel 2011 are applied to assessment of the risk that shared data may be used for targeted killing by foreign states.Tom Watson, LabourI reiterate to the hon. Member that intelligence shared with foreign partners by the Ministry of Defence is undertaken within clear policy and legal frameworks, with Parliamentary and, where applicable, judicial oversight. This includes the application of the principles of the Consolidated Guidance.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209540International Co-OperationGlobal
16 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 16 July 2014, Official Report, column 687W, on Afghanistan, whether his Department has undertaken any comparative research on the civilian casualty rates of remotely piloted air systems, fast jet and rotary wing platforms.Tom Watson, LabourNo. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209531MilitaryAfghanistan
15 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 16 July 2014, Official Report, column 687W, on Afghanistan, what proportion of battle damage assessments are carried out from the air.Tom Watson, LabourI am withholding the requested information as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209532MilitaryAfghanistan
15 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 9 April 2014 to Question 194985, whether the Government has had any discussions with the government of Afghanistan about future basing of UK unmanned aircraft systems in that country since April 2014.Tom Watson, LabourNo. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209575MilitaryAfghanistan
14 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, with reference to the Answer of 17 March 2014 to Question 191665, if his Department will respond in writing to the final report of the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism dated 28 February 2014 by the Human Rights Council expert meeting on 22 September 2014 concerning the use of armed drones.John Hemming (Birmingham, Yardley, Liberal Democrat)We have no plans to respond in writing to the report by the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorismdated 28 February 2014. However, the United Kingdom was represented at the UN Human Rights Councilexpert meeting on 22 September, where we once again set out our position on the legality of Remotely Piloted Air Systems. Tobias Ellwood (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs; Bournemouth East, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-12/209216LegalityGlobal
14 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 10 July 2014, Official Report, column 359W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether an endorsed Rules of Engagement profile has been applied to a designated area that includes any part of Pakistan.Tom Watson, LabourThere are no Rules of Engagement profiles for any part of Pakistan.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)

http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209503MilitaryPakistan
14 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 10 July 2014, Official Report, column 359W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether there is a designated UK officer at Creech airbase responsible for ensuring that embedded UK officers comply with Joint Services Publication 398.Tom Watson, LabourYes. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-09-26/209502MilitaryUS
13 October 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government what permissions and licences are required to operate drones for commercial or leisure use.Lord Berkley, Labour The safe operation of civil Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) in the UK is governed by the requirements of the Air Navigation Order 2009 (ANO). RPAS with an operating mass of more than 20 kg are subject to regulation as manned aircraft.
Those with an operating mass of 20kg or less (referred to as ‘small unmanned aircraft’) are exempt from the majorityof the regulations that normally apply to manned aircraft. However, their use is specifically covered by two articles within the ANO, which legislate for the ‘general’ flying aspects and the flight of those equipped for surveillance (articles 166 and 167). Article 138 concerning ‘endangering the safety of any person or property’ also remains applicable.
Baroness Kramer (Liberal Democrat)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141013w0001.htm#wa_st_118a>Civil UseUK
13 October 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what the value is of duplicate supplier payments identified by his Department since 2010; and what proportion of such payments have since been recovered in each of the last two financial years.Tom Watson, LabourIn the financial years 2011/12, 2012/13 and 2013/14 no duplicate supplier payments were made; all duplicate invoices were stopped before payment and therefore no recovery action was necessary. In 2010/11 duplicate payments totalling £8,964.35 were made. This represents a small proportion, 0.039%, of the total number of duplicate payments invoiced over the four year period. It is possible that this entire amount was recovered, however, disproportionate cost would be incurred in determining this.
Shailesh Vara (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice; North West Cambridgeshire, Conservative)
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2014-07-15/205976TechnicalUK
13 October 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many Watchkeeper drones they have ordered from Elbit Systems; and when they expect the order to be completed.Baroness Tonge, Liberal Democrat
None. The Ministry of Defence is procuring 54 Watchkeeper air vehicles from Thales UK. We expect deliveries to be complete by March 2016.
Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201415/ldhansrd/text/141013w0001.htm#wa_st_120">Link<a/&gt;MilitaryUK
10 September 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills whether the engines used in the Israeli Defence Forces unmanned aerial vehicles have been developed or enhanced with the assistance of UK technology or components.Katy Clark (North Ayrshire and Arran, Labour)We have identified one licence for components for unmanned air vehicles for the Israeli Defence Forces, dating back to 1999. Matthew Hancock (Minister of State for Portsmouth, The Minister of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change, Minister of State (Department for Business, Innovation and Skills); West Suffolk, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140910/text/140910w0002.htm#140910w0002.htm_wqn19StrategyIsrael
9 September 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many quadcopters or similar remote controlled devices her Department has purchased; for what purpose such quadcopters were so purchased; and at what cost to the public purse such quadcopters were so purchased.Greg Knight (East Yorkshire, Conservative)No quadcopters or other designs of unmanned air vehicles have been purchased by the Home Office. Karen Bradley (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department; Staffordshire Moorlands, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140909/text/140909w0002.htm#140909w0002.htm_wqn62MilitaryUK
5 September 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of Elbit's performance in the Watchkeeper programme.Katy Clark (North Ayrshire and Arran, Labour)None. UAV Tactical Systems Ltd, a joint venture company owned by Elbit and Thales, is a sub-contractor of Thales UK, the prime contractor for the Watchkeeper programme. It is the responsibility of prime contractors to select and manage the performance of their sub-contractors.http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140905/text/140905w0001.htm#140905w0001.htm_wqn43MilitaryUK
1 September 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the press release from the Prime Minister's Office of 14 July 2014, entitled PM announces £1.1 billion investment in capabilities for the armed forces, how much he plans to invest in unmanned future combat air systems.Kevan Jones (Shadow Minister (Defence); North Durham, Labour)The Ministry of Defence is investing over £100 million in future combat air systems as part of the £1.1 billion investment in capabilities for the armed forces.Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative) http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140901/text/140901w0004.htm#140901w0004.htm_wqn34MilitaryUK
16 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 30 June 2014, Official Report, column 354W, on Afghanistan, how many evidence-based assessments have been carried out by his Department on the effects of lethal targeting; and if his Department will carry out or commission further assessment on use of remotely piloted air systems in Afghanistan in carrying out a post-campaign strategic review. Tom Watson, LabourAll weapons released by UK Combat aircraft in Afghanistan, be that Fast Jet, Remotely Piloted Air System or Rotary Wing platforms, are done so under the command of a pilot bound by UK Rules of Engagement. Following each release of a weapon by a UK platform, post mission analysis and a battle damage assessment is completed in theatre. I am withholding further details as their disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces.

The Secretary of State for Defence has previously said that there will be a need to review the strategic lessons from the Afghanistan campaign, but that time will be when combat operations are complete and all relevant information is available.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140716/text/140716w0001.htm#140716w0001.htm_wqn32a&gt;MilitaryAfghanistan
14 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answers of 12 June 2014, Official Report, column 233W, on Africa, what the current (a) rank, (b) squadron and (c) function is of each member of UK personnel deployed in Nigeria and Ethiopia. Tom Watson, LabourThe disposition of UK service personnel in Nigeria and Ethiopia, as of 7 July 2014, is articulated in tabular form as follows.

Country (a) Ranks (b) Formations (c) Functions
Nigeria 5 x Officer 3 x NCO 1 x Other Rank British High Commission Abuja; British Military Advisory and Training Team (BMATT) Nigeria; Joint Force Headquarters (JFHQ) Defence Section; BMATT Nigeria;
Ethiopia 2 x Officer 1 x NCO British Embassy Addis Ababa; British Peace and Support Team (Eastern Africa) Defence Section; Advisor and liaison to the African Union and East African Standby Force
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140714/text/140714w0004.htm#140714w0004.htm_wqn43a&gt;International Co-OperationAfrica
14 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment his Department has made of the Stimson Task Force report on his drone policy; and if he will make a statement.Tom Watson, LabourThere has been no formal assessment of the Stimson Task Force report against the existing policy on the operation of the UK Armed Forces’ Unmanned or Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140714/text/140714w0004.htm#140714w0004.htm_wqn45a&gt;PolicyUK
14 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 23 June 2014, Official Report, column 95W, on the Intelligence Service, if he will take other steps to ensure that fused and shared data is not used for targeted killing by foreign states outside Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourIntelligence shared with foreign states by the Ministry of Defence is conducted under UK and international law. I am satisfied that the Department's controls on the sharing of intelligence are robust.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140714/text/140714w0004.htm#140714w0004.htm_wqn42a&gt;International Co-OperationGlobal
10 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs pursuant to the answer of 11 June 2014, Official Report, column 183W, on Yemen, if she will make an assessment of the effects on security in Yemen of remotely piloted air systems. Tom Watson, LabourDrone strikes against terrorist targets in Yemen are a matter for the Yemeni and US Governments. We expect all concerned to act in accordance with international law and take all feasible precautions to avoid civilian casualties when conducting operations. There is a need for effective action, and for Yemeni ownership of the fight against terrorism. It is important that Yemen and the international community continue to work together to combat this common threat of terrorism.http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140710/text/140710w0001.htm#140710w0001.htm_wqn5a&gt;MilitaryYemen
10 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 June 2014, Official Report, column 239, on unmanned air vehicles, whether the amendment of Joint Services Publication 398 on UK Rules of Engagement makes any reference to (a) operations conducted remotely or (b) cross-border targeted operations.Tom WatsonNo. Rules of Engagement (ROE) are selected from JSP 398 to produce an ROE Profile which governs how force, by whatever means, may be applied for a specific operation. The ROE in the JSP are written to be appropriate for the full array of weapons systems available to UK Forces. JSP 398 states only that an endorsed ROE Profile will always be applicable within a designated geographic area.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140710/text/140710w0001.htm#140710w0001.htm_wqn43a&gt;MilitaryUK
10 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 June 2014, Official Report, column 240W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, whether the US-UK Foreign Military Sales agreement will affect future basing for the Reaper fleet. Tom Watson, LabourNo. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140710/text/140710w0001.htm#140710w0001.htm_wqn42a&gt;International Co-OperationUS
10 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 23 June 2014, Official Report, column 99W, on unmanned air vehicles, what assessment he has made of the degree to which Reaper redeployment abroad is significant; and if he will make it his policy to receive parliamentary approval before active use of any Reapers based outside Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK intends to retain the Reaper capability primarily for its intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities after combat operations in Afghanistan have ceased.

As is the case for the routine deployment of other military assets, the Ministry of Defence may notify Parliament of the deployment of UK Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems but there is no intention for parliamentary approval to be sought prior to each deployment or redeployment.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140710/text/140710w0001.htm#140710w0001.htm_spnew40a&gt;MilitaryGlobal
9 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment his Department has made of the report of the Stimson Task Force on US drone policy, published on 28 June 2014; and if he will make a statement. Tom Watson, LabourWe have seen the report and are studying it. We expect all states to observe the requirements of international law in their use of remotely piloted air systems, as with other military platforms. Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140709/text/140709w0001.htm#140709w0001.htm_wqn68a&gt;International Co-OperationUS
8 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 19 June 2014, Official Report, column 598W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, whether any UK personnel other than RAF personnel embedded with the 432nd Wing will remain at Creech following cessation of the NATO ISAF missions in Afghanistan. [R]Tom Watson, LabourOn current planning, personnel from Number 39 Squadron will remain at Creech Air Force base following the cessation of NATO International Security Force missions in Afghanistan. One RAF pilot will remain embedded with the USAF 556th Test and Evaluation Squadron. There are no UK personnel embedded with 432nd Wing at Creech Air Force base. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140708/text/140708w0003.htm#140708w0003.htm_wqn49a&gt;International Co-OperationUS
8 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 June 2014, Official Report, column 240W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, whether his Department maintains identical munitions records for those sorties of US-owned systems operated by UK personnel. Tom Watson, LabourAll UK Reaper sorties produce identical style mission records, regardless of whether the aircraft flown was UK or US Air Force owned. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140708/text/140708w0003.htm#140708w0003.htm_wqn48MilitaryUS
8 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs pursuant to the answer of 18 June 2014, Official Report, column 641W, on the USA, if his Department will update the 1946 UK-USA agreement to take better account of developments in technology since 1946 and ensure that data shared under the agreement is not used for targeted killing by the US outside Afghanistan. Tom Watson, LabourIt is a long standing policy not to comment on intelligence matters. I would reiterate to the hon. Member that all of the UK’s intelligence sharing with the US is undertaken within a robust legal framework, and is subject to rigorous ministerial, parliamentary and judicial oversight. Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140708/text/140708w0001.htm#140708w0001.htm_wqn10International Co-OperationUS
8 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether UK aircraft have flown outside Afghan airspace in support of NATO International Security Assistance Force missions in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourTo support the UK's contribution to the NATO ISAF mission in Afghanistan UK military aircraft regularly transit to and from Afghanistan through non Afghan airspace There has not been any employment of armed UK aircraft outside of the borders of Afghanistan in support of ISAF. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140708/text/140708w0003.htm#140708w0003.htm_wqn41MilitaryGlobal
7 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many (a) precision-guided munitions and (b) gravity bombs of each type have been dropped in Afghanistan by British (i) fixed-wing aircraft and (ii) unmanned aerial vehicles since 23 March 2011.Angus Robertson (SNP Westminster Leader; Moray, Scottish National Party)The number of precision-guided munitions dropped in Afghanistan in the period requested are shown in the following table. No free fall bombs have been dropped in this time.

Aircraft Type
24 March 2011 to 16 June 2014
Fixed Wing 71
Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS) 317

1 Inclusive.
Use of force remains closely controlled and the avoidance of civilian casualties has been paramount. Professional crews carefully select the smallest warhead appropriate to the target being attacked to ensure they deliver the required effect, while minimising the risk to civilians.

All UK forces operate in accordance with International Humanitarian Law, following the principles of distinction, humanity, proportionality and military necessity. The UK’s clearly defined Rules of Engagement are formulated on this basis. The same strict Rules of Engagement that govern the use of conventional military aircraft also apply to RPAS and targets are always positively identified as legitimate military objectives. Reaper is the UK’s only RPAS with the ability to deploy precision-guided weapons.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140707/text/140707w0006.htm#140707w0006.htm_wqn2MilitaryAfghanistan
2 July 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what information his Department holds on the use of drones originating at (a) USAF Croughton, (b) RAF Marham, (c) NSA Menwith Hill and (d) RAF Waddington; and if he will make a statement.Fabian Hamilton (Leeds North East, LabourThe UK’s Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS) are remotely operated from RAF Waddington. The US does not operate RPAS from the UK. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140702/text/140702w0003.htm#140702w0003.htm_wqn22International Co-OperationUS
30 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment his Department has made of the effects of lethal targeting by remotely-piloted air systems on security in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourUK forces, and the wider ISAF mission, have materially improved the security of Afghanistan since 2001. This allowed the developed Afghan national security forces to assume lead security responsibility for their own country from June 2013. As an integral capability of UK forces, remotely piloted air systems (RPAS) are assessed to have made a valuable contribution, both in their surveillance and strike roles, to the improved security situation.

All UK forces operate in accordance with International Humanitarian Law, following the principles of distinction, humanity, proportionality and military necessity. The UK’s clearly defined rules of engagement, which cover the use of RPAS, are formulated on this basis.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140630/text/140630w0001.htm#140630w0001.htm_wqn34ImpactAfghanistan
23 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 9 June 2014, Official Report, column 27W, on the Royal Air Force, whether any UK personnel other than Remotely Piloted Air System personnel are embedded in the 732nd Operations Group.Tom Watson, LabourThere are no UK personnel embedded in the 732nd Operations Group. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140623/text/140623w0003.htm#140623w0003.htm_wqn58International Co-OperationUS
23 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will restrict the use of fused multi-disciplinary intelligence at the forthcoming Joint and Combined Geo-INT event held by the Defence Geospatial Intelligence and Fusion Centre at RAF Wyton.Tom Watson, Labour Sharing and fusing intelligence in an increasingly complex world is essential if we are to understand threats to UK interests. The Ministry of Defence intelligence community works closely with international partners in the fulfilment of this aim. Any intelligence sharing is conducted in accordance with UK law. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140623/text/140623w0004.htm#140623w0004.htm_wqn15International Co-OperationUS
23 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 10 February 2014, Official Report, column 474W, on unmanned air vehicles: guided weapons, if he will take steps to receive parliamentary approval before the deployment of the armed forces to the redeployment of armed drones abroad.Tom Watson, LabourThere is no intention for parliamentary approval to be sought before decisions on deployment or redeployment of individual items of equipment are made, though the Ministry of Defence may of course notify Parliament of significant deployments, as it does at present. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140623/text/140623w0004.htm#140623w0004.htm_wqn27MilitaryUK
23 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 12 September 2013, Official Report, column 798W, on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, whether changes to the Reaper Agreement pertaining to the UK Reaper Force Squadron have been finalised; and whether this Agreement will remain in force following the cessation of NATO International Security Force missions in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourThe memorandum of understanding is still undergoing the review process. However, it will cover both the ISAF mission and any future wider NATO missions. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140623/text/140623w0004.htm#140623w0004.htm_wqn28PolicyUK
23 June 2014To ask the Deputy Prime Minister with reference to the Cabinet Manual, paragraph 5.38, whether the convention that the House of Commons should have an advance opportunity to debate significant military action applies to the deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles outside Afghanistan when operated from RAF Waddington.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer given by the Minister for the Armed Forces, my right hon. Friend Mr Francois to PQ 198710. Greg Clark (Minister of State (Cabinet Office); Tunbridge Wells, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140623/text/140623w0003.htm#140623w0003.htm_wqn19MilitaryAfghanistan
18 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs pursuant to the answer of 11 June 2014, Official Report, column 212W, on USA, whether either government places restrictions on the use of data shared between the UK and the US.Tom Watson, LabourBritain has a strong and long-standing intelligence relationship with the US. In both countries, intelligence work takes place within a strong legal framework. Our intelligence-sharing work with the US is subject to ministerial and independent oversight and scrutiny by the Intelligence and Security Committee. As referred to in my answer to the hon. Member on 11 June 2014, Hansard, column 212W, the Interception Commissioner in his latest annual report addresses the issue of intelligence sharing between the UK and its partners, including recording that the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 strictly limits the lawful dissemination of intercept material to the minimum that is necessary for the authorised purposes. Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140618/text/140618w0002.htm#140618w0002.htm_wqn13International Co-OperationUS
17 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 25 March 2013, Official Report, column 940W, on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, whether UK personnel at Creech Airforce base will remain embedded following the cessation of NATO International Security Force missions in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourThere are no longer any RAF personnel embedded with 432nd Wing of the US Air Force at Creech Airforce base. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140617/text/140617w0003.htm#140617w0003.htm_wqn53International Co-OperationUS
16 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department

(1) whether her Department has provided any advice to public communications providers on the consequences of the decision of the European Court of Justice in Digital Rights Ireland and Seitlinger and Others on data retention by those companies;

(2) whether public communications providers have sought advice from her Department on the consequences of the decision of the European Court of Justice in Digital Rights Ireland and Seitlinger and Others on data retention by those companies.
Tom Watson, LabourThe Government continues to consider the judgment of the European Court, but we consider that the UK Data Retention (EC Directive) Regulations 2009 remain in force. Those in receipt of a notice under the regulations have been informed that they should continue to observe their obligations as outlined in any notice. James Brokenshire (Minister of State (Home Office) (Security and Immigration); Old Bexley and Sidcup, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140616/text/140616w0004.htm#140616w0004.htm_wqn34LegalityUK
16 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of the MQ-4C Triton unmanned aerial vehicle; and how much his Department has spent on the assessment process to date.Alison Seabeck, LabourAmong other options, the potential utility of systems representative of the MQ-4C Triton in addressing the UK's potential wide area maritime surveillance requirement is currently under review. This activity is supported by the Air Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) Optimisation Study (AIOS), which will provide support for potential decisions in the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review. Disaggregating the cost of the MQ-4C Triton analysis from the rest of the AIOS could be done only at disproportionate cost. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140616/text/140616w0002.htm#140616w0002.htm_wqn13TechnicalUK
16 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence where his Department plans to base the Watchkeeper remotely piloted air systems following completion of training at Salisbury Plain and West Wales Airport.Tom Watson, LabourUnder current plans Watchkeeper remotely piloted air systems will be located at Larkhill with 32nd and 47th Regiments Royal Artillery. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140616/text/140616w0002.htm#140616w0002.htm_wqn14TechnicalUK
16 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether he has plans to introduce maritime remotely-piloted air systems; and if he will make a statement.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)The Royal Navy has introduced the ScanEagle Unmanned Air System, delivering an intimate and assured persistent Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance for equipped ships. ScanEagle was brought into service as an Urgent Operational Requirement; we are currently reviewing options for a follow-on maritime capability in the future. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140616/text/140616w0002.htm#140616w0002.htm_wqn12MaritimeUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 10 February 2014, Official Report, column 473W, on unmanned air vehicles, when the Joint User Group for Reapers will become active; and if he will make a statement.Tom Watson, LabourAlthough a final decision on when the Joint User Group for Reaper should become active has yet to be taken, it is expected to start functioning during the autumn. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn52MilitaryUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 10 February 2014, Official Report, column 474, on unmanned air vehicles: guided weapons, if his Department will publish the method and results from the UK-US firing trials of Brimstone missiles from MQ-9 Reaper.Tom Watson, LabourThe firing trials successfully demonstrated rapid integration of Brimstone missiles onto the MQ-9 Reaper remotely piloted air system—safe carriage, safe release and system targeting—with a high success rate against static and high-speed manoeuvring targets.

However, the final trials report has not yet been completed and it remains too early to say what information from the report, or the trial method, will be published.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn55MilitaryUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 15 January 2014, Official Report, column 578W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether his Department maintains munitions records from the UK Reaper fleet on a sortie-by-sortie basis or for each operation carried out.Tom Watson, LabourAfter each UK Reaper sortie a mission report is written detailing the aircraft used and events of the flight. This includes weapon releases on a sortie-by-sortie basis. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn57MilitaryUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether any UK service personnel are embedded or otherwise stationed in (a) Ethiopia and (b) Chad.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK has a small number of service personnel deployed to Ethiopia in roles including diplomatic representation, defence engagement, liaison and training.

No UK service personnel are currently embedded or otherwise stationed in Chad.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn31International Co-OperationEthiopia/Chad
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 4 February 2014, Official Report, column 169W, on Djibouti, whether the UK personnel embedded with US forces under US command at Camp Lemonnier provide any support to the US drone programme in Yemen; and if he will make a statement.Tom Watson, LabourUK armed forces personnel embedded in Combined Joint Task Force—Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) at Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti, are responsible for the planning and support of US military operations in East Africa. They do not provide any support to US Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) operations in Yemen; CJTF-HOA does not oversee operations in the Middle East. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn62International Co-OperationYemen
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department maintains (a) mission reports, (b) guided missile firing reports, (c) weapon system videos and (d) any other munitions release records for the UK Reaper fleet following the change of operational command to US pilots.Tom Watson, LabourEach UK Reaper sortie has a mission report produced post flight. If a weapon is fired during a sortie, a weapon report is completed detailing the engagement, as well as a video produced of the engagement itself. There are no other munitions release records for the UK Reaper fleet. US pilots have not flown UK Reaper except during the launch and recovery phase.

Outside of the launch and recovery phase, UK Remotely Piloted Air Systems have always been operated by UK pilots.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn56MilitaryUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the advice provided by Jemima Stratford QC to the All-Party Parliamentary Group on drones, if his Department will take steps to investigate activities carried out at US bases owned by his Department which may be unlawful under domestic law. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence remains content with the arrangements that are in place to govern the use of UK bases by the United States Visiting Forces (USVF). The Department therefore has no plans to investigate or review the activities undertaken by the USVF. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn59LegalityUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department has procured any contracts for life cycle maintenance of the Reaper fleet; and for what periods.Tom Watson, LabourNo contracts for life cycle maintenance have been procured. Through life maintenance and support of the UK Reaper fleet is provided through the Foreign Military Sales agreement at the time the Reaper system was procured under the previous administration. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn58TechnicalUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 10 February 2014, Official Report, column 474, on unmanned air vehicles: guided weapons, if his Department will publish the method and results from the UK-US firing trials of Brimstone missiles from MQ-9 Reaper.Tom Watson, LabourThe firing trials successfully demonstrated rapid integration of Brimstone missiles onto the MQ-9 Reaper remotely piloted air system—safe carriage, safe release and system targeting—with a high success rate against static and high-speed manoeuvring targets.

However, the final trials report has not yet been completed and it remains too early to say what information from the report, or the trial method, will be published.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn55MilitaryUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if his Department will carry out an independent qualitative assessment of the psychological and workplace stresses on the operators of remotely piloted air systems.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence currently has no plans to undertake an independent qualitative assessment of the psychological and workplace stresses on the operators of remotely piloted air systems.

The health and wellbeing of all of our armed forces personnel is of the utmost importance. We are mindful of the pressure and stresses that service personnel may be subjected to when supporting enduring intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations. These personnel are carefully monitored and where appropriate have access to the highest levels of military physical and mental health care. Looking after our people is one of the critical roles for our front-line commanders and they keenly focus on the well-being of their people.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn53ImpactUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 30 January 2014, Official Report, column 691W, on Yemen, whether his Department has undertaken any impact assessment of drone strikes in Yemen. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence has not conducted any impact assessment of kinetic strikes by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in Yemen. As the Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, my right hon. Friend Hugh Robertson, said on 30 January 2014, Hansard, column 691W, UAV strikes against terrorist targets in Yemen are a matter for the Yemeni and US Governments. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn61ImpactYemen
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what role her Department's Centre for Applied Science and Technology has in (a) the trial of the Aeryon Skyranger drone around Gatwick airport and (b) the trial or use of any other surveillance aircraft operated by Government Departments, agents or public bodies in the UK.Tom Watson, LabourCAST has no direct role in the Gatwick trial, but does liaise with the trial team in order to learn from their experience.

Trials conducted by other Departments and their agencies are matters for the respective Departments.
Karen Bradley (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department; Staffordshire Moorlands, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0002.htm#140612w0002.htm_wqn2Civil useUK
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 30 January 2014, Official Report, column 691W, on Yemen, whether his Department has undertaken any impact assessment of drone strikes in Yemen.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence has not conducted any impact assessment of kinetic strikes by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in Yemen. As the Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, my right hon. Friend Hugh Robertson, said on 30 January 2014, Hansard, column 691W, UAV strikes against terrorist targets in Yemen are a matter for the Yemeni and US Governments. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn61ImpactYemen
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 25 March 2014, Official Report, column 180W, on Africa, whether any service personnel are embedded with host forces or otherwise stationed in (a) Niger, (b) Nigeria and (c) the Seychelles.Tom Watson, LabourThere are no UK service personnel embedded with host forces or otherwise stationed in Niger.

The UK has a small number of personnel deployed to Nigeria in roles including diplomatic representation, defence engagement, liaison and training. As part of the package of support to Nigeria announced by the Prime Minister last month, an additional small team of experts has also deployed to help Nigeria establish an Intelligence Fusion Cell with French and US partners to assist the Nigerian Government in locating the abducted school girls.

In the Seychelles, a Royal Naval officer is currently serving as a liaison officer for the European Union Naval Force Somalia (EUNAVFOR).
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn30International Co-OperationNiger/Nigeria/Seychelles
12 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether Joint Services Publication 398 on UK Rules of Engagement has been amended to reflect use of remotely piloted aircraft systems.Tom Watson, LabourJSP 398 was updated on 21 October 2013, replacing the previous 2004 edition. Rules of engagement govern how force can be applied in any given operation. They are not tailored to weapon system types per se, but are written to be applied as appropriate to the full spectrum of weapons systems available to UK Forces. Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) are governed by the same rules and regulations as any other weapons system; therefore the amendment of JSP 398 did not require any special provision to reflect the use of RPAS by UK Forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140612/text/140612w0001.htm#140612w0001.htm_wqn54PolicyUK
11 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what assessment her Department has made of the effect of lethal operations in Yemen on (a) the civilian population and (b) security in that country.Tom Watson, LabourAl-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) activity and attacks continue to threaten Yemen's development and security. DFID has made no specific assessment of the effect of such operations in Yemen, but along with other Departments has conducted detailed analyses of conflict and instability. Alan Duncan (The Minister of State, Department for International Development; Rutland and Melton, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140611/text/140611w0002.htm#140611w0002.htm_wqn40ImpactYemen
11 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

(1) with reference to the advice provided by Jemima Stratford QC to the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Drones, if he will agree a new Memorandum of Understanding or other bilateral agreement with the US on data transfer and use; [R]

(2) with reference to the advice provided by Jemima Stratford QC to the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Drones, if his Department will take steps to prevent any unlawful practice by GCHQ; [R]

(3) whether his Department has made an assessment of the advice of Jemima Stratford QC to the All Party Parliamentary Group on Drones; and if he will make a statement.
Tom Watson, LabourThe UK intelligence agencies work in accordance with UK law, as described by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, my right hon. Friend the Member for Richmond (Yorks) (Mr Hague), in his statement to the House on 10 June 2013, Official Report, column 31. In addition, section 6 of the recently published annual report for 2013 by the Interception of Communications Commissioner, Sir Anthony May, addresses the legal basis for intelligence sharing between the UK and its partners.

The UK Intelligence Agencies adhere to the law at all times. We have one of the world's strongest legal and regulatory frameworks governing the use of secret intelligence. All of GCHQ's activities are legal, necessary and proportionate. GCHQ does not disclose or share information other than is appropriate under the Intelligence Services Act 1994 and Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000.
Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140611/text/140611w0003.htm#140611w0003.htm_wqn18LegalityUK
11 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether her Department has made an assessment of the advice of Jemima Stratford QC to the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Drones; and if she will make a statement.Tom Watson, LabourExisting regulation and guidance, which includes the Covert Surveillance and Property Interference Code of Practice, applies to the use of aircraft including remotely piloted aerial vehicles. The Code provides a framework of good practice for public authorities using covert surveillance techniques. The Department has noted the responses by the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Drones to the recent consultation on a revised version of the Code and intend to lay a further draft before Parliament in due course. Damian Green (The Minister for Policing and Criminal Justice; Ashford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140611/text/140611w0001.htm#140611w0001.htm_wqn81LegalityUK
10 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many surveillance aircraft with capacity to intercept telephone or other electronic telecommunications his Department operates.Tom Watson, LabourI am withholding the information requested as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140610/text/140610w0002.htm#140610w0002.htm_wqn62MilitaryUK
10 June 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what role the Information Commissioner's Office has in (a) the trial of the Aeroyn Skyranger drone around Gatwick airport and (b) any other use of other surveillance aircraft operated by Government Departments, agents or public bodies in the UK.Tom Watson, LabourThe Information Commissioner’s Office has no specific role in the trial of the Aeryon Skyranger drone around Gatwick airport. Members of the Information Commissioner’s staff sit on the Cross-Government Working Group on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems. They advise on any data protection compliance issues that arise.

In addition the ICO is currently consulting on its revised CCTV code of practice which includes a section on remotely operated vehicles, or drones:

http://ico.org.uk/about_us/consultations/our_consultations
Simon Hughes (The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice; Bermondsey and Old Southwark, Liberal Democrat)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm140610/text/140610w0001.htm#140610w0001.htm_wqn12Civil useUK
7 May 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment his Department has made of the potential utility of the MQ-4C Triton drone; and whether his Department plans to procure any of those aircraft
Bridget Phillipson (Opposition Whip (Commons); Houghton and Sunderland South, Labour)Among other options, the potential utility of systems representative of the MQ-4C Triton in addressing the UK’s potential wide area maritime surveillance requirement is currently under review as part of the Air ISTAR Optimisation Study (AIOS), which will provide analysis in support of potential decisions in the 2015 strategic defence and security review. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140507/text/140507w0001.htm#140507w0001.htm_wqn18TechnicalUK
29 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 17 March 2014, Official Report, column 490W, on the Royal Air Force, if he will provide details of (a) each base at which RAF personnel from the Remotely Piloted Air System division are stationed and (b) the branch and specialisation of every such person.Tom Watson, LabourRAF Remotely Piloted Air System (RPAS) personnel are based at RAF Waddington and Creech Air Force Base, Nevada.

RAF personnel are from the following branches or specialisation:

Branch/Specialisation

Pilot

Sensor Operator

Mission Intelligence Coordinator

Operations

Engineer

Administration

RAF RPAS Squadrons can also include personnel from the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and Army.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140429/text/140429w0001.htm#140429w0001.htm_wqn19MilitaryUK
28 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills what research and development into the commercial application of robotics his Department funds; and if he will make a statement.Simon Kirby (Brighton, Kemptown, Conservative)This Department has worked with the Technology Strategy Board’s (TSB) Robotics and Autonomous Systems (RAS) Special Interest Group to develop a National Strategy for robotics in the UK, which will identify commercial opportunities in key sectors of the Government’s Industrial Strategy.

The Department and its partner organisations fund research and development into the commercial application of robotics as follows:

BIS

This Department is currently providing funding of £1.5m to support the development of autonomous road vehicles. The consortium (which includes Oxford and Cambridge Universities, the Transport Systems Catapult and other partners) will develop small pod-like vehicles capable of carrying up to two passengers and which will ultimately be capable of autonomous operations.

BIS has previously funded a two year automation programme with the British Automation and Robot Association that ended in September 2013. The £600,000 programme over two years enabled the provision of a one day manufacturing review and diagnostic to small and medium-sized enterprises on the potential to apply robotics and automation in their businesses. The programme also provided the opportunity for more detailed interventions. Over 268 one day reviews were carried out, and more detailed interventions accounted for a further 282 days of advice.

Research Councils

The Research Councils current investment into research related to the commercial application of robotics is £36.5 million, which includes a £10 million investment through the Natural Environment Research Council into Marine Autonomous Systems.

Technology Strategy Board

The TSB is the prime channel through which Government supports business-led technology innovation. Since 2010 it has invested £8 million in robotics and robotics related projects, helping business develop and commercialise new products and services.

The TSB is arranging an entrepreneur-led overseas delegation to the US in June 2014 to develop the UK’s brand in robotics and to engage with the rapidly growing robotics cluster in San Francisco and San Diego. This creates a real opportunity for UK robotics companies to capitalise on this growth and take a lead in integrating their technologies in a range of markets that could exploit them. The message behind the mission is that the UK is open for business and has innovative robotics companies that are interested in the US market and are ready to engage in dialogue, form partnerships and do business in the international arena.

In addition, the Government (through TSB) has previously funded research and demonstration of civil Unmanned Aerial Vehicles through the £62 million ASTRAEA programme over the past seven years. The programme has made possible the ‘unmanned’ flight of a Jetstream 31 from Lancashire to Inverness, clocking up to 2,500 miles in flights between Lancashire and Inverness and around the Irish Sea.

UK Space Agency

The UK Space Agency encourages and supports companies and research organisations to spin-out technology developed through space exploration into non-space sectors. The funding provided by the Agency is for feasibility studies. The relevant studies funded are:

the application of Mars rover autonomous navigation for large off road vehicles; and

development of Auto-Resonant Control System.
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140428/text/140428w0006.htm#140428w0006.htm_wqn21Civil useUK
10 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether she has issued any authorisations under section 42(3) of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 which permit intrusive surveillance by unmanned aircraft systems in the UK. [R]Tom Watson, LabourAs a matter of long-standing practice we do not comment on the operational use of covert surveillance, or provide a breakdown of the number of warrants signed by particular Secretaries of State, or in relation to specific circumstances or methods of surveillance.

Existing regulation relating to surveillance includes the surveillance camera code of practice issued under the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012, which provides a framework of good practice for surveillance camera operators and sets out obligations arising from other legislation including those for the processing of personal data under the Data Protection Act 1998 and a public authority's duty to adhere to the Human Rights Act 1998. Any covert surveillance undertaken by a public authority which is likely to obtain private information would be subject to authorisation under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA).
James Brokenshire (Minister of State (Home Office) (Security and Immigration); Old Bexley and Sidcup, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140410/text/140410w0003.htm#140410w0003.htm_wqn27Civil useUK
10 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will bring forward proposals to update the current Air Navigation Order to define and categorise unmanned aircraft systems. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe safe operation of civil Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) in the UK is governed by the requirements of the Air Navigation Order 2009 (ANO). RPA with an operating mass of more than 20 kg are subject to regulation as though they are manned aircraft.

RPA with an operating mass of 20 kg or less are referred to as ‘small unmanned aircraft’. Small unmanned aircraft are exempt from the majority of the regulations that normally apply to manned aircraft, however their use is specifically covered by two articles within the ANO, which legislate for the ‘general’ flying aspects and the flight of those equipped for surveillance. As well as these specific articles however, a more general article which prevents a person ‘causing or permitting an aircraft to endanger the safety of any person or property’ also remains applicable. There are no current plans to further categorise RPA.
Robert Goodwill (Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport); Scarborough and Whitby, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140410/text/140410w0002.htm#140410w0002.htm_wqn39RegulationUK
10 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what steps he is taking to promote the commercialisation of scientific and technical research undertaken by GCHQ.Chi Onwurah, Shadow Minister (Cabinet Office), LabourGCHQ works closely with business to release Intellectual Properties (IP) which are suitable for more general use in the outside world. For example through its information assurance arm, Communications-Electronics Security Group (CESG), it operates a number of schemes which enable individuals and companies to gain CESG endorsement of products and services via technical assessment.

GCHQ is additionally running a number of pilot cases looking at ways of improving its coordination with SMEs and larger industry partners including on Open Source publishing and licensing to SMEs and larger industry partners. GCHQ is also sponsoring research institutes in Cyber Security and running innovation calls aimed at SMEs. The latter initiative in partnership with organisations such as the Centre for Defence Enterprise and the technology Strategy Board.
Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140410/text/140410w0003.htm#140410w0003.htm_wqn51Civil useUK
10 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether she has issued any exemptions pursuant to section 28 of the Data Protection Act 1998 which apply to data obtained via unmanned aircraft systems in the UK. [R]Tom Watson, LabourIt has been the position of successive Governments to not comment on national security issues. James Brokenshire (Minister of State (Home Office) (Security and Immigration); Old Bexley and Sidcup, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140410/text/140410w0003.htm#140410w0003.htm_wqn28Civil useUK
10 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department with reference to the answer of 19 March 2014, Official Report, column 607W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether any person, agent or public body has provided video imagery or other data to her Department obtained by unmanned aircraft systems in the UK; and for what purposes. [R]Tom Watson, LabourI am advised that no imagery or other data from such sources is held by the Department. James Brokenshire (Minister of State (Home Office) (Security and Immigration); Old Bexley and Sidcup, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140410/text/140410w0003.htm#140410w0003.htm_wqn29Civil useUK
9 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department has had any discussions with the government of Afghanistan concerning future basing of UK unmanned aircraft systems in that country after 2014. [R]Tom Watson, LabourTo date, there have been no discussions with the Government of Afghanistan about the future basing of UK unmanned aircraft systems in Afghanistan after 2014. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140409/text/140409w0001.htm#140409w0001.htm_wqn11International Co-OperationAfghanistan
8 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 20 March 2014, Official Report, column 703W, on RAF Mildenhall, whether his Department maintains records of all MQ-1 Predators carried in aircraft which refuel in the air or by landing at RAF Mildenhall; and whether he will disclose the date of each such flight over the last three years.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence has no record of any aircraft carrying MQ-1 Predators air-to-air refuelling over the UK, or landing at RAF Mildenhall to refuel, over the last three years. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140408/text/140408w0002.htm#140408w0002.htm_wqn14TechnicalUK
8 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions his Department has had with the United States Department of Defense (USDoD) in respect of the installation by BT of a special communications system to link RAF Croughton in Northamptonshire with the USDoD headquarters in Washington DC and the US Africa headquarters for unmanned aircraft operations in Djibouti.Paul Flynn, LabourThe installation of US communications systems at RAF Croughton is a matter for the United States visiting forces. No discussions have taken place in respect to the installation by BT of a special communications system to link RAF Croughton with the Department of Defence headquarters in the US, and US forces in Djibouti. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140408/text/140408w0002.htm#140408w0002.htm_wqn13TechnicalUK
8 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 27 March 2014, Official Report, columns 322-3W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether the training of UK personnel in the six countries identified has involved unmanned aircraft actively engaged in operations.Tom Watson, LabourTraining of UK personnel in the six countries identified has not involved unmanned aircraft actively engaged in operations. Unmanned aircraft system (UAS) training has only ever occurred in non-operational environments, specifically the countries listed in my previous answer on 27 March 2014. Army UAS actively engaged in operations have always been, and continue to be, remotely piloted solely by fully trained personnel operating on the ground in the country in which the operation is active. This has only been in Iraq and Afghanistan. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140408/text/140408w0002.htm#140408w0002.htm_wqn15International Co-OperationGlobal
7 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what progress has been made by the cross-government working group on remotely piloted aircraft systems. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Cross Government Working Group has been discussing its draft Terms of Reference (extract copied as follows) and its membership. The focus of its work so far has been to gather information from the relevant Departments to identify areas of common interest requiring collaboration.

RPAS Cross Government Working Group Vision and Activities

Vision

To provide a consistent government message on RPAS issues.

Objectives

Inform RPAS-related departmental policies and publish a UK Cross Government vision/strategy for UAS.

To identify Cross Government synergies and opportunities for efficiencies.

To identify and address barriers to a successful UK industry base, to support the Government's growth agenda.

Approach

Focus for the co-ordination of all UK Government RPAS related activities.

Developing a better knowledge and a shared understanding of departmental priorities, activities, ambitions and concerns.

Help industry understand Government needs and vision.

Identify opportunities.

Identify key questions.

Community of users (identification of user requirements).

UK PoC for RPAS.

Issues to Address

Identifying the extent to which the UK can support safe and secure RPAS operations in the UK, including options for the certification of RPAS, pilot licensing, and associated systems.

Identifying the key characteristics of RPAS infrastructure, including the potential radio spectrum for RPAS operations in the UK.

Seek to identify common Cross Government user requirements to understand future concepts for shared assets / system procurement and maintenance.

Determining how the UK might best position itself to take advantage of RPAS industry and technology.

Engagement

Understand the potential benefits of RPAS to Government.

Inform and be informed by active industry associations eg

Aeronautical and Aerospace and Defence Knowledge Transfer Network Autonomous Systems National technical committee.

Robotics and Autonomous Systems Special Interest Group.

Through identification of best practice and successful projects.

UK industry.
Robert Goodwill (Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport); Scarborough and Whitby, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140407/text/140407w0004.htm#140407w0004.htm_wqn51Strategy and PolicyUK
7 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 20 January 2014, Official Report, column 39W, on Military Aviation Authority, when the Military Aviation Authority plans to publish its Annual Air Safety Report for 2012-13; and for what reason it has not yet been published.Angus Robertson, SNPThe Director General of the Military Aviation Authority's Annual Report on Defence Air Safety, for the period July 2012 to August 2013, is now available on the Military Aviation Authority website at:

http://www.maa.mod.uk/about/index.htm
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140407/text/140407w0003.htm#140407w0003.htm_wqn97MilitaryUK
7 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs pursuant to the answer of 20 March 2014, Official Report, column 697W, on unmanned air vehicles, if he will place in the Library a copy of the guidance note issued to his Department's network staff on data protection aspects of unmanned air vehicles. [R]Tom Watson, LabourI will place a copy of the guidance in the Library. Dan Rogerson (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; North Cornwall, Liberal Democrat)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140407/text/140407w0003.htm#140407w0003.htm_wqn13RegulationUK
7 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether there has been any testing (a) in Southern Australia and (b) elsewhere of the ability of the Taranis system to identify or strike targets autonomously. [R]Tom Watson, LabourI am withholding details of the locations at which Taranis flight trials have taken place for the purpose of safeguarding national security. The Ministry of Defence has no plans to create weapons that operate without human control. Trained members of the armed forces will always be involved in the command and control of unmanned air systems Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140407/text/140407w0004.htm#140407w0004.htm_wqn6TechnicalAustralia
3 April 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the European Parliament resolution of 27 February on the use of armed drones, and in particular its calls upon member states (1) to ensure that they do not facilitate extrajudicial targeted killing by other states through the use of drones outside the framework of international law, (2) to promote greater transparency and accountability on the use by all states of armed drones, and (3) to support the work and follow up on the recommendations of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions and of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism.Lord Judd, LabourThe UK notes the European Parliament resolution on the use of armed Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). The UK also notes the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism’s latest report. This report, and the one presented to the General Assembly last year, identified a number of pertinent legal questions, which the UK is considering. The UK’s position is that existing international law sufficiently covers the use of RPAS, and that the use of RPAS strikes against terrorist targets is a matter for the states involved. We expect all states concerned to act in accordance with international law. Baroness Warsi (Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140403w0001.htm#wa_st_18LegalityGlobal
3 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what non-lethal military support his Department has provided to Tunisia in each year since 2012.Neil Parish, ConservativeThe UK strongly supports Tunisia's democratic transition and we are working to assist the Tunisian authorities as they deliver change. Since 2012, the Ministry of Defence (MOD) has provided the following support to the Tunisian armed forces:

In June 2012 the MOD and Department for Transport delivered Explosive Detection Equipment Training to the Tunisian armed forces in Tunisia;

In May 2012, Tunisian military delegates attended an Economic Exclusion Zone course in the UK;

In January 2014, a small team delivered a presentation to the Tunisian armed forces on the UK's approach to Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR);

There are currently two Tunisian students enrolled on the International Sub Lieutenant's course in the UK.
Andrew Murrison (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; South West Wiltshire, Conservative)
International Co-OperationTunisia
3 April 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many personnel are taking part in the Seedcorn initiative; what the location is of each such person; and with what equipment such personnel are training.Angus Robertson, SNPAs announced in the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review the UK retains Seedcorn Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) capability with personnel embedded in MPA capabilities of our closest allies. The number and location of personnel and equipment are as follows:



Location/Number of Seedcorn personnel/Aircraft

Canada, Royal Canadian Air Force Greenwood / 6 / CP-140 Aurora


New Zealand, Royal New Zealand Air Force Base Whenuapai / 4 / P-3K Orion/P-3K2 Orion


Australia, Royal Australian Air Force base Edinburgh / 2 / AP-3C Orion

United States, Naval Air Station Patuxent River / 9 / P-8 Poseidon

1 qualified on RQ-21A Blackjack UAV

4 are scheduled to train on the MQ-4C Triton during June-August 2014

United States, Naval Air Station Jacksonville / 11 / P-8 Poseidon
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140403/text/140403w0003.htm#140403w0003.htm_wqn46MaritimeGlobal
3 April 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government what analysis they have made of the report by the United Nations Special Rapporteur, Ben Emmerson QC in February on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism; and what plans, if any, they have to implement the recommendations in that report, particularly in terms of engaging in a debate on what “unlawful” conduct is, and with a view to forming a consensus on the meaning and application of the terms “armed conflict”, “combatant” and “self defence”.Lord Roberts of Llandudno, Liberal DemocratWe welcome the report of the UN Special Rapporteur which identifies a number of interesting legal questions. We are carefully considering the recommendations. The Government’s position is that existing international law covers the use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft. Baroness Warsi (Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140403w0001.htm#wa_st_28LegalityGlobal
31 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how his Department is consulted, informed or otherwise involved in the procurement of communications systems and services at US bases in the UK. [R]Tom Watson, LabourAt United States Visiting Forces (USVF) bases in the UK, the USVF operate a number of US communications systems. The USVF are responsible for the procurement of these communications systems and associated services, and liaise with the Ministry of Defence as appropriate. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140331/text/140331w0002.htm#140331w0002.htm_wqn62International Co-OperationUK
31 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the purpose and scope of the current trials of the Aeryon Skyranger unmanned system based in Gatwick are; if she will publish policy on the storage and use of data obtained in the course of such trials; and if she will make a statement. [R]Tom Watson, LabourSussex constabulary is undertaking a trial of the Aeryon Skyranger to assess the contribution it might make to the policing of Gatwick airport. This trial is an operational matter for the chief constable.

In determining the storage and use of data obtained through this trial, the force will be subject to a duty to have regard to the surveillance camera code of practice issued as guidance under the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012.
Damian Green (The Minister for Policing and Criminal Justice; Ashford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140331/text/140331w0001.htm#140331w0001.htm_wqn55Civil useUK
31 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 17 March 2014, Official Report, column 504W, on unmanned air vehicles, in which countries Royal Air Force operators have been trained. [R]Tom Watson, LabourRoyal Air Force Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems operators are trained in the UK and the US. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140331/text/140331w0002.htm#140331w0002.htm_wqn67TechnicalGlobal
25 March 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government in what areas they operate drones; and for what use.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence operates Unmanned Aircraft Systems and Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) globally for operational surveillance, precision attack and for training purposes. Reaper RPAS is the only armed system. It operates only in Afghanistan, and professional, qualified pilots follow the exact same Rules of Engagement as pilots of other aircraft types.

Whilst the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs has not used any RPAS, its Centre for Environment Fisheries & Aquaculture Science, Food & Environment Research Agency, Environment Agency, Natural England and Royal Botanic Gardens have used small RPAS to support work on flood defence and coastal erosion, and the monitoring of crops, plants and nature reserves. All flights were carried out within the UK except for an aerial plant survey in Peru carried out by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

The Home Office does not itself operate RPAS and the only police force operationally using a system (albeit very occasionally) is Staffordshire. This system is mostly used for patrol sweeps of car park and camping areas at V Festival, security sweeps for VIP events at the National Arboretum, they have also carried out some missing person, search and rescue, and counter-poaching tasks.

Sussex Police have completed formal training and are now in the process of gathering experience with their own RPAS system – although if an important operational task came up RPAS would be deployed. The formal start date for the trial is in the near future.

Kent Police, as part of the 2 Seas project, have hosted some RPAS trial flights to assess the performance of the system. They are planning to host an event about the project in July.
Baroness Kramer (Liberal Democrat)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140325w0001.htm#wa_st_12MilitaryGlobal
24 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what additional surveillance capability the Watchkeeper system will provide over the Hermes 450 UAV following the commencement of army trials.Henry Smith (Crawley, Conservative)The H-450 Tactical Unmanned Air System currently provides operational commanders in Helmand with a 24 hour, Intelligence Surveillance Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) capability supplying accurate, timely and high quality imagery intelligence to support decision making, using electro-optical and infrared sensors. Watchkeeper, while similar in appearance to H-450, is fitted with an additional sensor payload of a synthetic aperture radar/ground-moving target indicator radar. This radar will create a persistent and flexible all-weather ISTAR capability with the ability to conduct surveillance through cloud and obscuration. This radar also allows Watchkeeper to conduct wide-area surveillance of a battlefield and, when operated as part of an integrated ISTAR network, will enable Watchkeeper to cue and direct other ISTAR platforms. With improved sensor range when compared to the optical systems, the radar will also enable the covert surveillance of targets. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140324/text/140324w0003.htm#140324w0003.htm_wqn0TechnicalGlobal
20 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs pursuant to the answer of 25 February 2014, Official Report, column 287W on unmanned air vehicles, if he will publish a full list of all unmanned air vehicles systems used by those agencies; how many such systems have been acquired for use by those agencies; and what his Department's policy is on the storage and use of data obtained by such systems. [R]Tom Watson, LabourCore DEFRA has not acquired or used unmanned air vehicle systems. The Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science have acquired two fixed wing Quest 200 vehicles. The Royal Botanic Gardens have acquired a Flysense Ebee fixed wing aircraft.

The Food and Environment Research Agency, Environment Agency, Natural England and the Royal Botanic Gardens have all used and trialled vehicles operated by commercial suppliers, including a Trimble Gatewing, a DJI S800 Spreading Wings, a Swinglet and an Albotix Intl Aibot X6 Hexacopter.

DEFRA has a range of policies and guidance in place to ensure secure and effective management of data obtained from various sources including unmanned air vehicle systems. The vehicles are not gathering information that identifies individuals. The following guidance note has been issued.

Guidance note issued to relevant DEFRA network staff on Data Protection aspects of unmanned air vehicles

Current Remotely Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS) capability and use in the DEFRA network is for still and not video images. These images are obtained from a vertical overhead angle Image resolution and the overhead angle of the images means individuals cannot be identified. Neither can other sensitive personal data, such as car number plates. RPAS is used on the DEFRA estate, over third party property with the owner's permission, and in areas where the owner or occupier is unknown.

Where RPAS is used over the DEFRA estate, personal data is not captured. Where RPAS is used to capture images away from the estate, the data captured should be considered to be personal data, as defined by the DPA, if the land is owned or rented by natural, living persons. This is because it contains information about personal property, such as types of crops growing at a specific location, which can be linked to a natural person.

This type of data is considered low sensitivity.

DEFRA provides guidance on the Data Protection Act's 8 data protection principles (DPPs) in part I of schedule 1 to the DPA. Where images relate to land where the owner or occupier is unknown, the fair processing requirement-informing subjects of personal data, could be difficult to comply with. In such cases, this requirement could be achieved by placing a relevant fair processing notice on the DEFRA/agency website, but all reasonable measures must be taken so far as is practicable to inform each individual land owner or tenant.
Dan Rogerson (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; North Cornwall, Liberal Democrat)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140320/text/140320w0001.htm#140320w0001.htm_wqn87Civil useUK
20 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment his Department has made of potential effects of the five additional Reaper remotely-piloted aircraft systems procured under an urgent operational requirement on the final part of the armed forces redundancy programme.Tom Watson, LabourThere will be no redundancies in the final phase of the programme associated with the introduction into service of Reaper Remotely Piloted Air System. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140320/text/140320w0002.htm#140320w0002.htm_wqn11MilitaryAfghanistan
19 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the answer of 25 February 2014, Official Report, column 292W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether any policies of her Department are developed or monitored through use of data collected by remotely-piloted aircraft systems not directly employed by her Department.Tom Watson, LabourThe Home Office does not use data collected from Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) to monitor or develop policies regardless of whether the RPAS is directly employed by the Department or not. James Brokenshire (Minister of State (Home Office) (Security and Immigration); Old Bexley and Sidcup, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140319/text/140319w0001.htm#140319w0001.htm_wqn42Civil useUK
18 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether there is a NATO communications installation at RAF Croughton.Tom Watson, LabourRAF Croughton does not host any NATO units although the base does provide some support to units within NATO. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140318/text/140318w0003.htm#140318w0003.htm_wqn71International Co-OperationUK
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will list each branch and trade in the Royal Air Force.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)Branches and trades in the Royal Air Force are set out in the following table and list:
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)


Functional Branches


Branch

Specialisation

Flying (Fg)

Pilot
Remotely Piloted Air System (Pilot) (RPAS(P))
Weapons Systems Officer (WSO)

Air Traffic Control (ATC)


Aerospace Battle Manager (ABM)


Intelligence (Int)

Flight Operations (Fit Ops)

Fit Ops Fire

RAF Regiment (Regt)

Provost (Prov)

Engineer (Eng)

Aerosystems (AS)

Communications-Electronics (CE)

Logistics (Logs)

Medical Support Officer (MSO)

Personnel (Pers)

Medical

Chaplain

Legal

Nursing Officer

Director of Music (DOM)

RAF Trades

Aircraft Engineering:

Aircraft Engineering Technician

Aircraft Technician (Avionics)

Aircraft Technician (Mechanical)

Aircraft Maintenance Mechanic (Avionics)

Aircraft Maintenance Mechanic (Mechanical)

Engineering Technician Weapon

Weapon Technician

Information and Communications Technology Manager

Information and Communications Technology Technician

Information and Communications Technology Aerial Erector

General Engineering Technician

General Technician Electrical

General Technician (Mechanical)

General Technician Workshops

Logistics (Driver).

Force Protection:

RAF Police

Gunner

Firefighter.

Air Traffic Control:

Air Traffic Controller

Air Traffic Control Assistant

Flight Operations Manager

Flight Operations Assistant

Meteorological Observer.

General Service:

Trainee

RAF Physical Training Instructor.

Intelligence:

Intelligence Analyst

Intelligence Analyst (Voice) (Includes Student (Sdt) trade).

Aerospace Systems Operating:

Aerospace Systems Manager

Aerospace Systems Operator

SNCO Weapons Control.

Safety and Surface:

Survival Equipment Fitter

Painter and Finisher.

Photography:

Photographer

Air Cartographer.

Medical:

Pharmacy Technician

Environmental Health Technician

Operating Department Practitioner

Radiographer

Biomedical Scientist

RAF Medic.

The Princess Mary's RAF Nursing Service (PMRAFNS):

Nurses Spine

Registered Nurse (Adult)

Registered Nurse (Mental Health).

Dental:

Dental Technician

Dental Hygienist

Dental Nurse.

Personnel:

Personnel (Support).

Logistics:

Logistics (Supplier)

Logistics (Mover).

Logistics:

Logistics (Catering Manager (Chef)

Logistics (Chef)

Logistics (Catering Manager)

Logistics (Caterer).

Music:

Musician.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0005.htm#140317w0005.htm_wqn67TechnicalUK
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which types of unmanned aerial vehicles are (a) currently deployed by the Royal Navy and (b) being (i) procured and (ii) considered.Tobias Ellwood, ConservativeThe Royal Navy has deployed the (unarmed) Scan Eagle unmanned aircraft system (UAS) and is currently running a two-year Capability Concept Demonstrator to look at the use of rotary wing UAS, which will include a demonstration from a Royal Navy ship in UK waters in late 2014. Other work being conducted by Navy Command and Joint Forces Command is considering the future utility of UAS, but no decisions on procuring specific aircraft have been made. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0006.htm#140317w0006.htm_wqn24TechnicalUK
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will place in the Library a copy of Air Command's Command Plan for financial years 2012-13 and 2013-14.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)I am withholding the plans as their release would, or would be likely to, prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of our armed forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0005.htm#140317w0005.htm_wqn66TechnicalUK
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when the British Army plans to begin flying Watchkeeper unmanned aerial vehicles.Henry Smith (Crawley, Conservative)The Watchkeeper unmanned aircraft system was awarded an initial release to service three weeks ago on 28 February 2014 and personnel from the 1st Artillery Brigade will begin training flights from Boscombe Down next month. Watchkeeper will provide the British Army with an enduring tactical surveillance and reconnaissance capability. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0005.htm#140317w0005.htm_wqn62TechnicalUK
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what steps he plans to take in response to the recommendations of the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights and counter-terrorism in his report dated 28 February 2014 on the use of armed drones in extraterritorial lethal counter-terrorism operations.Tom Watson, LabourThis report identified a number of interesting and challenging legal questions. The UK believes that existing international law sufficiently covers the use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA). We regard them as subject to the same legal considerations as other weapons systems.

UK forces operating RPA in Afghanistan do so in accordance with international humanitarian law, following the principles of distinction, humanity, proportionality and military necessity. The incident referred to in Now Zad, Helmand was subject to an International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) investigation, and therefore any final decision on the report’s disclosure sits within the ISAF chain of command. Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0002.htm#140317w0002.htm_wqn46LegalityAfghanistan
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which military bases and establishments in the UK are occupied by US visiting forces; how many US personnel are stationed at each; and what the name and rank of the commander is at each.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)The numbers of US military and civilian personnel, together with the name and rank of the US commander, at bases and establishments that are made available to the United States visiting forces are given in the following table.



Bases

US commander

Total US personnel



RAF Croughton

Colonel Hamilton

660



RAF Fairford





RAF Welford



RAF Barford St John



RAF Lakenheath

Colonel Robinson

4,700



RAF Feltwell





RAF Menwith Hill

Colonel Gilmore

1,000



RAF Mildenhall

Colonel Bibb

3,430




RAF Molesworth

Colonel Sweeney

620



RAF Alconbury



Blenheim Crescent

Colonel Gresham

210


The numbers of personnel have been rounded up and are current as of 15 February 2014. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0006.htm#140317w0006.htm_wqn20International Co-OperationUK
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which RAF bases and establishments are held on a leasehold basis.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)No RAF bases or establishments are completely held on a leasehold basis. However, small areas of land and/or some buildings at the following RAF bases and establishments are held on a leasehold basis:

RAF Benbecula, RAF Boulmer, RAF Brize Norton, RAF Buchan, RAF Conningsby, RAF Cottesmore, RAF Cranwell, RAF Croughton, RAF Daws Hill, RAF Fairford, RAF Fylingdales, RAF High Wycombe, RAF Kinloss, RAF Lossiemouth, RAF Lakenheath, RAF Leemin, RAF Leuchars, RAF Linton on Ouse, RAF Marham, RAF Mildenhall, RAF Saxa Vord, RAF Scampton, RAF Shawbury, RAF Spadeadam, RAF St Mawgan, RAF Valley, RAF Waddington Andrew Murrison (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; South West Wiltshire, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0006.htm#140317w0006.htm_wqn1TechnicalUK
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 March 2014, Official Report, column 33W, on unmanned air vehicles, if he will publish a complete list of countries to which his Department has sent pilots to operate unmanned aircraft. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Army only operates Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), which are all unarmed, operationally in Afghanistan, and previously in Iraq. The Army has also conducted training of UAS operators in the following countries; UK, Israel, Jordan, Canada, USA and Kenya. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0006.htm#140317w0006.htm_wqn31International Co-OperationGlobal
17 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the (a) establishment and (b) number of established posts filled is for each RAF operational squadron.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)The establishment and number of established posts filled for each RAF operational flying Squadron as at 11 March 2014 is shown in the following table.



Location

Squadron

Strength

Establishment



Akrotiri (air base)

84 SQN

17

17



Various units—SAR

202 SQN

72

77



Various units—SAR

22 SQN

77

77



Basingstoke (RAF Odiham)

7 SQN

163

181



Basingstoke (RAF Odiham)

18 SQN

100

112



Basingstoke (RAF Odiham)

27 SQN

107

112



Elgin (RAF Lossiemouth)

12 SQN1

28

181



Elgin (RAF Lossiemouth)

617 SQN2

138

183



Kings Lynn (RAF Marham)

II (AC) SQN

178

182



Kings Lynn (RAF Marham)

31 (B) SQN

179

182



Kings Lynn (RAF Marham)

IX (B) SQN

186

182



Las Vegas (Creech AFB)

39 SQN

79

92



Lincoln (RAF Coningsby)

11 SQN

156

163



Lincoln (RAF Coningsby)

3 SQN (F)

170

164



Lincoln (RAF Waddington)

14 SQN3

140

7



Lincoln (RAF Waddington)

V SQN

169

157



Lincoln (RAF Waddington)

51 SQN

188

224



Lincoln (RAF Waddington)

8 SQN

250

287



Lincoln (RAF Waddington)

XIII SQN

93

77



Northallerton (RAF Leeming)

100 SQN

24

36



Oxford (RAF Benson)

230 SQN

103

120



Oxford (RAF Benson)

28 SQN

131

159



Oxford (RAF Benson)

33 SQN

118

138




Oxford (RAF Benson)

78 SQN

122

148



Oxford (RAF Brize Norton)

10 SQN

97

113



Oxford (RAF Brize Norton)

101 SQN

78

111



Oxford (RAF Brize Norton)

216 SQN

330

390



Oxford (RAF Brize Norton)

24 SQN

77

80



Oxford (RAF Brize Norton)

30 SQN

52

71



Oxford (RAF Brize Norton)

47 SQN

104

148



Oxford (RAF Brize Norton)

99 SQN

323

304



Ruislip (RAF Northolt)

32 (TR) SQN

68

57



St Andrews (RAF leuchars)

1(F) SQN

161

165



ST Andrews (RAF Leuchars)

6 SQN

183

189



Total



4,461

4,886



1 Squadron disbanding on 31 March 2014. 2 Squadron disbanding on 31 March 2014. 3 This Squadron was temporarily established to support an Urgent Operational Requirement.
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140317/text/140317w0005.htm#140317w0005.htm_wqn65TechnicalGlobal
10 March 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many trained and operational unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) pilots there have been in the Army since 2004; and in which countries those pilots have flown UAVs.Tom Watson, LabourI will write to the hon. Member with the information requested.

Substantive answer from Mark Francois to Tom Watson:

I undertook to write to you in answer to your Parliamentary Question about unmanned aircraft systems on 31 October 2013 (Official Report, column 549W).

To answer your question, as at 31 October 2013, the number of unmanned aircraft pilots the Army has trained since 2004 is 868. Since 2004, pilots have operated unmanned aircraft in a variety of countries including, the United Kingdom, Iraq, Afghanistan, Jordan, Kenya, Canada and the United States of America.

In researching this answer, my officials identified an error in an earlier response which my predecessor (Andrew Robathan) provided you on 17 June 2013 (Official Report, column 502W).

It has been brought to my attention that while the number of students who passed the UAS ground school course since April 1999 was correctly identified as 461, this information did not fully address your question. This is because the answer did not take account of those personnel who have undertaken conversion training from earlier systems or refresher training. The answer should therefore have stated that the actual number of Army personnel who have received training was 1062 not 461, although it is likely that this larger number will include a number of individuals who have been trained twice (initially and refresher) but these cannot be identified separately. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140310/text/140310w0002.htm#140310w0002.htm_wqn7TechnicalGlobal
28 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will investigate reports of the arrest and detention of Pakistani anti-drones campaigner Mr Kareem Khan.Jim Cunningham, LabourI am aware of Mr Khan's case and reports that Mr Khan has now been released by the Pakistan authorities. Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140228/text/140228w0001.htm#140228w0001.htm_wqn77International Co-OperationPakistan
28 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what representations he has received on the arrest and detention of Pakistani anti-drones campaigner Mr Kareem Khan.Jim Cunningham, LabourFollowing the reported detention of Mr Khan I received representations from both members of the public and Members of Parliament in correspondence, FCO officials were also contacted by diplomatic missions to discuss the case and potential responses. I understand that Mr Khan has been released by the Pakistan authorities. Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140228/text/140228w0001.htm#140228w0001.htm_wqn76International Co-OperationPakistan
27 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what progress has been made on the Watchkeeper Programme; when he expects the system to enter full service; and if he will make a statement.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)Further to the answer I gave on 22 October 2013, Hansard, column 102W, to Angus Robertson, significant recent progress has been made on the Watchkeeper Programme to satisfy the regulatory authorities that the system will be safe to fly. This first of type Unmanned Air System should commence flying from Boscombe Down in Wiltshire in early March 2014. An initial Release to Service is expected to be authorised by the Chief of the General Staff to allow the first military flights by the Army from Boscombe Down from early April 2014. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140227/text/140227w0002.htm#140227w0002.htm_wqn69TechnicalUK
25 February 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether the Intelligence and Security Committee has made arrangements to visit any United States base in the United Kingdom in the past 24 months.Lord Hodgson of Astley Abbotts (Conservative)The ISC does not comment on the detail of its work programme. Lord Wallace of Saltaire (Liberal Democrat)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140225w0001.htm#wa_st_50International Co-OperationUK
25 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs pursuant to the answer of the Department for Transport of 11 February 2014, Official Report, columns 525-6W, on Government Departments: unmanned air vehicles, which remotely piloted aircraft systems his Department employs to collect data; which policies are supported by the collection of such data; and where those systems are operated. Tom Watson, LabourCore DEFRA has not used any unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). The Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Food and Environment Research Agency, Environment Agency, Natural England and the Royal Botanic Gardens have used unmanned aerial vehicles to support work on flood defence and coastal erosion and the monitoring of crops, plants and nature reserves. All flights were carried out within the UK except for an aerial plant survey in Peru carried out by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

UAV systems used include:

Quest UAV 200

Flysense Ebee

DJI S800 Spreading Wings

Swinglet.
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140225/text/140225w0001.htm#140225w0001.htm_wqn59Civil useUK
25 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the answer of the Department for Transport of 11 February 2014, Official Report, columns 525-6W, on Government Departments: unmanned air vehicles, which remotely piloted aircraft systems her Department employs to collect data; which policies are supported by the collection of such data; and where those systems are operated.Tom Watson, LabourThe Home Office does not employ remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS). Damian Green (The Minister for Policing and Criminal Justice; Ashford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140225/text/140225w0001.htm#140225w0001.htm_wqn72Civil useUK
24 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will revise his Department's figures for weapons release from unmanned aerial systems by the UK in Afghanistan to include RAF personnel operating US systems; and if he will make a statement.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS) weapon release figures previously provided include missions involving UK-owned remotely piloted aircraft and UK use of US-owned remotely piloted aircraft. RAF personnel are subject to UK rules of engagement for all weapon releases when operating a UK or a US platform. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140224/text/140224w0002.htm#140224w0002.htm_wqn92MilitaryAfghanistan
24 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many civilian casualties have been recorded by (a) his Department and (b) the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan as a result of weapon release by RAF personnel operating US unmanned systems in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer given by the then Minister of State for the Armed Forces, Sir Nick Harvey, on 26 June 2012, Hansard, column 187W, to Mr Godsiff. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140224/text/140224w0002.htm#140224w0002.htm_wqn91ImpactAfghanistan
12 February 2014To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office whether the Intelligence and Security Committee has visited RAF Croughton during the last two years. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Intelligence and Security Committee (ISC) does not comment on the detail of its work programme. Francis Maude (The Minister for the Cabinet Office and Paymaster General; Horsham, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140212/text/140212w0001.htm#140212w0001.htm_wqn75Civil useUK
12 February 2014To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office whether the Intelligence and Security Committee has visited RAF Croughton during the last two years.Tom Watson, LabourThe Intelligence and Security Committee (ISC) does not comment on the detail of its work programme. Francis Maude (The Minister for the Cabinet Office and Paymaster General; Horsham, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140212/text/140212w0001.htm#140212w0001.htm_wqn75International Co-OperationUK
11 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Transport pursuant to the answer of 16 January 2014, Official Report, column 655W, on unmanned air vehicles, which Government departments have used unmanned systems to collect data; which unmanned systems are used; and which policies are so supported. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Home Department have given presentations to the Government Working Group on the use they made of remotely piloted aircraft systems. For details in respect of the systems they have used and the policies supported, I would refer you to the Secretary of State for the Home Department, my right hon. Friend Mrs May and the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, my right hon. Friend Mr Paterson. Robert Goodwill (Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport); Scarborough and Whitby, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140211/text/140211w0001.htm#140211w0001.htm_wqn2International Co-OperationUK
10 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 29 January 2014, Official Report, column 598W on unmanned aerial vehicles, what future basing options his Department has identified for the Reaper capability following the end of ISAF operations in Afghanistan. [R]Tom Watson, LabourI have nothing further to add to the answer I gave on 29 January 2014, Hansard, column 598W, to my hon. Friend Rehman Chishti. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140210/text/140210w0004.htm#140210w0004.htm_wqn25Research & DevelopmentUK
10 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what potential co-operative opportunities have been identified by his Department as potentially benefiting from the proposed Joint User Group for Reaper. [R]Tom Watson, LabourIn consultation with the US, the proposed Joint User Group for the Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft System may develop cooperative opportunities through the exchange of lessons learnt and explore working with other nations in areas such as air certification, training, through life support and interoperability. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140210/text/140210w0004.htm#140210w0004.htm_wqn24TechnicalAfghanistan
10 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 30 January 2014, Official Report, column 69 on Yemen, what steps his Department is taking to support the Yemeni and US governments in combating any common threat. [R]Tom Watson, LabourWe continue to support the Government of Yemen to counter the threat posed by Al-Qaeda in the Arabian peninsular. As part of his routine engagement the Defence Attaché in Sana'a has regular meetings with members of the Yemeni Armed and Security Forces and with his US counterpart.

We are not currently providing any training to the Yemeni Armed Forces in Yemen although we continue to provide training to a small number of Yemeni Officers on professional development courses in the UK.
Andrew Murrison (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; South West Wiltshire, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140210/text/140210w0004.htm#140210w0004.htm_wqn28TechnicalAfghanistan
10 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the outcome was of the joint UK-US firing trials of Brimstone missiles which took place at China Lake in December 2013 and January 2014 from MQ-9 Reaper. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe trials completed in January 2014 and the data are still being analysed, therefore the results are not yet available. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140210/text/140210w0004.htm#140210w0004.htm_wqn26International Co-OperationYemen
6 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 29 January 2014, Official Report, column 598W, on drones, what definition he uses of contingent purposes.Rehman Chishti, Conservativeholding answer 4 February 2014

The definition of contingent purposes is to ensure that the UK is able to deal with a wide range of security challenges to UK interests. This requires a variety of capabilities.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140206/text/140206w0002.htm#140206w0002.htm_wqn72RegulationUK
6 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 29 January 2014, Official Report, column 598W, on drones, what possible options he is considering for future basing options of Reaper drones.Rehman Chishti, Conservativeholding answer 4 February 2014

I have nothing further to add to the answer I gave on 29 January 2014.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140206/text/140206w0002.htm#140206w0002.htm_wqn73Research & DevelopmentFrance
6 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what progress was made at the recent Franco- British summit in relation to defence equipment collaboration; and if he will make a statement.Peter Luff, ConservativeSignificant progress was made on equipment co-operation at the Franco-British summit on 31 January 2014. We signed documents that will enable a two-year joint feasibility phase for the Future Combat Air System (FCAS). It will see British and French industries working together on vehicle design and characteristics, propulsion and systems. Additionally, the UK continues to support France with the best information possible to help inform their major decision points for acquiring a Tactical Unmanned Air System. Defence Ministers also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the development and manufacture of a Future Anti-Surface Guided Weapon that will arm the Wildcat naval helicopter against a range of predicted future threats in complex environments. In addition, we committed to the initial design stage for an unmanned under water vehicle capable of finding and neutralising seabed mines. We expect to place a contract later this year. We also agreed to continue to work with industry to deliver a common value for money support plan for the A400M transport fleet. There are also ongoing discussions to explore opportunities in the land domain. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140206/text/140206w0002.htm#140206w0002.htm_wqn66International Co-OperationAsia
6 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 29 January 2014, Official Report, column 598W, on drones, when a final decision will be reached as to the future basing options for Reaper drones.Rehman Chishti, Conservativeholding answer 4 February 2014

A final decision is likely to be made by the end of 2014.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140206/text/140206w0002.htm#140206w0002.htm_wqn74TechnicalUK
5 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department if she will introduce a code or other guidance to regulate the collection, storage and use of data obtained by departments using unmanned aerial systems. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThere are no plans for further regulation of the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for surveillance purposes. Existing regulation and guidance includes the surveillance camera code of practice issued under the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012. The code provides a framework of good practice for surveillance camera operators and sets out obligations arising from other legislation, including those for the processing of personal data under the Data Protection Act 1998. Damian Green (The Minister for Policing and Criminal Justice; Ashford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140205/text/140205w0001.htm#140205w0001.htm_wqn18International Co-OperationDjibouti
4 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 January 2014, Official Report, columns 578-79W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what the role of the UK is in each of the three activities of the Unmanned Aerial Systems Programme identified in the answer. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe UK role in the Coalition Attack Guidance Experiment (CAGE) is to deliver a simulation of the UK command and control (C2) and unmanned air systems (UAS) in a representative scenario to explore interoperability and C2 issues with our coalition partners.

The UK role in MC-MACE is as collaborative partner participating in a series of joint experiments to evaluate multi-UAS control research concepts by providing software representations of ground control stations in a representative, simulation environment.

The UK role in Bristow is to design, and execute a flight trial to assess the ability of ground systems to track small UAS and to evaluate the performance of the UAS without the aid of GPS. The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP) nations were invited to observe the trial.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140204/text/140204w0002.htm#140204w0002.htm_wqn24Civil useUK
4 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 16 January 2014, Official Report, column 664W, on Asia, what projects are currently being carried out to help his Department assess the implications of sharing military assets, including unmanned systems, with the US in Asia. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThere are no projects being undertaken by the Ministry of Defence to assess the implications of sharing military assets with the US specifically in Asia. However, the UK and US armed forces have a very close relationship and we continue to examine and pursue opportunities for burden sharing and for improving interoperability. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140204/text/140204w0002.htm#140204w0002.htm_wqn4ImpactUK
4 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 19 December 2013, Official Report, column 709W, on unmanned Air Vehicles, whether the RAF officer responsible for liaison with US visiting forces at RAF Croughton has authority to stop a command by the USAF commander for release of a lethal weapon. [R]Tom Watson, LabourRAF Croughton is a communications facility and no combat operations are undertaken from the base. The use of UK bases for combat operations by the United States would in any case be a matter for joint decision by the UK and US Governments. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140204/text/140204w0002.htm#140204w0002.htm_wqn25Strategy and PolicyUK
4 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 17 January 2014, Official Report, column 695W, on Djibouti, how many UK personnel are based at Camp Lemonnier; what the purpose is of their deployment; and under whose line of command those personnel fall. [R]Tom Watson, Labourholding answer 3 February 2014

At present, there are three UK armed forces personnel embedded with US forces at Camp Lemonnier. They work within the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJFT-HOA) and are responsible for planning and supporting US military operations in the region. As embedded military personnel within a US headquarters they come under the command and control of the US armed forces, but remain subject to UK law, policy and military jurisdiction.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140204/text/140204w0002.htm#140204w0002.htm_wqn9Strategy and PolicyUK
4 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will place in the Library a copy of the recently declassified study on stress suffered by UK RPAS pilots carried out by Dr Wayne Cappelle. [R]Tom Watson, LabourUK remotely piloted air system pilots were not part of Dr Wayne Chappelle’s study. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140204/text/140204w0002.htm#140204w0002.htm_wqn23Strategy and PolicyUK
3 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether the Metropolitan Police Service has ever trialled or used any unmanned aerial surveillance system. [R]Tom Watson, LabourUse of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) by the Metropolitan Police Service is an operational matter for the Mayor’s Office for Police and Crime and the Commissioner. Any use of UAVs would, however, need to comply with existing Civil Aviation Authority regulations. Damian Green (The Minister for Policing and Criminal Justice; Ashford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140203/text/140203w0002.htm#140203w0002.htm_wqn1ImpactYemen
3 February 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether officials in his Department have participated in any EC Working Group considering policy or law applying to use of unmanned aerial vehicles. [R]Tom Watson, LabourWe are not aware of any EC Working Group considering policy or law to use unmanned aerial vehicles. Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140203/text/140203w0003.htm#140203w0003.htm_wqn16TechnicalAfghanistan
30 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment his Department has made of the effect on security in Yemen of drone strikes in that country. [R]Tom Watson, LabourDrone strikes against terrorist targets in Yemen are a matter for the Yemeni and US Governments. We expect all concerned to act in accordance with international law and take all feasible precautions to avoid civilian casualties when conducting operations. There is a need for effective action, and for Yemeni ownership of the fight against terrorism. It is important that Yemen and the international community continue to work together to combat this common threat. Hugh Robertson (Minister of State; Faversham and Mid Kent, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140130/text/140130w0002.htm#140130w0002.htm_wqn58TechnicalTechnical
27 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 4 September 2013, Official Report, column 406W, on military aircraft, how many aircraft of each type were used to calculate the net book value.Angus Robertson, Scottish National PartyHolding answer 24 January 2014

The number of aircraft used to calculate the net book value of each type was as follows:

Aircraft type - Number of aircraft

Reaper - 5
Chinook - 46
Merlin - 66
Puma/Gazelle - 34
Sea King - 103
Apache - 66
Lynx - 101
Islander - 4
BAE 146 - 4
BAE 125 - 6
Vigilant - 65
Viking - 82
Sentry - 6 Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140127/text/140127w0002.htm#140127w0002.htm_wqn23International Co-OperationDjibouti
27 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 19 December 2013, Official Report, column 708W, on unmanned air vehicles, if he will request that the US Air Force provide a breakdown of the £10.5 million provided to support operations at RAF Croughton by each (a) unit present, (b) activity carried out and (c) facility used at the base.Tom Watson, LabourThe information is not centrally held by the United States Air Force and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140127/text/140127w0002.htm#140127w0002.htm_wqn31International Co-OperationAsia
17 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether there are any UK officers stationed at Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti.Tom Watson, LabourThere are a very small number of UK military personnel deployed to Camp Lemonnier working closely alongside our US allies. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140117/text/140117w0001.htm#140117w0001.htm_wqn16TechnicalUK
16 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether the UK will provide any support to the deployment of French Reapers in Mali.Tom Watson, LabourThere are currently no plans for the UK to provide any support to the deployment of remotely piloted air systems in Africa by France. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140116/text/140116w0003.htm#140116w0003.htm_wqn9MilitaryAfghanistan
16 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Transport pursuant to the answer of 18 December 2013, Official Report, column 633W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether material is collated by the Cross-Government Working Group on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems on use of such systems by state bodies or any state bodies in UK airspace.Tom Watson, LabourNo material has been collated to date, but two Government Departments have given presentations to the Government Working Group on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems on how they have made use of small remotely piloted aircraft systems to assist them with collecting data to support policy in their respective areas. Robert Goodwill (Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport); Scarborough and Whitby, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140116/text/140116w0002.htm#140116w0002.htm_wqn60International Co-OperationAfghanistan
16 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 19 December 2013, Official Report, columns 707-08W, on RAF Waddington, whether UK Reapers and the systems which control and support UK Reapers are interoperable with the capabilities and systems of any NATO allies.Tom Watson, LabourUK Reaper is interoperable with equivalent Reaper systems and other capabilities used by NATO allies. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140116/text/140116w0003.htm#140116w0003.htm_wqn11International Co-OperationMali
16 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will make a statement on the US Department of Defense's plan to enlist the co-operation of allies to support increased use of armed and surveillance unmanned vehicles in Asia, as set out in the Unmanned Systems Integrated Roadmap FY2013-2036.Tom Watson, LabourWe co-operate with the US on a number of issues, and are proactively engaged in seeking ways to further enhance our defence and security relationship, and to make best use of military assets, including unmanned systems, to fulfil our shared capability requirements. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140116/text/140116w0003.htm#140116w0003.htm_wqn5Civil useUK
15 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 11 December 2013, Official Report, column 256W, on armed forces: deployment, what the Urgent Operational Requirement is for the five additional UK Reaper aircraft.Tom Watson, LabourThe purchase of five additional reaper remotely piloted aerial systems (RPAS) will increase the UK Reaper RPAS capability in Afghanistan, providing additional armed intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance support to UK ground forces.

I am unable to provide further details as to do so would prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces.
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140115/text/140115w0001.htm#140115w0001.htm_wqn70MaritimeUK
15 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 11 December 2013, Official Report, column 255W, on Afghanistan, what the number, squadron and rank is of each US Air Force personnel manning UK Reapers on non-UK missions outside the launch and recovery phaseTom Watson, LabourUK Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) are International Security and Assistance Force (ISAF) assets which are tasked by the ISAF Joint Command to support ISAF forces on the ground. This includes supporting both UK forces and UK coalition partners. In all cases, UK Reaper RPAS are operated in line with UK procedures and rules of engagement.

Outside of the launch and recovery phase, UK Reaper RPAS have always been operated by UK pilots.
Anna Soubry (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of Stte for Defence; Broxtowe, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140115/text/140115w0001.htm#140115w0001.htm_wqn69Strategy and PolicyUK
15 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what current joint activities of the Unmanned Aerial Systems Programme are carried out under the Technical Co-operation Programme.Tom Watson, LabourThere are three current joint activities of the Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) Programme carried out under The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP). These are:

CAGE (Coalition Attack Guidance Experiment), which is a distributed Synthetic Environment experiment designed to understand coalition UAS command and control;

MC-MACE (Monitoring and Controlling Multiple Assets in Complex Environment), which is a collaboration to investigate multi-UAS control; and

Project BRISTOW, which is a trial to investigate counter UAS technologies.

Through TTCP, the UAS programme shares information, at a Government-to- Government level, on national UAS research activities, and research plans, with a view to sharing lessons and identifying burden-sharing collaboration opportunities. The results of TTCP activities assist each participant in meeting defence requirements, while avoiding unnecessary duplication of effort.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140115/text/140115w0001.htm#140115w0001.htm_wqn71TechnicalUK
14 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether the RC 135 Airseeker is equipped with single skin fuel lines.Angus Robertson (SNP Westminster Leader; Moray, Scottish National Party)he RC-135 does have single skin fuel lines but, in the case of the air-to-air refuelling and fuel dump systems, these have been modified by the United States Air Force (USAF) to incorporate shrouding and venting of the couplings. The modified system is being thoroughly assessed as part of the development of the aircraft safety case. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140114/text/140114w0002.htm#140114w0002.htm_wqn27Research & DevelopmentUAE
14 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 16 December 2013, Official Report, column 455, on international supply chains, which maritime security combined task forces are supported by the Scan Eagle unmanned maritime asset.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 10 December 2013, Hansard, column 198W. The Scan Eagle system is undergoing acceptance trials with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, and we expect to deploy it operationally soon. It will be available for use on deployments by both single ships and where our vessels are part of larger task forces. However, as a matter of routine we would not give details of the exact timings and locations of its use, as to do so would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140114/text/140114w0002.htm#140114w0002.htm_wqn29TechnicalUK
14 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 50W, on armed forces: deployment, whether any UK officers are on exchange with the US at the Combined Air Operations Centre in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourThere is no Combined Air Operations Centre in Afghanistan. The co-ordination of ISAF air operations in Afghanistan is conducted by the Combined Air Operations Centre in Al Udeid, Qatar.

I refer the hon. Member to the answer my predecessor, my right hon. Friend Mr Robathan, gave him on 2 September 2013, Hansard, column 50W, which refers to the number of UK personnel on exchange with the US.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140114/text/140114w0002.htm#140114w0002.htm_wqn20International Co-OperationEurope
14 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what additional information was requested from (a) the USAF and (b) Boeing by QinetiQ in order to meet the Military Airworthiness Authority standards to release to service the first RC 135.Angus Robertson (SNP Westminster Leader; Moray, Scottish National Party)In early 2012, Defence Equipment and Support and its technical support Subject Matter Experts in QinetiQ worked closely with the United States Air Force (USAF) to gain access to information from a number of US sources (including Boeing and the USAF) to support development of UK airworthiness documentation, notably the safety case and release to service. Further Boeing proprietary information, concerning aircraft performance in particular, has been requested by QinetiQ. The USAF has facilitated UK access to information from Boeing to meet this requirement. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140114/text/140114w0002.htm#140114w0002.htm_wqn26International Co-OperationAfghanistan
9 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of the breakdown in negotiations between BAE Systems and the United Arab Emirates regarding the purchase of Typhoon fighter jets.Daniel Kawczynski (Shrewsbury and Atcham, Conservative)BAE Systems, with Government support, has worked very hard over the past 14 months to secure a deal that would have seen the United Arab Emirates (UAE) become the eighth nation to select Typhoon for their air force. The Government therefore shares the Company's disappointment that, for commercial reasons, the Emiratis have decided not to pursue this option any further at this time.

Nevertheless, both the UK Government and BAE Systems remain confident that, given the extent of Typhoon's current and planned future capabilities, it represents the best value-for-money advanced multi-role combat aircraft available on the export market today. We continue to support other Typhoon export campaigns in the Gulf region and beyond. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140109/text/140109w0001.htm#140109w0001.htm_wqn38TechnicalFrance
8 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions he has had with his European counterparts about creating a European Reaper Users Association; and if he will make a statement.Nicholas Soames (Mid Sussex, Conservative)The Secretary of State for Defence, my right hon. Friend Mr Hammond, has not had specific discussions with European counterparts about creating or joining a European Reaper Users Association. Andrew Murrison (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; South West Wiltshire, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140108/text/140108w0001.htm#140108w0001.htm_wqn66civil useUK
7 January 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Astor of Hever on 13 June (WA 254), whether any unit of the British armed forces or United Kingdom personnel other than the British Army Training Unit in Kenya operate unmanned aerial systems in Africa for the purpose of training or any other purpose.Tom Watson, LabourNo Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are currently operated in Africa by the British armed forces, other than at the British Army Training Unit Kenya used for training purposes. UK personnel embedded with the US Air Force have flown US Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems in Africa in support of Op Ellamy (Libya) and the UK has an officer seconded to the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) who is responsible for co-ordinating the operation of UN contracted unarmed UAS in support of MONUSCO operations. Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140107w0001.htm#wa_st_28RegulationEurope
7 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 7 November 2013, Official Report, column 307W, on unmanned air vehicles, what steps he has taken to facilitate referral of remotely-piloted aircraft weapon discharge reports to the ISAF Joint Incident Assessment Team. [R]Tom Watson, LabourUK armed forces fully comply with ISAF reporting procedures for all UK remotely piloted aircraft system (RPAS) missions in Afghanistan. Joint incident assessment teams are assembled on the orders of empowered ISAF commanders to investigate specific incidents or allegations. Once an investigation is complete the team is disbanded. Andrew Murrison (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; South West Wiltshire, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140107/text/140107w0002.htm#140107w0002.htm_wqn26International Co-OperationKenya
7 January 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Astor of Hever on 19 March (WA 127), whether training or trial events of unmanned aircraft systems other than Reaper have been carried out in United Kingdom airspace with international partners.Baroness Stern (Crossbench)No joint training or trials events of Ministry of Defence (MOD) unmanned air systems have taken place with international partners in United Kingdom airspace. The MOD has, however, supported French forces' evaluation of the Watchkeeper unmanned air system, an element of which took place

at Parc Aberporth, which is in segregated airspace. This activity was independent from the United Kingdom Watchkeeper programme. Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140107w0001.htm#wa_st_30MilitaryAfghanistan
7 January 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government what is their assessment of the draft Council Conclusions to be put to the European Council on 19–20 December in respect of (1) co-operation on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems, (2) the deployment of European Union battlegroups, (3) cybersecurity, (4) the development of a maritime security strategy, and (5) the harmonisation of defence requirements; and whether any of the measures envisaged would engage the referendum provisions of the European Union Act 2011.Lord Stoddart of Swindon (Independent Labour)The draft European Council Conclusions were discussed on 19-20 December in Brussels. I will update the House in January 2014 on the outcome of the European Council.Baroness Warsi (Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140107w0001.htm#wa_st_116International Co-OperationCAR
7 January 2014To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Astor of Hever on 13 June (WA 254), whether any unit of the British armed forces or United Kingdom personnel other than the British Army Training Unit in Kenya operate unmanned aerial systems in Africa for the purpose of training or any other purpose.Baroness Stern (Crossbench)No Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are currently operated in Africa by the British armed forces, other than at the British Army Training Unit Kenya used for training purposes. UK personnel embedded with the US Air Force have flown US Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems in Africa in support of Op Ellamy (Libya) and the UK has an officer seconded to the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) who is responsible for co-ordinating the operation of UN contracted unarmed UAS in support of MONUSCO operations.Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/140107w0001.htm#wa_st_28MaritimeUK
6 January 2014To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what level of help, support and co-operation the UK armed forces have provided to the French intervention in the Central African Republic; and what plans he has for Franco-British military co-operation in the near future in the framework of the Lancaster House Treaties.Edward Leigh (Gainsborough, Conservative)In response to a request from the French President, the Royal Air Force has undertaken three return flights by CI7 transport aircraft to help move French forces' equipment to Bangui in support of their intervention in the Central African Republic. Franco-British military co-operation in the framework of the Lancaster House Treaties continues to deliver steady progress towards our shared objectives including the ability, by 2016, to field a Combined Joint Expeditionary Force, supporting each other in operations, co-ordinating our activities in the development and acquisition of a range of capabilities, ensuring our support for action in the UN, NATO and the EU and ensuring the viability and safety of our national deterrents.Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140106/text/140106w0001.htm#140106w0001.htm_wqn37LegalityUK
19 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 4 March 2013, Official Report, column 849W, on unmanned aerial and marine vehicles, what assessment he has made of the potential use of unmanned vehicles for maritime reconnaissance by the Air ISTAR Optimisation Study.Zac Goldsmith (Richmond Park, Conservative)The initial findings of the Air ISTAR Optimisation Study (AIOS) indicate that, in the short to medium timescale (now to 2025), unmanned air systems (UAS) could provide a capability covering unit and force protection—but not wide area surveillance—above water. Unmanned wide area surveillance for anti- submarine warfare (ASW) would be more challenging before 2035. Further work is needed to understand: the specific capabilities that could be delivered and how they could be integrated, air worthiness certification and the affordability of such systems. The next phase of the AIOS will consider the role of UAS in order to inform decisions leading up to and part of the Strategic Defence and Security Review planned in 2015. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131219/text/131219w0001.htm#131219w0001.htm_wqn31Strategy and PolicyUK
19 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 December 2013, Official Report, column 198W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether he will place in the Library copies of the factual reports, studies and trials on which the legal review is based. [R]Tom Watson, LabourReaper is a system procured from the US which is currently being used on operations in Afghanistan. The reports requested contain operationally sensitive information on current capabilities, disclosure of which would prejudice the capability, effectiveness and security of the armed forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131219/text/131219w0001.htm#131219w0001.htm_wqn32International Co-OperationUK
19 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 December 2013, Official Report, column 197W, on unmanned air vehicles, if his Department will implement the recommendations of the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism in paragraph 78 of his September 2013 report. [R]Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 18 November 2013, Hansard, column 706W. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131219/text/131219w0001.htm#131219w0001.htm_wqn34LegalityUK
19 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Moray, of 15 October 2013, Official Report, column 640W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether his Department has overseen the development of any technologies used in the five new Reaper aircraft to enhance interoperability of those assets between the UK and NATO allied forces. [R]Tom Watson, LabourNo. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131219/text/131219w0001.htm#131219w0001.htm_wqn36MilitaryAfghanistan
19 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what steps his Department has taken to promote the interoperability of capabilities and systems at RAF Waddington with the UK's NATO allies in 2013. [R]Tom Watson, LabourRAF systems based at RAF Waddington make a major national contribution to interoperability with NATO Allies. The RAF's E-3D Sentry is the UK's contribution to the NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control Force. Sentinel, Shadow and Reaper, the RAF's remotely piloted aircraft system, all contributed to NATO's ISAF intelligence, target acquisition and surveillance operations in Afghanistan during 2013. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131219/text/131219w0001.htm#131219w0001.htm_wqn30International Co-OperationUK
19 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 December 2013, Official Report, column 198W, on unmanned air vehicles, what local force protection is currently provided for or planned by Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessels. [R]Tom Watson, LabourDecisions on the level of local force protection measures for deployed Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessels are based on an assessment of the threat, which will reflect a vessel's specific mission and deployment. The threat to naval service and units is constantly evolving and is kept under review to ensure the appropriate force protection measures are in place.

Several different types of measure may be used to counter any threat, providing a layered approach to protection. Such measures can include physical protection; adapting tactics, techniques and procedures; effective use of intelligence; and electronic countermeasures.

I cannot describe specific force protections measures publicly. I am withholding the information as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
Research & DevelopmentUK
19 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 9 December 2013, Official Report, column 70W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what the (a) unit, (b) service and (c) rank is of each of the United States Visiting Forces personnel based at (i) RAF Croughton and (ii) RAF Marham.Tom Watson, LabourThere are 651 United States Air Force personnel at RAF Croughton under the command of the 422nd Air Base Group. Personnel range in rank from Colonel, the group commander, to Airman, the second most junior enlisted rank. The Ministry of Defence does not hold a list of personnel by unit and rank.

There are no United States Visiting Forces personnel at RAF Marham.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131219/text/131219w0001.htm#131219w0001.htm_wqn37Strategy and PolicyUK
19 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 December 2013, Official Report, columns 197-8W, on unmanned air vehicles, if he will disclose details of the funding provided by the United States Visiting Forces (USVF) to meet their day-to-day activities at RAF Croughton and RAF Moleworth identified by reference to each (a) unit present, (b) activity carried out and (c) facility used by USVF. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe United States Air Force 422nd Air Base Group at RAF Croughton has an annual budget in the region of £10.5 million to support its operations at the base. The Ministry of Defence (MOD) does not hold a breakdown of this figure.

Units at RAF Molesworth are supported by budgets from multiple commands including NATO, US European Command, US Africa Command and the US Air Forces in Europe. The MOD does not hold a breakdown of these budgets.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131219/text/131219w0001.htm#131219w0001.htm_wqn33MaritimeUK
18 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Transport pursuant to the answer of 10 December 2013, Official Report, column 198W, on unmanned air vehicles, which RPAS-related departmental polices are informed by the Cross-Government Working Group on Remotely Piloted Aircraft SystemsTom Watson, LabourThe Cross-Government Working Group on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems works to support the Government's growth agenda, specifically aimed at creating an environment that will allow UK operators and industry to compete in this new and emerging market. This includes issues that cut across a number of Government Departments such as regulation, information management and UK infrastructure requirements to support the safe integration of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems into UK and European airspace. Robert Goodwill (Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport); Scarborough and Whitby, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131218/text/131218w0001.htm#131218w0001.htm_wqn24MilitaryAfghanistan
18 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 June 2013, Official Report, column 327W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what recent discussions he has had with his international counterparts on the legality of the armed drones programme.Annette Brooke (Mid Dorset and North Poole, Liberal Democrat)There have been no discussions with international counterparts on the legality of the armed remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) programme as the framework for their use is clear. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131218/text/131218w0001.htm#131218w0001.htm_wqn38Civil useUK
18 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what material on the current or proposed use of remotely piloted aircraft systems in UK airspace is collated by or on behalf of the Cross-Government Working Group on remotely piloted aircraft systems.Tom Watson, LabourAs with all policy groups, the Cross-Government Working Group on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems considers a range of material from a variety of sources, including from industry and other Government Departments. Robert Goodwill (Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Transport); Scarborough and Whitby, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131218/text/131218w0001.htm#131218w0001.htm_wqn23LegalityUK
17 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 4 December 2013, Official Report, column 677W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what supporting activities are provided by his Department to any civil unmanned system developers or operators when those applications may have some defence outcome.Tom Watson, LabourNone. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131217/text/131217w0001.htm#131217w0001.htm_wqn65Research & DevelopmentUK
17 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 9 December 2013, Official Report, column 70W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, which remotely piloted in-service aircraft systems are known to have flown in the UK outside danger areas or segregated airspace.Tom Watson, LabourNo Ministry of Defence in-service unmanned aircraft system is known to have been operated in UK airspace outside of a danger area or segregated airspace. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131217/text/131217w0001.htm#131217w0001.htm_wqn66TechnicalUK
17 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 9 December 2013, Official Report, column 70W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what information his Department records or collates on the trialling or other use of unmanned aerial systems by MOD state bodies in UK air space.Tom Watson, LabourIn the UK the Ministry of Defence operates unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in danger areas or segregated airspace. I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my right hon. Friend the then Minister of State for the Armed Forces (Mr Robathan), on 18 July 2013, Hansard, column 960W, for the number and location of flights by UAS in the UK in the last 10 years. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131216/text/131216w0004.htm#131216w0004.htm_wqn16International Co-OperationUS
16 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 9 December 2013, Official Report, column 70W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, which Government Department or body records or collates information on the trialling or other use of unmanned aerial systems by state bodies in UK airspace.Tom Watson, LabourThe Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has regulatory responsibility for all non-Ministry of Defence unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). The CAA records data on the applications for permission to operate UAS in the UK, although they do not hold data for specific flights which remains the responsibility of the operator. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131216/text/131216w0004.htm#131216w0004.htm_wqn18Research & DevelopmentUK
16 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 9 December 2013, Official Report, column 70W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what information his Department records or collates on the trialling or other use of unmanned aerial systems by MOD state bodies in UK air space.Tom Watson, LabourIn the UK the Ministry of Defence operates unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in danger areas or segregated airspace. I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my right hon. Friend the then Minister of State for the Armed Forces (Mr Robathan), on 18 July 2013, Hansard, column 960W, for the number and location of flights by UAS in the UK in the last 10 years. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131216/text/131216w0004.htm#131216w0004.htm_wqn16TechnicalUK
16 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 9 December 2013, Official Report, column 70W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what testing and evaluation of unmanned aerial system capabilities is being conducted or is planned for 2014 by 56(R) Squadron at the Air Warfare Centre.Tom Watson, Labour56(R) Squadron currently has no responsibility for test and evaluation of unmanned aerial system capabilities. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131216/text/131216w0004.htm#131216w0004.htm_wqn17Civil useUK
16 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 18 July 2013, Official Report, column 960W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what approximate distance beyond the primary areas of operation identified for the Black Hornet that unmanned aerial vehicle has flown in UK airspace. [R]Tom Watson, LabourBlack Hornet is a very small aerial surveillance tool which flies distances of less than 300 metres. It is used solely for training purposes in the UK and is not flown beyond military training areas. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131216/text/131216w0004.htm#131216w0004.htm_wqn15Research & DevelopmentUK
12 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the answer of 8 November 2013, Official Report, column 373W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether trials have been undertaken of unmanned aerial vehicles for use by or on behalf of the Immigration Enforcement or the Border Force. [R]Tom Watson, LabourImmigration Enforcement and UK Border Force have not trialled unmanned aerial vehicles. Mark Harper (The Minister for Immigration; Forest of Dean, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131212/text/131212w0001.htm#131212w0001.htm_wqn53MilitaryAfghanistan
11 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Moray, of 22 October 2013, Official Report, column 102W, on unmanned air vehicles, what steps are outstanding in the Watchkeeper release to service process. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe programme recently received a Statement of Type Design Assurance from the Military Aviation Authority; this is a key component of the certification process which will allow the Ministry of Defence to progress towards the initial release to service (RTS). The remaining steps include completion of the initial RTS recommendations by defence equipment and support, and duty holder assurance activities, which are expected over the coming months. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131211/text/131211w0002.htm#131211w0002.htm_wqn39MilitaryAfghanistan
11 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether operational command of unmanned aerial vehicles allocated for use by NATO can revert to US command to enable it to engage in operations outside the International Security Assistance Force mission.Dave Anderson, LabourThe UK's unmanned aerial vehicle platforms are national assets and only operate in support of the NATO led International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131211/text/131211w0002.htm#131211w0002.htm_wqn38International Co-OperationUK
11 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 4 September 2013, Official Report, column 402W, on Afghanistan, what the number, squadron and rank is of US Air Force personnel who man UK Reapers other than those in 62 Expeditionary Squadron responsible for launch and recovery of those assets. [R]Tom Watson, LabourUS Air Force personnel do not operate UK Reapers outside of the launch and recovery phase on UK missions. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131211/text/131211w0002.htm#131211w0002.htm_wqn29MilitaryAfghanistan
11 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence

(1) whether additional Reaper aircraft will be introduced to Afghanistan under an urgent operation requirement; [R]

(2) pursuant to the Answer to the hon. Member for Moray, of 15 October 2013, Official Report, column 640W, on armed forces: deployment, whether acceptance testing of the five additional Reaper aircraft has been completed. [R]
Tom Watson, LabourThe acquisition of the five additional Reaper aircraft to support operations in Afghanistan will continue to be managed as an Urgent Operational Requirement. Acceptance testing of four of the five new aircraft has been completed; acceptance testing for the last aircraft should complete over the coming weeks. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131211/text/131211w0002.htm#131211w0002.htm_wqn31MilitaryAfghanistan
11 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 31 October 2013, Official Report, column 552W, on unmanned air vehicles: Afghanistan, to what proportion of legitimate military objectives for targeting by UK unmanned aerial vehicles in Afghanistan have pattern of life analyses contributed. [R]Tom Watson, LabourPattern of life analysis is always undertaken prior to any kinetic strike being conducted. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131211/text/131211w0002.htm#131211w0002.htm_wqn28MaritimeMediterranean
11 December 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what proposals have been made or trialled by NATO to use drones and other reconnaissance aircraft to improve safety at sea, particularly in the Mediterranean.Lord Hylton, CrossbenchNATO is not currently examining such proposals directly. Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/131211w0001.htm#wa_st_28International Co-OperationUK
10 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 31 October 2013, Official Report, column 550W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether the US makes any voluntary contribution of funding to support the facilities at RAF Croughton, RAF Moleworth or RAF Waddington. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe United States Visiting Forces (USVF) are responsible for meeting the costs of their day-to-day activities at RAF Croughton and RAF Molesworth. No voluntary contributions of funding in support of the facilities at RAF Waddington are made by the USVF. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131210/text/131210w0004.htm#131210w0004.htm_wqn21LegalityUK
10 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what initiatives concerning the current or proposed use of unmanned aerial systems in UK airspace are subject to review or other work by the cross-government unmanned aircraft systems and remotely piloted aircraft systems working group. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Cross-Government Working Group on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) is chaired by the Department for Transport. The Group is a forum to: inform RPAS-related departmental policies; identify synergies and opportunities for efficiency; and identify and address barriers to a successful UK industry base, supporting the Government's prosperity agenda. The Group is not required to review the current or proposed use of RPAS in UK airspace. However, all RPAS initiatives that affect, or could affect, more than one Department may be discussed by the Group. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131210/text/131210w0004.htm#131210w0004.htm_wqn24Civil useUK
10 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 17 June 2013, Official Report, column 502W, on unmanned air vehicles, if he will review the security classification of Joint Service Publication 900 in the light of the two recent reports by the UN special rapporteurs on use of armed drones; and if he will place a copy or redacted copy of that publication in the Library.Yasin Qureshi, LabourWe have reviewed Joint Service Publication (JSP) 900, which contains the UK policy relating to targeting for manned and unmanned aircraft systems. JSP 900 contains information that, if disclosed, would reveal to our adversaries useful information about how and when the UK might choose to use its weapon systems. This would or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces.

UK military personnel responsible for operating manned and unmanned aircraft must at all times act in accordance with International Humanitarian Law.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131210/text/131210w0004.htm#131210w0004.htm_wqn20Civil useUK
10 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 5 September 2013, Official Report, column 491W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what the in-service date is for the Scan Eagle capability approved as an urgent operational requirement in March 2013; and which naval deployments the Scan Eagle will support. [R]Tom Watson, LabourWe are still on track for the timelines I gave in my answer of 5 September 2013, Hansard, column 491W. The capability will be used to provide local force protection and surface surveillance to Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessels. We do not routinely discuss the operational capability of deployed units, and so I am withholding further details as their disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131210/text/131210w0004.htm#131210w0004.htm_wqn23LegalityUK
10 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 26 November 2013, Official Report, columns 212-3W, on RAF Croughton, if he will supplement the current agreement for use of RAF Croughton by the US with an additional agreement in the light of developments in communications technology since the conclusion of the Status of Forces Agreement in 1951. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThere is no requirement for an additional agreement regarding the use of RAF Croughton by the United States Visiting Forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131210/text/131210w0004.htm#131210w0004.htm_wqn14TechnicalUK
10 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 18 October 2013, Official Report, column 882W, on unmanned air vehicles, if he will place in the Library a copy of the Article 36 legal review on the use of armed unmanned aerial systems with privileged legal advice redacted. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe legal review conducted by DCDC Legal Branch on the use of unmanned aerial systems in the context of Article 36 is subject to legal professional privilege (LPP). LPP attaches across the body of the document and it is not open to redaction. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131210/text/131210w0004.htm#131210w0004.htm_wqn22Civil useUK
9 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 31 October 2013, Official Report, column 541W, on police: unmanned air vehicles, what information his Department collates on the trialling or other use of unmanned aerial vehicles by state bodies in UK airspace. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence (MOD) does not centrally record or collate the trialling or other use of unmanned aerial systems by non-MOD state bodies in UK airspace. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131209/text/131209w0003.htm#131209w0003.htm_wqn5International Co-OperationUK
9 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 31 October 2013, Official Report, column 551W, on unmanned aerial vehicle, what the (a) unit, (b) service and (c) rank was of each of the US personnel based at the (i) Air Warfare Centre, (ii) Air Battlespace Training Centre or (iii) elsewhere at RAF Waddington. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe information requested as at 2 December 2013 is as follows:



Air Warfare Centre



Unit

Service/Rank

Number



Air Warfare Group

USAF Lt Col

1



56(R) Squadron

USAF Captain

1




RAF Waddington (Other)



Unit

Service/Rank

Number



8 Squadron

USAF Major

1



51 Squadron

USAF Major

1



8 Squadron

USAF Captain

1



8 Squadron

USAF Lt

1


There are currently no US personnel based at the Air Battlespace Training Centre. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131209/text/131209w0003.htm#131209w0003.htm_wqn4Civil useUK
9 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 7 November 2013, Official Report, column 269W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, which military remotely piloted aircraft systems not in service have been operated in national airspace outside Military Aviation Authority-approved danger areas or segregated airspace; and what the purpose of each such operation overseen by the Minister for the Armed Forces was. [R]Tom Watson, LabourNo Ministry of Defence remotely piloted aircraft system, not presently in service, is known to have flown in the UK outside danger areas or segregated airspace.

The Civil Aviation Authority is responsible for approving danger areas or segregated airspace.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131209/text/131209w0003.htm#131209w0003.htm_wqn3Strategy and PolicyAfghanistan
4 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what support his Department provides to programmes currently being undertaken by the unmanned aerial systems industry for the development of civil use of unmanned aerial or maritime systems.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence, through the Unmanned Air Systems Capability Development Centre (UASCDC), has no mandate to carry out supporting activities with civil Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) developers or operators when the applications have no defence outcomes. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131204/text/131204w0001.htm#131204w0001.htm_wqn32Research & DevelopmentUS
4 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what support his Department provides to programmes currently being undertaken by the unmanned aerial systems industry for the development of civil use of unmanned aerial or maritime systems. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence, through the Unmanned Air Systems Capability Development Centre (UASCDC), has no mandate to carry out supporting activities with civil Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) developers or operators when the applications have no defence outcomes. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131204/text/131204w0001.htm#131204w0001.htm_wqn32International Co-OperationPalestine
4 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 October 2013, Official Report, column 633W, on Afghanistan, what advances in technology have triggered reviews of UK policy on establishing positive identification and determination of status in the last two years. [R]Tom Watson, LabourRegular reviews of the UK Targeting Directive and Rules of Engagement are carried out as the Afghanistan campaign has continued to evolve. Reviews within the past two years have not determined any specific advances in technology that require changes to UK policy on establishing positive identification and determination of a target's status. I refer the hon. Member to the answer given by the Minister for the Armed Forces, my right hon. Friend Mr Francois, on 15 October 2013, Hansard, column 633W, in which he states:

“The UK meets the requirements to seek to protect civilians under International Humanitarian Law. UK policy includes robust criteria on establishing positive identification and requires commanders to do everything feasible to verify that the target is a military objective”.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131204/text/131204w0001.htm#131204w0001.htm_wqn23Civil useUK
4 December 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of the effect of drone surveillance on the civilian population in Gaza.Baroness Tonge (Liberal Democrat)We have carried out no assessment of the effect of drone surveillance on the population in Gaza. Baroness Warsi (Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/131202w0001.htm#wa_st_52Research & DevelopmentUK
3 December 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what interest the UK has in the X-47B unmanned combat air vehicle; and if he will make a statement.Tobias Ellwood, ConservativeThe UK has no formal links specifically with the X-47B programme but maintains an interest in developments through an Information Exchange Agreement with the US on unmanned air systems in general. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131203/text/131203w0003.htm#131203w0003.htm_wqn0International Co-OperationUK
28 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what contracts his Department has with QinetiQ; and what the (a) monetary value and (b) length is of each such contract.Kevan Jones (Shadow Minister (Defence); North Durham, Labour)The Ministry of Defence (MOD) has around 290 current contracts with QinetiQ. Any contracts that the Ministry of Defence (MOD) has with QinetiQ, prior to 2011, is provided as follows. It includes contracts let by MOD Trading Funds, but does not include pan-Government enabling contracts, Government Procurement Card payments or miscellaneous transactions. It includes contracts with Graphics Research Corporation Ltd, which is wholly owned by QinetiQ.

Since January 2011, as part of this Government's commitment to increase transparency, central Government Departments have been required to publish information on the contracts, worth over £10,000, they award on the Contracts Finder. This information is available online at

http://www.contractsfinder.businesslink.gov.uk

In some instances the contract date is in the past. This could either be because outstanding payments are still to be made under the terms of the existing contract, or the contract has been extended and records have not yet been updated to reflect this.



Contract title

Current contract value (£)

Contract start date

Current contract end date

Supplier



Long Term Partnering Agreement

5,040,207,295

14 February 2006

28 March 2028

QinetiQ Ltd



Combined Aerial Target Services

296,700,000

20 November 2008

31 March 2012

QinetiQ Target Services Ltd



T&E Tasking Arrangement-PTPA

6,820,520

6 April 2008

31 March 2028

QinetiQ Ltd



UAV Autonomy and Mission Management

6,271,201

31 March 2010

30 June 2014

QinetiQ Ltd



Management of DE&S Tasking through the Weapons Technology Centre

3,657,760

13 June 2006

31 October 2012

QinetiQ Ltd



The Provision of Safety, Environmental and Airworthiness support of Unmanned Air Systems Team UOR Projects

1,631,175

1 April 2004

31 March 2012

QinetiQ Ltd



Meteor ITEAP and UK Acceptance Case-Stage 2

816,165

21 September 2005

31 March 2009

QinetiQ Ltd



Award Software

800,000

27 October 2004

26 October 2011

QinetiQ Commerce Decisions Ltd



Magnetic Assessment Services

783,975

25 September 2007

31 December 2015

QinetiQ Ltd



Provision of Technical Support for VC10

701,500

1 July 2006

30 June 2013

QinetiQ Ltd



BVRAAM Support

524,769

14 June 2006

31 March 2011

QinetiQ Ltd



Assurance

399,125

1 April 2006

31 March 2008

QinetiQ Ltd



Support Saudi Armed Forces Project

380,620

5 June 2003

31 March 2013

QinetiQ Ltd



Provision of Expert Technical Support to the UK Representative to the NATO LOS CAT

342,500

1 August 2005

31 March 2015

QinetiQ Ltd



Support to NATO Superintendent

296,000

15 September 2005

3 September 2011

QinetiQ Ltd




IPA UOR Reference Centre

264,251

24 May 2007

31 May 2014

QinetiQ Ltd



Lightning Flight OPS Support

257,199

1 April 2005

31 March 2013

QinetiQ Ltd



Conduct Live Firings of Harpoon at the Hebrides

96,066

19 September 2005

31 Mar 2014

QinetiQ Ltd



GFE Management October 2012 to September 2013

69,200

6 December 2010

28 February 2011

QinetiQ Ltd



Update of Cost Model and Production of Investment Appraisal for the Ice Patrol Capability

49,524

1 April 2007

31 January 2013

QinetiQ Ltd



Voyager Security Technical Support May 2012 to May 2013 (30 Days)

22,159

3 September 2010

5 August 2011

QinetiQ Ltd



Maritime Strategic Capability Agreement (MSCA)

20,608

1 March 2008

31 March 2023

QinetiQ Ltd



Jaguar Aircraft Equipment Support to DCAE Cosford

17,872

2 Aug 2010

31 Jul 2013

QinetiQ Ltd



Provision of Infrastructure and Services BUTEC Kyle of Lochalsh

12,147

1 Jul 2010

31 May 2012

QinetiQ Ltd



Technical Support to FEW-TSB Foxhill

10,938

1 August 2010

31 March 2013

QinetiQ Ltd



BUTEC Range Management

7,223

12 July 2010

31 July 2014

QinetiQ Ltd



Contract QinetiQ for the use of the Range Facility in support of the LDCU Trial

3,207

1 October 2007

31 December 2013

QinetiQ Ltd



Support to Tornado Project Team

1

1 October 2010

31 March 2015

QinetiQ Ltd
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131128/text/131128w0003.htm#131128w0003.htm_wqn0International Co-OperationAfghanistan
26 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 11 November 2013, Official Report, column 414W, on military intelligence, whether the Crossbow real time imagery analysis of Full Motion Video includes imagery from intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance assets operated by the USA which are not under joint International Security Assistance Force command. [R]Tom Watson, Labourholding answer 22 November 2013

No.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131126/text/131126w0002.htm#131126w0002.htm_wqn45International Co-OperationUK
26 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will place in the Library copies of any Memoranda of Understanding and other agreements regarding arrangements under which the UK Government makes RAF Croughton available for communications activities by the US. [R]Tom Watson, Labourholding answer 22 November 2013

RAF Croughton is made available for use by the United States Visiting Forces under the terms of the NATO Status of Forces Agreement of 1951 (Cmd 9363) of January 1955, a copy of which is available in the Library of the House. This document is also available on the NATO website at:

http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/official_texts_17265.htm

There are no separate arrangements regarding RAF Croughton’s role as a communications facility.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131126/text/131126w0002.htm#131126w0002.htm_wqn47LegalityUK
26 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what recent discussions he has had with his German counterpart regarding restrictions imposed on the support provided to the US defence communications network through use of UK military bases, facilities and personnel. [R]Tom Watson, Labourholding answer 22 November 2013

No such discussions have taken place.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
International Co-OperationUK
26 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence

(1) if he will introduce a moratorium on communications activities carried out by US officials at RAF Croughton and initiate a departmental review of the type and purpose of all communications activities undertaken at that base; [R]

(2) pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Leeds North East of 25 March 2013, Official Report, column 940W, on USA, if he will review the current legal framework and procedure in place for ensuring oversight of communications activities carried out at RAF Croughton; and if he will make a statement. [R]
Tom Watson, Labourholding answer 22 November 2013

The Ministry of Defence remains satisfied with the arrangement that is currently in place regarding the use of RAF Croughton by the US. The Department has no plans to review this arrangement nor review the activities undertaken by the US at the base.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131126/text/131126w0002.htm#131126w0002.htm_wqn48International Co-OperationGulf
22 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 October 2013, Official Report, column 636W, on Gulf States,

(1) whether RAF personnel stationed in support of the US in the Gulf have access to US intelligence and analysis used for the purposes of drone strikes; [R]

(2) whether RAF personnel stationed in support of the US in the Gulf includes drone pilots or sensor operators.
Tom Watson, LabourIt is the long-standing position of Her Majesty's Government not to comment specifically on intelligence matters. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131122/text/131122w0001.htm#131122w0001.htm_wqn47MaritimeUK
22 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Blaydon of 14 June 2013, Official Report, column 353W, on counter-terrorism and human rights, if he will place in the Library a copy of the legal and technical briefing on the use by the UK of remotely piloted aircraft as discussed with the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-terrorism and Human Rights.Tom Watson, LabourBen Emmerson QC, the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-terrorism and Human Rights, was briefed by Ministry of Defence officials during his recent inquiry. No briefing papers were provided to Mr Emmerson. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131122/text/131122w0001.htm#131122w0001.htm_wqn46MilitaryAfghanistan
22 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 October 2013, Official Report, column 636W, on Gulf States,

(1) whether RAF personnel stationed in support of the US in the Gulf have access to US intelligence and analysis used for the purposes of drone strikes; [R]

(2) whether RAF personnel stationed in support of the US in the Gulf includes drone pilots or sensor operators. [R]
Tom Watson, LabourIt is the long-standing position of Her Majesty's Government not to comment specifically on intelligence matters. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131122/text/131122w0001.htm#131122w0001.htm_wqn47International Co-OperationGulf
21 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence on how many occasions UK personnel flew armed remotely-piloted air system missions during Operation Ellamy.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeDuring Operation Ellamy last year, UK personnel embedded with United States forces contributed to around 200 armed remotely piloted air system missions as part of the NATO mission in support of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973. Andrew Murrison, Minister for International Security Strategyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm121121/text/121121w0001.htm#121121w0001.htm_wqn36ImpactAfghanistan
19 November 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what is (1) the total number of drone attacks conducted by the British Army in Afghanistan in the last three years, and (2) the annual breakdown of that figure for each of the last three years; and how many civilians have been killed and injured in total by the use of British drones in Afghanistan. Lord Ahmed (Labour)Reaper is the UK’s only armed Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS). It is operated by highly-trained Royal Air Force pilots. The following table provides information on the number of weapons released by UK Reaper RPAS in Afghanistan between 01 November 2011 and 31 October 2013.



Date

Number of weapons released



01 November 2010 - 31 Oct 2011

106



01 November 2011 - 31 Oct 2012

119



01 November 2012 - 31 Oct 2013

104



Total

329


There is only one incident where civilian casualties are known to have resulted from a UK Reaper RPAS strike. On 25 March 2011, an attack on two pick-up trucks resulted in the destruction of a significant quantity of explosives and the death of two insurgents, but, sadly, four Afghanistan civilians were also killed. In line with current International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) procedures, an ISAF investigation was conducted to establish if any lessons could be learned or if any errors in operational procedures could be identified. The report concluded that the actions of the Reaper crew had been in accordance with extant procedures and rules of engagement.Lord Astor of Hever (Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/131119w0001.htm#wa_st_26LegalityUK
18 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the timetable is for Navy Command's development of the Marine Unmanned Air Systems Strategy Paper.Zac Goldsmith (Richmond Park, Conservative)The Maritime Unmanned Air Systems Strategy Paper is expected to be endorsed by Navy Command by the end of December 2013. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131118/text/131118w0003.htm#131118w0003.htm_wqn43ImpactUK
18 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to paragraph 78 of the report on unmanned arial vehicles of the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-terrorism and Human Rights to the UN General Assembly published September 2013; what assessment he has made of the UK's compliance with that paragraph's recommendations; and if he will make a statement. [R]Tom Watson, LabourWe are aware of the UN Special Rapporteur's report published in September 2013 and are reviewing our practices against the position set out in paragraph 78. However, the UK already has strict procedures, updated in the light of experience, to minimise the risk of civilian casualties and to ensure that any use of unmanned aerial vehicles that may have resulted in civilian casualties is identified and effectively investigated. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131118/text/131118w0003.htm#131118w0003.htm_wqn42LegalityUK
12 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the RAF Centre for Air Power Studies publication, British air and space power doctrine AP 3000, 4th edition, Counter-Air operations for Psychological Effect, published in 2009, what assessment his Department has made of that publication's (a) conclusions on the psychological effect of air power and the use of unmanned aerial vehicles and (b) other conclusions; and when that assessment was made. [R]Tom Watson, LabourAP 3000 Edition 4 (now superseded by Joint Doctrine Publication 0-30) sets out the broad principles and philosophy for the application of UK Air and Space Power.

Using the psychological effect created by Air Power, it is sometimes possible to deter potential adversaries and avoid bloodshed altogether. No specific study has been conducted by the Ministry of Defence into the psychological effects of using RPAS and indeed, it would be difficult to measure such effects quantitatively. However, empirical evidence based on observation and post-operational reporting suggests that the presence of an aircraft (manned or remotely piloted) modifies the behaviour of insurgents such as the Taliban. When aircraft are present, notable reductions in insurgent activities (such as the emplacement of improvised explosive devices) are observed with a consequent reduction in the threat to both military personnel and civilians. Troops under fire from Taliban positions have also observed that the mere approach of an aircraft is often sufficient to cause the Taliban to break off the engagement and withdraw.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131112/text/131112w0002.htm#131112w0002.htm_wqn49TechnicalAfghanistan
12 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 October 2013, Official Report, column 632W, on unmanned aerial vehicles,

(1) whether the legal advice provided to RAF personnel operating the Reaper Piloted Aircraft System include UK international humanitarian and human rights obligations; [R]

(2) in which other locations legal advice is provided to the operating personnel of unmanned aircraft systems. [R]
Tom Watson, LabourAs I stated in my previous answer, all UK armed forces personnel receive legal briefing during their pre-deployment training. They also have access to legal advice which will include advice on international humanitarian law and human rights law obligations, as appropriate. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131112/text/131112w0002.htm#131112w0002.htm_wqn50International Co-OperationUK
11 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 8 October 2013, Official Report, column 34W, on military intelligence, for what reason Crossbow capability is only delivered from RAF Marham in Norfolk by personnel of the RAF Tactical Imagery-Intelligence Wing using RAF Tornados and not by UK unmanned aerial vehicle operations. [R]Tom Watson, LabourRAF Marham is the home base of the service's tactical air imagery analysis specialists and Crossbow has been located with the most appropriately qualified and experienced personnel. The Crossbow capability conducts near real time imagery analysis of Full Motion Video collected by a range of UK and USAF Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) assets.

This corrects the answer given by my predecessor, my right hon. Friend Mr Robathan, on 8 October 2013, Hansard, column 34W.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131111/text/131111w0001.htm#131111w0001.htm_wqn9Civil useUK
11 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what factors he will take into account when determining the future use of the Watchkeeper unmanned aerial vehicle in Afghanistan after 2014. [R]Tom Watson, LabourWe have yet to determine the precise nature and contribution of UK armed forces in Afghanistan post 2014, beyond our firm commitment to the Afghan National Army Officer Academy. Therefore, no decisions have yet been taken on the composition of our military capability, including the use of unmanned aircraft systems. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative) http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131111/text/131111w0001.htm#131111w0001.htm_wqn0Civil useUK
8 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department for what purpose and on how many occasions in each of the last five years the UK Border Agency has used drones. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe UK Border Agency has been split into three separate operational units within the Home Office. The units are UK Visas and Immigration, Immigration Enforcement and Border Force.

UK Visas and Immigration, Immigration Enforcement and Border Force have not used remotely piloted or unmanned aircraft systems, colloquially referred to as drones, for any purpose or on any occasion in the last five years.
Mark Harper (The Minister for Immigration; Forest of Dean, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131108/text/131108w0001.htm#131108w0001.htm_wqn47MilitaryAfghanistan
7 November 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many remotely piloted aircraft weapons discharge reports have been referred to the ISAF Joint Incident Assessment Team. [R]Tom Watson, LabourMy response relates to strikes involving UK Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) only.

There has been one Joint Incident Assessment Team convened to discuss reports of civilian casualties resulting from a UK Reaper RPAS strike.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131107/text/131107w0002.htm#131107w0002.htm_wqn34Civil useUK
7 November 2013To ask the Prime Minister pursuant to the answer of 14 October 2013, Official Report, column 426W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, for what reasons the Minister for Armed Forces has lead responsibility for the regulation and operation of drones in civil airspace. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThere is no such thing as civil airspace, only national airspace, in which both civil and military aviation activities are conducted. Ministerial responsibilities reflect the different use of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in the UK.

Ministerial responsibility for regulation of military RPAS lies with the Secretary of State for Defence and the Minister for the Armed Forces overseeing military operational responsibilities. Ministerial responsibility for non-military RPAS lies with the Secretary of State for Transport and the Minister for Aviation.
David Cameron (The Prime Minister; Witney, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131107/text/131107w0001.htm#131107w0001.htm_wqn14International Co-OperationUK
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many trained and operational unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) pilots there have been in the Army since 2004; and in which countries those pilots have flown UAVs. [R]Tom Watson, LabourI will write to the hon. Member with the information requested. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn72TechnicalUK
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs pursuant to the answer of 14 October 2013, Official Report, column 457W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether non-core functions or agencies of his Department have used unmanned aerial vehicles over the last five years. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Food and Environment Research Agency, Environment Agency, Natural England and the Royal Botanic Gardens have used unmanned aerial vehicles for surveying work and photography over the last five years. Dan Rogerson (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; North Cornwall, Liberal Democrat)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn53Research & DevelopmentUK
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what proportion of targeting decisions for the UK unmanned aerial vehicles in Afghanistan have been based on pattern of life analysis. [R]Tom Watson, LabourStrikes are always prosecuted in accordance with the Law of Armed Conflict and UK Rules of Engagement. Targets are always positively identified as legitimate military objectives before strikes are authorised by a trained pilot. Pattern of life is just one part of the process that achieves a positive identification. I am withholding further details as their disclosure would, or would be likely to, prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn80MaritimeUK
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 September 2013, Official Report, column 798W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if he will place a copy of the current operating procedures developed for the UK Reaper Squadrons in the Library. [R]Tom Watson, LabourNo. I am withholding details of the operating procedures for UK Reaper Squadrons as its disclosure would or would be likely to, prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn77TechnicalUS
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 September 2013, Official Report, column 798W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what the (a) location, (b) cost and (c) rank of personnel is of each UK Reaper Force Squadron. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe UK Reaper Force Squadrons are based at Creech Air Force Base, USA (39 Squadron) and RAF Waddington (13 Squadron) in the UK.

The location and ranks of personnel are shown in the following table:


Service and rank

Creech—USA

RAF Waddington—UK



RAF







Senior Aircraftsman (SAC)

Yes

Yes



Corporal (Cpl)

Yes

Yes



Sergeant (Sgt)

Yes

Yes



Flight Sergeant (FS)

Yes

Yes



Warrant Officer (WO)

Yes

Yes



Flying Officer (Fg Off)

Yes

Yes



Flight Lieutenant (Fit Lt)

Yes

Yes



Squadron Leader (Sqn Ldr)

Yes

Yes



Wing Commander (Wg Cdr)

Yes

Yes



Royal Navy







Petty Officer (PO)

No

Yes



Chief Petty Officer (CPO)

Yes

Yes



Lieutenant (Lt)

Yes

No











British Army







Corporal (Cpl)

Yes

No



Sergeant (Sgt)

Yes

No



Captain (Capt)

Yes

No


The staff support costs attributable to 39 Squadron and 13 Squadron for financial year 2012-13 were some £14 million in total.
Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn79International Co-OperationSyria
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer to the hon. Member for Moray of 3 September 2012, Official Report, column 72W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what the total budget for the Unmanned Air Systems Capability Development Centre will be in the next three financial years; and what proportion of such costs will be met by contributions in kind by industry. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Unmanned Air Systems Capability Development Centre (UAS CDC) is still in its two-year pilot phase, running until the end of this financial year. The pilot is based around existing facilities and funding with a small management team at Ministry of Defence (MOD) Boscombe Down.

The case for an enduring capability within the existing weapons evaluation and capability assurance portfolio is in progress and details, including the budget for the next four financial years as part of the Long Term Partnering Agreement with QinetiQ, will be available in spring 2014. The cost of operating these elements from April 2014 is subject to ongoing negotiation with industry; I am therefore not in a position to release details of the total budget allocated at this stage. There will also be contributions in kind from MOD, industry and academia that have not yet been fully defined.
Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn75Strategy and PolicyUK
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 September 2013, Official Report, column 798W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, which other aspects of the Reaper Agreement are currently the subject of review. [R]Tom Watson, LabourAll aspects of the Reaper Agreement are maintained under continuous review. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn78MilitaryAfghanistan
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Gillingham and Rainham of 31 October 2012, Official Report, column 297W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, how many unmanned aerial vehicles have been lost or damaged in such a way that they have been taken permanently out of use since their introduction by the RAF. [R]Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 31 October 2012, Hansard, column 297W, to my hon. Friend Rehman Chishti. No further Reaper Remotely Piloted Air Systems have been taken permanently out of use. Philip Dunne (The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence; Ludlow, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn73TechnicalUK
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions officials of his Department have had with their EU counterparts on the supply of armed and unarmed unmanned aerial vehicles to the Syrian opposition. [R]Tom Watson, LabourMinistry of Defence officials have had no discussions with their EU counterparts on the supply of armed or unarmed unmanned aerial vehicles to the Syrian opposition. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn81MaritimeUK
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department pursuant to the answer of 18 July 2013, Official Report, column 912W, if her Department will collate and hold information centrally on the use of unmanned aerial vehicles by police services in England and Wales. [R]Tom Watson, LabourNo. Use of unmanned aerial vehicles is an operational matter for chief constables. Any use would need to comply with existing Civil Aviation Authority regulations. Covert use by a public authority likely to obtain private information, including by any law enforcement agency, would be subject to authorisation under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000. That Act requires that covert investigatory techniques are used only if they are necessary and proportionate for purposes such as preventing or detecting crime or in the interests of national security. It makes deployment subject to independent overview, inspection and right to redress in case of individual complaint. Damian Green (The Minister for Policing and Criminal Justice; Ashford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn46Civil useUK
31 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer to the hon. Member for Birmingham, Yardley of 25 March 2013, Official Report, column 939W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what income his Department receives from the leasing of RAF Croughton and RAF Molesworth to the United States. [R]Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence does not charge the United States to use RAF Croughton and RAF Molesworth; rather they are made available to the US under the terms of the NATO Status of Forces Agreement of 1951. Mark Francois (The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence; Rayleigh and Wickford, Conservative)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131031/text/131031w0001.htm#131031w0001.htm_wqn74TechnicalUK
25 October 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether there are any plans for the Royal Navy to own and use shore- or sea-based drones for wide area ocean surveillance.Lord West of SpitfieldNo decision has been made on whether the Royal Navy should own and use shore- or sea-based drones for wide area ocean surveillance. However, Navy Command is developing a Maritime Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) Strategy paper describing the requirement to 2050. The Navy is also working with UK industry to establish whether operational unmanned systems can provide maritime surveillance from ships including from the Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft Carrier as part of the UAS Strategy. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/131025w0001.htm#wa_st_4TechnicalUK
25 October 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether the Ministry of Defence has established a Royal Naval study team to establish the best way of using satellites, drones, passive sonar, helicopters and ships to fill or improve on the cover historically provided by large fixed-wing land-based aircraft.Lord West of SpitfieldThe Ministry of Defence (MOD) has not established a Royal Navy study team for this purpose. However both Navy Command and Joint Forces Command are undertaking work studies to consider the use of small, medium and large manned platforms, hybrid air vehicles, unmanned aircraft systems and space assets to inform resource decisions ahead of and as part of the Strategic Defence and Security Review planned for 2015. MOD is also planning to explore how rotary wing UAS might be used to fill a range of maritime roles when operating from a frigate or destroyer-sized vessel. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/131025w0001.htm#wa_st_4International Co-OperationEU
23 October 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what is their assessment of the joint project by France and Germany to increase European Union defence capability, including the provision of battle groups of 1,500 soldiers, the development of military aircraft and the use of drones under European Union control.Lord Stoddart of Swindon, IndependentThe European Council meeting on 19-20 December 2013 will discuss defence, including how military capabilities of European nations might be improved. France and Germany share views on some of the proposals to be discussed in December, but there is no specific joint project of which the UK is aware. The UK is keen to explore proposals to fill critical gaps in Europe's military capabilities and improve the capacity of NATO and the EU to act when necessary. We are, however, firmly opposed to any initiative that would place military capability under autonomous EU control. At present, military activity in support of the EU is subject to a unanimous voting procedure that gives every member state an effective veto. EU battlegroups of around 1,500 personnel have existed since 2007 and are designed to provide a rapidly deployable crisis response force. Each battlegroup is formed from voluntary contributions of forces from EU member states and is on standby for a period of six months. The UK is leading the current battlegroup on standby. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/131023w0001.htm#wa_st_28International Co-OperationUK/US
22 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when the Watchkeeper unmanned aerial vehicle will receive a full release to service; and if he will estimate how much has been spent on the programme to date.Angus Robertson, SNPWatchkeeper will be the first large unmanned air system to fly in UK airspace and it is essential that the release to service process, including airworthiness certification, is thorough. The programme is making significant progress towards release to service having recently received a Statement of Type Design Assurance from the Military Aviation Authority; this is a key component of the certification process which allows the Ministry of Defence to continue towards the initial release to service. To the end of the financial year 2012-13 the total spend on the Watchkeeper programme was £831 million. The current financial approval for the Watchkeeper programme is £1.035 billion for equipment acquisition and initial in-service support.http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131022/text/131022w0001.htm#131022w0001.htm_wqn80LegalityUK
21 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Birmingham, Yardley of 25 March 2013, Official Report, column 939W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if he will take steps to find out what UK support is provided to US drone operations at RAF Croughton and RAF Molesworth; and if he will make a statement.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK does not provide Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) support to the United States Visiting Forces bases at RAF Croughton and RAF Molesworth. The US does not operate RPAS from the UK. Mark Francois, Minister of State for the Armed Forceshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131021/text/131021w0001.htm#131021w0001.htm_wqn44International Co-OperationUK/US
18 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to Baroness Stern of 12 March 2013, Official Report, HL column WA47, on armed forces: unmanned aerial vehicles, in which fora the Developments, Concepts and Doctrine Centre have engaged in the ethics of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) operations; and whether any subsequent legal reviews of UAS have been undertaken by his Department.Tom Watson, LabourThe Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre (DCDC) staff have participated in the following fora at which the ethics of UAS usage were discussed: Discussions with Professor Sir Mike Aaronson, Director of the Centre for International Intervention, Surrey University et al at the DCDC. Westminster Conference: ‘Use of Force, Drones and Jus Cogens Norms in International Law’ at Westminster Cathedral. Discussion with and input to the work of the Joint Public Issues Team paper ‘Drones: Ethical Dilemmas in the Application of Military Force’. Participation at a European Universities Institute seminar in Florence on Autonomous Systems, although the seminar also substantially referenced the ethics of UAS operations. Participation at the Defence Security and Equipment International UAV symposium (an event organised by Clarion). Participation included the panel session on the ethics of UAV use. DCDC Air Commodore presented at the symposium. Participation in two Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International conferences which featured a small amount of discussion about ethics. A NATO Multi-National Capability Development Campaign workshop on autonomous systems at which legal and ethical issues were discussed. Legal reviews of UK use of armed UAS (Reaper and Predator) have been conducted by DCDC Legal Branch in accordance with Article 36 (Additional Protocol 1) with use being deemed permissible subject to the existing Laws of Armed Conflict. The detailed reports are considered as being subject to Legal Professional Privilege and are not releasable. These reviews were not conducted as a consequence of discussions on UAS ethics elsewhere but as part of our routine compliance with international law. Mark Francois, Minister of State for the Armed Forceshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131018/text/131018w0001.htm#131018w0001.htm_wqn25TechnicalUK
16 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 25 February 2013, Official Report, column 38W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if his Department will develop trauma risk management strategies specifically tailored for drone operators.Tom Watson, LabourI have nothing further to add to my predecessor's answer of 25 February 2013, Hansard, column 38W, however, the Ministry of Defence continues to monitor its trauma risk management strategies for pilots and will develop a specific strategy for RAF Reaper operators should the need arise. Mark Francois, Minister of State for the Armed Forceshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131016/text/131016w0001.htm#131016w0001.htm_wqn62International Co-OperationMali
16 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made of the effect of US drone attacks on the security situation in Yemen.Tom Watson, LabourDrone strikes against terrorist targets in Yemen are a matter for the Yemeni and US Governments. We expect all concerned to act in accordance with international law and take all feasible precautions to avoid civilian casualties when conducting operations. Hugh Robertson, Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Officehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131016/text/131016w0002.htm#131016w0002.htm_wqn32LegalityAfghanistan
16 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department has plans to provide training on drones to African-led International Support Mission to Mali.Tom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence has no plans to provide training on Unmanned Aircraft System to the African-led International Support Mission to Mali. Mark Francois, Minister of State for the Armed Forceshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131016/text/131016w0001.htm#131016w0001.htm_wqn58ImpactAfghanistan
16 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to paragraph 3.6 of the Memorandum of Understanding between the UK and US regarding the assignment of UK military personnel to the 432nd Wing, what other written agreements are in place to permit and facilitate UK personnel activities in the territory of a third party; and if he will place copies of any such agreements in the LibraryTom Watson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence (MOD) utilises a number of written documents to support the deployment of personnel to third party countries. These can be legally binding agreements or treaties, which are bilateral or multilateral documents signed between the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) (on the MOD's behalf) and a foreign counterpart. Legally binding agreements relating to MOD activity can be found at the FCO treaty website at: http://treaties.fco.gov.uk/treaties/treaty.htm, on GOV.uk, the National Archives or in the Library of the House. There are also non-legally binding, although politically and morally binding, arrangements which take various forms, including: memoranda of understanding (MOU), Defence Co-operation Arrangements (DCA) and Letters of Intent (LoI). A significant number of legally and non-legally binding arrangements are in place with bilateral partners which permit and facilitate UK personnel activity in the territory of a third party. MOUs are drafted and negotiated by many areas of the Department depending on the subject matter they are dealing with. These cover all aspects of international defence co-operation, such as detailing the general arrangements for organising, deploying or hosting international training and exercises; the exchange of personnel and units; equipment and research collaboration; and the protection of classified information. The UK has signed MOUs with over 100 countries on all aspects of international defence co-operation over the last 60 years. However, as comprehensive records of MOUs have never been held centrally by the Department, and it is estimated that there are over 3,000 extant MOUs, copies could be provided only at disproportionate cost. Dr Andrew Murrison, Minister for International Security Strategyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131016/text/131016w0001.htm#131016w0001.htm_wqn51International Co-OperationYemen
15 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 June 2013, Official Report, column 14W, on Gulf States, whether Royal Air Force support to the US in the Gulf includes intelligence provision and analysis for the purposes of drone strikes. Tom Watson, LabourIt does not.
Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131015/text/131015w0001.htm#131015w0001.htm_wqn18TechnicalUK
15 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Blaydon, of 10 June 2013, Official Report, column 5W, on Afghanistan, for what reasons his Department is not participating in the review of criteria required to establish positive identification and determination of status undertaken by international forces in Afghanistan, following the UN Mission in Afghanistan's 2012 report on the protection of civilians in armed conflict.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK meets the requirements to seek to protect civilians under International Humanitarian Law. UK policy includes robust criteria on establishing positive identification and requires commanders to do everything feasible to verify that the target is a military objective. The UK Targeting Directive and Rules of Engagement for Operation Herrick, which are approved by Ministers, provide clear direction for commanders on this policy, which is constantly reviewed in light of changing circumstances and advances in technology. An additional review in response to the UN Mission in Afghanistan's report is therefore not necessary.
Mark Francois, Minister of State for the Armed Forces
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131015/text/131015w0001.htm#131015w0001.htm_wqn8International Co-OperationLibya
15 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 31 January 2013, Official Report, column 882W, what the rank and role of UK exchange officers who contributed unmanned aerial vehicle operations in Libya in 2011 was.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK exchange officers were three RAF officers at Flight Lieutenant rank. Their role was to act as pilots for remotely piloted air systems. This corrects the response given by my predecessor, my right hon. Friend Mr Robathan, to my hon. Friend Rehman Chishti on 31 January 2013, Hansard, column 882W.
Mark Francois Minister of State for the Armed Forces
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131015/text/131015w0001.htm#131015w0001.htm_wqn20Civil useNorthern Ireland
15 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many legal professionals in his Department provide advice to personnel operating drones in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, Labour, West Bromwich East It is not possible to put an exact figure on the number of legal professionals providing advice to personnel operating unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), including the Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS), as legal advice is not purely limited to their deployment to Afghanistan. Prior to an operational deployment all UK armed forces personnel receive a detailed legal briefing as part of their comprehensive pre-deployment training. In addition, RAF personnel operating aircraft, including Reaper, receive detailed legal advice from legal professionals during their training. While deployed on operations additional legal advice can be sought through channels reaching back to the UK.
Mark Francois, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131015/text/131015w0001.htm#131015w0001.htm_wqn7MilitaryAfghanistan
15 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when the final unmanned aerial vehicle MQ-9 Reapers will be delivered to the UK; how many Reapers will be sent to Afghanistan; and when such a transfer will take place.
Angus Robertson, SNPFive additional Reaper aircraft were ordered in 2010 as part of the investment required to double the UK Reaper remotely piloted aircraft capability. Equipment delivery is ongoing, with the first three new Reaper aircraft nearing completion of acceptance testing. The remaining two new Reaper aircraft are planned to begin and complete final acceptance testing over the next two months. Once the new aircraft have completed acceptance testing, they will be moved to Afghanistan. The availability of UK assets in support of current operations in Afghanistan is operationally sensitive; consequently, I will not provide specific details as to do so would prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces. Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technologyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131015/text/131015w0001.htm#131015w0001.htm_wqn27ImpactAfghanistan
15 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department has any plans to use unmanned aerial vehicles over Northern Ireland.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer my predecessor gave on 25 February 2013, Hansard, column 36W, where we stated that the Ministry of Defence has no plans for the operational use of any unmanned air systems in the UK. Mark Francois, Minister of State for the Armed Forces

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131015/text/131015w0001.htm#131015w0001.htm_wqn28International Co-OperationJordan
15 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many legal professionals in his Department provide advice to personnel operating drones in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourIt is not possible to put an exact figure on the number of legal professionals providing advice to personnel operating unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), including the Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS), as legal advice is not purely limited to their deployment to Afghanistan. Prior to an operational deployment all UK armed forces personnel receive a detailed legal briefing as part of their comprehensive pre-deployment training. In addition, RAF personnel operating aircraft, including Reaper, receive detailed legal advice from legal professionals during their training. While deployed on operations additional legal advice can be sought through channels reaching back to the UK. Mark Francois, Minister of State for the Armed Forceshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131015/text/131015w0001.htm#131015w0001.htm_wqn7International Co-OperationGulf
14 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Gillingham and Rainham, of 3 June 2013, Official Report, column 982W, on Afghanistan, what the process is for notifying (a) his Department and (b) the Afghan Government where (i) injuries and (ii) fatalities occur from UK unmanned aerial vehicle strikes in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourISAF forces go to great lengths to minimise the risk of civilian casualties arising from their operations in Afghanistan. The process for notifying the Afghan authorities of such an incident will vary in practice depending on the circumstances and context. The Ministry of Defence would be notified through normal operational reporting channels. Mark Francois, Minister of State for Armed Forces
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131014/text/131014w0002.htm#131014w0002.htm_spnew33Civil useUK
14 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether she has any plans to use drones as part of its humanitarian and development work.Tom Watson, LabourDFID does not have any plans to use drones as part of its humanitarian and development work. Alan Duncan, Minister of State for International Developmenthttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131014/text/131014w0006.htm#131014w0006.htm_wqn19TechnicalUK
14 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs for what purpose, at what location and on how many occasions his Department has used drones in each of the last five years.Tom Watson, LabourCore DEFRA has not used any unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) over the last five years. George Eustice, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Natural Environment, Water and Rural Affairshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131014/text/131014w0001.htm#131014w0001.htm_wqn99Civil useUK
14 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether he has discussed the acquisition, development and deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles with his counterpart in Turkey. Tom Watson, LabourNo such discussions have taken place. Mark Francois, Minister of State for the Armed Forceshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131014/text/131014w0003.htm#131014w0003.htm_wqn15Civil useUK
14 October 2013To ask the Prime Minister which Minister has lead responsibility for the regulation and operation of drones in civil airspace.Tom Watson, LabourThe Minister for the Armed Forces, my right hon. Friend Mr Francois, has lead responsibility for these matters. David Cameron, Prime Ministerhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131014/text/131014w0001.htm#131014w0001.htm_wqn1International Co-OperationTurkey
14 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence (1) what plans he has to introduce the Type 26 frigate as the replacement for the Type 23 frigate; (2) what weapons systems are planned to be included in the Type 26 Global Combat Ship; (3) what unmanned aircraft system and rotor systems are planned to be included in the Type 26 Global Combat Ship; (4) how many Type 26 Global Combat ships are planned to be built; and when the first ceremonial cutting of metal will take place; (5) when the Type 26 Global Combat Ship will be completed and come into service.Tobias Ellwood, ConservativeI refer the hon. Member to the answer given by the then Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology, my hon. Friend Peter Luff, on 24 May 2012, Hansard, column 833W, to my hon. Friend Dr Lewis. The Type 26 Global Combat Ship (T26 GCS) programme is currently in its Assessment Phase. As is the standard practice with equipment projects, the final design, equipment fit and build programme will not be set until the main investment decision has been taken, this is expected to be around the middle of this decade. The Ministry of Defence's current planning assumption is for the construction of 13 T26 GCS. Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technologyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131014/text/131014w0003.htm#131014w0003.htm_wqn16Civil useUK
14 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland whether she has had any discussions about the acquisition and deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles by the Police Service of Northern Ireland in relation to the policing of (a) the recent G8 summit and (b) public order disturbances arising from parades.Tom Watson, LabourI meet regularly with the Chief Constable to discuss a range of issues in relation to the security situation in Northern Ireland, including the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. Policing in Northern Ireland is a devolved matter and therefore a responsibility for the local Minister for Justice. This includes responsibility for the procurement and deployment of operational assets including unmanned aerial vehicles. Theresa Villiers, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131014/text/131014w0001.htm#131014w0001.htm_wqn40Strategy and PolicyUK
14 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Moray, of 17 July 2013, Official Report, column 771W, on Jordan, in what capacity his Department's personnel are stationed in Jordan; and what the rank and role is of those personnel. Tom Watson, LabourAs of 9 Oct 2013 the Ministry of Defence personnel stationed in Jordan comprise: Five individuals in the Defence Section in the British embassy including the Defence Attaché, who is a Colonel, a Wing Commander, a Captain, a civilian and a Sergeant. The UK Loan Service team, who are paid for by Jordan to deliver training and capacity building. Its 21 members compromise a Colonel in command, a Lieutenant Colonel, two Wing Commanders, four Majors, one Squadron Leader, three Captains, one Flight Lieutenant and eight Warrant Officers. A Squadron Leader on exchange with the Royal Jordanian Air Force. A Squadron Leader and a Warrant Officer working in the Jordanian-led Joint Intelligence Support Element. A Lieutenant Colonel deployed with the US Central Command Forward (Jordan) as a liaison officer. Dr Andrew Murrison, Minister for International Security Strategyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131014/text/131014w0003.htm#131014w0003.htm_wqn12Civil useNorthern Ireland
9 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what plans he has to review the adequacy of the current regulatory framework for civil use of unmanned aerial vehicles.Roger Godsiff, LabourThere are no current plans to review the current regulatory framework for the civil use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). The Department and the Civil Aviation Authority is satisfied that the current regulations are adequate and proportionate to the level of activity in the UK. The UK is also actively contributing to the development of harmonised, international regulations. The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is currently developing RPA Guidance Material, due for publication in autumn 2014, with Standards expected about two years later. Within Europe, the European Commission's RPAS Roadmap was published on 20 June 2013—this sets out the milestones and timing aimed at an incremental integration of RPAS into European airspace from 2016, with the publication of Implementing Rules for operations, personnel licensing and certification from 2018 onwards. Patrick McLoughlin, Secretary of State for Transporthttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131009/text/131009w0002.htm#131009w0002.htm_wqn37International Co-OperationUK/US
8 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 51W, on military intelligence, whether Project Crossbow operates from US military bases in the UK.Tom Watson, LabourNo. The Crossbow capability, which provides near real time imagery intelligence analysis to support the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, is only delivered from RAF Marham in Norfolk by personnel of the RAF Tactical Imagery-Intelligence Wing using RAF Tornados. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131008/text/131008w0002.htm#131008w0002.htm_wqn9ImpactUK
8 October 2013To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department which firm was awarded the July 2010 tender for information with regard to covert aerial surveillance services by the Serious Organised Crime Agency; and whether unmanned aerial vehicles are used by that company.Tom Watson, LabourNo firm was awarded the July 2010 tender for information with regard to covert aerial surveillance services by the Serious Organised Crime Agency. Damian Green Minister of State for Policing and Criminal Justicehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm131008/text/131008w0001.htm#131008w0001.htm_wqn30LegalityUK/US
12 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what agreements and procedures the Government has put in place with that of the US to ensure the legality of any activity undertaken by the United States Visiting Forces based in the UK.Tom Watson, LabourThere are a number of long standing agreements and procedures that govern the use of UK bases by the United States Visiting Forces (USVF), and these continue to ensure that the UK Government are fully satisfied as to the propriety of the activities undertaken by the USVF. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130912/text/130912w0001.htm#13091237000321International Co-OperationUK/US
12 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 53W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if he will publish the evaluations undertaken on the noise made by this technology; how such noise evaluations are carried out; and if he will make a statement. Tom Watson, LabourSubject to consultation with the copyright holder, I will place a copy of the Watchkeeper Acoustic Trial Report in the Library of the House. No other evaluations have been undertaken. The methodology of the Watchkeeper Acoustic Trial is set out in the trial report. Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technologyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130912/text/130912w0001.htm#13091237000317International Co-OperationUK/US
12 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 53W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if he will place in the Library a current copy of the Reaper Agreement; and when a new such agreement is expected.Tom Watson, LabourThe Reaper agreement comprises a number of arrangements including a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the UK and the US and operating procedures developed for the UK Reaper Squadrons, in conjunction with the US Air Force. I will place a copy of the original MOU, which was signed in 2008 by the previous Government, in the Library of the House. [http://data.parliament.uk/DepositedPapers/Files/DEP2013-1566/Signed_2008_Reaper_MOU_Full.pdf]

The MOU is being reviewed with the US and will encompass operating procedures put in place since the formation of UK Reaper Force Squadrons. Although no formal timescale has been set, we currently expect agreement in late 2013. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130912/text/130912w0001.htm#13091237000317MilitaryAfghanistan
11 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 2 September 2013, Official Report, column 51W, on military intelligence, whether Project Crossbow operates from US military bases in the UK.Tom Watson, LabourNo. The Crossbow capability, which provides near real time imagery intelligence analysis to support the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, is only delivered from REF Marham in Norfolk be Personnel of the RAF Tactical Imagery-Intelligence Wing using RAF Tornados. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmordbk2/130911o01.htmCivil useUK
10 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence on how many occasions UK Reaper unmanned aerial vehicles have launched weapons in Afghanistan since 11 May 2013.Roger Godsiff, LabourBetween 11 May 2013 and 2 September 2013, there were 33 weapon releases from UK Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). All weapon releases were authorised by qualified pilots using the same rules of engagement that our manned aircraft operate by. A total of 322 missions were flown by UK Reaper RPAS during this period, providing a crucial intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capability. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130910/text/130910w0001.htm#130910w0001.htm_spnew57ImpactPakistan
10 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether the surveillance camera code of practice which came into force in August 2013 applies to the use of unmanned aerial vehicles by public authorities.
Roger Godsiff, LabourThe use of unmanned aerial vehicles by public authorities for overt surveillance is within the scope of the surveillance code of practice issued under the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012. Any covert deployment likely to obtain private information would need to meet the regulatory framework established by the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000. Damian Green, Minister of State for Policing and Criminal Justicehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130910/text/130910w0001.htm#130910w0001.htm_spnew4MilitaryAfghanistan
10 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs if he will provide an estimate of the number of Pakistanis killed by American drones, with a separate estimate of the number of civilians killed.
Gerald Kaufman, LabourI have been asked to reply on behalf of the Ministry of Defence. This a matter for the US and Pakistan, who are facing a shared and dangerous threat from terrorists. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130910/text/130910w0002.htm#130910w0002.htm_spnew51TechnicalUK
5 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the average time is for which UK drones have loitered over targets in Afghanistan prior to the release of a missile; what records his Department keeps of the amount of time for which UK drones fly over civilian communities; what assessment his Department has made of the potential psychological effects of loitering drones on civilian populations; and if he will make a statement.
Caroline Lucas, GreenUK forces in Afghanistan operate a wide range of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), only one of which, the Reaper remotely piloted aircraft system (RPAS), is armed. The information requested regarding the average time UK UAS may have loitered over targets in Afghanistan prior to the release of a missile, and the time UK UAS have flown over civilian communities, is not held in the format requested. UK policy is that, as far is operationally possible, UAS should not fly over built up areas.

We have no reason to believe the presence of any type of aircraft in Afghanistan has had any psychological impact on the civilian population.
Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130905/text/130905w0001.htm#130905w0001.htm_spnew83TechnicalUK
5 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when he expects a decision about the Royal Navy ISTAR urgent operational requirement is expected to be made; and what the expected in-service date is.Tom Watson, LabourThe business case to provide a Scan Eagle capability as an urgent operational requirement was approved in March 2013 and we expect the capability to start becoming available from the end of 2013 onwards. Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technologyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130905/text/130905w0002.htm#13090558000994International Co-OperationLibya
5 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what proportion of Hellfire missiles fired by RAF unmanned aerial vehicles hit their target in each of the last three years.

Tom Watson, LabourI have nothing further to add to the answer the Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology, my hon. Friend the Member for Ludlow (Mr Dunne) gave on 17 January 2013, Official Report, column 889W. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130905/text/130905w0002.htm#13090558000994Strategy and PolicyUK
5 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many and what proportion of drone missions undertaken by the UK in Afghanistan in each year resulted in the release of a missile.
Caroline Lucas, GreenUK forces in Afghanistan operate unmanned aircraft systems to provide Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR), with Hermes 450, Desert Hawk III, T-Hawk, Black Hornet and Reaper systems. Reaper is the only armed system; the following table demonstrates that the majority of flights are also wholly in the ISTAR role, with only a small proportion resulting in one or more weapons being fired.

Number of sorties flown Number of sorties including a weapon (single or multiple) release Proportion of sorties including a weapon release (%)
2008 296 14 5
2009 431 33. 8
2010 757 51 7
2011 903 73 8
2012 892 92 10
2013 (to 31 July) 466 36 8
Total 3,745 299 8
Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130905/text/130905w0001.htm#130905w0001.htm_spnew86MaritimeUK
5 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the cost was of the Rotary Wing Unmanned Air System Capability Concept Demonstrator contract; and how long he expects the programme to run.
Angus Robertson, SNPThe cost of the Rotary Wing Unmanned Air System Capability Concept Demonstrator contract is just under £2.3 million, and the project is expected to run for two years, until 2015.
Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130905/text/130905w0002.htm#130905w0002.htm_spnew24MilitaryAfghanistan
5 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what the cost has been of the Hermes 450 programme to date; and what the projected future costs are of that programme; what the cost has been of the Watchkeeper programme to date; and what the projected future costs are of that programme.Tom Watson, LabourTo the end of financial year (FY) 2012-13 the total spend for delivering and sustaining the Hermes 450 capability on operations was £165 million against a total financial approval of £214 million. / To the end of FY 2012-13 the total spend on the Watchkeeper programme was £831 million. The current financial approval for the Watchkeeper programme is £1.035 billion for equipment acquisition and initial in-service support. Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technologyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130905/text/130905w0002.htm#13090558000994ImpactAfghanistan
5 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what his policy is on the installation of software on MQ-9 unmanned aerial vehicles to allow them to use inclined orbit satellites for communication and navigation.
Angus Robertson, SNPThere is no requirement to install software on the UK Reaper unmanned aircraft to enable use of inclined orbit satellites at this time.
Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130905/text/130905w0002.htm#130905w0002.htm_spnew25ImpactAfghanistan
4 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence on how many occasions UK forces flew drones as part of Operation Ellamy; and how many people were recorded as having been (a) killed and (b) injured as a result of those missions.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 21 November 2012, Hansard, column 494W, to my hon. Friend Rehman Chishti. UK personnel embedded with United States forces contributed to around 200 armed remotely piloted air system missions as part of the NATO mission in support of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973. The Government do not record total figures for casualties, whether civilian or otherwise, caused by UK forces because of the immense difficulty and risks that would be involved in collecting robust data. This was particularly the case for Operation Ellamy, without contemporaneous verification from within Libya. The UK and NATO were committed to enforcing the UN mandate to protect civilians. Operations were only conducted against legitimate military targets and the utmost care was taken to avoid civilian casualties at all times. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130904/text/130904w0002.htm#130904w0002.htm_spnew2MilitaryAfghanistan
4 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will estimate the value of the (a) Reaper, (b) Chinook, (c) Merlin, (d) Puma, (e) Sea King, (f) Apache, (g) Lynx Mk7, (h) Lynx Mk9/9a, (i) Gazelle, (j) Islander, (k) BAE 146, (l) BAE 125, (m) Vigilant, (n) Viking, (o) Lynx Mk8, (p) Lynx Mk3, (q) Rivet Joint, (r) Sentry, (s) Augusta, (t) Griffin HAR2 and (u) F-35 aircraft fleets.
Angus Robertson, SNPThe current value of each aircraft fleet is shown in the following table. The values reflect the Net Book Value (NBV) of the fleet; they do not include future deliveries or assets in the course of construction. NBV is calculated by adding the cost of any major upgrades to the original capital cost of each asset and deducting depreciation to reflect the decrease in value of an asset over time. The values quoted bear no relation to the replacement costs of the assets and capabilities, nor can they be used to calculate an accurate NBV per aircraft.

Aircraft Total NBV (£ million)
Reaper 21
Chinook 605
Merlin 3,546
Puma/Gazelle(1) 39
Sea King 152
Apache 2,096
Lynx(2) 1,263
Islander 0.079
BAE 146 11
BAE 125 4
Vigilant 0.6
Viking (3)0
Sentry 387
(1) The Puma fleet is currently undergoing a major upgrade programme and had no NBV prior to entering this. The upgraded aircraft are treated as assets in the course of construction until their initial release to service and, as yet, have no NBV. (2) Individual NBVs for each Lynx Mk are not recorded separately on the MOD asset register. The Lynx NBV includes Wildcat development costs and those Wildcat aircraft already delivered. (3) Due to their low value (their original cost was under £10,000 each), a NBV figure is not held for the Viking aircraft fleet. There are 82 aircraft in service. The Agusta 109 and Griffin HAR2 aircraft are not owned by the Ministry of Defence (MOD). They are operated under a lease arrangement and are not therefore recorded as an asset on the MOD balance sheet. No NBV is available. The unit cost of each F-35B Lightning II and therefore the estimated cost of the fleet will be determined at its main investment decision point. To publish estimates prior to such decision points could prejudice the Department's commercial position. No Rivet Joint aircraft are in service, so a NBV figure is not yet available. Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technology
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130904/text/130904w0002.htm#130904w0002.htm_spnew6ImpactAfghanistan/Pakistan
4 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what information his Department holds on the recording of casualties from drone strikes in Afghanistan; and if he will place in the Library copies of any such information.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 17 December 2012, Hansard, column 601W, and to the answer my predecessor, Sir Nick Harvey, gave to Mr Godsiff on 26 June 2012, Hansard, column 187W. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130904/text/130904w0001.htm#130904w0001.htm_spnew83International Co-OperationIraq
4 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many UK personnel deployed to the European Union Training Mission in Mali are tasked with providing information or advice on the use of drones.Tom Watson, LabourNone.
Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130904/text/130904w0002.htm#130904w0002.htm_spnew3RegulationUK
4 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether his Department holds information on how many occasions US pilots have flown Reapers in the launch and recovery phase in Afghanistan.Tom Watson, LabourThe information is not held in the format requested. All UK sorties are launched and recovered by the United States Air Force (USAF) 62 Expeditionary Response Squadron (62 ERS). 62 ERS launch UK and US Reapers and are manned on a 24 hour basis by both UK and USAF personnel. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130904/text/130904w0001.htm#130904w0001.htm_spnew82TechnicalUK
4 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 10 June 2013, Official Report, column 86W, on Pakistan and Afghanistan, what plans his Department has to undertake surveys in 2013 in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas on drone strikes.
Tom Watson, LabourAs the Ministry of Defence only operates its fleet of unmanned aircraft systems in support of operations in Afghanistan, there are no plans to survey the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan.
Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130904/text/130904w0002.htm#1309053000091International Co-OperationUK/Gulf
4 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many RAF personnel were embedded with the US Air Force in Iraq in each year since 2003.Tom Watson, LabourThe information requested is not held centrally. To retrieve this information would require searching personnel files back to 2003, which could be achieved only at disproportionate cost. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130904/text/130904w0002.htm#130904w0002.htm_spnew1International Co-OperationMali
3 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many applications have been (a) made and (b) granted under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 for the civil use of drones for the purposes of communication interception and covert surveillance; what assessment she has made of the extent to which drones are used in police intelligence work; what assessment she has made of the adequacy of the current regulatory framework for the civil use of drones; and if she will make a statement.
Caroline Lucas, GreenUse of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) likely to obtain private information covertly would need to be authorised under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000. Any authorisation would be on the basis that the deployment was both necessary for a human rights purpose such as the prevention or detection of crime or in the interests of national security, and was proportionate. The Home Office does not normally receive notifications of police authorisations. Statistics on the authorisation of covert surveillance are published in the annual report of the independent Chief Surveillance Commissioner, but are not broken down to the extent identified in the question. I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 18 July 2013, Hansard , column 912W, to Mr Watson, which stated that police deployment of UAVs was an operational matter for individual police forces within regulations set by the Civil Aviation Authority and that numbers in use are not collected centrally. Damian Green, Minister of State for Policing and Criminal Justice
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130903/text/130903w0002.htm#130903w0002.htm_spnew47International Co-OperationUK/US
2 September 2013To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office whether the potential for hostile governments and non-state actors to employ drones in an offensive manner against the UK or its Overseas Territories is considered as part of the National Security Risk Assessment.Tom Watson, LabourThe National Security Risk Assessment (NSRA) provides a comprehensive assessment and prioritisation of all major extant and emerging risks which .seriously threaten the UK's national security interests. The NSRA focuses on strategic level threats, and uses a range of generic state-led and non-state led threats to our national security interests. The employment of an array of offensive technologies, including drones; was considered when assessing these generic threat scenarios. Chloe Smith, Minister at the Cabinet Office
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130902/text/130902w0005.htm#130902w0005.htm_wqn1International Co-OperationUS/Gulf
2 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 12 June 2013, Official Report, column 327W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, if he will place a copy of the Reaper Agreement in the Library.
Tom Watson, LabourThe Memorandum of Understanding between the UK and US is currently being reviewed. Once this has been completed I will consider placing a copy in the Library of the House. Andrew Robathan, Minister of State for Defence Personnel, Welfare and Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130902/text/130902w0002.htm#130902w0002.htm_wqn70Research & DevelopmentUK
2 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether Project Crossbow operates from UK bases in the US.Tom Watson, LabourNo. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130902/text/130902w0002.htm#130902w0002.htm_wqn61International Co-OperationUK
2 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the (a) rank and (b) job title is of the posts held by UK officers on exchange with the US at Combined Air Operations Centre.Tom Watson, LabourThere are 10 UK officers on exchange with the United States in the Combined Air Operations Centre in Al Udeid. These consists of a range of grades from junior officers up to a single Air Commodore position. These roles support the command and control of coalition air operations, principally over Afghanistan and the Persian Gulf. I am withholding the actual number of personnel at each rank as releasing the small numbers involved may divulge personal information. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130902/text/130902w0002.htm#130902w0002.htm_wqn53ImpactUK
2 September 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what evaluation his Department has made of the level of sound emitted by unmanned aerial vehicles and the effect such sounds have on communities living in areas where they are usedTom Watson, LabourThe noise emitted by unmanned aerial vehicles has been evaluated where necessary to ensure compliance with environmental, health and safety legislation. No other assessments have been made. It is Ministry of Defence policy to mitigate, as far as is reasonably practicable, the effects of environmental noise that its activities produce. Unmanned aerial vehicles are intrinsically less noisy than most types of military aircraft. Phillip Dunne, Minister for Defence Equipment, Support and Technologyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130902/text/130902w0002.htm#130902w0002.htm_wqn69Strategy and PolicyUK
18 July 2013To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many unmanned aerial vehicles were in use by police forces in (a) 2012 and (b) 2013.Tom Watson, LabourPolice use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in England and Wales is an operational matter for individual police forces, within the regulations set by the Civil Aviation Authority. Information about numbers in use is not collected centrally. Damian Green, Minister of State for Policing and Criminal Justicehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130718/text/130718w0005.htm#130718w0005.htm_wqn55Research & DevelopmentUK/US
18 July 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assistance UK personnel provide to the US operation of drones from the Combined Air Operation Centre at Al-Udeid.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK has around 40 personnel stationed in the Combined Air Operations Centre (CAOC) at Al-Udeid which provides command and control in support of operations in the Gulf and Afghanistan. This includes a wide variety of tasks and platforms e.g. strategic airlift to and from Afghanistan. UK personnel may support a wide range of combined operations provided these are consistent with national directives. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130718/text/130718w0007.htm#130718w0007.htm_wqn24Research & DevelopmentUK/US
18 July 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer to the hon. Member for Gillingham and Rainham of 15 May 2013, Official Report, column 221W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, on how many occasions flights of unmanned aerial vehicles have taken place in each of his Department's reserved airspace areas within the UK in each of the last 10 years; what the purpose of each such flight was; and what type of unmanned aerial vehicle was flown on each such occasion.Tom Watson, LabourAvailable information on the number and location of flights of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), either on the military register or operating under a military flight test permit, in each of the last 10 years, is provided in the following table: http://www.theyworkforyou.com/wrans/?id=2013-07-18a.166283.h&s=tom+watson#g166283.q0. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130718/text/130718w0007.htm#130718w0007.htm_wqn25Civil useUK
17 July 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions he has had with his United States counterpart on the (a) development and (b) export of a Brimstone missile prototype.David Anderson, LabourThe Secretary of State for Defence has had no official discussions with his United States counterpart on either the development or export of Brimstone. Andrew Murrison, Minister for International Security Strategyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130717/text/130717w0004.htm#130717w0004.htm_wqn8Research & DevelopmentUK/US
16 July 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence: (1) whether his Department has commissioned testing into the feasibility of deploying Brimstone missiles from unmanned aerial vehicles; and if he will make a statement; (2) what assistance his Department has provided to MBDA Systems in the development of a prototype Brimstone missile suitable for use on a US unmanned aerial vehicle platformDavid Anderson, LabourThe Ministry of Defence (MOD), with MBDA support, is currently planning to conduct trials into the feasibility of integrating Brimstone onto remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) in the autumn of 2013. The MOD is not developing a prototype Brimstone missile for use on a US RPAS. I refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 15 May 2013, Hansard, column 222W, to Angus Robertson. Philip Dunne, Minister of Defence Equipment, Support and Technologyhttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130716/text/130716w0003.htm#130716w0003.htm_wqn67International Co-OperationUK/US
16 July 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills what assistance his Department has provided to MBDA Systems in the development of a prototype Brimstone missile suitable for use on a US unmanned aerial vehicle platform.David Anderson, LabourThe Department is not providing assistance to MBDA Missile Systems for the development of a prototype Brimstone missile. Michael Fallon, Minister of State for Business and Enterprisehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130716/text/130716w0003.htm#130716w0003.htm_wqn2International Co-OperationTurkey
3 July 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assessment they have made of reports of Turkish drones operating above the camps of the Kurdistan Workers' Party.Lord PattenThe British Government has not made an assessment of the reports of Turkish drones operating above the camps of the Kurdistan Workers' Party. Baroness Warsi, Senior Minister of State, Department for Communities and Local Government & Foreign and Commonwealth Officehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130703w0001.htm#wa_st_24International Co-OperationGlobal
20 June 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assurances they have received from the government of the United States that intelligence shared via Project Crossbow will not be used to conduct targeted killings in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia. To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether the intelligence gathered via Project Crossbow has been or may be used in operations outside Afghanistan.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThe Crossbow capability is near real time imagery intelligence analysis that is currently used only to support the International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan; it previously supported operations in Libya. The UK only uses this capability on missions that are compliant with UK policy and Rules of Engagement. Lord Astor of Hever (Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defence)http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130620w0001.htm#wa_st_66ImpactAfghanistan
20 June 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government, further to the Written Answer by the Minister of State for the Armed Forces, Andrew Robatham, on 24 April (HC Deb, col 906W) on unmanned air vehicles, whether United Kingdom personnel embedded with United States forces other than the United States Air Force have ever operated unmanned aerial vehicles; and, if so, where and when.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThe UK has not embedded Remotely Piloted Aircraft System operators with any of the United States Armed Forces other than the United States Air Force. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130620w0001.htm#wa_st_2ImpactAfghanistan
19 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether any of the five incidents of strikes by unmanned aerial vehicles which resulted in civilian casualties that were recorded by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan in 2012 were carried out by the UK.Yasmin Qureshi, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer given by my hon. Friend the then Minister for the Armed Forces (Sir Nick Harvey) on 26 June 2012, Hansard, column 187W, to Mr Godsiff, and to the answer I gave on 11 July 2011, Hansard, column 52W, to Caroline Lucas. The Ministry of Defence does not hold a comprehensive record of figures for insurgent or civilian casualties in Afghanistan, because of the immense difficulty and risks that would be involved in collecting robust data. Any incident involving civilian casualties is a matter of deep regret and we take every possible measure to avoid such incidents. There are strict procedures, frequently updated in light of experience, intended to both minimise the risk of casualties occurring and to investigate incidents that do happen. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130619/text/130619w0002.htm#130619w0002.htm_wqn79ImpactAfghanistan
18 June 2013To ask Her Majesty's Government whether any non-military personnel are involved in the maintenance or operation of unmanned aerial vehicles flown from Jalalabad, Afghanistan. Baroness Stern, CrossbenchNo UK civil servants or UK military personnel are involved in the maintenance or operation of unmanned aerial vehicles flown from Jalalabad. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130618w0001.htm#wa_st_8TechnicalGlobal
18 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what steps his Department has taken to publish promptly International Security Assistance Force findings on civilian casualties.Yasmin Qureshi, LabourISAF publishes information on civilian casualties on its website: http://www.isaf.nato.int/ As the Afghan National Security Forces have assumed responsibility for security across Afghanistan, it has also assumed responsibility for tracking and mitigating civilian casualties and the Afghan Government Media and Information Centre regularly publishes updates of civilian casualty investigations on its website: http://www.gmic.gov.af/english/index.php. In addition, the United Nations has published its own report on civilian casualties in Afghanistan in February 2013. This report is available on the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) website at: http://unama.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid= 12254&ctl=Details&mid=15756&ItemID=36932& language=en-US. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130618/text/130618w0001.htm#130618w0001.htm_wqn18International Co-OperationSyria
18 June 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to provide armed surveillance drones to the Syrian opposition.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThere are no plans to provide armed surveillance drones to the Syrian position. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130618w0001.htm#wa_st_20International Co-OperationUK/US
18 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what steps his Department has taken to support the government of Afghanistan in mitigating, tracking, investigating and ensuring accountability for civilian casualties.Yasmin Qureshi, LabourProtecting Afghan civilians is one of ISAF and the UK's top priorities. There are strict procedures, frequently updated in light of experience, intended to both minimise the risk of casualties occurring and to investigate any incidents that do happen. As part of our train, advise and assist role in Afghanistan, we encourage the Afghan National Security Forces to operate within the bounds of International Humanitarian Law, including with respect to mitigating and ensuring accountability for civilian casualties. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veterans http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130618/text/130618w0001.htm#130618w0001.htm_wqn17TechnicalAfghanistan
17 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what steps he has taken to ensure that the UK is operating in compliance with the revised COMISAF Tactical Directive, Rev 5.1 in Afghanistan.Yasmin Qureshi, LabourAll UK forces deployed in Afghanistan comply with ISAF Tactical Directives and in parallel with UK targeting direction. Where ISAF and UK interpretations of targeting direction differ, the more restrictive elements apply. When Commander ISAF issued Tactical Directive 5.1 UK forces immediately applied the new guidance and this and subsequent tactical guidance is reflected in the national Targeting Directive. All units deploying to Afghanistan are trained in the Law of Armed Conflict and the requirements of the Tactical Directive during their Mission Specific Training. Furthermore compliance is assured through command scrutiny at all levels and access to legal advice is always provided. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130617/text/130617w0002.htm#130617w0002.htm_wqn64MaritimeUK
17 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what steps he is taking to increase the use of unmanned marine vehicles.Andrew Rosindell, ConservativeI refer my hon. Friend to the answer I gave to my hon. Friend Zac Goldsmith on 4 March 2013, Hansard, column 849W. An update will be provided to the House of Commons Defence Committee in the summer of 2013 with a further update in the summer of 2014. Phillip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130617/text/130617w0002.htm#130617w0002.htm_wqn89ImpactAfghanistan/Pakistan
17 June 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assurances they have received that United States bases in the United Kingdom will not be used to operate United States drone strikes in non-declared war zones.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThe US does not operate Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems from United States Visiting Force bases in the UK. Therefore, no such assurances are required. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130617w0001.htm#wa_st_24RegulationUK
17 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether any disciplinary measures have been brought against army personnel in relation to the operation of unmanned aerial systems.Yasmin Qureshi, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 12 June 2013, Hansard, column 326W, to Mr Watson. As with any activity undertaken by military personnel, Commanders may initiate disciplinary action if they consider there to have been an offence committed under the Armed Forces Act 2006. Such action will depend upon how an individual has conducted themselves, and whether any applicable regulations have been breached. All crashes involving unmanned aerial vehicles are investigated and Defence Air Safety Occurrence Reports completed and, to date, no individual has been disciplined as a result. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130617/text/130617w0002.htm#130617w0002.htm_wqn87Strategy and PolicyAfghanistan
17 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many ex gratia payments his Department has made to Afghan civilians; what the amounts of such payments were; where the civilians concerned are located; and what the nature of the incidents was to which those payments related.Yasmin Qureshi, Labour2,833 ex gratia payments amounting to £3,596,902.00 have been made to Afghan civilians up to 31 May 2013. Payments have been made in respect of deaths, injuries, road traffic incidents, property damage, and crop damage, occurring within Helmand Province and in Kabul. All these payments have been made since 1 April 2008; previously payments were made only if legal liability was admitted. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130617/text/130617w0002.htm#130617w0002.htm_wqn65International Co-OperationAfrica
17 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 18 April 2013, Official Report, column 527W, on unmanned air vehicles, (1) how many Army personnel have received unmanned aerial systems training; and what proportion of those trained personnel currently operate unmanned aerial systems in (a) the UK, (b) Afghanistan and (c) the Middle East; (2) how many Army personnel have been trained since the Army acquired unmanned aerial systems; (3) at what intervals training for the operation of unmanned aerial systems is reviewed; (4) how many days of training each operator of unmanned aerial systems receives. [Entered as four individual questions].Tom Watson, LabourMini unmanned aerial system (UAS) pilots receive a minimum of 71 days training. Tactical UAS pilots receive a minimum of 91 days training. Since April 1999, 461 students have passed the UAS ground school course which is the precursor to UAS pilot training. Of these 140 UAS pilots (30% of those trained) are currently based in the UK and are qualified on systems which are flown in UK airspace for training purposes only. Up to 21 UAS pilots (5%) are deployed in the middle east for training purposes only. 48 UAS pilots (10%) are currently deployed in Afghanistan. The remaining 252 (55%) are either no longer in the Army, no longer employed as UAS pilots, or operate Hermes 450 which is not cleared for UK flying. The Army has a process for evaluating every course for its effectiveness and relevance so that it can respond to changes in operational need. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130617/text/130617w0002.htm#130617w0002.htm_wqn86Strategy and PolicyAfghanistan
17 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will place in the Library a copy of any review of tactical and operational policy relating to targeting by unmanned aerial systems undertaken by his Department to ensure compliance with international humanitarian law.Yasmin Qureshi, LabourThe UK policy relating to targeting by unmanned aircraft systems is exactly the same as that for manned aircraft. It is enshrined in Joint Service Publication (JSP) 900 and is entirely compliant with International Humanitarian Law. Due to the security classification of JSP 900 I am unable to place copies in the Library of the House. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130617/text/130617w0002.htm#130617w0002.htm_wqn88ImpactAfghanistan
13 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether her Department has made an assessment of the effect of drone strikes on shifting livelihood strategies in the affected regions in Somalia and Yemen.Anas Sanwar, LabourDFID receives regular reports on persons displaced by conflict, including in countries affected by drone strikes such as Somalia and Yemen. These are not disaggregated by specific cause but provide sufficient information to assess and respond to the needs of the most vulnerable. Justine Greening, Secretary of State for International Developmenthttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130613/text/130613w0001.htm#130613w0001.htm_wqn55ImpactAfghanistan
13 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether UK personnel have flown unmanned aerial vehicles as part of NATO operations.David Anderson, LabourYes. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130613/text/130613w0002.htm#130613w0002.htm_wqn9TechnicalUK
13 June 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether they have had discussions with governments in Africa in relation to the provision of training of their armed forces in the use of unmanned aerial vehicles and the operation of United Kingdom unmanned aerial vehicles; and whether they will (1) name any country involved, and (2) indicate the year in which any such activities took place.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThe Ministry of Defence has not discussed the provision of training on the use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) with any government in Africa. The British Army Training Unit Kenya (BATUK) uses tactical handheld Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) UAS and simulated (by a manned aircraft) UAS for the purpose of training British Forces in Kenya. This use has been agreed with both the Kenyan MOD and the Kenyan Civil Aviation Authority. Individual flights are notified to the Kenyan authorities. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130613w0001.htm#wa_st_6ImpactSomalia/ Yemen
13 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what changes his Department plans to make to the data collection process relating to compensation claims for deaths caused by drone strikes in Afghanistan.David Anderson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 17 December 2012, Hansard, column 601W, to Mr Watson. [We deeply regret all civilian casualties. While we investigate carefully all alleged incidents involving UK forces, the Government does not record total figures for civilian casualties in Afghanistan because of the immense difficulty and risks that would be involved in collecting robust data. Protecting the Afghan civilian population is a cornerstone of the international security assistance force's mission, and all British troops undergo comprehensive training on the strict rules of engagement. This contrasts directly with the attitude of the insurgents, who use indiscriminate tactics, including suicide bombs and improvised explosive devices, as well as the deliberate and targeted killing of civilians.] Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130613/text/130613w0002.htm#130613w0002.htm_wqn4International Co-OperationAfrica
13 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether her Department has undertaken research on retaliation attacks on local and international aid workers following drone strikes in Pakistan and Afghanistan.Anas Sanwar, LabourWe have not undertaken any research on retaliation attacks on aid workers following drone strikes in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Justine Greening, Secretary of State for International Developmenthttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130613/text/130613w0001.htm#130613w0001.htm_wqn56International Co-OperationNato
12 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether disciplinary measures have been brought against members of the Army in relation to the operation of unmanned aerial systems.Tom Watson, LabourAs with any activity undertaken by military personnel, Commanders may initiate disciplinary action if they consider there to have been an offence committed under the Armed Forces Act 2006. Such action will depend upon how an individual has conducted themselves, and whether any applicable regulations have been breached. All crashes involving unmanned aerial vehicles are investigated and Defence Air Safety Occurrence Reports completed and, to date, no individual has been disciplined as a result. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130612/text/130612w0001.htm#130612w0001.htm_wqn31LegalityUK/US
12 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what steps he is taking in liaison with his international counterparts to regulate the use of armed drones; and who is responsible for the legality of their use.Annette Brooke, LabourNo steps are being taken to regulate the use of armed drones, or remotely piloted air systems (RPAS), as the framework for their use is clear. The rules of engagement applied are identical to those used by crews of manned combat aircraft. The selection and prosecution of all targets is based on rigorous scrutiny which is compliant with international humanitarian law, rules of engagement and targeting policy. Targets are always positively identified as legitimate military objectives. Every effort is made to ensure that harm to civilians or damage to civilian property is minimised; this may include deciding not to use a weapon at all. The use of any of the weapons depends upon commands from the flight crew. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130612/text/130612w0001.htm#130612w0001.htm_wqn35MilitaryAfghanistan
12 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what recent correspondence and meetings have taken place between his Department and the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights; and if he will place such correspondence and the minutes of such meetings in the Library.David Anderson, LabourForeign and Commonwealth Office officials have regular contact with the UN Special Rapporteur on Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights. Letters sent by the Special Rapporteur to all Governments, including letters to the British Government, and those Governments' responses, are published in his annual Communications to and from Governments report. I have placed his most recent Communications to and from Governments report in the Library of the House. Electronic copies can be found at: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Terrorism/Pages/Annual.aspx. David Lidington (Minister of State (Europe and NATO), Foreign and Commonwealth Officehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130612/text/130612w0002.htm#130612w0002.htm_wqn25International Co-OperationUK/US
12 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 18 April 2013, Official Report, column 527W, on unmanned air vehicles, what the total cost of this training was; what the cost of training each pilot was; and by how much costs increased as a result of changes in training subsequent to the Hermes 450 ZK515 Service Inquiry.Tom Watson, LabourUnmanned aerial systems training is provided through a combination of industry delivered courses and military run training. It is not possible to separate training from wider activity costs. Since the Hermes 450 ZK515 Service Inquiry, airmanship development training has been enhanced for Hermes 450 pilots at a cost to date of £26,100. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130612/text/130612w0001.htm#130612w0001.htm_wqn33International Co-OperationUK/US
12 June 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what steps they have taken to combat the threat posed by pirates in the Indian Ocean.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThe Ministry of Defence has made a significant contribution to the successful international effort to curb piracy in the Indian Ocean. The EU’s Operation Atalanta Headquarters is based at Northwood, London. Its operational commander is British and the UK has provided naval assets to the force. The UK also provides the 1 star Commander and a ship to the US led Combined Maritime Force, which conducts counter piracy operations as part of its maritime security role. Additionally the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary have provided assets to NATO’s Operation Ocean Shield. Piracy in the Indian Ocean has reduced dramatically in the past 12 months, and no vessel has been hijacked and taken to the Somali Coast since May 2012. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130612w0001.htm#wa_st_32ImpactAfghanistan
12 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 May 2013, Official Report, column 221W, on unmanned air vehicles, whether the UK-USAF airframe arrangement allows the US to use UK unmanned air vehicles should a US unmanned air vehicle be unavailable.Tom Watson, LabourUnder the Reaper agreement the United States Air Force (USAF) may request use of a UK Reaper airframe. The UK airframes would be operated by the USAF in line with UK procedures and Rules of Engagement. This option has not been taken up by the USAF. US pilots have not flown UK Reaper except during the launch and recovery phase, from Kandahar, in support of operations in Afghanistan. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130612/text/130612w0001.htm#130612w0001.htm_wqn32RegulationUK
12 June 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many United Kingdom service personnel are presently stationed at the Combined Air Operation Centre at Al-Udeid; and how many are embedded with United States forces.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThe UK has around 150 personnel based in Qatar, focused principally on air support for our operations in Afghanistan. Around 40 of these are stationed in the Combined Air Operations Centre (CAOC) at Al-Udeid which manages coalition air operations over Afghanistan. Ten of the posts in the CAOC are UK officers on exchange with the US. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130612w0001.htm#wa_st_6MaritimeIndian Ocean
12 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many drone strikes carried out by UK armed forces have resulted in fatalities in each of the last three years; and how many such fatalities were subsequently found to have been non-combatants.Annette Brooke, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 11 July 2011, Hansard, column 52W, to Caroline Lucas. [The Ministry of Defence does not hold a comprehensive record of figures for insurgent or civilian casualties in Afghanistan, because of the immense difficulty and risks that would be involved in collecting robust data. Any incident involving civilian casualties is a matter of deep regret and we take every possible measure to avoid such incidents. There are strict procedures, frequently updated in light of experience, intended to both minimise the risk of casualties occurring and to investigate incidents that do happen.] Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130612/text/130612w0001.htm#130612w0001.htm_wqn34Strategy and PolicyUK
12 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assistance his Department is providing to US military operations in (a) Mali, (b) the Maghreb and (c) the Horn of Africa.Tom Watson, LabourThe UK currently has less than five personnel embedded with the US in advisory roles within the US Combined Joint Task Force—Horn of Africa. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130612/text/130612w0001.htm#130612w0001.htm_wqn21International Co-OperationUN
12 June 2013To ask Her Majesty’s Government what assurances they have received from the United States that it will not conduct activities from United States bases in the United Kingdom that violate international law.Baroness Stern, CrossbenchThe use of bases in the UK by the United States visiting force remains subject to long-established agreements and procedures which ensure that the UK Government are fully satisfied as to the propriety of any US activity undertaken. Lord Astor of Hever, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201314/ldhansrd/text/130612w0001.htm#wa_st_10RegulationGlobal
11 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what his policy is on the future use of UK unmanned aerial vehicles in Afghanistan; and if he will make a statement.Tom Watson, LabourNo decisions have been taken on the longer term use of unmanned aircraft systems by UK forces within Afghanistan. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130611/text/130611w0001.htm#130611w0001.htm_wqn41TechnicalUK
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of the use of the Black Hornet Nano unmanned air vehicle in operations; and if he will make a statement.Andrew Rosindell, ConservativeThe Black Hornet Unmanned Air System has been in UK service on Operation Herrick since May 2012. Initial feedback confirms that the system is providing a valuable capability to UK forces. Phillip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn8International Co-OperationUS/Gulf
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what reports she has received of the movement of people in Afghanistan and Pakistan who have been displaced as a result of drone strikes.Anas Sanwar, LabourDFID does not receive reports on persons displaced by conflict in Afghanistan and Pakistan that are disaggregated by specific cause. Justine Greening, Secretary of State for International Developmenthttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0002.htm#130610w0002.htm_wqn89International Co-OperationGermany
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the UN Mission in Afghanistan's 2012 report on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, whether his Department is participating in the review of criteria required to establish positive identification and determination of status undertaken by international forces in Afghanistan.David Anderson, LabourNo. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn10TechnicalGlobal
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how much his Department spent on research and development funding on unmanned air vehicles in (a) 2011, (b) 2012 and (c) 2013.David Anderson, LabourUnmanned air vehicle research and development spending for the financial years (FY) 2010-11 to 2012-13, rounded to the nearest £1 million, is set out as follows: [Full Table can be found in Hansard, edited version follows.] 2010-11: £46m. 2011 - 12: £37m. 2012-13 £49m. Phillip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn37International Co-OperationPakistan
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what joint training missions the UK is undertaking with the US in the Gulf; and what the (a) type of training, (b) cost of training and (c) number of personnel involved is in each case.Anas Sanwar, LabourUK forces routinely conduct tactical training serials and exercises in the Gulf region, both with the US and with other partners. These can include ships, aircraft, as well as Defence personnel, and are aimed at improving our individual capabilities, as well as our ability to operate together. Additional details of the training serials (types, personnel and costs) are not held centrally. As of 6 June 2013, the UK is participating in only one multinational exercise, Shaheen Star V, which consists of six RAF Typhoon aircraft operating from the UAE with the US Air Force. The RAF has exercised in the Gulf area for many years and Shaheen Star V is the latest in a series designed to exercise with partners in a diverse and challenging environment; it involves around 150 UK personnel. The exercise concludes on 20 June 2013 and the additional cost to core expenditure is estimated to be in the region of £350,000. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn29ImpactAfghanistan
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what assessment he has made of tactical military advantages arising from the use of remote piloted air systems; and if he will make a statement.Andrew Rosindell, ConservativeSince October 2007, Reaper, the RAF's Remotely Piloted Air System, has played a vital role supporting military operations in Afghanistan providing a persistent intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition and reconnaissance capability. A formal tactical assessment would routinely be carried out at the end of an operation; however, commanders assess and reassess tactics on a daily basis to adapt to a changing threat. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn41International Co-OperationUS/Gulf
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether her Department has undertaken an assessment of the effect of drone strikes on the security of (a) locally engaged and (b) other staff of her Department in the affected areas.Anas Sanwar, LabourDFID prioritises the safety and well-being of all of its staff. The Department maintains an up-to-date assessment of all security risks to staff and regularly reviews safety measures. Justine Greening, Secretary of State for International Developmenthttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0002.htm#130610w0002.htm_wqn90TechnicalUK
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which other countries provide the Royal Air Force with Reaper conversion training; and what the (a) location and (b) cost is of that training.Anas Sanwar, LabourThe Royal Air Force Reaper conversion course is provided through a Foreign Military Sales Agreement with the United States Air Force and is conducted at Holloman Air Force Base, USA. I am withholding information on the cost of training pilots to fly the Reaper Remotely Piloted Air System as its disclosure would, or would be likely to, prejudice relations between the United Kingdom and another state. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn44ImpactAfghanistan
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs whether his Department has undertaken an assessment of the effects of unmanned aerial strikes in Pakistan and Afghanistan on (a) the livelihoods of the affected communities and (b) the ability of the affected communities to access education.David Anderson, LabourHer Majesty's Government has not undertaken a specific assessment of the effects of unmanned aerial strikes in Pakistan and Afghanistan on (a) the livelihoods of the affected communities and (b) the ability of the affected communities to access education. However, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office has supported opinion surveys in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas which in 2010 and 2011 included a question related to drone strikes. I refer the hon. Member to my answer of 16 May 2013, Official Report, column 392W, to my right hon. Friend Nicholas Soames. Alistair Burt Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0003.htm#130610w0003.htm_wqn76TechnicalUK
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what support the UK has offered to non-members of the Missile Technology Control Regime to prevent the proliferation of unmanned aerial vehicles.Anas Sanwar, LabourThe UK is a founder member of the Missile Technology Control Regime, and plays a full part in the regime's activities, including supporting outreach work to non-member countries to promote support for the objectives of the regime. Outreach visits help to raise awareness of the regime's technical controls—including controls on unmanned aerial vehicles—as well as promoting their effective implementation. The chair of the regime leads outreach visits, usually with support from member countries. This year the chair is Germany. Germany has conducted outreach visits to the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan, and Kazakhstan. The UK was represented on each of these visits. Alistair Burt Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0003.htm#130610w0003.htm_wqn88LegalityGlobal
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many (a) Reaper and (b) Hermes 450 vehicles have crashed and subsequently been taken out of service in each year since each model came into operation.David Anderson, LabourThe numbers of Reaper and Hermes 450 Unmanned Air Vehicles that have been permanently removed from service as a result of crashes is provided in the following table: [Full table can be found in Hansard, edited version follows.] Reaper: 2008: 1. Hermes 450: 2008: 2, 2009: 1, 2010: 2, 2011: 3, 2012: 1. Philip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn41ImpactAfghanistan/Pakistan
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what recent discussions he has had with the Afghan Government on the future use of UK operated unmanned aerial vehicles in that country.David Anderson, LabourThe UK, and ISAF partners, have discussed the redeployment of military equipment with the Afghan Government. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn9ImpactAfghanistan
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what monitoring her Department is undertaking on the effect of drone strikes on livelihood strategies in the areas affected.Anas Sanwar, LabourDFID receives regular reports on persons displaced by conflict, including countries affected by drone strikes. These are not disaggregated by specific cause but provide sufficient information to assess and respond to the needs of the most vulnerable. Justine Greening, Secretary of State for International Developmenthttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0002.htm#130610w0002.htm_wqn88ImpactAfghanistan
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what support the Royal Air Force is providing to US armed forces in the Gulf region; and what the (a) location, (b) cost and (c) purpose is of that support.Anas Sanwar, LabourThe RAF provides support to US and other partner nation forces on a reciprocal basis in the Gulf region. This is similar to other regions of the world where UK and partner forces are co-located. It includes assistance with air transport and training or, where forces are based together such as in Bahrain, Qatar and the UAE, facility management. It includes providing air-to-air refuelling, supporting ISAF forces in Afghanistan, and more long-standing arrangements for mutual support of infrastructure. A comprehensive compendium is not held centrally and could be provided only at disproportionate cost. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn28TechnicalGlobal
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence when and for how long any UK armed forces personnel have been stationed at Shamsi Airbase in Pakistan; and what the purpose of such personnel deployed to that base was.David Anderson, LabourWe have no records of UK armed forces having been stationed at Shamsi Airbase in Pakistan. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn35MilitaryAfghanistan
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what recent discussions he has had with his German counterpart on whether intelligence supplied by the UK will be used for drone strikes by Germany.Anas Sanwar, LabourNeither I or my ministerial colleagues have had any discussions with our German counterparts on this issue. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn27RegulationGlobal
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many Watchkeeper training flights have taken place; what the location was of such flights; and what the cost to the public purse has been to date.David Anderson, LabourWatchkeeper has made 72 training flights to date, all from West Wales airport, Aberporth. Training flights are only one element of the wider Watchkeeper trials, evaluation and qualification programme and it is not possible to identify separately the costs of flying activities from other costs under the programme. Philip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130610/text/130610w0001.htm#130610w0001.htm_wqn43ImpactAfghanistan
10 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions he has had with his international counterparts on the legal framework for attacks by unmanned aerial vehicles targeted at particular individuals.David Anderson, LabourNone. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130612/text/130612w0001.htm#130612w0001.htm_wqn36Research & DevelopmentUK
6 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many qualified unmanned aerial vehicle pilots are currently employed by the Royal Air Force.David Anderson, LabourThere are currently 36 Royal Air Force personnel qualified to pilot remotely piloted air systems. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130611/text/130611w0001.htm#130611w0001.htm_wqn62TechnicalAfghanistan
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what guidance his Department issues on responsibility for civilian fatalities caused by unmanned aerial vehicles which are (a) the property of the US armed forces and piloted by UK service personnel and (b) piloted by both US and UK service personnel.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 15 May 2013, Hansard, column 220W, to my right hon. Friend Nicholas Soames. UK service personnel operating US Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems in Afghanistan operate under UK Rules of Engagement at all times. US and UK personnel operating UK Reaper as part of the Launch and Recovery Element in Afghanistan will also comply with UK Rules of Engagement. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn73MilitaryAfghanistan
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what external legal advice he has commissioned to ensure that the provision of locational intelligence to facilitate unmanned aerial vehicle strikes by third parties is consistent with customary international law.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeIt has been the long-standing policy of successive governments not to comment on intelligence matters. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn70ImpactAfghanistan
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence in which years UK forces embedded with the US Air Force have flown unmanned aerial vehicles in Iraq.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeRAF personnel flew US Remotely Piloted Air Systems in Iraq while embedded with the US Air Force between 2004 and 2007. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn69LegalityGlobal
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what external legal advice he has commissioned to ensure that UK unmanned aerial vehicle operations are consistent with the law of armed conflict.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeAll operations, including those involving unmanned aerial systems, are informed by appropriate legal advice and are conducted in accordance with applicable international humanitarian law. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn71International Co-OperationUK/US
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether UK forces use pattern of life analysis techniques when determining military targets on operations in Afghanistan.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeMilitary targets are never identified solely through the use of pattern of life analysis. This is one in a number of assessments that UK forces may use in the process of identifying military targets, and distinguishing these from civilians, on operations in Afghanistan. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn39ImpactAfghanistan
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what his policy is on the use of unmanned aerial vehicle strikes within the UK; and if he will make a statement.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeThe Ministry of Defence does not operate any armed unmanned aerial vehicles within UK airspace. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn74LegalityGlobal
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence in which years UK forces embedded with the US Air Force have flown unmanned aerial vehicles in Iraq.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeRAF personnel flew US Remotely Piloted Air Systems in Iraq while embedded with the US Air Force between 2004 and 2007. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn69International Co-OperationUK/US
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many hours each UK Reaper unmanned aerial vehicle has flown in each of the last 12 months.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeI am withholding the information as disclosure would or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn72International Co-OperationIraq
3 June 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence in what way incidents involving fatalities arising from UK unmanned aerial vehicle strikes in Afghanistan are notified to (a) his Department and (b) media outlets.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeI refer the hon. Member to the reply given by the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Ministry of Defence, my noble Friend, Lord Astor of Hever, to the noble Lord, Lord Hylton, in another place on 4 December 2012, Hansard,House of Lords, column WA119. 'In general we will not publish details of individual incidents in which insurgents are killed as this information would, or would be likely to, prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces.' Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130603/text/130603w0008.htm#130603w0008.htm_wqn40Strategy and PolicyUK
21 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what estimate he has made of the number of people killed in unmanned aerial vehicle strikes in Afghanistan in each of the last three years.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeWhile we investigate carefully all alleged incidents involving UK forces from whatever cause, the Government do not record total figures for insurgent or civilian casualties in Afghanistan because of the immense difficulty and risks that would be involved in collecting robust data. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130521/text/130521w0003.htm#130521w0003.htm_wqn31MilitaryAfghanistan
21 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence in which countries US forces have flown UK unmanned aerial vehicles to date.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeUS pilots have not flown UK Reaper except during the launch and recovery phase, from Kandahar, in support of operations in Afghanistan. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130521/text/130521w0004.htm#130521w0004.htm_wqn2International Co-OperationGlobal
20 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence on how many occasions a Reaper UAV has launched a weapon in Afghanistan.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeReaper is the UK's only armed Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS). As at 11 May 2013, 335 Hellfire precision guided missiles and 51 GBU-12 laser guided bombs had been released from UK Reapers in support of UK and coalition forces in Afghanistan. Weapons are only released by RPAS under the command of trained pilots. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130520/text/130520w0003.htm#130520w0003.htm_wqn48Civil useUK
20 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills if he will consider subjecting the export of components of unmanned aerial vehicles to strategic export controls.Zac Goldsmith, ConservativeComponents for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are already subject to strategic export control if they are: (a) specially designed or modified for military use; or (b) specified in the EU dual-use control list. These controls are agreed in the international export control regimes and apply to the items with the greatest strategic importance. Michael Fallon, Minister for Business and Enterprisehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130520/text/130520w0009.htm#130520w0009.htm_wqn31ImpactAfghanistan/Pakistan
16 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what plans she has to authorise the use of unmanned aerial vehicles for intelligence gathering by UK law enforcement agencies; and if she will make a statement.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeUse of unmanned aerial vehicles would need to comply with existing Civil Aviation Authority regulations. Covert use by a public authority likely to obtain private information, including by any law enforcement agency, would be subject to authorisation under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000. That Act requires that covert investigatory techniques are used only if they are necessary and proportionate for purposes such as preventing or detecting crime or in the interests of national security. It makes deployment subject to independent overview, inspection and right to redress in case of individual complaint. Any overt use of a surveillance camera system in a public place in England or Wales will be subject to a new code of practice prepared under the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012, on which the Home Office is currently considering its response to statutory consultation. Damian Green, Minister of State for Policing and Criminal Justicehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130516/text/130516w0001.htm#130516w0001.htm_spnew38International Co-OperationGlobal
16 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what assessment he has made of the effect on public opinion in (a) Afghanistan and (b) Pakistan of unmanned aerial vehicle strikes.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeThe FCO has supported opinion surveys which looked at attitudes towards governance, religion and society in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). In 2010 and 2011, these surveys included a question related to “US drone strikes in the FATA”. The proportion of respondents that believed that drone strikes were never justified rose from 59% in 2010 to 63% in 2011. No other assessments of the effect of drone strikes on public opinion have been undertaken by the UK. Alistair Burt, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130516/text/130516w0003.htm#130516w0003.htm_spnew0International Co-OperationKenya
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his Department's procedures for investigating alleged civilian deaths following unmanned aerial vehicle strikes in Afghanistan are; and if he will make a statement.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeThere are strict procedures, frequently updated in light of experience, intended to both minimise the risk of casualties occurring and to investigate any incidents that do happen. Any occasion on which a precision-guided weapon is released by an aircraft, whether manned or remotely piloted, is reviewed and where appropriate further investigations are initiated, including all instances in which a possible civilian casualty is reported. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn50TechnicalUK
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he has any plans to review his policy on what information relating to unmanned aerial vehicles is held centrally.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeNo. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn55International Co-OperationPakistan
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether unmanned aerial vehicles have ever been flown by a team made up of both British and US forces.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeUK personnel, embedded at Creech Air Force Base, have flown US RPAS in support of operations in Iraq, Libya and Afghanistan. In addition, UK Reaper are launched and recovered in Afghanistan by a joint UK/US team based at Kandahar Air Base. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn56Strategy and PolicyUK
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what recent discussions he has had with his counterparts in the US about (a) armed unmanned aerial vehicle use in Pakistan and (b) the sharing of unmanned aerial vehicles between the UK and US.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeThe Secretary of State for Defence, my right hon. Friend Mr Hammond, Ministers and officials regularly meet their US counterparts to discuss defence related topics. There have been no discussions on the use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) in Pakistan, as the UK only operates its systems in support of UK and ISAF ground forces in Afghanistan. The use of UAS in Pakistan is a matter for the states involved.UK and US Air Force aircrew in Afghanistan regularly discuss the use of UK and USAF Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS) as part of joint RPAS launch and recovery operations in Kandahar. The UK also has an arrangement in place that enables it to make use of a USAF airframe in the event of UK airframe not being available. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn58International Co-OperationUK/US
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will place in the Library a map indicating those areas within the UK where his Department may operate unmanned aerial vehicles.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeI will place in the Library of the House a map of the current Ministry of Defence (MOD) reserved airspace areas within the UK where Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS) may be operated. MOD reserved airspace areas, which are subject to future changes as new operating practices and platforms come into service, can be used either for specific periods by RPAS as detailed in the UK Aeronautical Information Publication or by activation of a Notice to Airman (NOTAM). Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn60Research & DevelopmentUK/US
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what his policy is on accountability of US unmanned aerial vehicles flown by UK personnel.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeUK aircrew operating US Remotely Piloted Aircraft in Afghanistan come under the operational control of the NATO International Security and Assistance Force and in doing so operate in accordance with International Humanitarian Law also known as the Law of Armed Conflict and operate in accordance with UK Rules of Engagement at all times. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn57International Co-OperationUK
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence with reference to the answer of 24 April 2013, Official Report, columns 905-6W, on unmanned aerial vehicles, what the reason was for the time taken to reveal the information contained in that answer.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeAs my answer was a correction to the Official Report, the information needed to be retrieved, collated and verified to ensure it was accurate and reflected the data held. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn54ImpactAfghanistan
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what discussions his Department has had with the Kenyan government in relation to the operation of UK unmanned aerial vehicles within its territory.Nicholas Soames, ConservativeThe British Army Training Unit Kenya uses hand launched, unarmed, tactical unmanned aerial vehicles (such as the Desert Hawk III) for the purpose of training ground units. Manned aircraft are also used to simulate the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance effects of larger UAVs. This has been agreed with both the Kenyan Ministry of Defence and the Kenyan Civil Aviation Authority. Individual flights are notified to the Kenyan authorities. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn53International Co-OperationUnited States
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence if he will hold discussions with his Pakistani counterparts on the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in that country.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeThe UK only operates its Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) in support of UK and ISAF ground forces in Afghanistan. The use of UAS in Pakistan is a matter for the states involved, and is therefore not a matter that the Secretary of State for Defence, my right hon. Friend Mr Hammond, intends to discuss with his Pakistani counterpart. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn59Research & DevelopmentUK
15 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence: (1) when the testing of the Brimstone missile for use on the MQ-9 Reaper Unmanned Aerial Vehicle will begin; (2) what estimate he has made of how much will be paid to the US Air Force's Big Safari programme to test the Brimstone missile.Angus Robertson, SNPWe are currently working with the US Air Force's Big Safari Group to establish and agree the details of the test requirements and expect trials to proceed in the autumn. I am withholding information on cost estimates as their disclosure would prejudice commercial interests. Philip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130515/text/130515w0001.htm#130515w0001.htm_wqn61TechnicalUK
13 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence whether a member of the UK Royal Air Force has flown a US (a) armed and (b) unarmed unmanned aerial vehicle in Iraq to date.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeRAF personnel flew unarmed and armed US remotely piloted aerial vehicles in Iraq between 2004 and 2007. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130513/text/130513w0004.htm#130513w0004.htm_wqn28Research & DevelopmentUK
13 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how long an unmanned aerial vehicle pilot is allowed to fly before being required to take a break.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeSupervisory measures are in place to ensure effective management of crew fatigue as well as adequate breaks during missions. The frequency of breaks is dictated by factors such as the nature of the flying task, crew experience and competence. The maximum duty period, as for other RAF pilots, is 12 hours. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130513/text/130513w0004.htm#130513w0004.htm_wqn26Research & DevelopmentUK
13 May 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how long it takes to train an RAF pilot to become an unmanned aerial vehicles specific pilot; and how much such training costs.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeThe conversion of a qualified Royal Air Force pilot to a combat ready Reaper Remotely Piloted Air System (RPAS) pilot takes approximately six months. As with any flying training programme, the length of time taken to complete it can vary depending on factors such as weather, aircraft availability and student performance. The Reaper RPAS conversion course is provided through a foreign military sales agreement. I am therefore withholding information on the cost of training pilots to fly the Reaper RPAS as its disclosure would, or would be likely to, prejudice relations between the United Kingdom and another state. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm130513/text/130513w0004.htm#130513w0004.htm_wqn25International Co-OperationIraq
25 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 April 2013, Official Report, column 61W, on Ultra Electronics, which contracts with Ultra Electronics are held with his Department's trading funds.Tom Watson, LabourThe following three contracts with Ultra Electronics are held by Ministry of Defence trading funds:
Contract number -> Contract title -> Trading fund
LSBU5/0045-> Procurement of Warrior push switch-> Defence Support Group
DS&TE/019/B ->Post design services, procurement, modifications, repair and calibration of fuel system test sets, kits and parts for Tornado, Harrier, Chinook and other aircraft platforms -> Defence Support Group
DSTLX 1000073537 ->Provision of spares in support of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Team -> Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl)
Two further contracts are held with Dstl but I am withholding the details as disclosure would or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the armed forces. Philip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130425/text/130425w0010.htm#130425w0010.htm_wqn21Research & DevelopmentUK
25 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 April 2013, Official Report, column 61W, on Ultra Electronics, for which Ministry of Defence contracts Ultra Electronics is currently bidding.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 15 April 2013, Hansard, column 61W. Ultra Electronics has recently been successful in its bids for a further four contracts. The details of these are shown in the following table:
Contract number-> Contract title-> Contract value (£) -> Contract end date
NBC/00070 -> Engineering study to review environmental hazard detection system at Royal Naval Armaments Depot Coulport-> 19,082 -> 30 April 2013
MCS/1012 -> Modify in-service Submarine Acoustic Warfare Control System (SAWCS) -> 3,577,380-> 24 April 2016
MCS/1008 -> SAWCS hardware in-service support -> 482,815 -> 31 December 2016
CBRN/00169 -> Support to Naval Fleet Radiation Capability -> 361,682 -> 4 December 2017
According to Ministry of Defence records, there is no indication that Ultra Electronics has currently bid for other MOD contracts. Philip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130425/text/130425w0010.htm#130425w0010.htm_wqn20Research & DevelopmentUK
25 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills for what reasons his Department is allowing the export of components for the Predator unmanned aerial vehicle by Ultra Electronics without an export licence.Tom Watson, LabourAn export licence is required where an item is subject to strategic export controls. The controls apply to items listed in a "control list" (primarily the "UK Military List" or the "EU Dual-Use List"); where export of that item to a particular country is restricted or prohibited by sanctions in place against that country; or, where export of that item is subject to an "End-Use Control" (these apply to items which are not on any control list but where there are concerns that the items may be intended for use in connection with a Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) programme, or for a military end-use in a country subject to an arms embargo). Items that do not fall within any of the above categories are not subject to strategic export control and therefore do not require an export licence, regardless of the ultimate destination or end-use of the item. Michael Fallon, Minister of State for Buisness and Enterprisehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130425/text/130425w0001.htm#130425w0001.htm_wqn62International Co-OperationUK/US
25 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 15 April 2013, Official Report, column 61W, on Ultra Electronics, if he will place in the Library a copy of the minutes from the three introductory meetings held since May 2010 between Ministers from his Department and Ultra Electronics.Tom Watson, LabourI have written to the hon. Member today. Philip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130425/text/130425w0010.htm#130425w0010.htm_wqn22International Co-OperationUK
24 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 29 November 2012, Official Report, column 461W, on unmanned air vehicles, when he expects to write to the hon. Member for Gillingham and Rainham.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeI answered my hon. Friend today. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130424/text/130424w0001.htm#130424w0001.htm_wqn19Research & DevelopmentUK
24 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence how many times (a) British forces have flown US unmanned aerial vehicles and (b) US forces have flown British unmanned aerial vehicles in the latest period for which figures are available.Rehman Chishti, ConservativeThe information will take time to collate. I will write to the hon. Member as soon as it is available. UK Forces have only ever flown US unmanned aerial vehicles outside Afghanistan, during Operation Ellamy in Libya. Substantive answer from Andrew Robathan to Rehman Chishti: I undertook to write to you in answer to your Parliamentary Question on 29 November 2012 (Official Report, column 461W) about Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS). I apologise that it has taken so long to reply. I should point out that my answer contained an error in the final sentence that I would like to take this opportunity to correct. My answer stated that UK Forces had only ever flown US unmanned aerial vehicles outside Afghanistan during Operation Ellamy in Libya. The answer should have said that UK personnel embedded with the US Air Force have only flown US RPAS in support of operations in Afghanistan, Libya and Iraq. I have asked for the Official Record to be corrected. Between October 2006 and 31 December 2012, UK aircrew had flown approximately 2,150 operational missions using US REAPER and PREDATOR RPAS in support of operations in Afghanistan and Libya. UK and US personnel also operate both nation's RPAS as part of the launch and recovery phase in Afghanistan. Unfortunately, information on the number of occasions they have done so is not held centrally and could only be provided at disproportionate cost. Information about operations in Iraq is also not held centrally. Andrew Robathan, Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare & Veteranshttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130424/text/130424w0001.htm#130424w0001.htm_wqn18TechnicalUK
22 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills pursuant to the answer of 13 March 2013, Official Report, column 221W, on Ultra Electronics, what the purpose was of the meetings between Mr Douglas Caster and Lord Green and other members of the Middle East Task Force; and if he will place a copy of the minutes of those meetings in the Library.Tom Watson, LabourThe Middle East Task Force is a business-led informal stakeholder group, providing a forum for high level discussion on strategic issues and opportunities relating to Britain's business interests in the Middle East. The membership comprises senior representatives from business and institutions. My Noble Friend the Minister of State for Trade and Investment, Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint, chairs the Task Force and Mr Douglas Caster is a member. Minutes of the Middle East Task Force are recorded but not published. To publish such records would not be in the public interest as it would be likely to prejudice the free and frank advice that Ministers receive from officials and external bodies. Michael Fallon, Minister of State for Business and Enterprisehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130422/text/130422w0006.htm#130422w0006.htm_wqn53Strategy and PolicyUK
22 April 2013To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the joint study by Stanford University and New York University on United States drone practices in Pakistan; and what plans they have to help minimise the impact of drone strikes on the civilian population of Pakistan.Lord Hylton, CrossbenchThe British Government are aware of the study. The Government's position is that the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) against terrorist targets is a matter for the states involved. We expect all concerned to act in accordance with international law including taking all feasible precautions to avoid civilian casualties when conducting military operations. Baroness Warsi, Senior Minister of State, Department for Communities and Local Government & Foreign and Commonwealth Officehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201213/ldhansrd/text/130422w0001.htm#wa_st_88Research & DevelopmentUK
22 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence which projects being delivered for his Department by (a) Babcock, (b) Boeing, (c) Cobham, (d) the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company, (e) Finmeccanica, (f) General Dynamics, (g) Kelloggs-Brown-Root, (h) Lockheed Martin (i) Marshall Aerospace, (j) Northrup Grumman, (k) Rolls-Royce, (l) Thales and (m) Ultra Electronics are running over budget; and by how much in each case.Angus Robertson, SNP[holding answer 13 November 2012]: The information will take time to collate and the commercial sensitivity of the data could prevent full disclosure. I will write to the hon. Member as soon as I am in a position to provide further information. Substantive answer from Mr Dunne to Angus Robertson: I am writing in full response to the answer I gave on 26 November 2012, Official Report, column 22W, regarding the question you asked about Ministry of Defence (MOD) projects being delivered by a list of named companies that are running over budget. The following table details the three projects being delivered by those named contractors that are currently assessed as running over budget. (The table can be found in the link to the full text of the question on Hansard).For the purpose of answering this question, my officials have examined all Category A-D equipment acquisition projects, but limited to those showing a variance of more than £1 million against their approval costs, 50% confidence figure. It is also limited to those projects where the named company is listed as the prime contractor or where projects are being delivered by subsidiaries of the named companies. It does not include support projects. This was necessary to avoid significantly exceeding the disproportionate cost threshold limit for answering parliamentary questions. This approach means that there are some differences between the above table and the list provided to you in my answer of 6 November 2012, Official Report, column 519W, for example the inclusion of the A400M supplied by Airbus Ltd. as a subsidiary of EADS. The differences are due to the filters placed upon the data as explained above, as well as the passage of time. It should be noted that the cost variation quoted is assessed against MOD project approval figures, which represent the total MOD costs for any particular project. They therefore do not necessarily reflect contractual obligations. Project performance can be affected by a number of reasons, not all of which are in the contractor's control. I apologise for the time it has taken to get this information to you but its compilation has involved a significant amount of work and there was also a need to consult the companies concerned. Phillip Dunne, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Ministry of Defencehttp://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm130422/text/130422w0002.htm#130422w0002.htm_wqn59TechnicalUK
16 April 2013To ask the Secretary of State for Defence pursuant to the answer of 24 October 2012, Official Report, column 878W, on unmanned air vehicles, if he will place in the Library the results of the review undertaken on army unmanned aerial systems training.Tom Watson, LabourI refer the hon. Member to the answer I gave on 24 October 2012, Official Report, column 878W. The review referred to did not result in a formal report for the Army's review of unmanned aerial systems training. The outcome of the Army's review coincided with the publication of the Hermes 450 ZK51